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Dendritic Cell Therapy With CD137L-DC-EBV-VAX in Locally Advanced Stage IV or Locally Recurrent/Metastatic Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03282617
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 14, 2017
Last Update Posted : September 14, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National University Hospital, Singapore

Brief Summary:
This study is carried out to find out the safety and recommended dose of CD137L-DC-EBV-VAX in nasopharyngeal cancer. CD137L-DC-EBV-VAX is a product made from one of our own immune system cells (dendritic cell, DC). Dendritic cells are immune cells that help to stimulate our body's T lymphocytes to fight cancer by presenting specific proteins from the cancer cells. The investigators have developed in the laboratory a highly effective dendritic cell which is primed to activate T cells with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) proteins. It is hoped that this will stir an immune response to recognize NPC cells and kill them as part of body's immune surveillance system.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Nasopharyngeal Cancer Biological: CD137L-DC-EBV-VAX Phase 1

Detailed Description:

This study will involve two cohorts of patients, A and B. Patients are invited because they have either (A) locally recurrent or metastatic nasopharyngeal cancer; or (B) stage 4 locally advanced nasopharyngeal cancer (N2 or N3 disease and/or T4) and is known to be associated with a high risk of distant relapse.

This study is carried out to find out the safety and recommended dose of CD137L-DC-EBV-VAX in nasopharyngeal cancer. CD137L-DC-EBV-VAX is a product made from one of our own immune system cells (dendritic cell, DC). Dendritic cells are immune cells that help to stimulate our body's T lymphocytes to fight cancer by presenting specific proteins from the cancer cells. The investigators have developed in the laboratory a highly effective dendritic cell which is primed to activate T cells with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) proteins. It is hoped that this will stir an immune response to recognize NPC cells and kill them as part of body's immune surveillance system.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 55 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Patients will be given CD137L-DC-EBV-VAX for about 5 - 7 times and be followed up until a maximum of 3 years from study entry.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Dendritic Cell Therapy With CD137L-DC-EBV-VAX in Locally Advanced Stage IV or Locally Recurrent/Metastatic Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
Actual Study Start Date : August 14, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 14, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 14, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: locally recurrent or metastatic nasopharyngeal cancer
This cohort consists of patients with metastatic or locally recurrent NPC who have received systemic concurrent chemotherapy and have a favourable response of stable disease, partial or complete response. As up to 30% of these patients will suffer from relapse within 5 months of completion of chemotherapy, following definitive treatment, y, and treatment with CD137L-DC-EBV-VAX may activate T cell response against the tumor and prolong time to progression.
Biological: CD137L-DC-EBV-VAX
Patients will receive CD137L-DC-EBV-VAX at a dose of approximately 5-50 millioncells every 2 weeks, for a total of 5-7 times.
Other Name: Dendritic cell therapy

Experimental: stage 4 locally advanced nasopharyngeal cancer
This cohort consists of patients with stage 4 locally advanced patients (N2 and N3 disease, and/or T4 disease) who are treated definitely with chemoradiation with curative intent, but who have a high risk of distant relapse. Treatment with CD137L-DC-EBV-VAX may activate antitumor T cell responses and prolong time to relapse.
Biological: CD137L-DC-EBV-VAX
Patients will receive CD137L-DC-EBV-VAX at a dose of approximately 5-50 millioncells every 2 weeks, for a total of 5-7 times.
Other Name: Dendritic cell therapy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety and tolerability and recommended dose of CD137L-DC-EBV-VAX [ Time Frame: From the start of assessment until study completion, an average of 3 year ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Activation of EBV-specific T cell responses [ Time Frame: From the start of assessment until study completion, an average of 3 year ]
  2. Antitumor Effect based on Immune Response Criteria (IRC) [ Time Frame: From the start of assessment until study completion, an average of 3 year ]
  3. Progression-free survival and overall survival [ Time Frame: From the start of assessment until study completion, an average of 3 year ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Eligibility Criteria:

  • Age ≥ 18 year
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
  • 2 cohorts of patients are eligible for the study: Cohort A - Histologically or cytologically confirmed non-keratinizing nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) that has recurred at locoregional and/or distant sites. Patients must have just received at least 1 cycle of chemotherapy and achieved stable disease, partial or complete response.

Cohort B - Histologically or cytologically confirmed stage 4A/B (locally advanced) non-keratinizing NPC that has just completed concurrent chemoradiotherapy less than 2 months before study entry.

  • Measurable disease according to the RECIST criteria (version 1.1) is not necessary, but tumor assessments on follow up will be according to RECIST criteria (version 1.1) as defined in section 11 for the evaluation of disease.
  • Archived or fresh tumor sample available. Willingness to donate blood and tissue for mandatory correlative research studies (see Section 9).
  • ECOG performance status of 0, 1 or 2 (see Appendix A).
  • Patients must have adequate organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • Absolute monocyte count ≥0.2 x 109/L
    • Platelets ≥100 x109/L
    • Hemoglobin ≥8.0 g/dL
    • Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT; serum glutamate-pyruvate transferase, [SGPT]) < 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN), OR < 5 x ULN in the presence of liver metastases.
    • Serum total bilirubin < 2 x ULN (except patients with Gilbert Syndrome, who can have total bilirubin <3.0 mg/dL)
    • Serum creatinine < 1.5 x ULN

Exclusion Criteria:

- Any of the following:

  • Chemotherapy ≤ 4 weeks prior to CD137L-DC-EBV-VAX study treatment.
  • Radiotherapy ≤ 4 weeks prior to CD137L-DC-EBV-VAX study treatment.
  • Nitrosoureas or Mitomycin C ≤ 4 weeks prior to registration

NOTE: Prior palliative radiotherapy to bone metastases is allowed ≤ 4 weeks prior to registration. Prior immunotherapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors will not be allowed.

  • Prior investigational agents ≤ 4 weeks prior to registration.
  • Known allergy to Tetanus and/or Diphtheria toxoid.
  • Known brain metastases or leptomeningeal metastases. NOTE: symptomatic, and/or if they require immunosuppressive doses of corticosteroids (e.g. >10 mg/day prednisone or equivalents) for at least 2 weeks prior to study drug administration. Patients with treated brain metastases who are deemed clinically stable and without radiological progression on PET, MRI or CT scan performed ≤ 8 weeks of study entry, are not excluded. NOTE: Primary nasopharyngeal cancers that directly invade the skull base and extend into the infratemporal fossa(e) are not regarded as brain metastases and are not excluded.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Any of the following:

    • Pregnant women
    • Nursing women
    • Men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception
  • Active autoimmune disease or history of autoimmune disease that might recur, which may affect vital organ function or require immune suppressive treatment including systemic corticosteroids. NOTE: These include but are not limited to patients with a history of immune related neurologic disease, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune (demyelinating) neuropathy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, myasthenia gravis; systemic autoimmune disease such as SLE, connective tissue diseases, scleroderma, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn's, ulcerative colitis, hepatitis; and patients with a history of toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), Stevens-Johnson syndrome, or phospholipid syndrome should be excluded because of the risk of recurrence or exacerbation of disease. Patients with vitiligo, endocrine deficiencies including thyroiditis managed with replacement hormones including physiologic corticosteroids are eligible. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis and other arthropathies, Sjögren's syndrome and psoriasis controlled with topical medication and patients with positive serology, such as antinuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-thyroid antibodies should be evaluated for the presence of target organ involvement and potential need for systemic treatment but should otherwise be eligible.
  • Patients are permitted to enroll if they have vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger (precipitating event).
  • Condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (>10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses <10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease. Patients are permitted to use topical, ocular, intra-articular, intranasal, and inhalational corticosteroids (with minimal systemic absorption). Physiologic replacement doses of systemic corticosteroids are permitted, even if <10 mg/day prednisone equivalents. A brief course of corticosteroids for prophylaxis (e.g., contrast dye allergy) or for treatment of non-autoimmune conditions (e.g., delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction caused by contact allergen) is permitted.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03282617


Contacts
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Contact: Boon Cher Goh (65) 6779 5555 phcgbc@nus.edu.sg

Locations
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Singapore
National University Hospital Recruiting
Singapore, Singapore
Contact: Boon Cher Goh, MBBS, MRCP    65-6772-4617    Boon_Cher_Goh@nuhs.com.sg   
Principal Investigator: Boon Cher Goh, MBBS, MRCP         
Sponsors and Collaborators
National University Hospital, Singapore
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Boon Cher Goh National University Hospital, Singapore

Publications:
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Responsible Party: National University Hospital, Singapore
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03282617     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NP01/03/16
First Posted: September 14, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 14, 2017
Last Verified: September 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Pharyngeal Neoplasms
Otorhinolaryngologic Neoplasms
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Nasopharyngeal Diseases
Carcinoma
Pharyngeal Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases