A Better Everyday Life 1.0 - a Protocol for a Feasibility Study
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03335709|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 8, 2017
Last Update Posted : September 4, 2019
The purpose of the study is to evaluate a) the feasibility and b) the potential outcomes of a first version of an occupational therapy intervention program aiming at enhancing the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL) among persons living with chronic conditions.
In the study a pre-post test design is applied.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Activities of Daily Living||Behavioral: ADL intervention||Not Applicable|
Existing research has revealed that persons with chronic conditions experience decreased ability to perform both Personal ADL (PADL) and Instrumental ADL (IADL) tasks. Persons living with a chronic condition are offered various interventions. Besides medical treatment provided by physicians, to prevent or treat symptoms, persons with chronic diseases are often offered physical exercise in order to improve physical and/or mental body functions. Such interventions are founded on a belief that enhanced physical and mental body functioning also will result in improved ability to perform ADL tasks. However, existing research indicate that improvements in body functions not necessarily translate into improved ADL ability.
Research investigating the outcomes of rehabilitation services designed to enhance occupational performance, including ADL task performance, is sparse and insufficient. Existing research within this area is characterized by diversity and methodological limitations preventing development of clear intervention guidelines for clinical practice. Therefore, an occupational therapy program directly aiming at enhancing the ADL ability in persons with chronic conditions.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate a) the feasibility and b) the potential outcomes of a first version of an occupational therapy intervention program aiming at enhancing the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL) among persons living with chronic conditions.
In the study a pre-test - post-test design is applied. That is, 30 participants living with chronic conditions are assigned to an eight week occupational therapy intervention program.
Outcome measures are self-reported and observed ADL ability measured using the ADL-Interview (ADL-I) and the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS). Furthermore, various registrations (made by occupational therapists and participants) related to the feasibility of the intervention will be collected and analyzed.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||30 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Evaluation of the Occupational Therapy Intervention Program "A Better Everyday Life 1.0" - a Protocol for a Feasibility Study|
|Actual Study Start Date :||September 4, 2017|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||February 12, 2018|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||February 12, 2018|
Experimental: ADL intervention
The participants are assigned to an eight-week intervention program aiming at enhancing ADL ability. The program consists of a minimum of five and a maximum of eight sessions; Session one - First meeting and occupational therapy evaluation (mandatory), Session two - Goal setting and clarifying reasons for problems related to ADL (mandatory), Session three- seven - Interventions aiming at enhancing ADL ability (Number of sessions can vary. However, a minimum of two sessions are mandatory), Session eight - Re-evaluation (Mandatory)
Behavioral: ADL intervention
Overall, an adaptational approach is being applied. The intervention sessions include changes related to the person, the environment and/or the occupation.
- Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline at eight weeks. ]
The Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS) is a standardized observation-based evaluation tool used by occupational therapists to measure a person's observed quality of ADL task performance in terms of physical effort and/or fatigue, efficiency, safety and independence. After the observation the quality of each skill is evaluated on a four point ordinal scale according to the scoring criteria in the AMPS manual.
The available AMPS software, based on Many-Faceted Rasch statistics, makes it possible to convert ordinal raw scores into overall linear ADL motor and ADL process ability measures adjusted for task challenge, skill item difficulty and rater severity. The measures are expressed in logits (log-odds probability units).
- ADL-Interview (ADL-I) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline at eight weeks. ]
The ADL-Interview (ADL-I) is developed to describe and measure the ADL ability based on self-report. Using the ADL-I, the participant is asked to report their perceived ADL ability (i.e. quality of ADL task performance) for each of the 47 ADL items using seven response categories.
Data will be used to (a) describe the self-reported quality of ADL task performance on each task for a single person or a group of people and (b) measure a single person's overall self-reported quality of ADL task performance. To create an overall measure of self-reported quality of ADL task performance Rasch measurement methods are applied in order to transform the ratings into an overall linear (interval scale) measure of self-reported quality of ADL task performance, adjusted for the difficulty of the ADL task.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03335709
|Municipality of Mariagerfjord|
|Hadsund, Denmark, 9560|
|Principal Investigator:||Eva E Wæhrens, PhD||The Parker Institute|