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Trial record 62 of 1645 for:    Slovakia

Cayenne Pepper Cataplasm - Safety Study (Munari04)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03440125
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 20, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 20, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
S2P, Science to Practice, Ltd.
Comenius University
Wilhelminenspital Vienna
Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Electrical Stimulation and Physical Rehabilitation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Nejc Sarabon, University of Primorska

Brief Summary:

The beneficial analgesic effects of Rubefacenciae (redden skin substances), is known since 1830 as a treatment for pain, cramps, and disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Herbal cataplasms containing rubefacient substances, such as Cayenne pepper, are commonly used as natural medications to treat painful or aching areas in the case of acute or chronic back pain, and rheumatisms. In Vienna and lower Austria, a Cayenne Pepper Cataplasm (CPC) application containing Cayenne pepper and Kaolin powder in mixed proportion, is commonly used to treat musculoskeletal conditions of pain especially of the low back. However, a concern about the safety of such applications was recently raised.

Therefore, the aims of the present study are to evaluate the effects of 10x 20min CP cataplasm application as a single treatment or in combination with electrical stimulation and massage on selected functional and molecular parameters on i) healthy subjects and ii) subjects suffering from low back pain.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Low Back Pain Drug: Cayenne Pepper topical Device: Electrical stimulation Procedure: Massage Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Musculoskeletal diseases, such as neck and low back pain, are widespread disorders in many developed countries. Their management is challenging, and it may have mounting socioeconomic burden. Several evidences in the literature demonstrate the efficacy of many therapeutic strategies in the treatment of these conditions, based on pharmacological or surgical interventions. Physical medicine therapies are good alternatives that may have beneficial effects, especially when used as first line of intervention before approaching more expensive pharmacological or invasive medications. The beneficial analgesic effects of Applicatio Epispasticorum of Rubefacenciae (redden skin substances), is known since 1830 as a treatment for pain, cramps, and disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Herbal cataplasms containing rubefacient substances, such as Cayenne pepper (CP), are commonly used as natural medications to treat painful or aching areas in the case of acute or chronic back pain, and rheumatisms. They are also used in pain involving joints caused by osteoarthritis. A galenic preparation composed of rubefacient substances of vegetable origin, which generated vasodilation and increase in blood circulation on the treated areas, was first prescribed in 1909 by Dr. Giuseppe Munari to treat pain of various areas of the locomotive system. He proposed a method based on applications prepared according to his own galenic formula that have become famous all over Italy and Europe. In Vienna and lower Austria, a Munari-like application containing CP and Kaolin powder in mixed proportion, is commonly used to treat musculoskeletal conditions of pain especially of the low back. The research on responses to CPC applications, particularly in combination with other modalities is scarce.

Therefore, the aims of the present study are firstly to evaluate the effects of 10x 20min CP cataplasm application on selected functional and molecular parameters on healthy subjects. Then, the same applications will be used on subjects suffering from low back pain (LBP) - both as a single treatment and in combination with electrical stimulation and massage.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Cayenne Pepper Cataplasm Application and Potential Side Effects
Actual Study Start Date : March 15, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 15, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : December 15, 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Back Pain

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Healthy
Healthy participants with no low back pain. 20 min application of Cayenne Pepper Cataplasm (Cayenne Pepper topical) on the back will be administered.
Drug: Cayenne Pepper topical
20min topical Cayenne Pepper Cataplasm application containing 5% Cayenne Pepper nd 95% Kaolin mixed with water
Other Name: Cayenne Pepper Cataplasm application

Experimental: LBP patients - CPC Group
Participants suffering from low back pain (LBP) receiving 10 times (within 3 weeks) 20min application of Cayenne Pepper Cataplasm (Cayenne Pepper topical).
Drug: Cayenne Pepper topical
20min topical Cayenne Pepper Cataplasm application containing 5% Cayenne Pepper nd 95% Kaolin mixed with water
Other Name: Cayenne Pepper Cataplasm application

Experimental: LBP patients - CPC and ES/M Group
Participants suffering from low back pain (LBP) receiving 10 times (within 3 weeks) 20min application of Cayenne Pepper Cataplasm (Cayenne Pepper topical), and half of the subject also receiving 10 min electrical Stimulation and 10 min massage Treatment on the back.
Drug: Cayenne Pepper topical
20min topical Cayenne Pepper Cataplasm application containing 5% Cayenne Pepper nd 95% Kaolin mixed with water
Other Name: Cayenne Pepper Cataplasm application

Device: Electrical stimulation
Electrical stimulation 10min 60Hz biphasic rectangular neuromuscular electrical Stimulation (NMES)
Other Name: Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES)

Procedure: Massage
10 minutes of classical massage of low back pain area.
Other Name: Classical massage




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in concentration of circulating biomarkers of inflammation, neudroendocrine stress and blood vessel activation [ Time Frame: Before the application, 45 minutes after 10th application and 48 hours after 10th application ]
    The blood analysis will include standard analysis of hemogram, C-reactive proteins, creatine-kinase, sedimentation, albumin and cortisol. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) will include Tumor necrosis factor-Alpha, Interleukin-6, Leukotriene B4 and P-Selectine. Additionally, microRNA analysis will be performed (gene numbers: 1, 21, 23, 25, 103, 126, 133, 146, 155, 199a, 199b, 191, 206, 451.

  2. Change in systolic and diastolic blood pressure [ Time Frame: Before the application, 45 minutes after 10th application and 48 hours after 10th application ]
    Systolic and diastolic blood pressure [mmHg], measured at both sides of the body with blood pressure gauge

  3. Heart rate [ Time Frame: Before the application, 45 minutes after 10th application and 48 hours after 10th application ]
    Heart rate (bpm), measured with heart rate monitor belt.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. 36-Item Short Form Survey (SF-36) [ Time Frame: Before the application, 45 minutes after 10th application and 48 hours after 10th application ]
    The Short Form (36) Health Survey (SF-36) is a patient-reported survey of patient health. It consists of eight scaled scores, which are the weighted sums all questions in their respective section. Each scale is directly transformed into a 0-100 scale on the assumption that each question carries equal weight. The lower the score the higher is the disability.

  2. Change in pain perception [ Time Frame: Before the application, 45 minutes after 10th application and 48 hours after 10th application ]
    Pain perception during rest and movement assessed with visual analogue scale (0-10). 0 represents no pain, and 10 represents severe pain.

  3. EQ-5D- 5L questionnaire [ Time Frame: Before the application, 45 minutes after 10th application and 48 hours after 10th application ]
    EQ-5D- 5L questionnaire includes following aspects: mobility, care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, anxiety/depression, crosswalk-index, self-feeling of health. Each aspect is evaluated on a 1-5 scale, with following descriptions of levels: having no problems, having slight problems, having moderate problems, having severe problems and being unable to do/having extreme problems. Visual analogue scale is the second part of the questionnaire, asking to mark health status on the day of the interview on a 20 cm vertical scale with end points of 0 and 100. There are notes at the both ends of the scale that the bottom rate (0) corresponds to " the worst health you can imagine", and the highest rate (100) corresponds to "the best health you can imagine".

  4. Oswestry disability index (ODI) [ Time Frame: Before the application, 45 minutes after 10th application and 48 hours after 10th application ]
    ODI will be used only in LBP arms (Arm 2 and 3). ODI is commonly used by clinicians and researchers to quantify disability for low back pain.

  5. Skin Sensory Function [ Time Frame: Before the application, 45 minutes after 10th application and 48 hours after 10th application ]
    Skin sensory function will be assessed by 2-point discrimination test (which is carried out using two pins, oriented in medial-lateral direction and pressed perpendicularly to the skin, with the medial pin being 3 cm laterally from the L3 spinal process. The subject is asked to report whether he/she felt one or two pins) and mono filament/light touch sensitivity tests (monofilaments calibrated to 0.025, 0.07, 2, 5, and 10 grams The subject is asked to report when he/she felt touching the skin with a monofilament 3 cm laterally from L3 spinal process). The lightest mono filament and the lowest pin inter-distance are take as final outcome measures.

  6. Flexibility [ Time Frame: Before the application, 45 minutes after 10th application and 48 hours after 10th application ]
    Assessment of total spine flexibility (forward bend test) and separately for the lumbar part (Schober's test) and thoracic part.

  7. Skin Temperature [ Time Frame: Before the application, 45 minutes after 10th application and 48 hours after 10th application ]
    Skin temperature [°C] at the site of application (low back) and at the control part of the body (neck), measured with a laser thermometer.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Chronic low back pain (>3 months)
  • Body mass index below 35 kg/mˇ2

Exclusion Criteria:

  • pregnancy
  • sensibility disorders (e.g. due to neurological disease)
  • injuries, open wounds or rash in intervention area
  • known hypersensitivity against the applied substances
  • HIV, Hepatitis C and other due blood communicable infectious diseases

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03440125


Locations
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Slovakia
Facultiy of Physical Education and Sports, Comenius University of Bratislava
Bratislava, Slovakia, 81806
Slovenia
Faculty of Health Sciences
Izola, Slovenia, 6310
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Primorska
S2P, Science to Practice, Ltd.
Comenius University
Wilhelminenspital Vienna
Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Electrical Stimulation and Physical Rehabilitation
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Nejc Šarabon, PhD Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Primorska, Slovenia

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Responsible Party: Nejc Sarabon, Dean of Faculty, University of Primorska
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03440125     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: UP-MunariStudy
First Posted: February 20, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 20, 2018
Last Verified: February 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Nejc Sarabon, University of Primorska:
Low Back Pain
Capsicum
Physical Therapy
Pain
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Back Pain
Low Back Pain
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms