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Comparison of rTMS and H Coil in Neuropathic Pain (HNEP)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03370107
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 12, 2017
Last Update Posted : March 24, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Nadine ATTAL, Hospital Ambroise Paré Paris

Brief Summary:
rTMS of the motor cortex is an increasingly established analgesic technique for the treatment of neuropathic pain. However its efficacy is generally modest. One reason may be the that conventional rTMS targets only superficial and small cortical regions of the human brain. A newer cooled coil, the Hesed (H) coils, now allows deep and larger surface of stimulation and has been suggested to have analgesic effects in a small pilot trial in diabetic painful polyneuropathy. Based on its deeper mechanism of action and larger surface of stimulation, we hypothesize that this technique will be more effective than rTMS in patients with central pain, a highly unmet medical need. The primary objective of the present study will be to compare the efficacy of H coil, conventional rTMS and sham stimulation of the primary motor cortex in patients central neuropathic pain. Major secondary objectives will be to directly compare the analgesic efficacy of H coil versus conventional rTMS, and compare the efficacy of both techniques in patients with lower limb pain and those with upper limb pain/face. This will be a randomized tricentric sham controlled study

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Central Pain Syndrome Device: rTMS Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
This will be a tricenter randomized double blind sham controlled trial with stratified randomization based on the area of pain. Patients will first undergo MRI of the skull to determine the exact position of the coil of the motor cortex for neuronavigation with conventional rTMS. After providing informed consent, they will be randomly assigned to one of 2 treatment groups: active rTMS and Hcoil or sham rTMS and sham Hcoil, according to a 2 : 1 ratio (2 for active, 1 for placebo). For each treatment group (active or sham), the order of sessions will be again randomized according to a crossover design : thus each patient will receive successively either active rTMS followed by active H coil or active H coil followed by active rTMS or two sham stimulations (rTMS and H coil). Each treatment will be applied by an independent investigator not involved in the assessment or selection of patients. The treatment protocol will include 2 periods separated by an interval of 5 to 6 weeks depending on the potential residual analgesic effects to avoid carryover effects (patients whose pain intensity remains minimal after 6 weeks, eg less than 4 /10 on NRS, will not participate in the second crossover period of the study). Each session will consist of 5 consecutive stimulation visits of (active or sham) rTMS and H coil over 5 consecutive days. Each patient will thus receive a total of 10 stimulations (2 series of 5 active rTMS or H coil or 2 series of 5 sham rTMS or H coils) and will have a total of 15 visits, including one screening visit (V1), 10 stimulation visits (V2-V5 and V8-V13), and 4 poststimulation visits 1 and 3 weeks after each treatment period (V6, V7, V14, V15). Conventional magnetic stimulations will be applied with a MacPROX100 machine using neuronavigation system and sessions will consist of 30 series of 10 second pulses with a frequency of 10 Hz and an interval of 20 seconds between each. The stimulation intensity used will be 80 % of the resting motor threshold. Conventional rTMS stimulations will target the primary motor cortex contralateral to the painful area or left side in case of bilateral pain and sham stimulation will be carried out with the opposite face of the coil (biface coil) of identical size, color and shape emitting a sound similar to that emitted by the active coil. H-coil rTMS will be delivered with the Brainsway H-coil (Brainsway, Jerusalem, Israel) applied via a helmet placed on the head corresponding to the primary motor cortex (H10 coil) and connected to a Masgtim Rapid2 stimulatior (Mastim, Whitland, UK), while sham stimulation will be delivered with a sham coil placed in the helmet encasing the active rTMS coil. Active rTMS sessions with H-coil will use exactly the same parameters of stimulation as conventional rTMS, e.g. 30 consecutive trains of stimuli delivered at 10 Hz, at 80 % resting motor threshold (RMT), separated by intertrain intervals of 20 seconds.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Patients will be randomly assigned to one of 2 treatment groups: active rTMS and Hcoil or sham rTMS and sham Hcoil, according to a 2 : 1 ratio (2 for active, 1 for placebo).
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: The sham coil of the Hcoil procedure produces a similar acoustic artefact and scalp sensation as the active coil and mimics the facial muscle activation induced by the active coil. The sham stimulation of the conventional rTMS will be carried out with the opposite face of the coil (biface coil) of identical size, color and shape emitting a sound similar to that emitted by the active coil (B65 A/P Butterfly Coil Magventure).
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Comparison of the Analgesic Effects of Two Methods of Repetitive Magnetic Transcranial Stimulation: A Randomized Double Blind Sham Controlled Study in Patients With Central Neuropathic Pain
Actual Study Start Date : January 3, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Active rTMS and H coil Device: rTMS
Conventional magnetic stimulations will be applied with a MacPROX100 machine using neuronavigation system. H-coil rTMS will be delivered with the Brainsway H-coil (Brainsway, Jerusalem, Israel) applied via a helmet placed on the head corresponding to the primary motor cortex (H10 coil) and connected to a Masgtim Rapid2 stimulatior (Mastim, Whitland, UK), while sham stimulation will be delivered with a sham coil placed in the helmet encasing the active rTMS coil. Active rTMS sessions with H-coil will use exactly the same parameters of stimulation as conventional rTMS.

Placebo Comparator: sham rTMS and Hcoil Device: rTMS
Conventional magnetic stimulations will be applied with a MacPROX100 machine using neuronavigation system. H-coil rTMS will be delivered with the Brainsway H-coil (Brainsway, Jerusalem, Israel) applied via a helmet placed on the head corresponding to the primary motor cortex (H10 coil) and connected to a Masgtim Rapid2 stimulatior (Mastim, Whitland, UK), while sham stimulation will be delivered with a sham coil placed in the helmet encasing the active rTMS coil. Active rTMS sessions with H-coil will use exactly the same parameters of stimulation as conventional rTMS.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in the self reported average pain intensity (NRS from 0 to 10) over the past 24 hours from baseline to week 3 after the end of the last stimulation [ Time Frame: the average of pain scores (NRS for pain intensity) will be conducted over one week before each treatment (baseline week) for up to 3 weeks after each treatment session (treatment effect) ]
    Weekly means of pain intensity from pain diary will be averaged and the comparison between the efficacy of sham, rTMS and H coil on average pain intensity will be made


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Score of each neuropathic dimension (ie symptom combinations) on the Neuropathic pain symptom inventory (NPSI) (Bouhassira et al 2004) . [ Time Frame: 1 week and 3 weeks after the end of each stimulation period ]
    This validated questionnaire for neuropathic pain quantifies the mean intensity of 10 neuropathic symptoms and their combination into 5 distinct dimensions during the last 24 hours on 11-point (0-10) numerical scales.

  2. proportion of responders [ Time Frame: 1 week and 3 weeks after the end of each stimulation period ]
    proportion of patients achieving at least 30 % and 50 % pain relief as compared to prestimulation values allowing to calculate Numbers Needed to Treat for 30 % and 50 % pain relief.

  3. intensity of average pain [ Time Frame: 1 week and 3 weeks after the end of each stimulation period ]
    Numerical pain scale for average pain intensity from the the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) rated from 0 (no pain) to 10 (maximal pain imaginable)

  4. Pain interference [ Time Frame: 1 week and 3 weeks after the end of each stimulation period ]
    7 items for pain interference of the BPI rated from 0 (does not interfere), to 10 (complete interference) to measure the impact of pain on general activity, mood, walking ability, normal work, relations with other people, sleep and enjoyment of life

  5. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD) [ Time Frame: 1 week and 3 weeks after the end of each stimulation period ]
    14 items scored as anxiety and depression scores (each on 21)

  6. French version of the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) [ Time Frame: 1 week and 3 weeks after the end of each stimulation period ]
    The PCS consists of 13 items describing the thoughts and feelings that individuals may experience when in pain (range 0-52); the patients' overall impression of change (PGIC) on a 7-point scale (from very much improved to very much worse).

  7. Intensity of maximal pain over the past 24 hours [ Time Frame: 1 week and 3 weeks after the end of each stimulation period ]
    Maximal pain intensity from the Brief Pain Inventory

  8. sensory and affective score of the short form McGill Pain questionnaire [ Time Frame: 1 week and 3 weeks after the end of each stimulation period ]
    15 items, of which 11 assess the sensory dimension of pain (rated on 44) and 4 assess the affective dimension of pain (rated on 15).

  9. Intensity of least pain over the past 24 hours [ Time Frame: 1 week and 3 weeks after the end of each stimulation period ]
    Intensity of least pain on NRS from the Brief Pain Inventory

  10. intensity of brush induced allodynia [ Time Frame: 1 week and 3 weeks after the end of each stimulation period ]
    measured with a brush (SOMEDIC) (mean of 3 stimulations) in the area of maximal pain on a 0-10 NRS

  11. side effects [ Time Frame: immediately after each rTMS session ]
    specific side effects questionnaire specifically designed for assessment of safety in rTMS studies

  12. blinding [ Time Frame: 3 weeks after the end of the second stimulation period ]
    blinding questionnaire



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age over 18 years and less than 80 years
  • Average pain intensity ≥ 4/10 at screening and randomization
  • Persistent pain for at least 6 months
  • Stable pharmacological treatment for pain
  • Central neuropathic pain as diagnosed by DN4 and NeuPSIG classification algorithm related to stable multiple sclerosis, spinal cord lesion or past stroke

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any clinically significant or unstable medical or psychiatric disorder
  • History of substance abuse
  • Litigation
  • Pregnancy/lactation
  • Contraindication to rTMS or Hcoil
  • Intermittent pain, more severe pain than neuropathic pain and diffuse pain

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03370107


Contacts
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Contact: Nadine ATTAL, MD PhD 0033149094433 nadine.attal@aphp.fr
Contact: Didier BOUHASSIRA 0033149094434 didier.bouhassira@inserm.fr

Locations
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Norway
Department of Pain Management and Research, Oslo University Hospital and Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway Recruiting
Oslo, Norway, 0424
Contact: PER HANSSON, MD PhD    + 47 90029432    Per.Hansson@ki.se   
Contact: Audun STUBHAUG, MD PhD    + 47 90029432    audun.stubhaug@medisin.uio.no   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hospital Ambroise Paré Paris
Investigators
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Study Director: Nadine ATTAL Coordinator of the study

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Responsible Party: Nadine ATTAL, Principal investigator and coordinator, Hospital Ambroise Paré Paris
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03370107    
Other Study ID Numbers: HNEP4
First Posted: December 12, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 24, 2020
Last Verified: March 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neuralgia
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms