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A Pilot Study of the Combination of Entinostat With Capecitabine in High Risk Breast Cancer After Neo-adjuvant Therapy (Breast 49)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03473639
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 22, 2018
Last Update Posted : April 16, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Syndax Pharmaceuticals
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Patrick Dillon, MD, University of Virginia

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to learn about the safety and side effects of combining entinostat, an investigational drug, with capecitabine, a drug commonly used in breast cancer (BC), in both participants with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) and then participants with high-risk breast cancer after neo-adjuvant therapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Breast Cancer Breast Cancer Drug: Entinostat Drug: Capecitabine Phase 1

Detailed Description:

In order to identify the maximum dose that should be used in future participants, the first participants will start at a low dose of both drugs. If the participants on this dose level tolerate the treatment well without too many side effects, the next participants will receive a higher dose of one of the medications, and if those participants also tolerate the treatment well, then the drugs will continue to be increased with the next participants until a maximum dose that participants tolerate well is reached.

Participants in both groups will receive entinostat on days 1, 8, and 15 of each 21-day cycle and capecitabine on days 1-14 of each cycle. MBC participants may receive this treatment as long as they do not have disease progression or side effects that require them to stop study treatment while participants with high-risk BC after neo-adjuvant therapy will receive up to 8 cycles of study treatment as long as they do not have disease progression or side effects that require them to stop study treatment.

While participants are on study treatment, they will have regular physical exams and labs. After participants finish study treatment, they should be followed by their primary oncologist at least once a year. Study staff will also be in contact by phone at least once a year for 10 years.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 55 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Study of the Combination of Entinostat With Capecitabine in High Risk Breast Cancer After Neo-adjuvant Therapy
Actual Study Start Date : January 29, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 15, 2026
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 15, 2028

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Entinostat and Capecitabine

Dose escalation of the combination of entinostat and capecitabine in MBC patients. This dose will be given to MBC patients and to BC patients with residual invasive disease after neoadjuvant chemotherapy and surgery.

The dose combinations include:

Combination 1: 3 mg/week entinostat, 800 mg/m2 twice a day for 14 days of capecitabine Combination 2: 5 mg/week entinostat, 800 mg/m2 twice a day for 14 days of capecitabine Combination 3: 3 mg/week entinostat, 1000 mg/m2 twice a day for 14 days of capecitabine Combination 4: 5 mg/week entinostat, 1000 mg/m2 twice a day for 14 days of capecitabine

If a participant experiences unacceptable side effects, he or she will receive the next lowest dose combination. If he or she is on Combination 1, he or she will stop study treatment.

Drug: Entinostat
In metastatic breast cancer patients, entinostat will be taken orally starting at 3 mg per week and will increase to 5 mg per week in the absence of unacceptable side effects. The safe dose (when combined with capecitabine) will be confirmed in additional metastatic breast cancer patients and breast cancer patients with residual invasive disease following neoadjuvant chemotherapy and surgery.
Other Name: SNDX-275

Drug: Capecitabine
In metastatic breast cancer patients, capecitabine will be taken by mouth starting at 800 mg/m2 twice a day for 14 days per cycle and increase to 1000 mg/m2 (for 14 days per cycle) in the absence of unacceptable side effects. The safe dose (when combined with capecitabine) will be confirmed in additional metastatic breast cancer patients and breast cancer patients with residual invasive disease following neoadjuvant chemotherapy and surgery.
Other Name: Xeloda




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Identification of a maximum tolerated dose combination (MTDC) of entinostat and capecitabine [ Time Frame: During the first cycle of treatment (each cycle is 21 days) for each participant ]
    This will be defined based on the number of "dose limiting toxicities" in participants at each dose level.

  2. Frequency of adverse events (AEs) in participants with high-risk breast cancer after neo-adjuvant therapy [ Time Frame: AEs from consent through 30 days following stopping study treatment. Study treatment-related serious adverse events (SAEs) anytime ]
    Frequency of adverse events (AEs) in participants with high-risk BC after neo-adjuvant therapy at the determined MTDC.

  3. Severity (as graded with the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE)) of adverse events (AEs) in participants with high-risk breast cancer after neo-adjuvant therapy [ Time Frame: AEs from consent through 30 days following stopping study treatment. Study treatment-related serious adverse events (SAEs) anytime ]
    Severity of adverse events (AEs) in participants with high-risk BC after neo-adjuvant therapy at the determined MTDC.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Frequency of adverse events (AEs) in MBC participants at the determined MTDC. [ Time Frame: AEs from consent through 30 days following stopping study treatment. Study treatment-related serious adverse events (SAEs) anytime ]
    Adverse events (AEs) will be assessed via the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.03 in MBC participants at the determined MTDC.

  2. Disease-free survival (DFS) [ Time Frame: Participants will be followed for up to 10 years following completion of study therapy ]
    Disease-free survival (DFS) following combination therapy with entinostat and capecitabine

  3. Severity (as graded with the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE)) of adverse events (AEs) in MBC participants [ Time Frame: AEs from consent through 30 days following stopping study treatment. Study treatment-related serious adverse events (SAEs) will be collected starting at consent and continuing for the life of the study. ]
    Adverse events (AEs) will be graded via the CTCAE version 4.03 in MBC participants at the determined MTDC.

  4. Frequency of adverse events (AEs) and dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) in participants on both arms of the study at the determined MTDC. [ Time Frame: DLTs will be identified during the 1st cycle (each cycle is 21 days) of study treatment. AEs from consent through 30 days following completion of treatment. Study treatment-related SAEs will be collected starting at consent through end of study ]
    Adverse events (AEs) will be assessed via the CTCAE version 4.03 in participants on both arms of the study at the determined MTDC.

  5. Severity (as graded with the CTCAE) of adverse events (AEs) in participants on both arms of the study at the determined MTDC [ Time Frame: DLTs will be identified during the 1st cycle (each cycle is 21 days) of study treatment. AEs from consent through 30 days following completion of treatment. Study treatment-related SAEs will be collected starting at consent through end of study ]
    Adverse events (AEs) will be graded via the CTCAE version 4.03 in participants on both arms of the study at the determined MTDC.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years following completion of study treatment for each participant ]
    Participants will be followed annually following completion of study treatment

  2. Relationship of circulating tumor DNA and residual disease [ Time Frame: Before and after study treatment (unless treatment is stopped early for safety, disease progression/recurrence, or subject or investigator decision, treatment will last 8 cycles of 21 days each) for each participant with high-risk BC following surgery ]
    For participants with high risk BC after neo-adjuvant therapy, blood will be collected prior to treatment and at end of treatment and tested for levels of circulating tumor DNA. This will be used to describe the relationship between circulating tumor DNA and residual disease at the time of surgery.

  3. Relationship of circulating tumor cells and residual disease [ Time Frame: Before and after study treatment (unless treatment is stopped early for safety, disease progression/recurrence, or subject or investigator decision, treatment will last 8 cycles of 21 days each) for each participant with high-risk BC following surgery. ]
    For participants with high risk BC after neo-adjuvant therapy, blood will be collected prior to treatment and at end of treatment and tested for levels of circulating tumor cells. This will be used to describe the relationship between circulating tumor cells and residual disease at the time of surgery.

  4. Levels of circulating tumor DNA [ Time Frame: Before and after study treatment (unless treatment is stopped early for safety, disease progression/recurrence, or subject or investigator decision, treatment will last 8 cycles of 21 days each) for each participant with high-risk BC following surgery. ]
    For participants with high risk BC after neo-adjuvant therapy, blood will be collected prior to treatment and at end of treatment and tested for levels of circulating tumor DNA. This will be used to describe any changes in the levels prior to and following treatment.

  5. Relationship of circulating tumor DNA and disease-free survival [ Time Frame: Before and after study treatment (unless treatment is stopped early for safety, disease progression/recurrence, or subject or investigator decision, treatment will last 8 cycles of 21 days each). ]
    For participants with high risk BC after neo-adjuvant therapy, blood will be collected prior to treatment and at end of treatment and tested for levels of circulating tumor DNA. This will be used to describe the relationship between circulating tumor DNA and disease-free survival.

  6. Relationship of circulating tumor cells and disease-free survival [ Time Frame: Before and after study treatment (unless treatment is stopped early for safety, disease progression/recurrence, or subject or investigator decision, treatment will last 8 cycles of 21 days each). ]
    For participants with high risk BC after neo-adjuvant therapy, blood will be collected prior to treatment and at end of treatment and tested for levels of circulating tumor cells. This will be used to describe the relationship between circulating tumor cells and disease-free survival.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Disease Characteristics by Dose Escalation Phase and Expansion Phase:

Part A: Dose Escalation Phase:

  1. Patients must have a histologically confirmed diagnosis of stage IV invasive breast cancer.
  2. Patients can have breast cancer with positive OR negative estrogen and progesterone receptor status. Patients must have negative HER-2 receptor status. Estrogen, progesterone, and HER2 receptor status must be assessed according to ASCO/CAP guidelines. ER or PR positivity is defined as ≥ 1% positive nuclear staining. HER-2 is negative if tumor testing shows: a) IHC negative (0 or 1+) or b) ISH negative using single probe or dual probe. If HER-2 IHC is 2+, ISH must be performed and negative. HER-2 equivocal is not eligible.

Part B: Expansion Phase:

  1. Patients must have a histologically confirmed diagnosis of stage I-III invasive breast cancer.
  2. Patients with multifocal, multicentric, synchronous bilateral and primary inflammatory breast cancers are allowed.

    1. Multifocal disease is defined as more than one invasive cancer < 2 cm from the largest lesion within the same breast quadrant.
    2. Multicentric disease is defined as more than one invasive cancer ≥ 2 cm from the largest lesion within the same breast quadrant or more than one lesion in different quadrants.
    3. Synchronous bilateral disease is defined as invasive breast cancer with positive lymph nodes (axillary or intramammary) in at least one breast, diagnosed within 30 days of each other. NOTE: The tumor with the highest recurrence score should be used.
  3. Patients can have breast cancer with positive OR negative estrogen and progesterone receptor status. Patients must have negative HER-2 receptor status. Estrogen, progesterone, and HER2 receptor status must be assessed according to ASCO/CAP guidelines. ER or PR positivity is defined as ≥ 1% positive nuclear staining. HER-2 is negative if tumor testing shows: a) IHC negative (0 or 1+) or b) ISH negative using single probe or dual probe. If HER-2 IHC is 2+, ISH must be performed and negative. HER-2 equivocal is not eligible.
  4. Patients must have been treated with standard neoadjuvant chemotherapy with at least three cycles of taxane or anthracycline based regimen. Patients must be registered within 36 weeks after last dose of chemotherapy.
  5. Patients must have histologically confirmed residual invasive carcinoma at the time of surgery (ypT1mi or greater) or positive lymph nodes (ypN0(itc) or greater).

Both Phases:

  1. Willingness and ability to provide written informed consent and to comply with the study protocol as judged by the investigator.
  2. ECOG Performance Status of 0-2.
  3. Age ≥ 18 years.
  4. Subject must have a life expectancy ≥ 6 months.
  5. Adequate bone marrow function defined as follows:

    1. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,000 cells/mm3
    2. Platelets ≥ 100,000 cells/mm3
  6. Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dl (Note: The use of transfusion to achieve Hgb ≥ 9 g/dl is acceptable)Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x institutional upper limit normal (IULN) OR GFR ≥60 mL/min for patient with creatinine levels >1.5× institutional ULN
  7. Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x IULN OR Direct Bilirubin ≤ULN for patients with total bilirubin levels >1.5×ULN
  8. ALT and AST ≤ 2.5 IULN
  9. Alkaline Phosphatase ≤ 2.5 IULN
  10. If a female is of childbearing potential, she has a negative serum blood pregnancy test during screening and a negative urine pregnancy test within 3 days prior to receiving the first dose of study drug. If the screening serum test is done within 3 days prior to receiving the first dose of study drug, a urine test is not required.
  11. If a patient is of childbearing potential the patient must agree to use effective contraception during the study and for 120 days after the last dose of study drug.

    Non-childbearing potential is defined as (by other than medical reasons):

    1. ≥45 years of age and has not had menses for >2 years
    2. Amenorrheic for <2 years without a hysterectomy and oophorectomy and a follicle-stimulating hormone value in the postmenopausal range upon pre-study (screening) evaluation
    3. Post hysterectomy, oophorectomy or tubal ligation. Documented hysterectomy or oophorectomy must be confirmed with medical records of the actual procedure or confirmed by an ultrasound. Tubal ligation must be confirmed with medical records of the actual procedure otherwise the patient must be willing to use 2 adequate barrier methods throughout the study, starting with the screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of study drug
  12. Non-vasectomized males must agree to use adequate contraception for at least 120 days after the last dose of study drug Males must also abstain from sperm donations for at least 120 days after the last dose of study drug.
  13. Experienced resolution of toxic effect(s) of the most recent prior anti-cancer therapy to Grade ≤ 2 (except alopecia and Grade 3 neuropathy).

Exclusion Criteria (both phases):

  1. Subjects who have had chemotherapy, biological therapy, immunological therapy, radiation therapy, or hormonal therapy within 3 weeks prior to first dose of study treatment.
  2. Subjects who are unable or unwilling to discontinue use of prohibited medications.
  3. Subject is unable or unwilling to participate in a study related procedure.
  4. Subject is a prisoner.
  5. Subject has evidence or history of an uncontrolled bleeding disorder. Patients with chronic bleeding disorders that are controlled with treatment or not clinically relevant are allowed.
  6. Subjects with history of CNS disease including primary brain tumor, seizures not controlled with standard medical therapy, or history of cerebrovascular accident (CVA, stroke), transient ischemic attack (TIA), or subarachnoid hemorrhage within six months of first dose of study treatment.
  7. Known brain metastases or cranial epidural disease unless adequately treated with radiotherapy and/or surgery (including radiosurgery) and stable for at least 4 weeks before first dose of study treatment AND enrolling in the metastatic dose escalation phase of present study only.
  8. History or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the study, interfere with the patient's participation for the full duration of the study, or is not in the best interest of the patient to participate, in the opinion of the treating Investigator, including, but not limited to:

    1. Myocardial infarction or arterial thromboembolic events within 6 months prior to first dose of study treatment or severe or unstable angina, New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV disease, or a QTc interval > 470 msec.
    2. Uncontrolled hypertension (defined as BP >160/100) or diabetes mellitus.
    3. Another known malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment.
    4. Any prior history of other cancer within the 2 years prior to first dose of study treatment with the exception of adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia [CIN]/cervical carcinoma in situ or melanoma in situ).
    5. Active infection requiring systemic therapy.
  9. Any contraindication to oral agents or significant nausea and vomiting, malabsorption, or significant small bowel resection that, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude adequate absorption.
  10. Allergy to benzamide or inactive components of entinostat.
  11. Known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the study.
  12. Currently participating and receiving investigational therapy on another study. If prior participation in a study of an investigational agent/device, last dose of investigational therapy or use of an investigational device must be greater than 4 weeks from the first dose of study drug in the present study.
  13. Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies), due to concerns for potential drug-drug interactions with entinostat and anti-retroviral medications.
  14. Known active hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B surface antigen-reactive) or hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid [qualitative]). Patients with past hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection or resolved HBV infection (defined as the presence of hepatitis B core antibody [HBc Ab] and absence of HBsAg) are eligible. HBV DNA test must be performed in these patients prior to study treatment. Patients positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction is negative for HCV RNA.
  15. If female, is pregnant or breastfeeding.
  16. The following medications are prohibited while the patient is receiving entinostat:

    1. Any other HDAC Inhibitor, including valproic acid
    2. DNA methyltransferase inhibitors
    3. Any additional anticancer agents (excluding entinostat and capecitabine), such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, biological response modifiers, or endocrine therapy, will not be allowed, even if utilized as treatment of non-cancer indications.
    4. Any investigational agents.
    5. Radiation Therapy
    6. Traditional herbal medicines; these therapies are not fully studied and their use may result in unanticipated drug-drug interactions that may cause or confound the assessment of toxicity.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03473639


Contacts
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Contact: Jacob Boyd, MA, CCRC 434-243-0425 JLB2NW@virginia.edu
Contact: Stephen Hazen 434-247-7827 SEH3AA@virginia.edu

Locations
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United States, Virginia
University of Virginia Recruiting
Charlottesville, Virginia, United States, 22908
Contact: Jacob Boyd, MA, CCRC    434-243-0425    jlb2nw@virginia.edu   
Contact: Stephen Hazen    434-247-7827    SEH3AA@virginia.edu   
Principal Investigator: Patrick Dillon, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Virginia
Syndax Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Patrick Dillon, MD University of Virginia

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Responsible Party: Patrick Dillon, MD, Principal Investigator, University of Virginia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03473639     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 20218
First Posted: March 22, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 16, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Patrick Dillon, MD, University of Virginia:
Residual invasive breast cancer
Metastatic breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Entinostat
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Capecitabine
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors