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Addiction Risk: The Influence of Mindset Induction on the Effect of a Brief Intervention to Reduce Alcohol Use

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03339687
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 13, 2017
Last Update Posted : February 25, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Michael Odenwald, University of Konstanz

Brief Summary:

Brief Interventions (BI) based on Motivational Interviewing are effective to reduce alcohol use. In this study the investigators test the hypothesis that that an open Mindset increases the positive effects of BI.

Patients who are newly admitted to the psychotherapy outpatient clinic are routinely screened for risky alcohol use. All patients with risky alcohol use are eligible to the study and all receive the WHO's ASSIST-linked BI.

Participants receive a brief Mindset induction prior to receiving BI. They are are randomly assigned to either the induction of an open or a closed Mindset according to Gollwitzer.

The investigators measure the change in alcohol-related risk perception, treatment motivation and real alcohol drinking.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Alcohol Drinking Behavioral: Experimental Mindset Induction Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 100 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Research Group RISKDYNAMICS, Sub-Project 8, Work Package 1, Study 2: Addiction Risk: The Influence of Mindset Induction on the Effect of a Brief Intervention to Reduce Alcohol Use
Actual Study Start Date : May 11, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Alcohol

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Induction of Open Mindset
Psychological Intervention. Participants are asked to work on a brief paper-and-pencil task that has been shown to induce a Deliberative Mindset according to the Mindset theory of action phases (Gollwitzer & Keller (2016). Mindset Theory. In: V. Zeigler-Hill, T.K. Shackelford (eds.), Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. New York: Springer).
Behavioral: Experimental Mindset Induction

This induction of a psychological state was extensively studied in cognitive science. Gollwitzer & Keller (2016, p.3): "The deliberative mindset is evoked by asking participants to (a) name an unresolved, important personal problem that is causing rumination but for which they have not made a decision yet and (b) reflect on whether to take action or not. Further, to enhance the depth of reflection, participants are requested to list positive and negative, short- and long-term consequences of both deciding to act and not to act; indicating the probability of the occurrence of each of these consequences is required.

The implemental mindset is evoked by asking participants to think of a personal project for which they have already made the decision to act but did not initiate any action yet. Subsequently, participants are asked to list the steps necessary for successful goal attainment and to plan out in detail when, where, and how they intend to act on each of these steps."


Experimental: Induction of a Closed Mindset
Psychological Intervention. Participants are asked to work on a brief paper-and-pencil task that has been shown to induce an Implemental Mindset according to the Mindset theory of action phases (Gollwitzer & Keller (2016). Mindset Theory. In: V. Zeigler-Hill, T.K. Shackelford (eds.), Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. New York: Springer).
Behavioral: Experimental Mindset Induction

This induction of a psychological state was extensively studied in cognitive science. Gollwitzer & Keller (2016, p.3): "The deliberative mindset is evoked by asking participants to (a) name an unresolved, important personal problem that is causing rumination but for which they have not made a decision yet and (b) reflect on whether to take action or not. Further, to enhance the depth of reflection, participants are requested to list positive and negative, short- and long-term consequences of both deciding to act and not to act; indicating the probability of the occurrence of each of these consequences is required.

The implemental mindset is evoked by asking participants to think of a personal project for which they have already made the decision to act but did not initiate any action yet. Subsequently, participants are asked to list the steps necessary for successful goal attainment and to plan out in detail when, where, and how they intend to act on each of these steps."





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Individual Risk Perception [ Time Frame: The questionnaire assesses the variable related to the week before, i.e. time frame 1 week. ]
    The participant's self-reported risk of experiencing alcohol-related problems is measured with the self-report measure "Questionnaire for Alcohol-related Risk Perception" (German "Fragebogen zur Alkoholbezogenen Risikowahrnehmung", FAR; Klepper, Odenwald & Rockstroh (2016). Risikowahrnehmung und Alkoholabhängigkeit. SUCHT, 62 (6), 374-382; DOI 10.1024/0939-5911/a000457).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Amount of alcohol drinking [ Time Frame: The interviewers assess the number of standard units of alcohol consumed during month before assessment, i.e. time-frame 1 month ]
    Self-reported amount of standard units of alcohol consumed by the individual



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • admitted to treatment at psychotherapy outpatient clinic

Exclusion Criteria:

  • alcohol use disorder
  • substance use disorder

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03339687


Contacts
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Contact: Michael Odenwald, PhD +497531884621 michael.odenwald@uni-konstanz.de
Contact: Anne Schawohl, MA anne.schawohl@uni-konstanz.de

Locations
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Germany
University of Konstanz, Psychotherapy Outpatient Clinic Recruiting
Konstanz, Germany, 78464
Contact: Michael Odenwald, PhD    +49 7531 884621    michael.odenwald@uni-konstanz.de   
Contact: Anne Schawohl, MA       anne.schawohl@uni-konstanz.de   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Konstanz
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Michael Odenwald, PhD University of Konstanz

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Responsible Party: Michael Odenwald, Director Outpatient Clinic for Psychotherapy, University of Konstanz
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03339687     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: OD 113/2-1(2)
First Posted: November 13, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 25, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Alcohol Drinking
Drinking Behavior