Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Vaccines: Reinfection and Antigenic Variation (CMV)
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03443791|
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (NIH funding was not received)
First Posted : February 23, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 7, 2019
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Cmv Congenital CMV Viremia||Diagnostic Test: Women Enrolled Diagnostic Test: Newborns of Female Study Participants||Not Applicable|
The proposed cognitive-behavioral intervention protocol to modify the risk of exposure and acquisition of HCMV in pregnant women will include a two components. The first component of the trial will consist of a pilot study in which 100 women enrolled in the parent study will be asked to participate in this substudy. We will target women with young children in the household and households with more than 5 inhabitants as these two characteristics have been shown to be associated with virus excretion in pregnant women in this population, and by inference, exposure and acquisition of HCMV during pregnancy in this maternal population. Women will be counseled at enrollment utilizing both a brief counseling session that will provide basic information about HCMV and congenital HCMV (cCMV) infections, and an individualized behavioral skills session. A take home packet describing the; (i) cCMV infections, (ii) routes of virus acquisition/spread and measures to limit virus spread, and (iii) guidance in behavior modifications to reduce risk of exposures and infection with HCMV will be provided. Enrollees will be seen during their following prenatal visits and asked to complete a questionnaire that will include a self-assessment of adherence to recommended risk reduction behaviors, understanding of routes of HCMV transmission, and importantly, the burden of introducing recommended risk reduction practices into their daily routines. In addition, we will poll these women on the most effective components of the cognitive-behavioral intervention pilot. Data derived from these questionnaires will represent the outcome of this pilot study and will permit us to modify the strategy that will be deployed in the larger intervention trial.
The second component will consist of a larger trial of cognitive-behavioral intervention trial to limit HCMV exposure and acquisition in pregnant women in this maternal population. Women \ will complete a standard questionnaire that will provide demographics such as description of housing, number of people in household, number and ages of children. Information will also be gathered on number and age of sexual partners, previous STIs, and if partner currently resides in household. Standard of care counseling will include discussion of sources of infections and routes of acquisition. After enrollment, women will be randomized to standard of care of counseling or the HCMV exposure risk reduction intervention strategy by assignment of every other enrollee to the intervention cohort. Women enrolled in the exposure risk reduction intervention will receive standard of care and receive an individualized behavioral skills session from a trained nurse or health educator (see following section). As part of enrollment in this study, all women will provide permission to screen their newborn infants or any specimens from miscarriages or fetal loss for HCMV infection. Samples of prenatal blood specimens collected as part of routine care will be stored for future use and enrollment saliva swab, vaginal swab, and urine will be obtained and stored for studies of viral load and baseline viral genomic diversity. The behavioral intervention group will also watch a short video detailing basic information about HCMV, the natural history of HCMV infections (sources and routes of transmission), and consequences of maternal infection during pregnancy to the outcomes of pregnancy. Within this video will be explicit and specific descriptions of exposures, such as kissing young children on the mouth, handling objects that have been or could have been in the mouths of young children, and the importance of hygiene after exposure to urine during diaper changing. After viewing the video, a nurse (or health educator) specifically trained to reinforce the information in the video will provide a brief behavioral skills session, and distribute a take home packet containing an information pamphlet. Study participants will receive weekly brief text messages for the initial 12 weeks to deliver reminders of recommended behaviors to limit risks of exposures. To power this study for a 50% difference in the outcome of pregnancy (delivery of a infant with cCMV infection) in a population with the incidence of cCMV of 0.6%, we have estimated that 4300 women will be required. Between the two hospitals and clinics that serve the population in this study, approximately 4700 deliveries take place per year. Our plan is to enroll patients over 2 years, thus we believe that we can enroll 5,000 women in this study.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||0 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Vaccines: Reinfection and Antigenic Variation|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||December 1, 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||December 1, 2022|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||December 1, 2023|
Experimental: women enrolled
pregnant women enrolled in trial
Diagnostic Test: Women Enrolled
Diagnostic Testing will be performed. Results of individual test results will determine the degree of intervention offered.
newborns of female study participants
newborns will be tested to determine if virus is present.
Diagnostic Test: Newborns of Female Study Participants
Newborns will be tested after birth as soon as possible for CMV positivity.
- A 50% reduction in the overall incidence of congenital HCMV infections in this maternal population [ Time Frame: baseline through 48 months ]Participants will be tested using urine and blood to determine positivity for CMV
- efficient uptake of behavioral recommendations and modifications of simple hygiene behaviors [ Time Frame: baseline through 48 months ]Participants are educated on personal hygiene behaviors which have previously been shown to decrease exposure and acquisition of HCMV. Study visits will included survey for these questions.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03443791
|University of Sao Paulo|
|São Paulo, Brazil|
|Principal Investigator:||William J. Britt, MD||The University of Alabama at Birmingham|