Working…
COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov.

Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus.
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Determination of Glycemic Index of Six Greek Honey Grades

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03331757
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 6, 2017
Last Update Posted : November 6, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Aimilia Papakonstantinou, Agricultural University of Athens

Brief Summary:
This study determined the glycemic index and glycemic load of six Greek honey varieties

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Potential Abnormality of Glucose Tolerance Appetitive Behavior Other: Glucose as reference food Other: Fir honey Other: Heather honey Other: Citrus honey Other: Pine honey Other: Thyme honey Other: Chestnut honey Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
This randomized, double-blind, cross-over study investigated the glycemic response to six Greek honey grades differing in floral source and carbohydrate composition. Isoglucidic test meals (50g available carbohydrate) and 50g glucose reference were given to 11 clinically and metabolically healthy, fasting individuals (27±7 years; 9 women; BMI 24±4kg/m2), in random order. GI was calculated using the FAO/WHO method. Capillary blood glucose samples were collected at 0,15,30,45,60,90-and-120min. Salivary insulin samples were collected at 0,60-and-120min. Subjective appetite ratings (hunger, fullness and desire to eat) were assessed by visual analogue scales (VAS, 100mm) at baseline and 120min.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 11 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Eleven healthy participants consumed in random order 50g available carbohydrates as glucose (tested three times) and 50g available carbohydrates as fir, chestnut, healther, thyme, pine, citrus, tested once, on separate occasions
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Masking Description: Participants were assigned to the interventions using a sequence of random numbers extracted from computer software. A researcher not involved with the collection and the analysis of the scientific data, was responsible for the randomization of the volunteers to the intervention days examining the test foods. All test meals (glucose and honeys) were diluted in 300ml water and were served in dark paper cups covered with a lid in order to achieve double blind conditions.
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: Determination of the Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load of Six Greek Honey Grades
Actual Study Start Date : February 12, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 12, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2, 2017

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Glucose as reference food
Eleven metabolically healthy, normal weight subjects (male: 2, female: 9) after 10-14 hr fast, consumed 50g available carbohydrate from D-glucose, tested three times, in different weeks as reference food along with 300ml water. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min. The first glucose sample was taken exactly 15min after the first drink.
Other: Glucose as reference food
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g glucose diluted in 300ml water, tested three times, in different weeks, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Fir honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of fir honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Heather honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of heather honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Citrus honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of citrus honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Pine honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of pine honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Thyme honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of thyme honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Chestnut honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of chestnut honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Experimental: Fir honey
Eleven metabolically healthy, normal weight subjects (male: 2, female: 9) after 10-14 hr fast, consumed 50g available carbohydrate from fir honey, tested once, along with 300ml water. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min. The first glucose sample was taken exactly 15min after the first drink.
Other: Glucose as reference food
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g glucose diluted in 300ml water, tested three times, in different weeks, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Fir honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of fir honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Heather honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of heather honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Citrus honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of citrus honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Pine honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of pine honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Thyme honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of thyme honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Chestnut honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of chestnut honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Experimental: Heather honey
Eleven metabolically healthy, normal weight subjects (male: 2, female: 9) after 10-14 hr fast, consumed 50g available carbohydrate from heather honey, tested once, along with 300ml water. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min. The first glucose sample was taken exactly 15min after the first drink.
Other: Glucose as reference food
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g glucose diluted in 300ml water, tested three times, in different weeks, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Fir honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of fir honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Heather honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of heather honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Citrus honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of citrus honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Pine honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of pine honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Thyme honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of thyme honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Chestnut honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of chestnut honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Experimental: Citrus honey
Eleven metabolically healthy, normal weight subjects (male: 2, female: 9) after 10-14 hr fast, consumed 50g available carbohydrate from citrus honey, tested once, along with 300ml water. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min. The first glucose sample was taken exactly 15min after the first drink.
Other: Glucose as reference food
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g glucose diluted in 300ml water, tested three times, in different weeks, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Fir honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of fir honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Heather honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of heather honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Citrus honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of citrus honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Pine honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of pine honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Thyme honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of thyme honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Chestnut honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of chestnut honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Experimental: Pine honey
Eleven metabolically healthy, normal weight subjects (male: 2, female: 9) after 10-14 hr fast, consumed 50g available carbohydrate from pine honey, tested once, along with 300ml water. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min. The first glucose sample was taken exactly 15min after the first drink.
Other: Glucose as reference food
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g glucose diluted in 300ml water, tested three times, in different weeks, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Fir honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of fir honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Heather honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of heather honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Citrus honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of citrus honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Pine honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of pine honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Thyme honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of thyme honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Chestnut honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of chestnut honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Experimental: Thyme honey
Eleven metabolically healthy, normal weight subjects (male: 2, female: 9) after 10-14 hr fast, consumed 50g available carbohydrate from thyme honey, tested once, along with 300ml water. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min. The first glucose sample was taken exactly 15min after the first drink.
Other: Glucose as reference food
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g glucose diluted in 300ml water, tested three times, in different weeks, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Fir honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of fir honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Heather honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of heather honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Citrus honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of citrus honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Pine honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of pine honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Thyme honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of thyme honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Chestnut honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of chestnut honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Experimental: Chestnut honey
Eleven metabolically healthy, normal weight subjects (male: 2, female: 9) after 10-14 hr fast, consumed 50g available carbohydrate from chestnut honey, tested once, along with 300ml water. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min. The first glucose sample was taken exactly 15min after the first drink.
Other: Glucose as reference food
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g glucose diluted in 300ml water, tested three times, in different weeks, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Fir honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of fir honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Heather honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of heather honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Citrus honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of citrus honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Pine honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of pine honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Thyme honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of thyme honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.

Other: Chestnut honey
Eleven subjects (male: 2, female: 9) consumed 50g available carbohydrates of chestnut honey diluted in 300ml water, tested once, within 5-10min. Fingertip capillary blood glucose samples were taken at baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120min.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Capillary blood glucose responses [ Time Frame: 2 hours ]
    Clinically useful change in capillary blood glucose, defined as the restoration of glucose within normal limits during the 2hr glucose tolerance test.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Subjective appetite rating [ Time Frame: 2 hours ]
    Useful change in subjective appetite using visual analogue scales (VAS, 100 mm, given in the form of booklet, one scale per page) before and 2hr after consumption of six Greek honey grades.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • healthy
  • non-smoking
  • individuals with normal body mass index (between 18.5 and 24.9 kg/m2)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • coronary heart disease
  • diabetes mellitus
  • kidney disease
  • liver conditions
  • endocrine conditions
  • gastrointestinal disorders
  • pregnancy
  • lactation,
  • competitive sports
  • alcohol
  • drug dependency

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03331757


Locations
Layout table for location information
Greece
Agricultural University of Athens
Athens, Greece, 11855
Sponsors and Collaborators
Agricultural University of Athens
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Emilia Papakonstantinou, PhD Agricultural University of Athens
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Aimilia Papakonstantinou, Primary investigator, Agricultural University of Athens
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03331757    
Other Study ID Numbers: 1254
First Posted: November 6, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 6, 2017
Last Verified: November 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Congenital Abnormalities