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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    NCT03369275
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Cellular Immunotherapy for Septic Shock (CISS2)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03369275
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified December 2017 by Ottawa Hospital Research Institute.
Recruitment status was:  Not yet recruiting
First Posted : December 11, 2017
Last Update Posted : December 11, 2017
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Ontario Institute for Regenerative Medicine (OIRM)
Stem Cell Network
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ottawa Hospital Research Institute

Brief Summary:
Septic shock is associated with substantial burden in terms of both mortality and morbidity for survivors of this illness. Pre-clinical sepsis studies suggest that mesenchymal stem (stromal) cells may modulate inflammation, enhance pathogen clearance and tissue repair and reduce death. Our team has completed a Phase I dose escalation and safety clinical trial that evaluated mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in patients with septic shock. The Cellular Immunotherapy for Septic Shock (CISS) trial established that MSCs appear safe and that a randomized controlled trial (RCT) is feasible. Based on these data, the investigators have planned a phase II RCT (CISS2) at several Canadian academic centres which will evaluate safety, signals for clinical efficacy, and continue to examine potential mechanisms of action and biological effects of MSCs in septic shock.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Septic Shock Sepsis Pathologic Processes Shock Infection Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome Inflammation Biological: Allogeneic Bone Marrow-Derived Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells Other: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Septic shock is a devastating illness and the most severe form of infection seen in the intensive care unit (ICU). It is characterized by cardiovascular collapse, failure of organs and is common with severe repercussions including a mortality of 20-40%. Survivors suffer long-term impairment in function and reduced quality of life (QOL). Despite decades of research examining different immune therapies, none has proven successful and supportive care remains the mainstay of therapy, at a cost of approximately 4-billion dollars in Canada annually. MSCs represent a potentially novel treatment for sepsis because in animal models, MSCs have been shown to modulate the immune system, increase pathogen clearance, restore organ function, and reduce death.

The Phase II multi-centre Cellular Immunotherapy for Septic Shock RCT (CISS2) will continue to evaluate safety, assess if there are signals for clinical efficacy and determine mechanisms of action and biological effects of MSCs in septic shock. To answer these aims, CISS2 will randomize 114 patients who are admitted to the ICU with septic shock to 300 million cryopreserved, allogeneic, bone marrow derived MSCs or placebo across 10 Canadian centres over approximately 2 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 114 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Cellular Immunotherapy for Septic Shock (CISS2) A Phase II Randomized Controlled Trial
Estimated Study Start Date : March 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Shock

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Mesenchymal Stromal Cells (MSCs)
Intravenous infusion of 300 million Allogeneic, Bone Marrow-Derived Human Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Biological: Allogeneic Bone Marrow-Derived Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Cryopreserved Allogeneic Bone Marrow-Derived Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells will be administered intravenously.

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Intravenous infusion of Placebo, with excipients
Other: Placebo
Placebo, with excipients, will be administered intravenously.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The reduction in days on mechanical ventilation, or renal replacement therapy, or vasopressors. [ Time Frame: Through to 28 days post-randomization ]
    The number of days free from each of these support measures.

  2. Incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events (Safety and tolerability) [ Time Frame: Through to 28 days post-randomization ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Biological endpoints as markers of vascular permeability [ Time Frame: At baseline, 1, 2, 3 and 7 days post-randomization ]
    Marker of vascular permeability (ex: Ang1 and 2), acute renal injury (ex: Urine TIMP2-IGFBP7, IL-18), muscle weakness (ex: micro RNA (miRNA) growth Differentiation Factor-15 and miR-181a)), mechanisms related to pathogen clearance (ex: cathelicidin, LL-37), and pro and anti-inflammatory cytokines (ex: IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-1B and IL1-RA) related to potential MSC biological effects

  2. Mortality [ Time Frame: Through to 12 months post-randomization ]
    All-cause mortality

  3. Organ Failure Scores [ Time Frame: Through to 90 days post-randomization ]
    Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) Score

  4. Organ Support Measures [ Time Frame: Through to 90 days post-randomization ]
    Duration of mechanical ventilation and/or vasopressor agents and/or dialysis/renal replacement therapy

  5. Length of ICU Stay (in days) [ Time Frame: Number of elapsed days from admission until ICU discharge, up to one year ]
    Time in ICU

  6. Length of Hospital Stay (in days) [ Time Frame: Number of elapsed days from admission until hospital discharge, up to one year ]
    Time in Hospital

  7. Hospital Re-Admissions [ Time Frame: At 28 days, 3 and 12 months post-randomization ]
  8. Patient Reported Outcomes-FIM [ Time Frame: 7 days and 6 months post-ICU discharge ]
    Functional Independence Measure (FIM)

  9. Patient Reported Outcomes-SF 36 [ Time Frame: 7 days and 6 months post-ICU discharge ]
    SF-36 Score

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

A participant must meet all three inclusion criteria to be eligible:

  1. Admission to an Intensive Care Unit AND
  2. Cardiovascular failure that is present within the first 24 hours of admission to the ICU and is defined by the requirement for at least 15 mcg/min of norepinephrine or at least 200 mcg/min of phenylephrine or at least 0.03 U/min of vasopressin, or a combination of norepinephrine and phenylephrine that is equivalent to the total required doses (e.g. norepinephrine 8 meq/min and phenylephrine 100 mcg/min) for at least 4 consecutive hours. Participants must still require vasopressor(s) at the time of MSC infusion to be eligible. AND
  3. At least 1 additional organ failure, or organ hypoperfusion, as defined by the modified Multiple Organ Dysfunction Score (MODS). Criteria for organ dysfunction or organ hypoperfusion must be met within the first 24 hours of ICU admission. These include:

    1. Respiratory failure: mechanically ventilated with a positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) of at least 5 cm H20, and a partial pressure of oxygen/fractional inspired oxygen concentration (P/F ratio) less than or equal to 200 on 2 separate occasions.
    2. Hematological failure: platelet count of less than or equal to 100 X 109 /L that has decreased by at least 50 x 109/L.
    3. Acute renal failure: acute renal insufficiency with a creatinine of greater than 200 umol/L that has increased by at least 50 umol/L, or the requirement for continuous renal replacement therapy, or for participants with known chronic renal failure but not on dialysis, a 50% increase in their baseline creatinine concentration.
    4. Organ hypoperfusion: a lactate of at least 4 mmol/L

Acute organ failures that meet eligibility criteria cannot have been present for more than 48 hours prior to admission to the ICU.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Another form of shock (cardiogenic, hypovolemic, obstructive) that is considered by the treating critical care staff physician as the dominant cause of shock.
  2. History of known chronic pulmonary hypertension with a WHO functional class of III or IV
  3. History of severe chronic pulmonary disease requiring home oxygen
  4. History of chronic severe cardiac disease including congestive heart failure or valvular dysfunction with a New York Heart Association Functional Class of III or IV, or severe ischemic heart disease with a Canadian Cardiovascular Society angina class score of III or IV.
  5. History of severe chronic liver disease (Child class C)
  6. Malignancy in the previous year (excluding resolved non-melanoma skin cancer). Participants will be excluded from the CISS2 trial if they have received any surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation for a malignancy in the previous 12 months.
  7. Chronic immune suppression (chronic steroid use or chemotherapy)
  8. Pregnant or lactating
  9. Enrolment in another interventional study
  10. Treating physicians' impression is that the participant is moribund and that death is imminent within the subsequent 12 hours of meeting eligibility criteria
  11. Family, participant, or physician not committed to aggressive care. Any limitation of care will exclude the patient from enrolment in the CISS2 trial (ex: no intubation, no use of vasopressor agent(s), no renal support therapy).
  12. Less than 18 years of age

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03369275

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Contact: Josee Champagne 613-737-8899 ext 73836 jochampagne@ohri.ca

Sponsors and Collaborators
Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Ontario Institute for Regenerative Medicine (OIRM)
Stem Cell Network
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Principal Investigator: Lauralyn McIntyre, MD The Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
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Responsible Party: Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03369275    
Other Study ID Numbers: 201706
First Posted: December 11, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 11, 2017
Last Verified: December 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Ottawa Hospital Research Institute:
Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Randomized Controlled Trial
Phase II
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Shock, Septic
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
Pathologic Processes