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the Effect of Dopamine on Mechanical Ventilation Induced Lung Injury

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03317431
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 23, 2017
Results First Posted : October 22, 2018
Last Update Posted : October 22, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine

Brief Summary:
Dopamine(DA) is a common neurotransmitter that has been known to regulate behavior, movement, cardiovascular,endocrine and gastrointestinal functions, but also functions as an important molecule engaging in the immune systems to possess anti-inflammatory effects. However, its role in ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) is still unclear. Herein, this study aimed to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of dopamine on ventilation-induced lung endothelial barrier dysfunction and explore the possible underlying molecular mechanisms.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Acute Lung Injury Other: mechanical ventilation

Detailed Description:

Mechanical ventilation is a critical intervention for patients with acute respiratory failure. However, lung overdistension induced by mechanical ventilation at high tidal volumes also causes pulmonary endothelial dysfunction. The injurious effect of mechanical stretch on pulmonary endothelium has been implicated in the development of ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI), which is characterized by pulmonary inflammation and particularly increased vascular permeability. In addition, the investigators and others have previously shown that mechanical stretch increases cultured lung endothelial monolayer permeability in vitro and promotes lung vascular permeability in mice Thus, elucidating the mechanisms underlying the mechanical stretch-induced lung endothelial barrier dysfunction may provide a novel clinical therapeutic target against VILI.

Dopamine is a neurotransmitter, which can also be produced outside the central nervous system. Lung alveolar epithelial cells represent an important source of extraneuronal dopamine, which has a significant role in local organ physiology. Dopamine D1 receptor (DRD1) and D2 receptor (DRD2) are present in lung tissues. Activation of D2DR induces NaKATPase gene expression. Moreover, activation of DRD1 results in the trafficking of NaKATPase to the basolateral membrane of type II alveolar epithelial cells, thus increasing lung liquid clearance during acute lung injury. Although the lung-protective effects of DA and its implication in the pathology of ALI are emerging, the mechanisms are still largely unknown.

In the present study, the investigators will analyze the influence of mechanical ventilation on dopamine receptors in the lung tissue of the participants, and explore whether DA could protect ventilation induced lung injury, which is helpful for prevention and treatment of ventilation induced lung injury.


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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 46 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: the Mechanism of the Downregulation of Dopamine Receptor in Mechanical Ventilation Induced Lung Injury
Actual Study Start Date : March 20, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 22, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : December 1, 2017


Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
ventilation
patients undergoing selective operation with general anesthesia(GA) and mechanical ventilation(MV)
Other: mechanical ventilation
mechanical ventilation protocol: tidal volume 6-8 ml/kg, positive end-expiratory pressure 5 cmH2O, oxygen concentration 40%; respiratory rate 10-15/min, inspiratory/expiratory ratio 1:1.5.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Correlation Coefficient (r) Between Duration of Mechanical Ventilation and DRD1 Expression [ Time Frame: 20min-60min ]
    ImageJ software were used to get the Integrated Optical Density(IOD) of the chemiluminescent signal from the membranes of dopamine receptor 1(DRD1). The normalization was carried out by DRD1 IOD/total β-actin IOD for sample loading correction. In determination of the expression level of DRD1 in different time points, the investigators had a bulk preparation of normal placental protein which was set as a control. Analyze the correlation between duration of mechanical ventilation and DRD1 expression. If p value is less than 0.05, then its change is statically significant.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Correlation Coefficient (r) Between Duration of Mechanical Ventilation and DRD2 Expression [ Time Frame: 20min-60min ]
    ImageJ software were used to get the Integrated Optical Density(IOD) of the chemiluminescent signal from the membranes of dopamine receptor 2(DRD2). The normalization was carried out by DRD2 IOD/total β-actin IOD for sample loading correction. In determination of the expression level of DRD2 in different time points, the investigators had a bulk preparation of normal placental protein which was set as a control. Analyze the correlation between duration of mechanical ventilation and DRD2 expression. If p value is less than 0.05, then its change is statically significant.

  2. the Expression of TH in Lung Tissues [ Time Frame: 20min-60min ]
    ImageJ software were used to get the Integrated Optical Density(IOD) of the chemiluminescent signal from the membranes of Tyrosine hydroxylase(TH). The normalization was carried out by TH IOD/total β-actin IOD for sample loading correction. In determination of the expression level of TH in different time points, the investigators had a bulk preparation of normal placental protein which was set as a control. Analyze the correlation between duration of mechanical ventilation and TH expression. If p value is less than 0.05, then its change is statically significant.

  3. the Expression of DDC in Lung Tissues [ Time Frame: 20min-60min ]
    ImageJ software were used to get the Integrated Optical Density(IOD) of the chemiluminescent signal from the membranes of Dopa decarboxylase(DDC). The normalization was carried out by DDC IOD/total β-actin IOD for sample loading correction. In determination of the expression level of DDC in different time points, the investigators had a bulk preparation of normal placental protein which was set as a control. Analyze the correlation between duration of mechanical ventilation and DDC expression. If p value is less than 0.05, then its change is statically significant.

  4. the Expression of Ac-a-tubulin in Lung Tissues [ Time Frame: 20min-60min ]
    ImageJ software were used to get the Integrated Optical Density(IOD) of the chemiluminescent signal from the membranes of acetylated-a-tubulin(Ac-a-tubulin). The normalization was carried out by Ac-a-tubulin IOD/total β-actin IOD for sample loading correction. In determination of the expression level of Ac-a-tubulin in different time points, the investigators had a bulk preparation of normal placental protein which was set as a control. Analyze the correlation between duration of mechanical ventilation and Ac-a-tubulin expression. If p value is less than 0.05, then its change is statically significant.


Biospecimen Retention:   Samples Without DNA
Gather the lung tissues from patients undergo lobectomy with general anesthesia and mechanical ventilation


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
patients undergo elective lobectom
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients inclusion criteria: undergo elective lobectomy with general anesthesia and mechanical ventilation; classified as physical status I to III according to the American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status Classification System; Written informed consent is approved.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Distant metastases: recent anaesthetics or mechanical ventilation treatment;children;women during pregnancy or lactation; being involved in other clinical subjects.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03317431


Locations
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China, Shanghai
Department of Anesthesia, Shanghai Xinhua hospital
Shanghai, Shanghai, China, 200082
Sponsors and Collaborators
Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
Investigators
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Study Chair: Lai Jiang, chief doctor Xinhua Hospital affiliated to Medicine school,Shanghai Jiaotong University
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine:
Informed Consent Form  [PDF] August 1, 2017


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Responsible Party: Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03317431     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: XH-17-011
First Posted: October 23, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 22, 2018
Last Update Posted: October 22, 2018
Last Verified: March 2017

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine:
dopamine,mechanical ventilation,lung injury

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Wounds and Injuries
Lung Injury
Acute Lung Injury
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Thoracic Injuries
Respiration Disorders
Dopamine
Cardiotonic Agents
Sympathomimetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Dopamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protective Agents