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A Better Everyday Life 1.0 - a Protocol for a Feasibility Study

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03335709
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 8, 2017
Last Update Posted : September 4, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
University College of Northern Denmark
University of Southern Denmark
Municipality of Mariagerfjord, Denmark
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eva Ejlersen Wæhrens, Parker Research Institute

Brief Summary:

The purpose of the study is to evaluate a) the feasibility and b) the potential outcomes of a first version of an occupational therapy intervention program aiming at enhancing the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL) among persons living with chronic conditions.

In the study a pre-post test design is applied.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Activities of Daily Living Behavioral: ADL intervention Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Introduction

Existing research has revealed that persons with chronic conditions experience decreased ability to perform both Personal ADL (PADL) and Instrumental ADL (IADL) tasks. Persons living with a chronic condition are offered various interventions. Besides medical treatment provided by physicians, to prevent or treat symptoms, persons with chronic diseases are often offered physical exercise in order to improve physical and/or mental body functions. Such interventions are founded on a belief that enhanced physical and mental body functioning also will result in improved ability to perform ADL tasks. However, existing research indicate that improvements in body functions not necessarily translate into improved ADL ability.

Research investigating the outcomes of rehabilitation services designed to enhance occupational performance, including ADL task performance, is sparse and insufficient. Existing research within this area is characterized by diversity and methodological limitations preventing development of clear intervention guidelines for clinical practice. Therefore, an occupational therapy program directly aiming at enhancing the ADL ability in persons with chronic conditions.

Aim

The purpose of this study is to evaluate a) the feasibility and b) the potential outcomes of a first version of an occupational therapy intervention program aiming at enhancing the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL) among persons living with chronic conditions.

Methods

In the study a pre-test - post-test design is applied. That is, 30 participants living with chronic conditions are assigned to an eight week occupational therapy intervention program.

Outcome measures are self-reported and observed ADL ability measured using the ADL-Interview (ADL-I) and the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS). Furthermore, various registrations (made by occupational therapists and participants) related to the feasibility of the intervention will be collected and analyzed.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Evaluation of the Occupational Therapy Intervention Program "A Better Everyday Life 1.0" - a Protocol for a Feasibility Study
Actual Study Start Date : September 4, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 12, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : February 12, 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: ADL intervention
The participants are assigned to an eight-week intervention program aiming at enhancing ADL ability. The program consists of a minimum of five and a maximum of eight sessions; Session one - First meeting and occupational therapy evaluation (mandatory), Session two - Goal setting and clarifying reasons for problems related to ADL (mandatory), Session three- seven - Interventions aiming at enhancing ADL ability (Number of sessions can vary. However, a minimum of two sessions are mandatory), Session eight - Re-evaluation (Mandatory)
Behavioral: ADL intervention
Overall, an adaptational approach is being applied. The intervention sessions include changes related to the person, the environment and/or the occupation.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline at eight weeks. ]

    The Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS) is a standardized observation-based evaluation tool used by occupational therapists to measure a person's observed quality of ADL task performance in terms of physical effort and/or fatigue, efficiency, safety and independence. After the observation the quality of each skill is evaluated on a four point ordinal scale according to the scoring criteria in the AMPS manual.

    The available AMPS software, based on Many-Faceted Rasch statistics, makes it possible to convert ordinal raw scores into overall linear ADL motor and ADL process ability measures adjusted for task challenge, skill item difficulty and rater severity. The measures are expressed in logits (log-odds probability units).


  2. ADL-Interview (ADL-I) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline at eight weeks. ]

    The ADL-Interview (ADL-I) is developed to describe and measure the ADL ability based on self-report. Using the ADL-I, the participant is asked to report their perceived ADL ability (i.e. quality of ADL task performance) for each of the 47 ADL items using seven response categories.

    Data will be used to (a) describe the self-reported quality of ADL task performance on each task for a single person or a group of people and (b) measure a single person's overall self-reported quality of ADL task performance. To create an overall measure of self-reported quality of ADL task performance Rasch measurement methods are applied in order to transform the ratings into an overall linear (interval scale) measure of self-reported quality of ADL task performance, adjusted for the difficulty of the ADL task.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • age ≥18 years
  • diagnosed (by a physician) with one or more chronic condition(s)
  • has participated in one or more the rehabilitation program at the municipality
  • is living at home
  • is experiencing problems related to performance of ADL tasks and is motivated to participate in the ADL intervention .

Exclusion Criteria:

  • substance abuse
  • other acute diagnoses affecting ADL task performance
  • language barriers causing problems related to understanding Danish or participating in the program.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03335709


Locations
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Denmark
Municipality of Mariagerfjord
Hadsund, Denmark, 9560
Sponsors and Collaborators
Parker Research Institute
University College of Northern Denmark
University of Southern Denmark
Municipality of Mariagerfjord, Denmark
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Eva E Wæhrens, PhD The Parker Institute
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Eva Ejlersen Wæhrens, OT, PhD and senior researcher, Parker Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03335709    
Other Study ID Numbers: EW1
First Posted: November 8, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 4, 2019
Last Verified: September 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Eva Ejlersen Wæhrens, Parker Research Institute:
Occupational therapy