Measuring Health Related Quality of Life in AYAs (PROMIS AYA)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03482778|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 29, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 27, 2020
|Condition or disease|
|Oncology Quality of Life PROM|
There are approximately 70,000 new diagnoses of cancer annually in adolescents and young adults (AYAs; ages 15-39), and nearly 2 million people in the United States are living with or have survived being diagnosed with cancer as an AYA. Despite the high number of AYA survivors, survival rates of AYAs have not kept pace with those of their younger or older counterparts. AYAs face unique challenges given the physical, cognitive, and psychosocial developmental milestones that may be disrupted as a result of their cancer experience. In addition to the age-related disparities in survival rates, AYAs are at greater risk of significant psychological and financial distress compared to older adults with cancer. Accordingly, assessing and better understanding the unique needs and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of this important, underserved group as they manage their cancer experience is essential in order to optimize and tailor supportive care approaches.
A few HRQOL conceptual frameworks exist that describe the types of symptom burden and functional impact experienced by AYAs with cancer, but most HRQOL measures fail to capture the range of HRQOL domains that are important to AYAs. Further, measures of HRQOL specifically developed for AYAs lack common items and standardized scoring approaches across the age range of 15-39, limiting the ability to understand the unique needs of this age group. The NIH's Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) assesses most of the relevant HRQOL domains (pain, fatigue, anxiety, depression, cognitive functioning, physical functioning, sexual functioning, and social support) but has not been validated in AYAs and PROMIS does not include key domains such as financial distress, body image concerns, or fertility/ parenthood concerns that provide a complete perspective of HRQOL in AYAs with cancer.
The main objective of the study is to expand the use of PROMIS to provide reliable and valid assessment of important HRQOL concerns for AYAs. To accomplish this goal, the study team propose the following specific aims: (1) develop item pools of financial distress, body image concerns, and fertility/parenthood concerns for AYAs with cancer using PROMIS measurement development methodologies; (2) calibrate item banks and short forms of financial distress, body image concerns, and fertility/ parenthood concerns in a large, developmentally diverse sample of AYAs with and without cancer; and (3) validate newly developed short forms of financial distress, body image concerns, and fertility/ parenthood concerns along with existing PROMIS short forms in a developmentally and clinically diverse, prospective sample of AYAs with cancer.
At the end of this research study, the investigators will have a psychometrically robust, state-of-the-art measurement system tailored to AYAs' unique HRQOL needs. Through the identification, adaptation, and development of reliable, valid, and responsive measures of HRQOL for AYAs with cancer, the investigators will give these underserved patients a voice and provide the assessment tools clinicians and researchers need to enhance patient-centered care.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||108 participants|
|Official Title:||Optimizing Health Related Quality of Life Measurement in Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology: PROMIS AYA AIM1A|
|Actual Study Start Date :||February 9, 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||April 2020|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||December 2022|
Qualitative data collection will occur through one-on-one semi-structured interviews with AYA patients (n=36). AYA patients are eligible if they: (1) are 15 to 39 years of age, (2) were diagnosed with cancer at 15 to 39 years of age; (3) are able to read and understand English; (4) have a new cancer diagnosis and are receiving curative treatment OR are currently 0 to 5 years post-treatment. AYA patients will be excluded if they: (1) were diagnosed with basal cell skin cancer; (2) experienced a cancer recurrence; (3) are currently receiving palliative or hospice care; (4) had an infertility diagnosis prior to their cancer diagnosis, or (5) report a significant psychiatric history.
Qualitative data collection will occur through one-on-one semi-structured interviews with AYA providers (n=36). Providers will be health professionals who provide supportive care for AYAs to help address financial, body image, and fertility/future parenthood concerns or needs. Psychosocial providers (e.g., social workers, patient navigators, psychologists) will all be eligible to participate. We will also include reproductive endocrinologists, nurse practitioners, and other medical professionals who have expertise in the appropriate area of health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Additional inclusion criteria will be: (1) provision of care to AYAs; (2) ≥2 years practicing; (3) English-speaking.
Qualitative data collection will occur through one-on-one semi-structured interviews with content experts (n=36). Content experts are a purposive sample of scientists and clinicians who have recognized expertise in each of the three domains of interest to this project - financial burden, body image, and fertility/future parenthood.
- Number and type of themes for financial burden [ Time Frame: baseline ]Guided by the interviews with AYA patients, AYA providers, and content experts, and the discussions with our project team, we will identify a conceptual framework for financial burden that will guide the identification and writing of self-report items to assess this important dimension of health-related quality of life among AYAs.
- Number and type of themes for body image [ Time Frame: baseline ]Guided by the interviews with AYA patients, AYA providers, and content experts, and the discussions with our project team, we will identify a conceptual framework for body image that will guide the identification and writing of self-report items to assess this important dimension of health-related quality of life among AYAs.
- Number and type of themes for fertility and future parenthood [ Time Frame: baseline ]Guided by the interviews with AYA patients, AYA providers, and content experts, and the discussions with our project team, we will identify a conceptual framework for fertility and future parenthood that will guide the identification and writing of self-report items to assess this important dimension of health-related quality of life among AYAs.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03482778
|Contact: John M Salsman, Ph.D.||firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Denisha Little-Greeneemail@example.com|
|United States, Illinois|
|Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center at Northwestern University||Recruiting|
|Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611|
|Contact: David E Victorson, Ph.D. 847-467-3060 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, North Carolina|
|Brenner Children's Hospital||Recruiting|
|Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27157|
|Contact: John M Salsman, Ph.D. 336-713-3613 email@example.com|
|Wake Forest University Comprehensive Cancer Center||Recruiting|
|Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27157|
|Contact: John M Salsman, PhD 336-713-3613 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator:||John M Salsman, Ph.D.||Wake Forest University Health Sciences|