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Linking Women to PrEP Care

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03281343
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 13, 2017
Last Update Posted : February 17, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rhode Island Hospital

Brief Summary:
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) can be very effective at preventing HIV infection among women at high-risk for HIV but is underused in this population. Periods of incarceration represent an opportunity to identify women at risk and link them to PrEP care as they leave jail or prison. This study aims to improve linkage to community-based PrEP care to reduce HIV acquisition in a high-need, underserved community.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Prevention Behavioral: Motivational Interviewing & Patient Navigator Behavioral: Standard of Care (SOC) Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Incarcerated women engage in high rates of sex- and drug-related behavior that place them at risk for HIV. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an efficacious means of reducing HIV acquisition. There is a general lack of knowledge regarding PrEP among women at elevated risk, and only a small percentage of at-risk women are currently engaged in PrEP care. The period of incarceration represents an opportunity to identify at-risk women, initiate PrEP during incarceration, and establish linkage to community-based PrEP care upon release from incarceration. Further, post-release is a time period that is particularly risky, and there are numerous barriers that may impede linkage to community-based care in the absence of intervention.

To date, very little research has been done to improve linkage to PrEP care among US women. The proposed study will examine the acceptability, feasibility, and preliminary efficacy of a psychoeducation and motivational interviewing intervention to promote PrEP initiation during incarceration, followed by a patient navigator intervention to facilitate linkage to community-based PrEP care upon release from incarceration. The long-term goal of this line of research is to disseminate an efficacious PrEP Care linkage intervention for at-risk women post-release from incarceration. The present proposal seeks to develop intervention materials and conduct a small randomized controlled trial (RCT) of the intervention.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 80 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Linkage to Community-Based HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxsis Care Among at Risk Women Upon Release From Incarceration
Actual Study Start Date : November 29, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: MI-NAV
A study therapist will deliver a motivational interviewing session with participants while they are incarcerated and serve as a role of patient navigator post-release.
Behavioral: Motivational Interviewing & Patient Navigator
The specific content, structure, and implementation approach for MI-NAV will be guided by IDIs conducted during Phase 1 and Phase 2. Our initial plan is to deliver MI-NAV in two waves. The first wave will be aimed at promoting uptake of PrEP at the prison, through the use of motivational interviewing. The second wave will be aimed at linking at-risk women to community-based PrEP care upon release from incarceration, by utilizing a patient navigator approach.

Active Comparator: Standard of Care (SOC)
Approximates care currently provided at the prison.
Behavioral: Standard of Care (SOC)
SOC will consist of a pamphlet regarding PrEP during incarceration, an offer of PrEP while incarcerated, and referral to community-based PrEP care upon release.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rates of linkage to community-based PrEP care [ Time Frame: 3 Months post-release ]
    Linkage to community-based care is operationalized as receipt of a prescription for PrEP from a community-based provider within 3 months of release from prison, confirmed through medical record data extraction.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. PrEP Adherence [ Time Frame: 3 Months and 6 Months post-release ]
    PrEP adherence will be determined by drug concentrations in urine samples collected from participants who have been prescribed PrEP at 3 and 6 months. Presence of PrEP will be assessed with immunoassay developed by UrSure Inc.

  2. PrEP Care Retention [ Time Frame: 3 Month clinical appointments (+/- 1 month) ]
    PrEP retention in care will be defined as attending 3-month clinical appointments (+/- 1 month) which is in accordance with current CDC guidelines. This will be verified with medical records.

  3. Alcohol and Drug Use [ Time Frame: 6-months ]
    The Timeline Followback (TLFB) will be used to assess alcohol and drug use behavior at baseline, as well as during the follow-up interviews.

  4. HIV Risk Behavior [ Time Frame: 6-months ]
    The TLFB will be used to assess drug and sex risk behavior at baseline and during the follow-up interviews. In addition, the HIV Risk Assessment Battery will serve as a measure of overall sex and drug risk behavior.

  5. Depressive Symptoms [ Time Frame: 6-months ]
    The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) will be administered at baseline and follow-up interviews to assess depressive symptoms

  6. Treatment Received and Medications/Pregnancies [ Time Frame: 6-months ]
    The Treatment Services Review (TSR) and Use of Medications Questionnaire will be used to measure the number and types of treatment services utilized, medications prescribed, and pregnancies experienced during the follow-up period.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Female at birth; at least 18 years of age; not currently pregnant; risk behavior prior to incarceration that meets CDC indications for PrEP; likely to be incarcerated for less than 6 months; able to understand and speak English and to provide written and verbal informed consent

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03281343

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Contact: Susan E Ramsey, Ph.D. 401-444-7831

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United States, Rhode Island
Rhode Island Hospital Recruiting
Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02903
Contact: Susan E Ramsey, Ph.D.    401-444-7831   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Rhode Island Hospital
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Principal Investigator: Susan E Ramsey, Ph.D. Rhode Island Hospital
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Rhode Island Hospital Identifier: NCT03281343    
Other Study ID Numbers: R34DA045621 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: September 13, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 17, 2020
Last Verified: March 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Rhode Island Hospital:
Linkage to Care