Epacadostat and Pembrolizumab in Patients With GIST
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03291054|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 25, 2017
Last Update Posted : March 19, 2021
Primary objective is to assess the efficacy of combined IDO and PD-1 inhibition in a single arm phase II trial of epacadostat and pembrolizumab in patients with advanced imatinib-refractory GIST, using a primary endpoint of overall response rate.
Secondary objectives are to evaluate the progression free survival (PFS), the overall survival (OS), the response rate and to evaluate the safety and tolerability of combined epacadostat and pembrolizumab treatment.
The investigator hypothesizes that treatment with epacadostat and pembrolizumab will increase the response rate compared to what has been historically achieved with salvage tyrosine kinase inhibitors.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors||Drug: Pembrolizumab Drug: Epacadostat||Phase 2|
While targeted therapy with imatinib has significantly improved survival for patients with inoperable and metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST), the majority will eventually progress after a median of 20-26 months. Standard second-line treatment with sunitinib has a response rate of 7%, and third-line treatment with regorafenib has a response rate of only 5%. More effective treatments for imatinib-refractory GIST are needed.
This study aims to assess the efficacy of combined IDO and PD-1 inhibition with epacadostat (IDO inhibitor) and pembrolizumab (anti-PD-1 antibody) in patients with imatinib-refractory GIST.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||1 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||A Phase II Study of Epacadostat and Pembrolizumab in Patients With Imatinib Refractory Advanced Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors|
|Actual Study Start Date :||February 28, 2018|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||August 19, 2020|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||August 19, 2020|
Experimental: Epacadostat and pembrolizumab
Subjects will receive epacadostat and pembrolizumab
Subjects will receive pembrolizumab 200 mg (flat dose) IV every 3 weeks on day 1 of a 21 day cycle.
Epacadostat will be dosed at 100 mg PO twice a day (BID) daily. Doses should be taken twice daily, in the morning and evening, approximately 12 hours apart, without regard to food.Doses will be self-administered, except on Cycle 2 Day 1, when the morning dose will be given at the study site clinic. Subjects will be required to keep a pill diary that will be provided to them.
- Overall Response Rate [ Time Frame: within the first 24 weeks of the start of study therapy ]The primary endpoint is the overall response rate as defined as the best response using RECIST v1.1 criteria. A standard way to measure how well a cancer patient responds to treatment. It is based on whether tumors shrink, stay the same, or get bigger. To use RECIST, there must be at least one tumor that can be measured on x-rays, CT scans, or MRI scans. The types of response a patient can have are a complete response (CR), a partial response (PR), progressive disease (PD), and stable disease (SD). Also called Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors.
- Overall Survival [ Time Frame: time from registration up to 2 years ]The length of time from the start of treatment that patients diagnosed with the disease are still alive.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03291054
|United States, Michigan|
|U-M Comprehensive Cancer Center|
|Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109-0944|
|United States, New York|
|Columbia University Medical Center|
|New York, New York, United States, 10032|
|Principal Investigator:||Richard D Carvajal, MD||Columbia University|