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A Trial of PTS Via Intratumoral Injection in Patients With Central Air Way NSCLC Severe Obstruction

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03448146
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 27, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 28, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
PTS International Inc.

Brief Summary:
This trial was to evaluate the efficacy of intratumoral PTS injection in alleviating airway obstruction and dyspnea by improving the percentage of lumen patency of patients with central air way NSCLC tumor severe obstruction.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Nsclc Drug: Para-Toluenesulfonamide Phase 3

Detailed Description:
  1. Local intratumoral injection of para toluenesulfonamide (PTS) via bronchoscopy could alleviate airway obstruction for patients with central air way NSCLC tumor severe obstruction, which contributed to the shrinkage of target tumor lesions in a short period, with an objective response rate of 66% and an improvement rate of luminal tumor obstruction of 70% in the end-of-treatment period.
  2. Patient's pulmonary function, atelectasis and quality of life were improved significantly after treatment, indicating that PTS treatment cuold relieve the symptoms of air way obstruction and provide clinical benefits to the patients.
  3. Adverse events were mainly blood streaked sputum, injection site haemorrhage, cough, pyrexia and oropharyngeal pain, without reporting of potential risks. Common study drug related adverse events included injection site haemorrhage, cough, and blood streaked sputum and oropharyngeal pain. The multi-center clinical study conducted strictly in accordance with Standard Operation Procedures for the Use of a Standard Bronchoscope in Local Intratumoral PTS Injection showed that PTS had good safety and tolerability and that the procedural risks of intratumoral PTS injection via bronchoscopy could be controlled.
  4. The advantages of PTS for treatment of airway lung cancer obstruction included significant efficacy, good safety, large applicable population; relatively simple equipment conditions and operation, thus it could be spread easily. PTS is also expected to be used in the treatment of central lung cancer with acute airway obstruction in combination with other treatments (such as stent implantation), which provides a new drug treatment to patients with airway lung cancer obstruction. PTS can complement with other treatments, which is expected to improve the treatment efficacy significantly.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 90 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III Single Arm Trial of PTS (Para Toluenesulfonamide Injection) Via Bronchoscopy Intervention Intratumoral Injection in Patients With Central Air Way NSCLC Tumor Severe Obstruction
Actual Study Start Date : August 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2011

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Para-Toluenesulfonamide
  1. .The dose of PTS injected into multiple points in a single tumor was about 0.1-1.0 mL, and the appropriate specific doses were kept within the tumor without leakage. An appropriate low dose could be given firstly, and the following doses could be adjusted based on the response of patient and the tumor.
  2. . In general, the daily dose of PTS injected into a single tumor was no more than 5mL, and the daily dose of PTS was no more than 10mL for each patient.

The injection was provided 2-3 times a week, with 2 weeks as a cycle of treatment. No less than 4 times of PTS treatment were recomended for the first cycle of treatment, and for other cycles of treatment, the number of PTS injections could be adjusted appropriately based on the condition of the patient.

Drug: Para-Toluenesulfonamide
Other Name: PTS

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective response rate [ Time Frame: 30 days after the last treatment ]
    The objective response rate of target lesions in patients with central air way NSCLC tumor severe obstruction after PTS treatment were evaluated based on measurement results of CT and bronchoscopy.

  2. Improvement rate of luminal obstructions [ Time Frame: 30 days after the last treatment ]
    The improvement rate of luminal obstructions in patients with central air way NSCLC tumor severe obstruction after PTS treatment were evaluated based on measurement results of CT and bronchoscopy.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in FVC [ Time Frame: 30 days after the last treatment ]
    Changes in Forced Vital Capacity (FVC)

  2. Change in FEV1/FVC [ Time Frame: 30 days after the last treatment ]
    Changes in Forced Expiratory Volume in One Second (FEV1)/Forced Vital Capacity (FVC)

  3. Change in BDI score [ Time Frame: 30 days after the last treatment ]
    Changes in Baseline Dyspnea Index (BDI) score. The BDI provides a multidimensional measurement of dyspnea based on 3 domains: functional impairment, magnitude of task and magnitude of effort that evoke dyspnea in activities of daily living, in symptomatic individuals. Rated in five grades from 0 to 4 for each domain. Ranging from 0 to 12. The lower the score, the worse the severity of dyspnea.

  4. Change in pleural effusion [ Time Frame: 30 days after the last treatment ]
    Changes in pleural effusion

  5. Change in ECOG performance status [ Time Frame: 30 days after the last treatment ]
    Changes in Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status

  6. Change in QOL score [ Time Frame: 30 days after the last treatment ]
    Changes in Quality of Life (QOL) score. Quality of life (QOL) was evaluated based on the subject's answers in Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Lung Cancer Subscale (FACT-LCS) questionnaire, version 4. Symptoms of lung cancer were evaluated according to the completed Lung Cancer Subscale (LCS). The FACT-LCS, version 4 is a patient completed questionnaire consisting 36 items that assesses health related quality of life (HRQL) in lung cancer patients. The FACT-LCS, version 4 consists of the 27-item FACT-G assessing generic HRQL concerns and 9-item Lung Cancer Subscale assessing disease-specific issues. Instrument scoring yields a range from 0 to 144 with higher scores representing better patient status.

  7. Duration of response (DOR) of target lesion [ Time Frame: 30 days after the last treatment ]
    Duration of response (DOR) of target lesion

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 83 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female inpatients, aged 18 to 83 years old.
  • Patients with central air way non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) severe obstruction; definition of severe airway obstruction: ≥1/2 trachea is obstructed by tumor; and/or block ≥2/3 of primary bronchi, right and middle bronchi. And the longest diameter of the lesion > 0.5 cm.
  • Pathologically confirmed lung cancer.
  • Patients with tracheal tumor lesions suitable for local intratumoral injection via fibro-bronchoscopy.
  • At least one measurable lesion that could be evaluated by imaging examination (bronchoscopy, CT, MRI or X-ray etc.) according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors.
  • Blood platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm3.
  • Subjects who were able to understand and comply with the trial protocol and give written consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Brain metastases.
  • History of cardiovascular diseases, including congestive heart failure > New York Heart Association (NYHA) Grade II. Patients with unstable angina pectoris (angina pectoris symptoms at rest), recent angina pectoris (occurred in the recent 3 months) or with myocardial infarction in recent 6 months must be excluded.
  • Severe infections or dysbolism.
  • Poor hepatic functional reserve or severe hepatocirrhosis, with abnormal blood coagulation indicators.
  • Poor general conditions or cachexia.
  • The target lesion had been treated with radiotherapy within 6 months.
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding woman.
  • Known hypersensitivity to PTS or related compounds.
  • Lung cancer lesions not suitable for local treatment.
  • Any other reason deemed reasonable by the investigator.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03448146

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The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University
Guangzhou, China
Sponsors and Collaborators
PTS International Inc.
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Principal Investigator: Nan Shan Zhong The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: PTS International Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03448146    
Other Study ID Numbers: PTS302
First Posted: February 27, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 28, 2018
Last Verified: February 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Lung Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases