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A Study to Test if Fremanezumab Reduces Headache in Participants With Posttraumatic Headache (PTH)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03347188
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 20, 2017
Results First Posted : March 26, 2021
Last Update Posted : April 8, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Teva Pharmaceutical Industries ( Teva Branded Pharmaceutical Products R&D, Inc. )

Brief Summary:
This is a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of fremanezumab in adult participants aged 18 to 70 years, inclusive, for the prevention of PTH. The study will include a double-blind (DB) treatment period (12 weeks) and an open-label (OL) treatment period (12 weeks).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Post-Traumatic Headache Drug: Fremanezumab Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Expanded Access : An investigational treatment associated with this study is no longer available outside the clinical trial.   More info ...

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 87 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase 2, Multicenter, Randomized, Proof-of-Concept, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel-Group Study, Including an Open-Label Period, Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of 1 Subcutaneous Dose Regimen of Fremanezumab for the Treatment of Posttraumatic Headache (PTH)
Actual Study Start Date : December 18, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 13, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : June 3, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Headache

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Fremanezumab
Participants will receive fremanezumab 675 milligrams (mg) administered as 3 subcutaneous (SC) injections (225 mg/1.5 milliliters [mL] each) at randomization (Week 0), Weeks 4, and 8 during the DB treatment period. Participants who complete the DB treatment period and continue into the OL treatment period will receive fremanezumab 675 mg administered as 3 SC injections (225 mg/1.5 mL each) at Weeks 12, 16, and 20 during the OL treatment period.
Drug: Fremanezumab
Fremanezumab will be administered per dose and schedule specified in the arm.
Other Name: TEV-48125

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Participants will receive placebo matching to fremanezumab administered as 3 SC injections (1.5 mL each) at randomization (Week 0), Weeks 4, and 8 during the DB treatment period. Participants who complete the DB treatment period and continue into the OL treatment period will receive fremanezumab 675 mg administered as 3 SC injections (225 mg/1.5 mL each) at Weeks 12, 16, and 20 during the OL treatment period.
Drug: Placebo
Placebo matching to fremanezumab will be administered per schedule specified in the arm.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. DB Period: Mean Change From Baseline in Monthly Average Number of Headache Days of at Least Moderate Severity During the 12-Week Treatment Period After the First Dose of Fremanezumab [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -28 to Day -1), up to Week 12 ]
    A headache day was defined as a day when a participant reported a headache of at least moderate severity. Monthly averages were derived and normalized to 28 days equivalent by the following formula: (number of days of efficacy variable over relevant period/number of days with assessments recorded in the e-diary over the relevant period) * 28. The change was calculated as post-baseline value - baseline value. Least square (LS) mean was calculated using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) model with the duration of post traumatic headache history (less than 12 month since the brain injury or greater or equal to 12 month since the brain injury) and treatment as fixed effects and the baseline monthly average number of headache days of at least moderate severity as a covariate.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. DB Period: Number of Participants Reaching at Least 50% Reduction From Baseline in Monthly Average Number of Headache Days of Any Severity During 12-Week Treatment With Fremanezumab [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -28 to Day-1) up to Week 12 ]
    Monthly averages were derived and normalized to 28 days equivalent by the following formula: (number of days of efficacy variable over relevant period/number of days with assessments recorded in the e-diary over the relevant period) * 28.

  2. DB Period: Number of Participants Reaching at Least 50% Reduction From Baseline in the Monthly Average Number of Headache Days of at Least Moderate Severity During 12-Week Treatment With Fremanezumab [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -28 to Day-1) up to Week 12 ]
    A headache day was defined as a day when a participant reported a headache of at least moderate severity. Monthly averages were derived and normalized to 28 days equivalent by the following formula: (number of days of efficacy variable over relevant period/number of days with assessments recorded in the e-diary over the relevant period) * 28.

  3. DB Period: Number of Participants Reaching at Least 50% Reduction From Baseline in the Monthly Average Number of Headache Days of at Least Moderate Severity During First 4-Week (Month 1), 5- to 8-Week (Month 2), and 9- to 12-Week (Month 3) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -28 to Day-1) up to Months 1, 2, and 3 ]
    A headache day was defined as a day when a participant reported a headache of at least moderate severity. Monthly averages were derived and normalized to 28 days equivalent by the following formula: (number of days of efficacy variable over relevant period/number of days with assessments recorded in the e-diary over the relevant period) * 28.

  4. DB Period: Change From Baseline in the Number of Headache Days of At Least Moderate Severity During the First 4-Week (Month 1), 5- to 8-Week (Month 2), and 9- to 12-Week (Month 3) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -28 to Day -1), up to Months 1, 2, and 3 ]
    A headache day was defined as a day when a participant reported a headache of at least moderate severity. Monthly averages were derived and normalized to 28 days equivalent by the following formula: (number of days of efficacy variable over relevant period/number of days with assessments recorded in the e-diary over the relevant period) * 28. The change was calculated as post-baseline value - baseline value. LS mean was calculated using ANCOVA model with the duration of post traumatic headache history (less than 12 month since the brain injury or greater or equal to 12 month since the brain injury) and treatment as fixed effects and the baseline monthly average number of headache days of at least moderate severity as a covariate. This approach was used in generating the LS mean values only and was not considered to be an additional statistical analysis, no additional statistical analyses are reported for this outcome measure.

  5. DB Period: Change From Baseline in Disability Score, as Measured by the 6-Item Headache Impact Test (HIT-6) Total Score at Week 12 After the First Dose of Fremanezumab [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -28 to Day -1), Week 12 ]
    HIT-6 is a tool used to measure the impact headaches have on a participant's normal daily life and ability to function. The HIT-6 consists of 6 items, including pain, social functioning, role functioning, vitality, cognitive functioning, and psychological distress. Each item was answered on a 5-point Likert scale (6=never, 8=rarely, 10=sometimes, 11=very often, or 13=always), which were summed to produce a total score that ranged from 36 to 78, with larger scores reflecting greater impact of headache on the daily life of the participant.

  6. DB Period: Number of Participants (Responder and Non-Responder) With the Patient Global Impression of Change (PGIC) Scale at Weeks 4, 8, and 12 After the First Dose of Fremanezumab [ Time Frame: Weeks 4, 8, and 12 ]
    The PGIC scale is a validated generic tool for the assessment of overall change in the severity of illness following treatment. Participants rated how they felt during assigned time points compared with how they felt before receiving study drug on a 7-point scale, where 1 = No change (or it got worse); 2 = Almost the same, hardly any change at all; 3 = A little better, but no noticeable change; 4 = Somewhat better, but the change has not made any real difference; 5 = Moderately better, and a slight but noticeable change; 6 = Better, and a definite improvement that has made a real and worthwhile difference; and 7 = A great deal better, and a considerable improvement that has made all the difference. Responders were those with a scale of 5 to 7 and non-responders were those with a scale of 1 to 4.

  7. DB Period: Number of Participants With Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -28 to -1) up to Week 12 ]
    An adverse event (AE) was defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a participant who received study drug without regard to possibility of causal relationship. TEAEs were defined as AEs occurring at or after the first dose of the study drug. Serious AEs were defined as death, a life-threatening AE, inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, persistent or significant disability or incapacity, a congenital anomaly or birth defect, or an important medical event that jeopardized participant and required medical intervention to prevent 1 of the outcomes listed in this definition. A summary of other non-serious AEs and all serious AEs, regardless of causality is located in Reported AE section.

  8. OL Period: Number of Participants With TEAEs [ Time Frame: Week 12 up to Week 24 ]
    An AE was defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a participant who received study drug without regard to possibility of causal relationship. TEAEs were defined as AEs occurring at or after the first dose of the study drug. Serious AEs were defined as death, a life-threatening AE, inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, persistent or significant disability or incapacity, a congenital anomaly or birth defect, or an important medical event that jeopardized participant and required medical intervention to prevent 1 of the outcomes listed in this definition. A summary of other non-serious AEs and all serious AEs, regardless of causality is located in Reported AE section.

  9. DB Period: Number of Participants Who Did Not Complete the Study [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -28 to Day -1) up to Week 12 ]
    Number of participants who did not complete the study due to any reason and due to AEs are reported.

  10. OL Period: Number of Participants Who Did Not Complete the Study [ Time Frame: Week 12 up to Week 24 ]
    Number of participants who did not complete the study due to any reason and due to AEs are reported.

  11. DB Period: Number of Participants Who Received Concomitant Medications [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -28 to Day -1) up to Week 12 ]
    Concomitant medications included: agents acting on renin-angiotensin system, analgesics, anesthetics, anti-parkinson drugs, antianemic preparations, antibacterials for systemic use, antidiarrheals, intestinal antiinflammatory/antiinfective agents, antiemetics and antinauseants, antiepileptics, antifungals for dermatologiocal use, antihistamines for systemic use, antihypertensives, antiinflammatory and antirheumatics, antineoplastic agents, antiobesity preparations, antipruritics, antithrombotics, antivirals for systemic use, beta blocking agents, calcium channel blockers, cardiac therapy, corticosteroids, cough and cold preparations, diuretics, lipid modifying agents, nasal preparations, thyroid therapy, urologicals, vaccines, psycholeptics, psycoanaleptics, ophthalmologicals, general nutrients, mineral supplements, muscle relaxants, vitamins, drugs used in diabetes, sex hormones and modulators of the genital system, immunosuppresants, drugs for acid related disorders etc.

  12. OL Period: Number of Participants Who Received Concomitant Medications [ Time Frame: Week 12 up to Week 24 ]
    Concomitant medications included: agents acting on renin-angiotensin system, analgesics, anti-parkinson drugs, antianemic preparations, antibacterials for systemic use, antiemetics and antinauseants, antihistamines for systemic use, antihypertensives, antiinflammatory and antirheumatics, antineoplastic agents, antithrombotics, beta blocking agents, calcium channel blockers, corticosteroids for systemic use, cough and cold preparations, diuretics, lipid modifying agents, nasal preparations, other gynecologicals, other nervous system drugs, thyroid therapy, unspecified herbal and traditional medicine, urologicals, vaccines, psycholeptics, psycoanaleptics, general nutrients, mineral supplements, muscle relaxants, vitamins, sex hormones and modulators of the genital system, drugs for acid related disorders, drugs for constipation, drugs for obstructive airways disease etc.

  13. Number of Participants With Positive Findings on Electronic Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (eC-SSRS) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -28 to Day -1) up to Week 24 ]
    eC-SSRS is a questionnaire to assess suicidal ideation (severity and intensity) and behavior. Suicidal ideation: A series of 1 -5 questions (with 'yes' or 'no' response) with 5 types of ideation of increasing severity: 1. wish to be dead, 2. non-specific active suicidal thoughts, 3. active suicidal ideation with any methods (not plan) without intent to act, 4. active suicidal ideation with some intent to act, without specific plan, 5. active suicidal ideation with specific plan and intent. A positive finding was defined as a 'yes' response to question 4 or 5.

  14. Number of Participants With Treatment-Emergent Antidrug Antibodies (ADA) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -28 to Day -1) up to Week 24 ]
    Number of participants with treatment-emergent antidrug antibodies reported.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • The participant has a body weight greater than or equal to (≥) 45 kilograms (kg).
  • Traumatic injury to the head has occurred, defined as a structural or functional injury resulting from the action of external forces.
  • The participant has a diagnosis of PTH.
  • The participant is not using preventive medications for headache.
  • Women of childbearing potential whose male partners are potentially fertile (that is, no vasectomy) must use highly effective birth control methods for the duration of the study and for 30 weeks after the last study drug administration. Men must be sterile or, if they are potentially fertile or reproductively competent (that is, not surgically or congenitally sterile) and their female partners are of childbearing potential, must use, together with their female partners, acceptable birth control methods for the duration of the study and for 30 weeks after the last study drug administration.

NOTE- Additional criteria apply, please contact the investigator for more information.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • The participant has a previous history of brain imaging showing evidence of intracerebral hemorrhage, subdural or epidural hematomas, or subarachnoid hemorrhage as a consequence of the traumatic head injury. Brain images with structurally insignificant changes, as discussed and approved by the sponsor, will be reviewed by the sponsor on a case-by-case basis.
  • The participant has PTH attributed to craniotomy.
  • The participant has whiplash and subsequent headache but no history of head injury or concussion.
  • The participant is using analgesic medications containing opioids (including codeine) or a barbiturate on average more than 15 days per month.
  • The participant has had exposure to a monoclonal antibody (mAb) targeting the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) pathway (erenumab, eptinezumab, galcanezumab, and fremanezumab) during the 6 months prior to the day of the screening visit.
  • The participant is currently being treated with onabotulinumtoxinA (for example, Botox, Dysport, Xeomin) application in the head or neck or received any such injection during the 3 months prior to the screening visit.
  • The participant has been implanted with any electronic devices for headache prevention during the 3 months prior to the screening visit or is currently using any implanted or externally applied stimulator or device.
  • The participant has been treated with a nerve block for head and/or neck during the 3 months prior to the screening visit.
  • The participant is a pregnant or lactating woman or plans to become pregnant during the study.

NOTE- Additional criteria apply, please contact the investigator for more information.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03347188


Locations
Show Show 33 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Teva Branded Pharmaceutical Products R&D, Inc.
Investigators
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Study Director: Teva Medical Expert, MD Teva Pharmaceuticals USA
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Teva Pharmaceutical Industries ( Teva Branded Pharmaceutical Products R&D, Inc. ):
Study Protocol  [PDF] March 30, 2020
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] April 6, 2020

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Responsible Party: Teva Branded Pharmaceutical Products R&D, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03347188    
Other Study ID Numbers: TV48125-CNS-20024
First Posted: November 20, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 26, 2021
Last Update Posted: April 8, 2021
Last Verified: April 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Teva Pharmaceutical Industries ( Teva Branded Pharmaceutical Products R&D, Inc. ):
posttraumatic headache (PTH)
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Post-Traumatic Headache
Headache
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Headache Disorders, Secondary
Headache Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases