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PK Study of 90-Day Use of Vaginal Rings Containing Dapivirine and Levonorgestrel

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03467347
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 16, 2018
Last Update Posted : October 9, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Division of AIDS, US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
International Partnership for Microbicides, Inc.

Brief Summary:
This is a Phase I single-center, two-arm, open-label, randomized study in healthy HIV-negative women to evaluate the pharmacokinetics, safety, and bleeding patterns associated with 90-day use of matrix vaginal rings containing 200 mg Dapivirine and 320 mg Levonorgestrel.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Healthy Contraception Contraceptive Usage Women Drug: VR: 200 mg DPV + 320 mg LNG Phase 1

Detailed Description:

This 26 week study will be conducted at one site. The site will enroll 24 subjects. Subjects will be randomized to 1 of 2 treatment regimens:

Regimen A: vaginal ring used continuously for approximately 90 days Regimen B: vaginal ring used cyclically for approximately 90 days: used for ~28 days, then removed,washed and stored for 2 days. The same ring will be used for 2 additional cycles in a similar fashion.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 25 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: A Randomized, Phase 1, Open-Label Study in Healthy HIV-Negative Women to Evaluate the Pharmacokinetics, Safety and Bleeding Patterns Associated With 90-Day Use of Matrix Vaginal Rings Containing 200 mg Dapivirine and 320 mg Levonorgestrel
Actual Study Start Date : July 17, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 30, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : October 7, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: VR used continuously for approximately 90 days
One silicone elastomer vaginal ring (VR) containing the active 200 mg dapivirine (DPV) and 320 mg levonorgestrel (LNG), used continuously for approximately 90 days.
Drug: VR: 200 mg DPV + 320 mg LNG
One silicone elastomer vaginal ring (VR) containing the active ingredients dapivirine (DPV) and levonorgestrel (LNG), formulated as IPM VR: 200 mg DPV + 320 mg LNG (Ring-102)

Experimental: VR used cyclically for approximately 90 days
One silicone elastomer vaginal ring (VR) containing the active 200 mg dapivirine (DPV) and 320 mg levonorgestrel (LNG), used cyclically for approximately 90 days. Use the VR for 28 days, remove for 2 days.
Drug: VR: 200 mg DPV + 320 mg LNG
One silicone elastomer vaginal ring (VR) containing the active ingredients dapivirine (DPV) and levonorgestrel (LNG), formulated as IPM VR: 200 mg DPV + 320 mg LNG (Ring-102)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluate pharmacokinetics by assessing changes in baseline of DPV and LNG concentrations in plasma. [ Time Frame: 90 days ]
  2. Evaluate pharmacokinetics by assessing changes in baseline of DPV and LNG concentrations in cervicovaginal fluid. [ Time Frame: 90 days ]
  3. Evaluate pharmacokinetics by assessing changes in baseline of DPV concentration in cervical tissue. [ Time Frame: 90 days ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of Grade 2 or higher genitourinary adverse events as defined by the Division of AIDS Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events, Corrected V 2.1,or Addendum 1 Female Genital Grading Table for Use in Microbicide Studies [ Time Frame: 90 days ]
  2. Incidence of Grade 3 or higher adverse events as defined by the Division of AIDS (DAIDS) Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events, Corrected Version 2.1, July 2017 [ Time Frame: 90 days ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Assigned female sex at birth Note: Participants who are female at birth, who now identify as male, will not be excluded so long as they are not currently or have not been on female-to-male transition therapy 90 days prior to Enrollment.
  2. Age 18 through 45 years (inclusive) at Screening, verified per site SOPs
  3. Able and willing to provide written informed consent to be screened for and enrolled in MTN-044/IPM 053/CCN019
  4. Able and willing to provide adequate locator information, as defined in site SOPs
  5. Able to communicate in spoken and written English
  6. Available for all visits and able and willing to comply with all study procedural requirements
  7. Willing to abstain from receptive intercourse (vaginal, oral, sex toy/vibrator/dildo and finger stimulation) and tampon use for 24 hours preceding the Enrollment Visit and clinical visits where samples are taken and for 1 week following each cervical biopsy visit
  8. Not at risk for pregnancy, defined as consistently using an effective, non-hormonal method of contraception per participant report at Enrollment, and intending to continue use of an effective, non-hormonal method for the duration of study participation. Effective methods include:

    1. Non-hormonal (e.g. copper) intrauterine device (IUD) inserted at least 28 days prior to Enrollment
    2. Consistent and correct male condom use
    3. Sterilization (of participant or partner, as defined in site SOPs)
    4. Having sex exclusively with individuals assigned female sex at birth
    5. Sexually abstinent for 90 days prior to Enrollment, and intending to remain abstinent for the duration of study participation
  9. In general good health as determined by the Investigator of Record (IoR)/designee at Screening and Enrollment
  10. HIV-uninfected based on testing performed at Screening and Enrollment
  11. Per participant report at Screening, current regular menstrual cycles of approximately 21 to 35 days in duration with no reported intermenstrual bleeding
  12. Intact uterus with at least one ovary
  13. Per participant report at Screening and Enrollment, states a willingness to refrain from inserting any non-study vaginal products or objects into the vagina including, but not limited to spermicides, female condoms, diaphragms, other intravaginal rings, vaginal medications, menstrual cups, cervical caps (or any other vaginally applied barrier method), vaginal douches, lubricants and moisturizers, for the 24 hours preceding the Enrollment Visit through completion of Visit 15.
  14. Participants over the age of 21 (inclusive) must have documentation of a satisfactory Pap within the past 3 years prior to Enrollment consistent with Grade 0 according to the Female Genital Grading Table for Use in Microbicide Studies Addendum 1 (Dated November 2007) to the DAIDS Table for Grading Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events, Corrected Version 2.1, July 2017, or satisfactory evaluation with no treatment required of Grade 1 or higher Pap result
  15. At Screening and Enrollment, agrees not to participate in other research studies involving drugs, medical devices, vaginal products or vaccines after the Screening Visit through completion of Visit 15

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Body mass index greater than 40 kg/m2 at Screening
  2. Pregnant at Screening or Enrollment or plans to become pregnant during the study period Note: A documented negative pregnancy test performed by study staff is required for inclusion; however, a self-reported pregnancy is adequate for exclusion from the study.
  3. Diagnosed with symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI) or reproductive tract infection (RTI) at Screening or Enrollment
  4. Diagnosed with an acute STI requiring treatment per current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines (http://www.cdc.gov/std/treatment/) at Screening or Enrollment such as gonorrhea (GC), chlamydia, trichomonas, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), and/or syphilis Note: Genital warts requiring treatment and frequent recurrence of herpes simplex virus (HSV) are considered exclusionary; however, infrequent HSV outbreaks are not. Genital warts requiring treatment are defined as those that cause undue burden or discomfort to the participant, including bulky size, unacceptable appearance, or physical discomfort.
  5. Has a clinically apparent Grade 2 or higher pelvic exam finding (observed by study staff) at Screening or Enrollment, as per the DAIDS Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events, Corrected Version 2.1, July 2017, and/or Addendum 1 (Female Genital Grading Table for Use in Microbicide Studies [Dated November 2007]) Note: Cervical bleeding associated with speculum insertion and/or specimen collection judged to be within the range of normal according to the clinical judgment of the IoR/designee is considered expected non-menstrual bleeding and is not exclusionary.
  6. Participant report and/or clinical evidence of any of the following:

    1. Known adverse reaction to any component of the study product (ever)
    2. Chronic and/or recurrent vaginal candidiasis
    3. Has a contraindication to a progestin-only contraceptive method as defined by a category 3 or 4 condition according to the CDC U.S. Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use, 201643
    4. Use of hormonal contraception, including hormonal IUD and implants within the 28 days prior to Enrollment
    5. Current use or planned use of CYP3A inhibitors and inducers
    6. Current use or planned use of antibiotics and/or corticosteroids that may interact with levonorgestrel
    7. Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) use in the 6 months prior to Enrollment or any prior use without return of regular spontaneous menstrual cycles.
    8. Non-therapeutic injection drug use in the 12 months prior to Enrollment
    9. Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) for HIV exposure within the 3 months prior to Enrollment
    10. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention within the 3 months prior to Enrollment
    11. Last pregnancy outcome less than 60 days prior to Enrollment
    12. Gynecologic or genital procedure (e.g., tubal ligation, dilation and curettage, piercing) 45 days or less prior to Enrollment Note: Pap test at the Screening Visit, colposcopy and cervical biopsies for evaluation of an abnormal Pap test as well as IUD insertion/removal are not exclusionary.
    13. Currently breastfeeding or planning to breastfeed during the study period
    14. Participation in any other research study involving drugs, medical devices, vaginal products or vaccines, in the 60 days prior to Enrollment
  7. Has any of the following Grade 1 or higher laboratory abnormalities at Screening Visit:

    1. AST or ALT
    2. Creatinine
    3. Hemoglobin
  8. Has any other condition that, in the opinion of the IoR/designee, would preclude informed consent, make study participation unsafe, complicate the interpretation of study outcome data, or otherwise interfere with achieving the study objectives including any significant uncontrolled active or chronic medical condition.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03467347


Locations
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United States, Pennsylvania
Magee-Women'S Res Inst and Foundation
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
Sponsors and Collaborators
International Partnership for Microbicides, Inc.
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Division of AIDS, US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

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Responsible Party: International Partnership for Microbicides, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03467347     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MTN-044/IPM 053/CCN019
5UM1AI068633 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: March 16, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 9, 2019
Last Verified: October 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by International Partnership for Microbicides, Inc.:
Healthy Women
Contraception
Vaginal Ring
dapivirine
Levonorgestrel
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Dapivirine
Levonorgestrel
Contraceptive Agents, Female
Contraceptive Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Contraceptives, Oral, Synthetic
Contraceptives, Oral
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents