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Immunogenicity and Safety of Tetravalent Dengue Vaccine (TDV) Administered With a Yellow Fever Vaccine in Adults

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03342898
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 17, 2017
Results First Posted : October 8, 2020
Last Update Posted : October 8, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Takeda

Brief Summary:
The main purpose of this study is to assess the immunogenicity and safety of the concomitant and sequential administration of yellow fever (YF) vaccine and tetravalent dengue vaccine (TDV) in healthy participants aged 18 to 60 years living in country non-endemic for both dengue and YF.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Dengue Biological: YF-17D Biological: TDV Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Detailed Description:

The vaccine tested in this study is TDV also known as TAK-003 (DENVax). TDV with concomitant and sequential administration of yellow fever (YF-17D) vaccine will be tested to assess immunogenicity and safety in healthy adult participants in non-endemic area(s) for both dengue and YF.

The study will enroll 900 healthy participants. Participants will be randomized to 3 groups in 1:1:1 ratio and will be administered concomitantly and sequentially. The 3 groups are:

  • Group 1: YF-17D vaccine + placebo concomitantly administered on Day 1, first dose of TDV administered on Day 90 and second dose of TDV administered on Day 180.
  • Group 2: first dose of TDV + placebo concomitantly administered on Day 1, second dose of TDV administered on Day 90 and YF-17D vaccine administered on Day 180.
  • Group 3: first dose of TDV + YF-17D vaccine concomitantly administered on Day 1, second dose of TDV administered on Day 90 and placebo administered on Day 180.

This multi-center trial will be conducted in the United States. The overall time to participate in this study is 360 days. Participants will make multiple visits to the clinic with a 6-month follow up including a final visit at Day 360 for a follow-up assessment.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 900 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Randomized, Observer-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Phase 3 Trial to Investigate the Immunogenicity and Safety of a Tetravalent Dengue Vaccine Candidate and a Yellow Fever YF-17D Vaccine Administered Concomitantly and Sequentially in Healthy Subjects Aged 18 to 60 Years in Non-Endemic Country(Ies)
Actual Study Start Date : February 28, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 9, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : May 22, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Dengue Fever

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group 1: YF-17D + Placebo/TDV/TDV
YF-17D vaccine, 0.5 mL injection, subcutaneously (SC) plus YF 17D + TDV placebo-matching 0.5 mL, injection, SC on Day 1, followed by TDV, 0.5 mL, injection, SC on Day 90 (first dose), followed by TDV, 0.5 mL, injection, SC on Day 180 (second dose).
Biological: YF-17D
YF-17D SC injection.

Biological: TDV
TDV SC injection.
Other Names:
  • TAK-003
  • DENVax

Drug: Placebo
Normal Saline (0.9% NaCl) SC injection.

Experimental: Group 2: TDV + Placebo/TDV/YF-17D
TDV, 0.5 mL, injection, SC plus TDV placebo-matching, 0.5 mL injection, SC on Day 1 (first dose), followed by TDV, 0.5 mL, injection, SC on Day 90 (second dose), followed by YF-17D vaccine, 0.5 mL, injection, SC on Day 180.
Biological: YF-17D
YF-17D SC injection.

Biological: TDV
TDV SC injection.
Other Names:
  • TAK-003
  • DENVax

Drug: Placebo
Normal Saline (0.9% NaCl) SC injection.

Experimental: Group 3: TDV + YF-17D/TDV/Placebo
TDV, 0.5 mL, injection, SC plus YF-17D vaccine, 0.5 mL, injection, SC on Day 1 (first dose), followed by TDV, 0.5 mL, injection, SC on day 90 (second dose), followed by TDV + YF 17D placebo-matching, 0.5 mL, injection, SC on Day 180.
Biological: YF-17D
YF-17D SC injection.

Biological: TDV
TDV SC injection.
Other Names:
  • TAK-003
  • DENVax

Drug: Placebo
Normal Saline (0.9% NaCl) SC injection.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants Who Are YF and Dengue Virus (DENV)-Naive at Baseline and Are Seroprotected Against YF on Day 30 as Measured by Plaque Reduction Neutralization Test (PRNT) [ Time Frame: Day 30 ]
    Seroprotection was defined as reciprocal anti-YF neutralizing antibody titer ≥10. Immunological naivety to YF and DENV was defined as Baseline reciprocal neutralizing antibody titers <10 for YF and for the 4 dengue serotypes. The 95% CI was calculated using exact Clopper-Pearson method.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Geometric Mean Titers (GMTs) of Neutralizing Antibodies for Each of the 4 Dengue Serotypes on Days 30, 90, 120, 180 and 210 in Participants YF and DENV-naive at Baseline [ Time Frame: Pre-second and -third vaccination (Days 90 and 180, respectively); and 1 month post -first, second, and third vaccination (Days 30, 120, and 210, respectively) ]
    GMTs of neutralizing antibodies was measured by microneutralization test 50% [MNT50] for each of the 4 dengue serotypes. The 4 DENV serotypes are DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3 and DENV-4.

  2. Percentage of Participants Who Are Seropositive for Each of the 4 Dengue Serotypes on Days 30, 90, 120, 180 and 210 in Participants YF and DENV-naive at Baseline [ Time Frame: Pre-second and -third vaccination (Days 90 and 180, respectively); and 1-month post -first, -second, and -third vaccination (Days 30, 120, and 210, respectively) ]
    Seropositivity rate was defined as the percentage of seropositive participants as derived from the titers of dengue-neutralizing antibodies. Seropositivity was defined as a reciprocal neutralizing titer ≥10. Seropositivity for each dengue serotype were analyzed and was summarized as: DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3, and DENV-4.

  3. Percentage of Participants Who Are Seropositive for Multiple (2, 3 or 4) Dengue Serotypes on Days 30, 90, 120, 180 and 210 in Participants YF and DENV-naive at Baseline [ Time Frame: Pre-second and -third vaccination (Days 90 and 180, respectively); and 1-month post -first, second, and -third vaccination (Days 30, 120, and 210, respectively) ]
    Seropositivity rate was defined as the percentage of seropositive participants, as derived from the titers of dengue-neutralizing antibodies. Seropositivity was defined as a reciprocal neutralizing titer ≥10. Seropositivity for multiple dengue serotypes were summarized in the following categories: at least bivalent, at least trivalent and tetravalent.

  4. Percentage of YF and DENV-naive Participants at Baseline Who Are Seroprotected Against YF on Day 210 as Measured by PRNT [ Time Frame: 1-month post third vaccination (Day 210) ]
    Seroprotection was defined as reciprocal anti-YF neutralizing antibody titer ≥10.

  5. Geometric Mean Titers (GMTs) of Anti-YF Neutralizing Antibodies at Day 30 in Participants YF and DENV-Naive at Baseline [ Time Frame: 1-month post-first vaccination (Day 30) ]
    Geometric mean titers of YF neutralizing antibodies was measured by plaque reduction neutralization test.

  6. Geometric Mean Titers (GMTs) of Anti-YF Neutralizing Antibodies at Day 210 in Participants YF and DENV-Naive at Baseline [ Time Frame: 1-month post-third vaccination (Day 210) ]
    Geometric mean titers of YF neutralizing antibodies was measured by plaque reduction neutralization test.

  7. Percentage of Participants With Solicited Local (Injection Site) Adverse Events (AEs) Following Each Vaccination Dose by Severity [ Time Frame: Within 7 Days of each Vaccination (day of vaccination + 6 days) ]
    An AE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical investigation participant administered a trial vaccine; it does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with trial vaccine administration. Solicited local injection site AEs recorded from participant's-diary. Severity grade at injection site for pain: Grade 0 (No Pain), 1 (did not interfere with daily activity), 2 (interference with daily activity with or without treatment) and 3 (prevents daily activity with or without treatment). For erythema: grade 0 (<25 mm), 1 (>25-≤50 mm), 2 (>50-≤100 mm) and 3 (>100 mm). For swelling: grade 0 (<25 mm), 1 (>25-≤50 mm), 2 (>50-≤100 mm) and 3 (>100 mm). Percentages were rounded off for each category. For the first vaccination (Vac.) YF is given in Arm 1 (A1) and TDV is given in Arm 2 (A2). A1 = YF for Group 1, Placebo for Group 2, and YF for Group 3; A2 = Placebo for Group 1, TDV for Group 2, and TDV for Group 3.

  8. Percentage of Participants With Solicited Systemic Adverse Events Following Each Vaccination Dose by Severity [ Time Frame: Within 14 Days of each Vaccination (day of vaccination + 13 days) ]
    Solicited systemic AEs (fever, headache, asthenia, malaise, and myalgia) recorded from participant's-diary. Severity grades for headache are grade 0 (none), 1 (mild: no interference with daily activity), 2 (moderate: interference with daily activity with or without treatment) and 3 (severe: prevents normal activity with or without treatment). Severity grades for asthenia, malaise and myalgia is grade 0 (none), 1 (mild: no interference with daily activity), 2 (moderate: interference with daily activity), 3 (severe: prevents daily activity). Fever is defined as greater than or equal to 38º C or 100.4º C. Fever was excluded from the overall count as no severity grading was applied for it. Percentages were rounded off for each category.

  9. Percentage of Participants With Any Unsolicited Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Within 28 days (day of vaccination + 27 days) after each vaccination ]
    An AE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical investigation participant administered a trial vaccine; it does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with trial vaccine administration.

  10. Percentage of Participants With Medically Attended Adverse Events (MAAEs) [ Time Frame: From first vaccination (Day 1) through end of study (Day 360) ]
    MAAEs are defined as AEs leading to an unscheduled visit to or by a healthcare professional including visits to an emergency department, but not fulfilling seriousness criteria.

  11. Percentage of Participants With Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: From first vaccination (Day 1) through end of study (Day 360) ]
    An SAE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence that results in death, is life-threatening, requires inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, results in persistent or significant disability/incapacity, leads to a congenital anomaly/birth defect in the offspring of a participant, is an important medical event that may require intervention to prevent any of the above mentioned criteria and/or may expose the subject to danger, even though the event is not immediately life threatening or fatal or does not result in hospitalization.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Is aged 18 to 60 years inclusive, at the time of randomization.
  2. Is in good health at the time of entry into the trial as determined by medical history, physical examination (including vital signs), and the clinical judgment of the Investigator.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Has an elevated oral temperature ≥ 38°C (100.4°F) within 3 days of the intended date of vaccination.
  2. Has contraindications, warnings and/or precautions to vaccination with the YF-17D vaccine as specified within the product information (especially history of thymus dysfunction).
  3. Female participant who are pregnant or breastfeeding
  4. Has any history of progressive or severe neurologic disorder, seizure disorder or neuro-inflammatory disease (e.g., Guillain-Barre syndrome) or suspected impairment/alteration of immune function.
  5. Has body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 35 kg/m^2 (=weight in kg/[height in meters^2]).
  6. Is intent to travel to dengue or YF endemic countries during the trial period.
  7. Has received any other vaccines within 14 days (for inactivated vaccines) or 28 days (for live vaccines) prior to enrollment in this trial or who are planning to receive any non-trial vaccine within 28 days of trial vaccine administration.
  8. Has previous and planned vaccination (during the trial conduct), against any flavivirus including dengue, YF, Japanese encephalitis (JE) or tick-borne encephalitis viruses.
  9. Has previous participation in any clinical trial of a dengue or other flavivirus (e.g., West Nile [WN] virus) candidate vaccine, except for participants who received placebo in those trials.
  10. Has a current or previous infection with a flavivirus such as dengue, Zika, YF, JE, WN fever, or Saint Louis encephalitis viruses and participants with a history of prolonged (≥1 year) habitation in a dengue endemic area.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03342898


Locations
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United States, Alabama
Coastal Clinical Research Inc
Mobile, Alabama, United States, 36608
United States, California
Empire Clinical Research
Pomona, California, United States, 91767
United States, Idaho
Advanced Clinical Research
Meridian, Idaho, United States, 83462
United States, Kansas
Johnson County Clin-Trials
Lenexa, Kansas, United States, 66219
United States, Missouri
Center for Pharmaceutical Research
Kansas City, Missouri, United States, 64114
United States, Nebraska
Meridian Clinical Research LLC
Omaha, Nebraska, United States, 68134
United States, New York
Regional Clinical Research Inc.
Endwell, New York, United States, 13760
United States, Ohio
Rapid Medical Research Inc
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44122
United States, Texas
Tekton Research
Austin, Texas, United States, 78745
United States, Utah
Advanced Clinical Research
West Jordan, Utah, United States, 84088
United States, Virginia
Clinical Research Associates of Tidewater
Norfolk, Virginia, United States, 23507
Sponsors and Collaborators
Takeda
Investigators
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Study Director: Medical Director Clinical Science Takeda
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Takeda:
Study Protocol  [PDF] November 28, 2018
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] October 21, 2019

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Responsible Party: Takeda
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03342898    
Other Study ID Numbers: DEN-305
U1111-1201-5257 ( Registry Identifier: WHO )
First Posted: November 17, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 8, 2020
Last Update Posted: October 8, 2020
Last Verified: September 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Takeda makes patient-level, de-identified data sets and associated documents available for all interventional studies after applicable marketing approvals and commercial availability have been received (or program is completely terminated), an opportunity for the primary publication of the research and final report development has been allowed, and other criteria have been met as set forth in Takeda's Data Sharing Policy (see www.TakedaClinicalTrials.com for details). To obtain access, researchers must submit a legitimate academic research proposal for adjudication by an independent review panel, who will review the scientific merit of the research and the requestor's qualifications and conflict of interest that can result in potential bias. Once approved, qualified researchers who sign a data sharing agreement are provided access to these data in a secure research environment.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Takeda:
Drug Therapy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Dengue
Yellow Fever
Arbovirus Infections
Virus Diseases
Flavivirus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Hemorrhagic Fevers, Viral