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A Pilot Study to Investigate the Effect of Motor Imagery on Dynamic Balance of Asymptomatic Students

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03376334
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 18, 2017
Last Update Posted : December 18, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Pramod Divakara Shenoy, MPT, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman

Brief Summary:
This study intended to investigate the effect of imagining a movement task on dynamic balance of sedentary university students. Two groups with good mental imaging ability were studied; one group receiving instructions on mental imagery and the other served as a control receiving no particular intervention. Any improvement in the balance ability was measured using the star excursion balance test (SEBT); for it has good to excellent test-retest reliability and validity as established by several researchers.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Balance Other: Mental Motor Imagery Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Motor imagery (MI) refers to a cognitive process during which the representation of a specific motor action is internally simulated without producing an overt body movement. Motor imagery is now widely used as a technique to enhance motor learning and to enhance recovery during rehabilitation of various conditions such as sports injuries, stroke, etc. Several studies have also shown improvement in strength, function, and use of both upper and lower extremities in chronic stroke. Present study aimed to identify its effectiveness in improving dynamic balance of individuals without any clinical problem. Such improvement, if any, may be useful in early balance and proprioceptive training during the maximum protection phase of joint injuries, fractures, or even rehabilitation of other clinical conditions affecting balance. It may have benefits in maintaining / improving movements in athletes after injuries as well as the general less active population, including the elderly population.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 25 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: One group received Mental Motor Imagery training, and the other group acted as a control with no specific intervention.
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: The outcome assessor (using balance test) was not aware of neither the group to which the subject belonged nor to the baseline values of the subjects' balance score
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Pilot Study to Investigate the Effect of Motor Imagery on Dynamic Balance of Asymptomatic University Students: An Experimental Study
Actual Study Start Date : October 2, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 25, 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : May 25, 2015

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Motor Imagery (MI)
Those meeting the inclusion criteria were selected (n=22). Each participant was necessary to complete the Movement Imagery Questionnaire in a quiet room. Finally, each participant assigned a score by using a 7-point scale regarding the ease/difficulty associated with representing each movement mentally. Next their baseline balance measurement was performed using the SEBT. Later this group had 9 motor imagery sessions, each session for 15 minutes, 3 sessions (alternate days) per week for a total of 3 weeks. Reassessment of balance was done after every 3 sessions.
Other: Mental Motor Imagery
No Intervention: Control (C)
Those meeting the inclusion criteria were selected (n=10). Baseline measurement of SEBT was done on day 1, end of week 1, end of week 2 and end of week 3.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dynamic Balance [ Time Frame: 24 days ]
    Ability to balance while performing a task i.e. lower limb reach distance is various directions measured using star excursion balance test

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time for improvement in balance [ Time Frame: 7 to 24 days ]
    Time required to observe a significant improvement in balance

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 25 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • No prior involvement in any physical or mental balance training
  • Good mental imaging ability as determined using the motor imagery questionnaire

Exclusion Criteria:

  • neuromusculoskeletal condition that may alter balance
  • vestibular disorders or VBA related disorders
  • painful conditions of the body
  • H/o seizure, schizophrenia, meningitis, migraine, diplopia, spinal injuries, lower extremity injuries

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03376334

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Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman
Cheras, Selangor, Malaysia, 43000
Sponsors and Collaborators
Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman
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Principal Investigator: PRAMOD D SHENOY, MPT Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman
Principal Investigator: Yee Mun Chang Alumnus of Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Pramod Divakara Shenoy, MPT, Mr, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman Identifier: NCT03376334    
Other Study ID Numbers: U/SERC/40/2014
First Posted: December 18, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 18, 2017
Last Verified: December 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Pramod Divakara Shenoy, MPT, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman:
Mental motor imagery