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Trial record 3 of 88 for:    "Brain Diseases" AND "Multiple System Atrophy"

Inosine 5'-Monophosphate to Raise of Serum Uric Acid Level in Patients With Multiple System Atrophy: a Multi-center, Randomized Controlled, Double Blind, Parallel Assigned Clinical Trial

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03403309
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : January 18, 2018
Last Update Posted : January 14, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yonsei University

Brief Summary:
A purpose of the present study is to investigate the capability of serum uric acid elevation, safety, and tolerability of inosine 5'-monophosphate in patients with multiple system atrophy with multicenter, randomized, placebo controlled, parallel assigned design. This may provide the cornerstone for future extended trial in multiple system atrophy, a debilitating disease to date.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple System Atrophy Drug: 1) Inosine 5'-monophosphate Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Background and objective:

Uric acid (UA) is the end product of purine metabolism in human body, which is converted from the precursor metabolite inosine and finally excreted via route of urine and gastrointestinal tract. A high level of UA, usually ≥ 7.0 mg/dL, may lead to development of gout, nephrolithiasis, or to give detrimental effect to a variety of medical diseases, such as chronic kidney disease, cardiovascular disorders, and diabetes. Meanwhile, UA is the very well-known antioxidant, in which the biological antioxidant act as scavenging free radicals (e.g. peroxynitrite), chelating iron, and preventing peroxidation of lipid. Although there have been two faced aspects on UA, antioxidant versus pro-inflammatory potentials, toward neurodegenerative disorders, converging evidences have been highlighting the effects of potential disease modification so far. Given the certain contribution of oxidative stress to the pathogenesis of various neurodegenerative disorders, a therapeutic attempts to anti-oxidation may be promising and feasible. In observational study, ample evidence has been suggested to be beneficial associations between higher uric acid level and lower the risk of disease, clinical severity and progression in Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, ischemic stroke, and even up to myasthenia gravis across clinical, epidemiological, and radiological studies. In addition, on aspect of interventional study, there have been 4 randomized clinical trials of increasing serum uric acid via administration of inosine so far in multiple sclerosis, stroke, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and Parkinson's disease. All of the studies have demonstrated reliable capability of increasing serum uric acid level, and favorable safety and tolerability profile. Currently, a phase II trial in Parkinson's disease demonstrated hopeful view in disease modifying strategy by modulating disease progression rate on the inosine administered group with a dose dependent manner.

In case of multiple system atrophy (MSA), there have been a couple of previous reports including increased serum level of UA in MSA compared to healthy control, and strong correlation in serum uric acid level with either motor or cognitive functions. However, no interventional studies have been undertaken to date at all regarding UA. We aimed to investigate the UA elevating capability, safety, and tolerability of inosine 5'-monophosphate, a precursor of uric acid, in MSA patients with randomized, placebo controlled, and parallel assigned design.

Methods:

All participants are randomized to study drugs, either tablet of placebo or inosine 5'-monophosphate, in 1 to 1 ratio and then undergo scheduled titration. Study drugs are initiated with 1 tablet 2 times per day, and then titrate up by 1 tablet per every visit up to visit 2. That is, 1 tablet two times per day for initial 2 weeks, 1 tablet three times per day from next week 3 to 4, and 2 tablets two times per day from next week 4 to 6, and then maintain throughout to week 24. Laboratory tests including serum uric acid level, urine analysis, and stone analysis are scheduled to be checked at time of week 2, 4, 6, 12, 18, and 24, respectively. A maximum limit of elevated serum uric acid level is 9 mg/dL, and thus reducing dose of administration may be considered in case of exceeding the limited level. Comparison of the extent of altered serum uric acid level, safety, and tolerability from baseline to week 24 will be analyzed after study termination.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 48 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Triple-blinded
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Inosine 5'-Monophosphate to Raise of Serum Uric Acid Level in Patients With Multiple System Atrophy: a Multi-center, Randomized Controlled, Double Blind, Parallel Assigned Clinical Trial (IMPROVE MSA Study)
Actual Study Start Date : May 1, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 4, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 4, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Uric Acid

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Inosine 5'-monophosphate arm
Subjects are treated with inosine 5'-monophosphate to increase serum uric acid level.
Drug: 1) Inosine 5'-monophosphate
1) Subjects are initiated with 1 tablet (500mg of inosine 5'-monophosphate per one tablet) two times per day, and then titrated up by 1 tablet per every visit up to visit 2, i.e. increased up to 2 tablets two times a day by week 6. A maximum limit of elevated serum uric acid level is 9 mg/dL, so that reducing dose of administration may be considered in case of being way over the top of limited level.

Placebo Comparator: Placebo arm
Subjects are treated with placebo not to increase serum uric acid level.
Drug: Placebo
2) Subjects are initiated with 1 tablet (500mg of placebo tablet with inactive therapeutic effect) two times a day, and then titrated up by 1 tablet per every visit up to visit 2, i.e. increased up to 2 tablets two times a day by week 6. A maximum limit of elevated serum uric acid level is 9 mg/dL.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Serum uric acid elevation [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ]
    Serum uric acid elevation is defined as an altered level of serum uric acid from baseline to week 24. A laboratory test is scheduled to be checked at time of week 2, 4, 6, 12, 18, and 24, respectively.

  2. Safety [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ]
    Safety is defined as an occurrence of any adverse events during whole study period.

  3. Tolerability [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ]
    Tolerability is defined as the participants who complete the current study with neither discontinuation nor being unable to increase the study drug for at least 12 weeks or longer due to any adverse event across whole study period.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Unified Multiple System Atrophy Rating Scale (UMSARS) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24, respectively ]
    Altered level of UMSARS from baseline to week 24.

  2. Mini Mental Status Exam (MMSE) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24, respectively ]
    Altered level of MMSE score from baseline to week 24.

  3. Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24, respectively ]
    Altered level of MoCA score from baseline to week 24.

  4. Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24, respectively ]
    Altered level of GDS from baseline to week 24.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects who met the clinical criteria of either probable or possible multiple system atrophy, age ranged from 19 to 75 at their onset of symptom.
  2. Subjects who underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging or 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography at the time of their diagnosis in which showed any findings compatible to multiple system atrophy, such as cerebellar or putaminal atrophy, putaminal hyperintense rim or iron accumulation, hot cross bun sign or T2 high signal intensities on middle cerebellar peduncle, and decreased glucose metabolism on putamen or cerebellum.
  3. Total score of unified multiple system atrophy rating scale 30 or more at baseline screening.
  4. Serum uric acid level ≤ 6.0 mg/dL at baseline screening.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Prior history of gout, nephrolithiasis, stroke, or chronic kidney disease.
  2. Presentation of urine pH ≤ 5.0 or uric acid crystalluria on urine analysis at baseline screening.
  3. Subject who showed febrile condition or have any sort of unstable and hopeless disorders.
  4. Subjects on following medications undergo 4 weeks of wash-out period, and then not co-administered at all over study duration: co-enzyme Q, creatine, daily vitamin E 50 IU or more, and daily vitamin C 300 mg or more.
  5. Presence of psychiatric or cognitive impairment by which interrupt to carry out the whole process of the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03403309


Locations
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Korea, Republic of
Department of Neurology, Yonsei University College of Medicine
Seoul, Seou, Korea, Republic of, 120-752
Sponsors and Collaborators
Yonsei University

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Responsible Party: Yonsei University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03403309     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 4-2017-0990
First Posted: January 18, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 14, 2019
Last Verified: January 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Yonsei University:
Multiple system atrophy
Uric acid
Inosine 5'-monophosphate
Inosine monophosphate
Inosinic acid

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple System Atrophy
Shy-Drager Syndrome
Brain Diseases
Atrophy
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Primary Dysautonomias
Autonomic Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Movement Disorders
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Hypotension
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Uric Acid
Antioxidants
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs