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HER2 Directed Dendritic Cell Vaccine During Neoadjuvant Therapy of HER2+Breast Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03387553
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 2, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 24, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
United States Department of Defense
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to learn more about how to treat patients with HER-2/neu positive invasive breast cancer (IBC). HER-2/neu is a type of protein that is known to be over-expressed in aggressive breast cancer.

The study drug for this trial is DC1 study vaccine which is a HER2-sensitized dendritic cell (DC) study vaccine. This study vaccine is made from the participant's blood cells collected from a procedure called leukapheresis. Dendritic cells are immune cells that can tell the immune system to fight infection. In laboratory testing and from previous studies in participants, these cells may also help the immune system attack tumors such as breast cancer.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Breast Cancer Female Breast Cancer, Male Invasive Breast Cancer HER2-positive Breast Cancer HER2 Positive Breast Carcinoma Stage II Breast Cancer Stage III Breast Cancer Biological: Dendritic Cell Vaccine (DC1) Drug: Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Procedure: Curative Surgery Early Phase 1

Detailed Description:

The trial will consist of two phases. The first lead in phase will enroll 12 participants evenly divided into two arms (alternating enrollment) with different initial priming study vaccination schedules.

Arm A: One DC1 study vaccination per week x 3 weeks. Arm B: Two DC1 study vaccinations per week (given 3 days apart for example Mon and Thurs or Tues and Friday) x 3 weeks.

Following accrual of this initial group of 12 participants, HER2 ELISPOT post study vaccination responses will be assessed to determine which of the two sequences provides the greater increase in anti HER2 response at week 4 over baseline. This will determine which sequence will be used in the second expansion phase of accrual. If both arms are determined equal then Arm A will be selected as the default sequence.

Second phase of accrual will consist of 14 additional participants to undergo study vaccination using the optimal schedule declared in the first phase of the trial. The trial will consist of two phases. The first lead in phase will enroll 12 participants evenly divided into two arms (alternating enrollment) with different initial priming study vaccination schedules.

Arm A: One DC1 study vaccination per week x 3 weeks Arm B: Two DC1 study vaccinations per week (given 3 days apart for example Mon and Thurs or Tues and Friday) x 3 weeks.

Following accrual of this initial group of 12 participants, HER2 ELISPOT post study vaccination responses will be assessed to determine which of the two sequences provides the greater increase in anti HER2 response at week 4 over baseline. This will determine which sequence will be used in the second expansion phase of accrual. If both arms are determined equal then Arm A will be selected as the default sequence.

Second phase of accrual will consist of 14 additional participants to undergo study vaccination using the optimal schedule declared in the first phase of the trial.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 24 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

The trial will consist of two phases. The first lead in phase will enroll 12 participants evenly divided into two arms (alternating enrollment) with different initial priming vaccination schedules.

Following accrual of this initial group of 12 patients, HER2 ELISPOT post vaccination responses will be assessed to determine which of the two sequences provides the greater increase in anti HER2 response at week 4 over baseline. This will determine which sequence will be used in the second expansion phase of accrual. If both arms are determined equal then Arm A will be selected as the default sequence.

Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Study Utilizing a HER2 Directed Dendritic Cell Vaccine During Neoadjuvant Therapy of HER2+ Breast Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : April 6, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Lead In Phase - Arm A
Arm A: One Dendritic Cell Vaccine (DC1) per week x 3 weeks.
Biological: Dendritic Cell Vaccine (DC1)

Study Vaccine:

Lead In Phase - Weekly as outlined in each treatment Arm.

Expansion Phase - At the optimal schedule determined at the end of the Lead In Phase.

Pre-surgery - Booster Vaccine at week 25 prior to receiving surgery.

Post-surgery - Participants will receive a series of 3 booster intranodal study vaccines given once every 6 months.

Other Name: Immunotherapy

Drug: Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy
Upon completion of the 3 week series of vaccinations participants will then undergo neoadjuvant chemotherapy treatment with the TCH-P Taxotere (docetaxel), Carboplatin, Herceptin (trastuzumab), Perjeta (pertuzumab) standard of care neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimen given intravenously once every 3 weeks for up to 6 cycles. The treating physician will have the discretion to delay, modify, or shorten the neoadjuvant chemotherapy as per routine practice guidelines and physician discretion.
Other Name: TCHP

Procedure: Curative Surgery
Planned definitive curative surgery at 26 to 28 weeks.

Active Comparator: Lead In Phase - Arm B
Arm B: Two DC1 vaccinations per week (given 3 days apart i.e., Mon and Thurs or Tues and Friday) x 3 weeks.
Biological: Dendritic Cell Vaccine (DC1)

Study Vaccine:

Lead In Phase - Weekly as outlined in each treatment Arm.

Expansion Phase - At the optimal schedule determined at the end of the Lead In Phase.

Pre-surgery - Booster Vaccine at week 25 prior to receiving surgery.

Post-surgery - Participants will receive a series of 3 booster intranodal study vaccines given once every 6 months.

Other Name: Immunotherapy

Drug: Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy
Upon completion of the 3 week series of vaccinations participants will then undergo neoadjuvant chemotherapy treatment with the TCH-P Taxotere (docetaxel), Carboplatin, Herceptin (trastuzumab), Perjeta (pertuzumab) standard of care neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimen given intravenously once every 3 weeks for up to 6 cycles. The treating physician will have the discretion to delay, modify, or shorten the neoadjuvant chemotherapy as per routine practice guidelines and physician discretion.
Other Name: TCHP

Procedure: Curative Surgery
Planned definitive curative surgery at 26 to 28 weeks.

Experimental: Expansion Phase
DC1 vaccinations according to optimal vaccination schedule. Participants will receive a booster intranodal study vaccine at week 25 prior to receiving surgery. Participants will then undergo definitive curative surgery following completion of the neoadjuvant therapy, additional adjuvant locoregional/systemic therapy (as deemed appropriate by their treating physicians).
Biological: Dendritic Cell Vaccine (DC1)

Study Vaccine:

Lead In Phase - Weekly as outlined in each treatment Arm.

Expansion Phase - At the optimal schedule determined at the end of the Lead In Phase.

Pre-surgery - Booster Vaccine at week 25 prior to receiving surgery.

Post-surgery - Participants will receive a series of 3 booster intranodal study vaccines given once every 6 months.

Other Name: Immunotherapy

Drug: Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy
Upon completion of the 3 week series of vaccinations participants will then undergo neoadjuvant chemotherapy treatment with the TCH-P Taxotere (docetaxel), Carboplatin, Herceptin (trastuzumab), Perjeta (pertuzumab) standard of care neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimen given intravenously once every 3 weeks for up to 6 cycles. The treating physician will have the discretion to delay, modify, or shorten the neoadjuvant chemotherapy as per routine practice guidelines and physician discretion.
Other Name: TCHP

Procedure: Curative Surgery
Planned definitive curative surgery at 26 to 28 weeks.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Expansion Phase Schedule Selection by Week 4 [ Time Frame: By Week 4 ]
    Immunogenicity of HER2 DC Vaccine per treatment Arm, based on week 4 ELISPOTs. Three metrics of CD4+ Th1 response will be computed for each patient, (a) overall anti-HER2 responsivity (i.e., if patient demonstrates a positive ELISPOT response to >1 peptide, (b) response repertoire (i.e., number of reactive peptides) and (c) cumulative response (total SFC/10^6 cells across 6 peptides). The primary immunogenicity outcome will be the cumulative response at week 4 (week after completion of all vaccinations).

  2. Pathologic Complete Response (pCR) Rate [ Time Frame: Week 26 to 28 - At post-surgical pathological assessment ]
    Pathologic complete response rate of participants treated in the Expansion Phase. Clinical efficacy will be defined by the pathologic complete response (pCR) rate, the percentage of patients who achieve pCR based on surgical pathology assessment.The definition of pathologic complete response (pCR) will be ypT0/is N0 (no residual viable invasive disease in the breast or nodes). Any response less than pCR will be scored as incomplete response or progression (if tumor size increases during neoadjuvant chemotherapy on physical exam/breast imaging).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Recurrence Free Survival (RFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years post-surgery ]
    Recurrence-free survival (RFS) will be defined as the time from first vaccination to documented recurrence (any breast event), death due to any cause or last patient contact that documents recurrence-free status (i.e., a clinic or scan date).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants must have histologically confirmed clinical stage II or III ERPR- HER2+ (per CAP criteria) invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast
  • Medically and surgically appropriate to undergo neoadjuvant chemotherapy with TCH-P Taxotere (docetaxel), Carboplatin, Herceptin (trastuzumab), Perjeta (pertuzumab) regimen followed by standard of care local therapy as determined by their treating physician
  • Age ≥18 years.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status less than 2
  • Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • leukocytes ≥3,000/μL
    • absolute neutrophil count ≥1,500/μL
    • platelets ≥100,000/μL
    • total bilirubin within normal institutional limits
    • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) less than or equal to 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
    • creatinine within normal institutional limits - OR -
    • creatinine clearance ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  • Cardiac ejection fraction within institutional normal limits by either MUGA or ECHO at baseline.
  • Women of child-bearing potential and their male partners must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. Sexually active male participants should use a barrier method or exercise abstinence during chemotherapy administration until surgery.
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with inflammatory breast cancer, widespread locally advanced unresectable disease involving the chest wall/nodal basins in which a curative surgical resection cannot be performed, or those in whom de novo metastatic disease is suspected or confirmed
  • May not be receiving any other investigational agents for the treatment of their breast cancer.
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to the study vaccine components and any of the chemotherapy drugs (docetaxel, carboplatin, trastuzumab, pertuzumab)
  • Unwilling or unable to undergo an apheresis for production of their vaccine
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Known congenital or acquired immune deficiency (including those patients who require systemic immunosuppressant drugs for autoimmune disease or organ transplant).
  • Pre-existing peripheral neuropathy that would limit treatment with taxanes and platinum agents

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03387553


Locations
United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute Recruiting
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
Contact: Deanna Hogue    813-745-8304    deanna.hogue@moffitt.org   
Contact: Hatem Soliman, M.D.    813-745-4933    hatem.soliman@moffitt.org   
Principal Investigator: Hatem Soliman, M.D.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
United States Department of Defense
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Haten Soliman, M.D. H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03387553     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MCC-19337
First Posted: January 2, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 24, 2018
Last Verified: August 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute:
Immunotherapy
Dendritic Cell Vaccine
DC1

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Breast Neoplasms, Male
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs