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Gemcitabine Plus Ascorbate for Sarcoma in Adults

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03468075
Recruitment Status : Suspended (Interim analysis)
First Posted : March 16, 2018
Last Update Posted : May 10, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
University of Iowa Adolescent and Young Adult (AYA) Cancer Program
St. Baldrick's Foundation
University of Iowa
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Varun Monga, University of Iowa

Brief Summary:
This study will enroll patients who have a diagnosis of locally advanced, unresectable or metastatic soft tissue or bone sarcoma (except gastrointestinal stromal tumors and Kaposi's sarcoma) from any site.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sarcoma Soft Tissue Sarcoma Unresectable Soft Tissue Sarcoma Metastatic Bone Tumor Bone Sarcoma Drug: Ascorbate Drug: Gemcitabine Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This study will enroll male and female patients 18 years old or older who have a diagnosis of locally advanced, unresectable or metastatic soft tissue or bone sarcoma (except GIST and Kaposi's) from any site. A minimum of 1 prior chemotherapy regimen, including adjuvant and neo-adjuvant therapy for the treatment of sarcoma, must have been given. Patients eligible for an anthracycline should have received a prior anthracycline containing regimen. Patients who decline or are not eligible for anthracycline treatment may be considered for this protocol as a first line treatment. Patients with a diagnosis of liposarcoma should also have received eribulin.

During screening, subjects will receive a test dose (15g) of ascorbate. If the test dose results in any toxicity >/= CTCAE grade 3 or a significant medical event in the opinion of the principal investigator, the patient will be considered a screen failure.

Subjects who pass screening will then receive ascorbate, 75g, on Days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15 and 16 of a 28-day cycle. Gemcitabine will be administered on Days 1, 8 and 15, after the infusion of ascorbate. Concomitant treatment will continue for at least 6 cycles. Patients whose disease has not progressed while receiving gemcitabine and ascorbate and who are tolerating therapy may continue either single agent gemcitabine or concomitant treatment beyond 6 cycles at the discretion of the investigator. Treatment will be terminated with progression of disease. Disease will be assessed by CT of the chest, abdomen and pelvis or MRI of the lesion every 2 cycles for progression.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 29 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of Gemcitabine Plus High-Dose Ascorbate in Locally Advanced Unresectable or Metastatic Soft Tissue and Bone Sarcomas in Adults
Actual Study Start Date : July 11, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 2021


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Gemcitabine + High-Dose Ascorbate
Subjects will receive ascorbate, 75g, on Days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15 and 16 of a 28-day cycle. Gemcitabine will be administered on Days 1, 8 and 15, after the infusion of ascorbate. Concomitant treatment will continue for 6 cycles. Patients whose disease has not progressed while receiving gemcitabine and ascorbate and who are tolerating therapy may continue either single agent gemcitabine or concomitant treatment beyond 6 cycles at the discretion of the investigator.
Drug: Ascorbate
Following 15g test dose, 75g administered on Days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15 and 16 of a 28-day cycle
Other Names:
  • Ascorbic Acid
  • Vitamin C
  • Pharmacological ascorbate

Drug: Gemcitabine
Administered on Days 1, 8 and 15, after the infusion of ascorbate
Other Name: Gemzar




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tumor response [ Time Frame: Every 2 months for first 6 months, then every 3 months up to 2 years post treatment ]
    From first day of treatment to documented disease progression as described by RECIST 1.1 criteria. Results are provided in nominal categories (CR, PR, SD, PD) as per RECIST.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression free survival [ Time Frame: Every 2 months for first 6 months, then every 3 months up to 2 years post treatment ]
    Time from start of therapy (day 1, cycle 1) to documented disease progression or death due to any cause. Progression will be defined using the RECIST 1.1 guidelines. Results are provided in nominal categories (CR, PR, SD, PD) as per RECIST.

  2. Overall survival [ Time Frame: Every 2 months for first 6 months, then every 3 months up to 2 years post treatment ]
    Time from start of therapy (day 1, cycle 1) to death.

  3. Incidence of adverse events (AE) per CTCAE 4.03 [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after completion of study treatment ]
    Categorize and quantify adverse events from start of therapy (day 1, cycle 1) to end of study per (CTCAE) version 4.03.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female patients aged ≥ 18 years old
  2. ECOG Performance Status of ≤ 2
  3. Ability to provide written informed consent obtained prior to participation in the study and any related procedures being performed

    • Patients must meet the following laboratory criteria:
    • Hematology:
    • Neutrophil count of >1500/mm3
    • Platelet count of > 100,000/mm3L
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL (transfusion to meet eligibility allowed)
    • Biochemistry:
    • AST/SGOT and ALT/SGPT ≤ 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or ≤ 5.0 x ULN if the transaminase elevation is due to disease involvement
    • Alkaline phosphatase < 5 x ULN
    • Serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN
    • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or 24-hour creatinine clearance ≥ 50 ml/min
    • Total serum calcium >/= LLN or if calcium is below LLN then corrected calcium for serum albumin should be >/= LLN
    • Serum potassium ≥ LLN
    • Serum sodium ≥ LLN
    • Serum albumin ≥ LLN or 3g/dl
  4. Tolerate a 15g ascorbate infusion (screening dose)
  5. Baseline MUGA or ECHO done only in subjects with prior doxorubicin exposure. The test must demonstrate LVEF ≥ the lower limit of the institutional normal.
  6. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days of the first administration of study treatment and must be willing to use two methods of contraception one of them being a barrier method during the study and for 3 months after last study drug administration
  7. Any patient with the diagnosis of locally advanced, unresectable or metastatic soft tissue or bone sarcoma (except GIST and Kaposi's) from any site. A minimum of 1 prior chemotherapy regimen, including adjuvant and neo-adjuvant therapy for the treatment of sarcoma. Patients eligible for an anthracycline should have received a prior anthracycline containing regimen. Patients who decline or are not eligible for anthracycline treatment may be considered for this protocol as a first line treatment. Patients with a diagnosis of liposarcoma should also have received eribulin if they received anthracycline-based therapy prior to eribulin. Patients with a diagnosis of myxoid liposarcoma should have received trabectedin. Patients with angiosarcoma should have received either taxol or docetaxel. Patients must have measurable disease defined as at least 1 lesion ≥ 1cm in the greatest dimension.
  8. Patients with metastatic bone sarcomas who have failed all available therapies that have demonstrated clinical benefit. Available therapies include but not limited to methotrexate, adriamycin and cisplatin for osteosarcoma and vincristine, adriamycin and Cytoxan, ifosfamide, etoposide (VAC/IE)for Ewing's sarcoma.
  9. Previous exposure to Gemcitabine will only be allowed if there is no residual toxicity from previous treatments. Toxicity must be graded as 0 or 1 prior to study.
  10. Patients must have had disease progression on or following their most recent treatment regimen or on presentation for the first time with locally advanced unresectable or metastatic disease.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. G6PD (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase) deficiency
  2. New York Heart Association (NYHA) Grade II or greater congestive heart failure (see Appendix E)
  3. History of myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 6 months prior to Day 1
  4. History of stroke or transient ischemic attack within 6 months prior to Day 1
  5. Known CNS disease, except for treated brain metastasis: Treated brain metastases are defined as having no evidence of progression or hemorrhage after treatment and no ongoing requirement for dexamethasone, as ascertained by clinical examination and brain imaging (MRI or CT) during the screening period. Anticonvulsants (stable dose) are allowed. Treatment for brain metastases may include whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT), radiosurgery (RS; Gamma Knife, LINAC, or equivalent) or a combination as deemed appropriate by the treating physician. Patients with CNS metastases treated by neurosurgical resection or brain biopsy performed within 3 months prior to Day 1 will be excluded
  6. Actively receiving insulin or requiring fingerstick glucose monitoring at time of ascorbate infusion (unless an exception is granted by the IND sponsor, medical monitor, and the PI).
  7. Significant vascular disease (e.g., aortic aneurysm, requiring surgical repair or recent peripheral arterial thrombosis) within 6 months prior to Day 1
  8. Evidence of bleeding diathesis or significant coagulopathy (in the absence of therapeutic anticoagulation)
  9. Pregnancy (positive pregnancy test) or lactation. Use of effective means of contraception (men and women) in subjects of child-bearing potential
  10. Patients who are on the following drugs and cannot have a drug substitution: flecainide, methadone, amphetamines, quinidine, and chlorpropamide. High dose ascorbic acid may affect urine acidification and, as a result, may affect clearance rates of these drugs.
  11. Other concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled medical conditions
  12. Patients who have received chemotherapy or any investigational drug < 2 weeks prior to starting study drug or who have not recovered from side effects of such therapy.
  13. Major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to Day 1 or anticipation of need for major surgical procedure during the course of the study.
  14. Concomitant use of any anti-cancer therapy or radiation therapy. Palliative radiation therapy to non-target lesions is permitted.
  15. Male patients whose sexual partners are WOCBP not using a double method of contraception during the study and 3 months after the end of treatment. One of these methods must be a condom.
  16. Patients with a history of another primary malignancy within 2 years other than curatively treated CIS of the cervix, or basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
  17. Patients with known positivity for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); baseline testing for HIV is not required. High-dose ascorbate acid is a known CYP450 3A4 inducer, which results in lower serum levels of antiretroviral drugs.
  18. Patients with any significant history of non-compliance to medical regimens or with inability to grant a reliable informed consent.
  19. Patients with GIST tumors and Kaposi's Sarcoma are excluded.
  20. Patients with history of more than one symptomatic oxalate stone in the last 6 months or visible stone in the kidney or ureter on screening CT scan.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03468075


Locations
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United States, Iowa
University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mohammed Milhem, MBBS
University of Iowa Adolescent and Young Adult (AYA) Cancer Program
St. Baldrick's Foundation
University of Iowa
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Varun Monga, MD University of Iowa

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Responsible Party: Varun Monga, Assistant Clinical Professor, University of Iowa
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03468075     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 201802800
First Posted: March 16, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 10, 2019
Last Verified: May 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Varun Monga, University of Iowa:
Sarcoma
Soft tissue
Ascorbate

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Sarcoma
Osteosarcoma
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Bone Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective Tissue
Gemcitabine
Ascorbic Acid
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antioxidants
Protective Agents
Vitamins
Micronutrients
Nutrients
Growth Substances