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Mesothelin-Targeted Immunotoxin LMB-100 in Combination With SEL-110 in Subjects With Malignant Pleural or Peritoneal Mesothelioma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03436732
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 19, 2018
Last Update Posted : March 22, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )

Brief Summary:

Background:

Mesothelioma is cancer of the tissue that lines some organs. A new drug, LMB-100, may bind to a protein on mesothelioma tumors and kill cancer cells. But sometimes the body makes antibodies that reduce how well LMB-100 works. Researchers want to see if adding the drug SEL-110 to LMB-100 will prevent these antibodies from forming.

Objective:

To learn how safe and tolerable LMB-100 plus SEL-110 is in people with advanced mesothelioma.

Eligibility:

Adults ages 18 and older who have pleural or peritoneal mesothelioma that has not responded to prior platinum-based therapy

Design:

Participants will be screened with

  • Medical history
  • Physical exam
  • Blood and urine tests
  • Sample of tumor tissue. This can be from a previous procedure.
  • Scan of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis. Participants will lie on a table in a scanner that takes pictures. A special dye may be injected in a vein.
  • Positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) scan. A sugar attached to a chemical that gives off a signal will be injected before the scan.
  • Heart function tests

The study will be done in 21-day cycles. Participants will get the study drugs for up to 4 cycles. They will get them through an IV catheter (a tube inserted in a vein, usually in the arm):

  • LMB-100 for about 30 minutes on day 1, day 3, and day 5 of each cycle
  • SEL-110 for about 1 hour on day 1 of each cycle

Participants will get standard medicines to help prevent side effects.

Participants will repeat some screening tests during each cycle and about 5 weeks after the last dose of study drug.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Mesothelioma Drug: LMB-100 Drug: SEL-110 Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Background:

  • LMB-100 and a closely related immunotoxin also targeting mesothelin have been studied in previous Phase 1 clinical studies for mesothelioma and pancreatic cancer.
  • Results from these studies showed that the majority of patients formed anti-drug-antibodies (ADAs) that neutralized subsequent injection of the product making it ineffective.
  • In a small subset of patients that did not form ADAs to the product, good response and regression of tumors was seen.
  • In a different application SEL-110, a biodegradable nanoparticle containing rapamycin, has been shown in clinical trials to prevent the formation of ADAs to an immunogenic enzyme when co-administered. Preclinical data show that SEL-110 also prevents the formation of ADAs to LMB-100.
  • This clinical trial will investigate whether SEL-110 when administered with LMB-100 is able to prevent the formation of ADAs and thus allow patients to receive multiple, effective injections of LMB-100.

Objectives:

-The primary objective of the study is to assess the safety and tolerability of LMB-100 in combination with SEL-110.

Eligibility:

Primary Inclusion Criteria

  • Greater than or equal to 18 years of age
  • Histologically confirmed epithelial or biphasic pleural or peritoneal mesothelioma not amenable to potentially curative surgical resection.
  • Patients must have measurable disease per RECIST 1.1.
  • Patients must have had at least one prior chemotherapy regimen that includes pemetrexed and cisplatin or carboplatin. There is no limit to the number of prior chemotherapy regimens received.
  • Patients for whom no standard curative therapy exists

Primary Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known or clinically suspected CNS primary tumors or metastases including leptomeningeal metastases.
  • Evidence of significant, uncontrolled concomitant diseases which could affect compliance with the protocol or interpretation of results.
  • Evidence of active or uncontrolled infections.
  • Live attenuated vaccinations 14 days prior to treatment
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study

Design:

  • This is a Phase I, single center, dose escalation study of LMB-100 in combination with SEL-110
  • Patients will receive the combination using a dose escalation scheme in which the dose of LMB100 will be maintained at 140 mcg/kg while two different doses of SEL-110 will be evaluated.
  • Patients will receive 4 cycles of LMB-100 with SEL-110. A cycle will consist of i.v. infusion of SEL-110 on Day 1 of the cycle followed immediately by an i.v. infusion of LMB-100, then on Days 3 and 5 of the cycle patients will receive an i.v. infusion of LMB-100 only. Treatment cycles will be separated by 21 days.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of the Mesothelin-Targeted Immunotoxin LMB-100 in Combination With SEL-110 in Subjects With Malignant Pleural or Peritoneal Mesothelioma
Actual Study Start Date : February 28, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 29, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 30, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Mesothelioma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1/Dose Escalation
Dose escalation - patients with mesothelioma treated with LMB-100+SEL-110 at escalating doses
Drug: LMB-100
administered on days 1, 3 and 5 of each 21 day cycle for up to 4 cycles

Drug: SEL-110
administered on day 1 of each cycle for up to 4 cycles

Experimental: 2/Dose Expansion
Dose expansion - patients with mesothelioma treated with LMB-100+SEL-110 at RP2D
Drug: LMB-100
administered on days 1, 3 and 5 of each 21 day cycle for up to 4 cycles

Drug: SEL-110
administered on day 1 of each cycle for up to 4 cycles




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. safety and tolerability [ Time Frame: 4 months after last patient has enrolled ]
    reporting of adverse events with grade 3 and grade 4 fraction at each dose level

  2. maximum tolerated dose [ Time Frame: 21 days after the last patient in the dose escalation cohort has initiated study theapy ]
    highest tested dose of LMB-100 and SEL-110 at which no more than 1 of 6 subjects experience a dose limiting toxicity


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. descriptive statistics of pharmacokinetic parameters including half life, clearnace, AUC, volume of distribution [ Time Frame: 3 months after last patient enrolled ]
  2. fraction of patients with partial or complete response [ Time Frame: 2 years after last patient enrolled ]
  3. fraction of patients with detectable LMB-100 in blood after cycle 4 [ Time Frame: 3 months after last patient enrolled ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:
  • Histologically confirmed epithelial or biphasic pleural or peritoneal mesothelioma not amenable to potentially curative surgical resection. However, patients with biphasic tumors that have a more than or equal to 50% sarcomatoid component will be excluded.

The diagnosis will be confirmed by the Laboratory of Pathology, CCR, NCI.

  • Archival sample or fresh biopsy or tumor effusion must be available for confirmation of diagnosis.
  • Patients must have measurable disease per RECIST 1.1.
  • Patients must have had at least one prior chemotherapy regimen that includes pemetrexed and cisplatin or carboplatin. There is no limit to the number of prior chemotherapy regimens received.
  • The last dose of previous therapy must have occurred at least 3 weeks prior to the start of study therapy. Palliative radiotherapy is allowed up to 2 weeks before the first LMB-100 infusion.
  • Patients for whom no standard curative therapy exists
  • Age greater than or equal to 18 years. Because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of LMB-100 + SEL-110 in patients <18 years of age, children are excluded from this study
  • All acute toxic effects of any prior radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or surgical procedure must have resolved to Grade less than or equal to 1, except alopecia (any grade) and Grade 2 peripheral neuropathy.
  • ECOG performance status (PS) 0 or1
  • Adequate hematological function: neutrophil count of more than or equal to 1.0 times 10(9) cells/L, platelet count of greater than or equal to 100,000/mcL, hemoglobin more than or equal to 9 g/dL
  • Adequate liver function: Bilirubin less than or equal to 2.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) (excluding Gilbert s Syndrome, see below).
  • Patients with Gilbert s syndrome will be eligible for the study. The diagnosis of Gilbert's syndrome is suspected in people who have persistent, slightly elevated levels of unconjugated bilirubin without any other apparent cause. A diagnosis of Gilbert s syndrome will be based on the exclusion of other diseases based on the following criteria:

    1. Unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia noted on several occasions
    2. No evidence of hemolysis (normal hemoglobin, reticulocyte count, and LDH)
    3. Normal liver function tests
    4. Absence of other diseases associated with unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia
  • Adequate renal function: creatinine clearance (by Cockcroft Gault formula) greater than or equal to 50 mL/min.
  • Must have serum albumin > 2.5 g/dL without intravenous supplementation
  • Must have left ventricular ejection fraction > 50%
  • Must have an ambulatory oxygen saturation of > 90% on room air
  • The effects of LMB-100 in combination with SEL-110 on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry until 3 months after the last dose of study therapy. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
  • Ability of subject to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Known or clinically suspected CNS primary tumors or metastases including leptomeningeal metastases. History or clinical evidence of CNS metastases unless they have been previously treated, are asymptomatic, and have had no requirement for steroids or enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants in the last 14 days.
  • Evidence of significant, uncontrolled concomitant diseases which could affect compliance with the protocol or interpretation of results, including significant pulmonary disease other than primary cancer, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, and/or significant cardiovascular disease (such as New York Heart Association Class III or IV cardiac disease, myocardial infarction within the last 6 months, uncontrolled arrhythmias, unstable angina, non-compensative congestive heart failure, or clinically significant pericardial effusion)
  • Active or uncontrolled infections.
  • HIV or active HBV or HCV infection. HIV positive patients will be excluded due to a theoretical concern that the degree of immune suppression associated with the treatment may result in progression of HIV infection.
  • Patients with prior pneumonectomy
  • Prior therapy with LMB-100
  • Any other diseases, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that would contraindicate the use of an investigational drug
  • Major surgery or significant traumatic injury greater than or equal to 28 days prior to the first LMB-100 infusion (excluding biopsies) or anticipation of the need for major surgery during study treatment
  • Dementia or altered mental status that would prohibit informed consent
  • Live attenuated vaccinations 14 days prior to treatment
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because it is unknown whether LMB-100 + SEL 100 has the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with LMB-100+SEL-110, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with LMB-100+SEL-110. These potential risks may also apply to other agents used in this study.
  • Known hypersensitivity to any of the components of LMB-100 and/or SEL-110
  • Presence of immunosuppressive conditions, including administration of any medications or treatments that may adversely affect the immune system such as allergy injections, immune globulin, interferon, immunomodulators, cytotoxic drugs, or systemic corticosteroids (oral or injectable) during 3 months prior to enrollment.

Inhaled and topical corticosteroids allowed.

  • Known allergy to PEGylated products.
  • History of anaphylactic reaction to a recombinant protein or hypersensitivity to PEG.
  • Taken an investigational drug within 4 weeks prior to study drug administration or plans to take an investigational agent during the study.
  • Taken a strong inhibitor or inducer of CYP3A4 within 14 days prior to enrollment (see Flockhart Table or similarly updated source for a list of such agents)
  • Taken drugs known to interact with Rapamune such as cyclosporine, diltiazem, erythromycin, ketoconazole (and other antifungals), nicardipine (and other calcium channel blockers), rifampin, verapamil within 14 days prior to enrollment
  • Uncontrolled hypertension (above 150/95 mm Hg).
  • History of end-stage renal disease requiring dialysis.
  • Serum phosphorus less than 2.0 mg/dL
  • Organ transplant recipient

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03436732


Contacts
Contact: Maria Agra (301) 594-1106 mariagracia.agra@nih.gov

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact National Cancer Institute Referral Office    888-624-1937      
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Raffit Hassan, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03436732     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 180057
18-C-0057
First Posted: February 19, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 22, 2018
Last Verified: March 20, 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) ):
Immunotoxin
Rapamycin
Targeted Therapy
Mesothelin

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Mesothelioma
Adenoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Mesothelial
Immunotoxins
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs