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A Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability and Plasma PK of a Single Oral Dose of Zoliflodacin in Healthy Male and Female Volunteers

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03404167
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 19, 2018
Results First Posted : March 18, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 18, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:
The trial is to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and safety profiles of the single-dose of zoliflodacin in eight healthy male or female subjects ages 18 to 45 years inclusive. All subjects will be dosed in the morning of Day 1 in a staggered fashion with a minimum of several minutes apart. Each subject will receive a single 4g dose of zoliflodacin (2 x 2 g sachets of zoliflodacin) after at least an 8-h fast, which will continue for at least 4 h after dosing. Consumption of water will be permitted during the fasting period. Subjects will be monitored as inpatients in the Clinical Trial Unit (CTU) up to Day 4 and at the Final Visit (Day 8 ± 2). Study duration is approximately 4 weeks with subject participation duration up to 10 days (from dosing to final visit). The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the plasma PK of zoliflodacin after administration of a single 4-g oral dose under fasting conditions.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Gonorrhoea Drug: AZD0914 Phase 1

Detailed Description:
The trial will be performed as an open-label, non-randomized, single-dose design in eight healthy male or female subjects ages 18 to 45 years inclusive to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and safety profiles of the zoliflodacin formulation. All subjects will be dosed in the morning of Day 1 in a staggered fashion with a minimum of several minutes apart. Each subject will receive a single 4g dose of zoliflodacin (2 x 2 g sachets of zoliflodacin) after at least an 8-h fast, which will continue for at least 4 h after dosing. Consumption of water will be permitted during the fasting period. Subjects will be monitored as inpatients in the Clinical Trial Unit (CTU) up to Day 4 and at the Final Visit (Day 8 ± 2). Study duration is approximately 4 weeks with subject participation duration up to 10 days (from dosing to final visit). The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the plasma PK of zoliflodacin after administration of a single 4-g oral dose under fasting conditions. The secondary objective is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of a single 4-g oral dose of zoliflodacin.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 8 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1 Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Plasma Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Tolerability of a Single Oral Dose of Zoliflodacin in Healthy Male and Female Subjects
Actual Study Start Date : February 2, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Gonorrhea

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Zoliflodacin
4 g (2 sachets of 2 g) of zoliflodacin orally in the morning of Day 1 after 8 hours of fasting, n=8
Drug: AZD0914
Zoliflodacin (also known as AZD0914 and ETX0914), is a spiropyrimidinetrione antibacterial agent




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum Observed Concentration (Cmax) of Zoliflodacin [ Time Frame: From Day 1 to Day 4 ]
    Cmax is defined as the maximum observed drug concentration observed in plasma over all PK sample concentrations computed from concentrations that were measured using a validated HPLC-MS/MS method.

  2. Time of Maximum Observed Concentration (Tmax) of Zoliflodacin [ Time Frame: From Day 1 to Day 4 ]
    Tmax was defined as the time at which the maximum concentration (Cmax) occurs in plasma computed from concentrations that were measured using a validated HPLC-MS/MS method.

  3. Area Under the Concentration Time-curve From Time Zero to Infinity (AUC(0-infinity)) for Zoliflodacin [ Time Frame: From Day 1 to Day 4 ]
    AUC(0-8) was defined as the total area under the concentration-time curve from dosing (time 0) taken to the limit as the end time becomes arbitrarily large. AUC(0-8) and was calculated by adding AUC(0-last) to an extrapolated value equal to the last measured concentration greater than the lower limit of quantification of the bioanalytical assay divided by the terminal phase elimination rate constant (Ke) computed from concentrations that were measured using a validated HPLC-MS/MS method.

  4. Area Under the Concentration Time-curve From Time Zero to the Last Concentration Above the Lower Limit of Quantitation (AUC(0-last)) for Zoliflodacin [ Time Frame: From Day 1 to Day 4 ]
    AUC(0-last) was defined as the area under the concentration-time curve from dosing (time 0) to the time of the last measured concentration computed from concentrations that were measured using a validated HPLC-MS/MS method.

  5. Apparent Volume of Distribution (Vz/F) of Zoliflodacin [ Time Frame: From Day 1 to Day 4 ]
    Apparent volume of distribution during terminal phase (Vz/F) after non-intravenous administration was calculated as (CL/F)/ Ke computed from concentrations that were measured using a validated HPLC-MS/MS method.

  6. Apparent Oral Clearance (CL/F) of Zoliflodacin [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Day 4 ]
    Apparent oral clearance (CL/F) computed as Dose/Area under the curve (AUC) from time zero to infinity (0-8) computed from concentrations that were measured using a validated high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) method.

  7. Elimination Rate Constant (Ke) of Zoliflodacin [ Time Frame: From Day 1 to Day 4 ]
    The terminal phase elimination rate constant (Ke) was defined as the first-order rate constant describing the rate of decrease of drug concentration in the terminal phase (defined as the terminal region of the PK curve where drug concentration follows first-order elimination kinetics) computed from concentrations that were measured using a validated HPLC-MS/MS method.

  8. Terminal Elimination Half-life (t1/2) of Zoliflodacin [ Time Frame: From Day 1 to Day 4 ]
    The apparent terminal elimination half-life (t1/2) was defined as the time required for the drug concentration to decrease by a factor of one-half in the terminal phase computed from concentrations that were measured using a validated HPLC-MS/MS method.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes From Baseline for White Blood Cells With Differentials and Platelets [ Time Frame: From Day -1 through Day 4 ]
    Change from baseline calculated by subtracting the Day -1 (baseline) hematology measurement from the Day 4 hematology measurement. Hematology parameters included white blood cell count, differential (absolute counts of neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils, and basophils), and platelet count.

  2. Changes From Baseline Hematocrit [ Time Frame: From Day -1 through Day 4 ]
    Change from baseline calculated by subtracting the Day -1 (baseline) hematocrit measurement from the Day 4 hematocrit measurement.

  3. Changes From Baseline Hemoglobin [ Time Frame: From Day -1 through Day 4 ]
    Change from baseline calculated by subtracting the Day -1 (baseline) hemoglobin measurement from the Day 4 hemoglobin measurement.

  4. Changes From Baseline Red Blood Cell Count [ Time Frame: From Day -1 through Day 4 ]
    Change from baseline calculated by subtracting the Day -1 (baseline) red blood cell count measurement from the Day 4 red blood cell count measurement.

  5. Changes From Baseline for Albumin and Total Protein [ Time Frame: From Day -1 through Day 4 ]
    Change from baseline calculated by subtracting the Day -1 (baseline) albumin or total protein measurement from the Day 4 albumin or total protein measurement.

  6. Change From Baseline for Alkaline Phosphatase (AP), Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT), and Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) [ Time Frame: From Day -1 through Day 4 ]
    Change from baseline calculated by subtracting the Day -1 (baseline) AP, ALT, or AST measurement from the Day 4 AP, ALT, or AST measurement.

  7. Change From Baseline for Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN), Serum Creatinine, Glucose (Fasting at Least 4h), Magnesium, Total and Direct Bilirubin [ Time Frame: From Day -1 through Day 4 ]
    Change from baseline calculated by subtracting the Day -1 (baseline) serum chemistry measurement from the Day 4 serum chemistry measurement. Serum chemistry tests for this outcome measure included BUN, creatinine, fasting glucose, magnesium, total bilirubin, and direct bilirubin.

  8. Changes From Baseline for Sodium, Potassium, Chloride and Bicarbonate [ Time Frame: From Day -1 through Day 4 ]
    Change from baseline calculated by subtracting the Day -1 (baseline) serum chemistry measurement from the Day 4 serum chemistry measurement. Serum chemistry tests for this outcome measure included sodium, potassium, chloride, and bicarbonate.

  9. Changes From Baseline for Blood Pressure - Systolic [ Time Frame: From Day -1 through Day 8 ]
    Change from baseline in systolic blood pressure calculated by subtracting the baseline (pre-dose) measurement from the post-dose measurement. Post-dose measurements were taken 1 h, 2 h, and 4 h after dosing, and on Day 2, Day 3, Day 4, and Day 8. Vital signs were measured after supine for at least 10 minutes.

  10. Changes From Baseline for Blood Pressure - Diastolic [ Time Frame: From Day -1 through Day 8 ]
    Change from baseline in diastolic blood pressure calculated by subtracting the baseline (pre-dose) measurement from the post-dose measurement. Post-dose measurements were taken 1 h, 2 h, and 4 h after dosing, and on Day 2, Day 3, Day 4, and Day 8. Vital signs were measured after supine for at least 10 minutes.

  11. Changes From Baseline in Oral Temperature [ Time Frame: From Day -1 through Day 8 ]
    Change from baseline in temperature calculated by subtracting the baseline (pre-dose) measurement from the post-dose measurement. Post-dose measurements were taken 1 h, 2 h, and 4 h after dosing, and on Day 2, Day 3, Day 4, and Day 8. Vital signs were measured after supine for at least 10 minutes.

  12. Changes From Baseline in Pulse Rate [ Time Frame: From Day -1 through Day 8 ]
    Change from baseline in pulse rate calculated by subtracting the baseline (pre-dose) measurement from the post-dose measurement. Post-dose measurements were taken 1 h, 2 h, and 4 h after dosing, and on Day 2, Day 3, Day 4, and Day 8. Vital signs were measured after supine for at least 10 minutes.

  13. Changes From Baseline for Respiratory Rate [ Time Frame: From Day -1 through Day 8 ]
    Change from baseline in respiratory rate calculated by subtracting the baseline (pre-dose) measurement from the post-dose measurement. Post-dose measurements were taken 1 h, 2 h, and 4 h after dosing, and on Day 2, Day 3, Day 4, and Day 8. Vital signs were measured after supine for at least 10 minutes.

  14. Changes From Baseline in ECG: PR Interval (Interval From Onset of P-wave to the Onset of the QRS Complex) [ Time Frame: From Day -1 through Day 4 ]
    Change from baseline in ECG PR Interval calculated by subtracting the baseline (pre-dose) measurement from the post-dose measurement. Post-dose measurements were taken 1 h, 2 h, 4 h, and 72 h after dosing.

  15. Changes From Baseline in ECG: QRS Duration (Time From the Start of the Q-wave to the End of the S-wave) [ Time Frame: From Day -1 through Day 4 ]
    Change from baseline in ECG QRS Duration calculated by subtracting the baseline (pre-dose) measurement from the post-dose measurement. Post-dose measurements were taken 1 h, 2 h, 4 h, and 72 h after dosing.

  16. Changes From Baseline in ECG: QTcF Interval (QT Interval Corrected by Fridericia's Formula) [ Time Frame: From Day -1 through Day 4 ]
    Change from baseline in ECG QTcF Interval calculated by subtracting the baseline (pre-dose) measurement from the post-dose measurement. Post-dose measurements were taken 1 h, 2 h, 4 h, and 72 h after dosing.

  17. Changes From Baseline in ECG: QT Interval (Interval From Onset of the Q-wave to the End of the T-wave) [ Time Frame: From Day -1 through Day 4 ]
    Change from baseline in ECG QT Interval calculated by subtracting the baseline (pre-dose) measurement from the post-dose measurement. Post-dose measurements were taken 1 h, 2 h, 4 h, and 72 h after dosing.

  18. Changes From Baseline in ECG: RR Interval (Interval From the Peak of the R Wave of a QRS Complex to the Peak of the R Wave of the Next QRS Complex) [ Time Frame: From Day -1 through Day 4 ]
    Change from baseline in ECG RR Interval calculated by subtracting the baseline (pre-dose) measurement from the post-dose measurement. Post-dose measurements were taken 1 h, 2 h, 4 h, and 72 h after dosing.

  19. Changes From Baseline in ECG: Ventricular Rate [ Time Frame: From Day -1 through Day 4 ]
    Change from baseline in ECG Ventricular Rate calculated by subtracting the baseline (pre-dose) measurement from the post-dose measurement. Post-dose measurements were taken 1 h, 2 h, 4 h, and 72 h after dosing.

  20. Changes From Baseline for Occult Blood Via Dipstick [ Time Frame: From Day -1 through Day 4 ]
    Urine for the clinical laboratory test was collected on Day -1 and Day 4. The results for occult blood were reported in categorical results. The possibilities were negative, trace, 1+, 2+, and 3+.

  21. Changes From Baseline for Glucose Via Dipstick [ Time Frame: From Day -1 through Day 4 ]
    Urine for the clinical laboratory test was collected on Day -1 and Day 4. The results for glucose were reported in categorical results. The possibilities were negative, trace, 1+, 2+, and 3+.

  22. Changes From Baseline for Protein Via Dipstick [ Time Frame: From Day -1 through Day 4 ]
    Urine for the clinical laboratory test was collected on Day -1 and Day 4. The results for protein were reported in categorical results. The possibilities were negative, trace, 1+, 2+, and 3+.

  23. Occurrence of Unsolicited Treatment-emergent Adverse Events [ Time Frame: From study product administration (Day 1) to Day 8 ]
    Adverse events are defined as any untoward medical occurrence regardless of its causal relationship to the study treatment.

  24. Occurrence of Treatment-emergent Serious Adverse Events [ Time Frame: From study product administration (Day 1) to Day 8 ]
    Serious adverse events included any untoward medical occurrence that resulted in death; was life threatening; was a persistent/significant disability/incapacity; required inpatient hospitalization or prolongation or a congenital anomaly/birth defect.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Informed consent form (ICF) understood and signed before initiating any study procedures
  2. Healthy male or female, as assessed by the authorized site clinician (listed on FDA Form 1572)
  3. Willingness to comply with and be available for all protocol procedures including inpatient confinement for about 4 days and availability for follow-up for the duration of the trial
  4. Aged 18 to 45 years inclusive on the day of study drug dosing
  5. Body Mass Index (BMI) > / = 18.5 and < / = 30 kg/m^2 and weight > / = 50 kg (110 lbs.) and < / = 100 kg (220 lbs.)
  6. In female subjects of childbearing potential, a negative serum pregnancy test at Screening Visit and on Day -1

    - Note: A woman is considered of childbearing potential unless post-menopausal (> / = 1 year without menses without other known or suspected cause and with a FSH level in the menopausal range), or surgically sterilized (hysterectomy, salpingectomy, oophorectomy or tubal ligation/occlusion)

  7. If female, not pregnant, not breast feeding, and not planning on becoming pregnant during the trial and for 30 days after study participation
  8. Females of childbearing potential and males agree to use acceptable contraception for the duration of the trial and for 30 days (females) or 90 days (males) after final study visit

    - Note: A highly effective method of birth control is defined as one with a low failure rate (i.e., less than 1 percent per year) according to the CDC criteria. These include progestin implants, intrauterine devices (IUDs), surgical (hysterectomy, salpingectomy, oophorectomy or tubal ligation/occlusion; vasectomy), or abstinence. Use of methods with higher failure rate (such as progestin injectables, combined oral hormonal contraceptives, condoms, and diaphragms) will not be acceptable when used alone, but they could be considered if used in combination with another method (e.g., a female using combined oral contraceptives if her male partner is sterile, or if she and her non-sterile male partner use a double-barrier method), after consultation with the DMID Medical Officer

  9. Male subjects must agree to refrain from sperm donation for the duration of the trial and for 90 days after Final Visit
  10. Laboratory tests are in the normal reference range with acceptable exceptions
  11. Vital signs are within the acceptable range
  12. Has adequate venous access for blood collection
  13. Urine drug screen is negative for tested substances
  14. Alcohol test (breathalyzer) is negative
  15. Willing to abstain from alcohol consumption for 2 days before Day -1 and during the trial

Exclusion Criteria:

1) History of a chronic medical or surgical condition that would interfere with the accurate assessment of the trial's objectives or increase the subject's risk profile

  • Note: Chronic medical conditions include: diabetes mellitus; asthma requiring use of medication in the year before screening; autoimmune disorder such as lupus erythematosus, Wegener's, rheumatoid arthritis, thyroid disease; cardiovascular disease, including coronary artery disease or cerebrovascular disease, or surgery; syncope related to cardiac arrhythmia or unexplained; chronic hypertension; malignancy except low-grade (squamous and basal cell) skin cancer thought to be cured; chronic renal, hepatic, pulmonary, or endocrine disease, myopathy, or neuropathy; gastrointestinal or biliary surgery.

    2) History of hypersensitivity or severe allergic reaction of any type to medications, bee stings, food, or environmental factors

  • Note: Severe allergic reaction is defined as any of the following: anaphylaxis, urticaria, or angioedema 3) Active allergic symptoms to seasonal and animal allergens that require treatment 4) A marked baseline prolongation of ECG intervals, or HR < 45 bpm or > 100 bpm on ECG measurements
  • Note: The following are considered prolonged ECG intervals: QTc/QTcF > 449 msec in males and females; PR > 209 msec; and QRS > 110 msec 5) Clinically significant abnormal ECG results
  • Note: Clinically significant abnormal ECG results include: complete left or right bundle branch block; other ventricular conduction block; 2nd degree or 3rd degree atrioventricular (AV) block; sustained atrial or ventricular arrhythmia; two premature ventricular contractions in a row; pattern of ST elevation felt consistent with cardiac ischemia; evidence of a previous myocardial infarction (MI), left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), or more than minor non-specific ST-T wave changes; or any condition deemed clinically significant by a study investigator 6) Abnormal renal function
  • Note: Normal renal function is defined as normal creatinine and normal estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) [i.e., > 80.0 mL/min] values according to Cockroft-Gault 7) Positive serology results for HIV, HBsAg, or HCV 8) Febrile illness with temperature > 37.6°C for < 7 days before dosing 9) Donated whole blood or blood products within 60 days before dosing, or plans to donate before Final Visit (Day 8 ± 2)
  • Note: Blood products include RBCs, WBCs, platelets, and plasma 10) Known allergic reactions to any of the study drug components present in the formulation or in its processing, as listed in the IB 11) Treatment with another investigational product within 30 days of dosing or 5 half-lives or twice the duration of the biological effect of the study drug (whichever is longer)
  • Note: Investigational products include a drug, vaccine, biologic, device or blood product 12) Active drug or alcohol use, abuse, or dependence within 12 months before Screening Visit that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with adherence to study requirements 13) Use of any prescription medication within 30 days before dosing or planned use during the study period except as noted below and approved by the designated study clinician
  • Note 1: Prohibited medications include moderate or strong CYP3A4 inducers; antibiotics; injectable or oral antidiabetic drugs; anti-lipid drugs; immunosuppressive agents; immune modulators; oral corticosteroids; anti-neoplastic agents; any vaccine (licensed or investigational) except licensed influenza vaccine during the flu season, which is allowed 7 days before or after dosing
  • Note 2: Allowed medications include: oral contraceptives; H1 antihistamines; topical/ intranasal corticosteroids; nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs [NSAIDS]; licensed influenza vaccine during the flu season, 7 days before or after dosing.

    14) Use of any non-prescription medication, herbal preparation, or nutritional supplement within 15 days before dosing or planned use during the study unless approved by the study clinician

  • Note: Exceptions: St. John's wart is not allowed within 30 days of dosing, vitamins and OTC medications taken for a brief period (<48 h) for the treatment of common symptoms (such as headache, indigestion, muscle pain) may be allowed as approved by the designated study clinician 15) Intake of caffeinated beverages or food within 72 h before dosing or a history of high caffeine consumption (e.g., in the last 4 months drinking > 5 cups of coffee/day) 16) Smoking or use of tobacco or nicotine-containing products within 15 days before dosing 17) Engagement in strenuous exercise within 15 days before dosing (e.g., marathon running, long distance cycling, weight lifting) and during the study period 18) Any specific behavioral or clinical condition that in the judgment of the investigator precludes participation because it could affect compliance with study procedures or subject safety 19) Plans to enroll or is already enrolled in another clinical trial that could interfere with safety assessment of the study drug at any time during the study period
  • Note: Includes trials that have a study intervention such as a drug, biologic, or device 20) Is a study site employee or staff member who is paid entirely or partially by the OCRR/NIAID contract for the DMID-funded trial
  • Note: Site employees or staff include the PIs, sub-investigators, or staff who are supervised by the PI or sub-investigators

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03404167


Locations
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United States, Kansas
Quintiles Phase I Services - Overland Park
Overland Park, Kansas, United States, 66211-1553
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Study Protocol  [PDF] January 25, 2018
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] April 3, 2018


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Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03404167     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 16-0118
HHSN272201500005I
First Posted: January 19, 2018    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 18, 2019
Last Update Posted: March 18, 2019
Last Verified: January 11, 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
ETX0914
Plasma Pharmacokinetic
Safety
Tolerability
Zoliflodacin
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Gonorrhea
Neisseriaceae Infections
Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Bacterial
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Infection
Genital Diseases, Male
Genital Diseases, Female