Oesophageal Acid Exposure in Healthy Subjects Over 96 Hours
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03417817|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 31, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 21, 2019
First introduced over 40 years ago, the 24-hour catheter-based pH studies have previously been found to be the gold standard in the diagnosis of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD). In 2003, the Bravo has revolutionised the study of GORD, allowing patients an improved comfort and ability to perform activities of daily living.
The backflow of gastric acid (acid exposure) in the oesophagus is monitored by a tiny pH sensor located in a capsule which is pinned temporarily to the wall of the oesophagus at the time of endoscopy. Normal measurements for acid exposure are established for 48-hour studies. However, the investigators' studies have shown that extending the duration of recording to 96 hours further improved the diagnostic yield for GORD in patients with negative 24-hour catheter-based tests
The 96-hour recording is the current standard of care, despite the lack of normal ranges for this duration of the recording. The basis for the diagnosis of GORD in 96-hours studies is based on the 48-hours normal controls. The objective of this study is to determine the normal values for oesophageal acid exposure using the wireless pH recording apparatus over 96 hours in asymptomatic healthy subjects with unrestricted activity and diet.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Gastroesophageal Reflux||Device: Bravo||Not Applicable|
This is a single centre study on healthy subjects to determine the normal values for oesophageal acid exposure using the wireless pH monitoring over 96 hours. The investigators anticipate the recruitment of 50 participants over 10 months.
Subjects without reflux symptoms, either healthy volunteers (hospital staff and medical students) or people referred for gastroscopy in the context of other conditions (e.g. iron deficiency anaemia, suspected coeliac disease) will be recruited. An interview will be arranged where the subjects will be assessed for gastro-oesophageal symptoms using the Montreal GORD consensus definition and dysphagia based on the Hospital Odynophagia Dysphagia Questionnaire. Once confirmed asymptomatic, participants will be offered an appointment for enrolment. If candidates are asymptomatic, the subjects will be invited to a further interview where the procedure, risks and benefits will be discussed in detail. If participants fulfil the inclusion and exclusion criteria then participants will be given the option to enrol in the study. If at any point, participants wish to withdraw from the study, they have the option to do so without explaining why.
Once recruited the following assessments and interventions will take place:
- Endoscopy and Bravo capsule placement under conscious sedation. The procedure will be performed by a trained endoscopist in using Bravo delivery system and dealing with any complications that may arise. Photographic documentation of capsule attachment will be taken.
- 96-hour pH monitoring. Study subjects will be asked to document food intake, periods of sleep and occurrence of symptoms in a diary. After 96 hours, participants will return to the Oesophageal Laboratory to hand back in the receivers and diaries. The data captured on the recorder during the procedure will be downloaded to a computer.
- Subjects will be offered a questionnaire detailing participants satisfaction with the overall study and an assessment of discomfort and interference with activities of daily living (diet, activity level) using a 5-point grading scale (1 = very unhappy/intolerant, 5 = very satisfied). A yes/no evaluation of participants ability to go to work or study on the day following the procedure and whether the participants would recommend this test to another person is also included.
- Data analysis will include the standard components of oesophageal pH monitoring - acid exposure, number and duration of reflux episodes over 96 hours and 72 hours.
- Statistical analysis will involve standard deviation, mean, median, 95th/5th percentiles and 25th/75th percentiles. Considering a 30% drop-out rate (the participants who cannot complete the test or their data is not useful), we will recruit 50 subjects to achieve 35
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||50 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||healthy subjects and subjects referred for gastroscopy in context of other conditions|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Measurement of Acid Exposure in Healthy Subjects Using 96 Hours Wireless pH Monitoring (Bravo™)|
|Actual Study Start Date :||October 16, 2018|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||June 30, 2019|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||June 30, 2019|
Bravo wireless pH monitoring over 96 hours
wireless pH monitoring over 96 hours
- Acid exposure time in 4 days/96 hours [ Time Frame: 4 days ]
- Acid exposure time in 3 days/72 hours [ Time Frame: 3 days ]
- Percent total time pH < 4 for each 24-hour period [ Time Frame: 1 day ]Acid exposure measured as percent total time pH < 4
- Percent Upright time pH < 4 for each 24-hour period [ Time Frame: 1 day ]Acid exposure measured as percent Upright time pH < 4
- Percent Supine time pH < 4 for each 24-hour period [ Time Frame: 1 day ]Acid exposure measured as percent Supine time pH < 4
- Number of reflux episodes for each 24-hour period [ Time Frame: 1 day ]Acid exposure measured as number of reflux episodes
- Number of reflux episodes ≥ 5 min for each 24-hour period [ Time Frame: 1 day ]Acid exposure measured as number of reflux episodes ≥ 5 min
- Longest reflux episode (minutes) for each 24-hour period [ Time Frame: 1 day ]Acid exposure measured as the longest reflux episode (minutes)
- Bravo "cut off" value for each 24-hour period [ Time Frame: 1 day ]Acid exposure measured as Bravo "cut off" value
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03417817
|Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust|
|London, United Kingdom, SE1 7EH|
|King's College London|
|London, United Kingdom, WC2R 2LS|
|Principal Investigator:||Terry Wong, MA MD||Consultant Gastroenterologist, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust|