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Enhancing School Safety Officers' Effectiveness Through Online Professional and Job Embedded Coaching (MiamiSROs)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03339648
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 13, 2017
Last Update Posted : January 6, 2020
U.S. Department of Justice
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Florida

Brief Summary:
The University of Florida's (UF) Lastinger Center for Learning, in partnership with the UF Psychology Department, have been funded by the National Institute of Justice to advance the skills of School Resource Officers (SROs) currently working in the Miami-Dade Schools Police Department through an innovative, scalable, online and in-person professional development system. The goal will be realized through a 36-month pilot project allowing for the development, testing, and refinement of the system conducted in partnership with the Miami-Dade County Public Schools, and includes an evaluation component to assess for efficacy and scalability.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Bullying School Fear Professional Role Behavioral: Professional Development Enhancement Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 300 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Intervention Model Description: During the measurement period, the experimental arm will receive the intervention while the control arm continues business as usual. After all data collection, the control arm will receive the intervention.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Masking Description: All participants and study staff will be aware of which schools are in each arm.
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Enhancing School Safety Officers' Effectiveness Through Online Professional and Job Embedded Coaching
Actual Study Start Date : September 1, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 30, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2020

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Professional Development Enhancement

During the measurement period, this group will receive the intervention, described below:

Content using three of UF Lastinger Center's innovations for cost-effective teaching and learning - e-Content Clinics, Coaching, and Communities of Practice. Elements of the professional development model are as follows:

  1. E-Content Clinics- Content Clinics are offered online using digital video technology.
  2. Coaching- Coaching develops strong cadres of leaders that have profound expertise and substantial success in advancing teaching and learning outcomes. This approach uses existing personnel to reinforce and deepen learning through online professional development by embedding it in day-to-day activities.
  3. Online Community of Practice- This scalable online platform allows users to create virtual communities of practice designed to strengthen the learning and collaboration network.
Behavioral: Professional Development Enhancement
Professional development for SROs enhanced by content concerning trauma-informed care, cultural competency, restorative justice, and social-emotional learning.

Active Comparator: Control- Delayed Intervention
This arm will continue business as usual during the measurement period. They will receive the exact same intervention described above once data collection is complete.
Behavioral: Professional Development Enhancement
Professional development for SROs enhanced by content concerning trauma-informed care, cultural competency, restorative justice, and social-emotional learning.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in knowledge of child development, classroom management, child problem behaviors, and behavior management strategies [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks ]

    This assessment will be administered to all participant

    and non-participant SROs. The items will be developed by the study's team and evaluated using expert reviews and cognitive interviews. Following the first assessment, the discrimination of the items will be evaluated using item-to-total correlations and any items with low or negative item- to-total correlations will be removed from further use in the study.

  2. Change in knowledge of Behavioral Principles as Applied To Children Test (KBPAC) - Short Form. [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks ]
    The KBPAC is a 50-item instrument designed to measure basic knowledge of behavioral principles applied to children. The shortened 10-item version of the KBPAC had a Kuder-Richardson reliability estimate of 0.77 and was shown to have an internal reliability parallel to the 50-item, and 25-item versions of the test. Response options are correct or incorrect.

  3. Change in Trauma-Informed Self-Assessment Test [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks ]
    The TISAT was adapted from the Trauma- Informed Organizational Self-Assessment. The TISAT is a 17-item scale designed to measure an individual's knowledge of trauma-informed strategies associated with mental health outcomes, substance use, homelessness, triggers (reminders of traumatic events), and de-escalation techniques. Response options are a 6-point Likert-type scale where individuals self-report their level of confidence utilizing trauma-informed strategies.

  4. Change in General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE). [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks ]
    The GSE is 10-item scale designed to measure self- reported self-efficacy. The instrument was found to be correlated with sentiments of positivity and work satisfaction with lower scores signaling stress, health complains, exhaustion, depression and anxiety. Response options range from "not at all true" to "exactly true."

  5. Change in Self-Assessment of Social and Emotional Competencies (SASEC). [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks ]
    The SASEC was adapted from Section 1-Part B of the "Self-Assessing Social and Emotional Instruction and Competencies: A tool for teachers". The measure is a self-report on a 4-point Likert-Type scale of how much individuals agree that they have specific social and emotional competencies influencing SRO's interactions at the school. The 21-item measure covers the following factors of Social Emotional Competencies: Self-Awareness, Self- Management/Emotion Regulation, Social Awareness, Relationship/Social Skills, and Responsible Decision Making.

  6. Change in Intercultural Sensitivity Scale (ISS). [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks ]
    The ISS is a 24-item measure of intercultural sensitivity through five factors: interaction engagement, respect of cultural differences, interaction confidence, interaction enjoyment, and interaction attentiveness. The self-reported instrument is measured in a 5-point Likert-Type scale (strongly disagree to strongly agree).

  7. Change in Implicit Association Test (IAT). [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks ]
    The Implicit Association Test measures implicit automatic associations by tracking the speed at which participants associate different groups of words. The scale is delivered electronically using an open-source software. Scores will be evaluated using the latest scoring procedure .

  8. Change in LGBT Ally Identity Measure. [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks ]
    The LGBT Ally Identity Measure is designed to evaluate the competencies of heterosexual allies of the LGBT community with four main factors: skills to support the LGBT community, awareness of LGBT oppression, knowledge of the LGBT experience, and engagement in action with LGBT members of the community. Response options range from "not at all true" to "very true for me." The 19-item scale had a Cronbach's alpha of .68 for the knowledge and skills subscale, .81 for the openness and support subscale, and .65 for the oppression awareness subscale .

  9. Change in Measure of Role Clarity: [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks ]
    Role clarity will be measured by five items, which have a five-point Liker scale from strongly disagree to strongly agree.

  10. Change in Measure of Job Satisfaction [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks ]
    The study team will measure general job satisfaction using a five-item short form of the Brayfield-Rothe job satisfaction scale. The items of this short form are: "Most days I am enthusiastic about my work," "I feel fairly satisfied with my present job," "I find real enjoyment in my work," "Each day at work seems like it will never end," and "I consider my job rather unpleasant." The last two items are reverse-scored.

  11. Change in Measure of Intent to Quit [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks ]

    The SROs intent to quit will be measure with two questions:

    1) How likely are you to quit your job within the next month? 2) How likely are you to quit your

    job within the next year? A five-point response scale will be used: "Very likely", "Somewhat likely", "Neither likely nor unlikely", "Somewhat unlikely", "Very unlikely".

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

- Must be a School Resource Officer Employed by Miami-Dade County

Exclusion Criteria:

- Not being a School Resource Officer Employed by Miami-Dade County

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03339648

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United States, Florida
Miami Dade Public Schools Recruiting
Miami, Florida, United States, 33186
Contact: Dorothy Espelage    217-766-6413   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Florida
U.S. Department of Justice
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Principal Investigator: Shani Kerr, PhD University of Florida
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Responsible Party: University of Florida Identifier: NCT03339648    
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB201702520
2017-CK-BX-0019 ( Other Identifier: US Dept of Justice National Institute of Justice )
First Posted: November 13, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 6, 2020
Last Verified: January 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by University of Florida:
School Resource Officer
Trauma Informed Care
Cultural Competency
Restorative Problem Solving
Social Emotional Learning
Professional Development
School Violence
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Behavioral Symptoms