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Research Study Comparing a New Medicine "Fast-acting Insulin Aspart" to Another Already Available Medicine "NovoRapid"/"NovoLog" in People With Type 2 Diabetes (onset 9)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03268005
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2017
Results First Posted : February 5, 2020
Last Update Posted : April 8, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novo Nordisk A/S

Brief Summary:
The study compares 2 medicines for type 2 diabetes: fast-acting insulin aspart (a new medicine) and NovoRapid®/NovoLog® (a medicine doctors can already prescribe). Fast-acting insulin aspart will be tested to see how well it works and if it is safe. Participants will get either fast-acting insulin aspart or NovoRapid®/ NovoLog® - which treatment you get is decided by chance. Both medicines will be taken together with insulin degludec. Participants will need to take 1 injection 4 times every day (all insulins will be provided in pens). The study will last for about 8 months (34 weeks).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diabetes Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Drug: Faster-acting insulin aspart Drug: Insulin aspart Drug: Insulin degludec Drug: Metformin Phase 3

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1264 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Sponsor staff involved in the clinical trial is masked according to company standard procedures.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy and Safety of Fast-acting Insulin Aspart Compared to NovoRapid® Both in Combination With Insulin Degludec With or Without Metformin in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes (Onset® 9)
Actual Study Start Date : September 19, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 7, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : January 29, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Faster aspart + insulin degludec with or without metformin Drug: Faster-acting insulin aspart
Faster aspart given subcutaneously (s.c., under the skin) once a day for 16 weeks. Dose individually adjusted.

Drug: Insulin degludec
Insulin degludec given subcutaneously (s.c., under the skin) once a day for 16 weeks. Dose individually adjusted.

Drug: Metformin
Only participants who took metformin before the study should take metformin tablets, same dose as before the study

Active Comparator: NovoRapid/NovoLog + insulin degludec with or without metformin Drug: Insulin aspart
Insulin aspart given subcutaneously (s.c., under the skin) once a day for 16 weeks. Dose individually adjusted.

Drug: Insulin degludec
Insulin degludec given subcutaneously (s.c., under the skin) once a day for 16 weeks. Dose individually adjusted.

Drug: Metformin
Only participants who took metformin before the study should take metformin tablets, same dose as before the study




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Glycosylated Haemoglobin (HbA1c) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) was evaluated at week 16. The endpoint was evaluated based on data from the in-trial observation period. In-trial observation period was from date of randomisation and until last trial-related participant-site contact.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in 1-hour PPG Increment [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in 1-hour postprandial glucose (PPG) increment was evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last in-trial value, which included the last available measurement in the in-trial period. In trial observation period was from date of randomisation and until last trial-related participant-site contact.

  2. Change From Baseline in 1,5-anhydroglucitol [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in 1,5-anhydroglucitol was evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last in-trial value, which included the last available measurement in the in-trial period. In trial observation period was from date of randomisation and until last trial-related participant-site contact.

  3. Change From Baseline in Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in fasting plasma glucose was evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last in-trial value, which included the last available measurement in the in-trial period. In trial observation period was from date of randomisation and until last trial-related participant-site contact.

  4. Participants Who Achieved HbA1c <7.0% (53 mmol/L) (Yes/No) [ Time Frame: 16 weeks after randomisation ]
    Number of participants reaching HbA1c <7.0% (53 mmol/L) was evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last in-trial value, which included the last available measurement in the in-trial period. In trial observation period was from date of randomisation and until last trial-related participant-site contact.

  5. Participants Who Achieved HbA1c <7.0% (53 mmol/L) Without Severe Hypoglycaemia Episodes (Yes/No) [ Time Frame: 16 weeks after randomisation ]
    Number of participants reaching HbA1c <7.0% (53 mmol/L) without severe hypoglycaemia episodes was evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last in-trial value, which included the last available measurement in the in-trial period. In trial observation period was from date of randomisation and until last trial-related participant-site contact.

  6. Change From Baseline (Week 0) in 30-minute, 1-hour, 2-hour, 3-hour and 4-hour Postprandial Glucose (PPG [Meal Test]) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in 30-minute, 1-hour, 2-hour, 3-hour and 4-hour postprandial glucose (PPG [meal test]) was evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last in-trial value, which included the last available measurement in the in-trial period. In trial observation period was from date of randomisation and until last trial-related participant-site contact. Meal test: The subjects were given a carbohydrate-rich standardised liquid meal immediately after bolus (faster aspart or NovoRapid) infusion in the morning of the meal test. The subjects were to consume the meal as quickly as possible (within 12 minutes) and blood samples were drawn after 30 minutes, 1, 2, 3 and 4 hours from the start of the meal.

  7. Change From Baseline (Week 0) in 30-minute, 1-hour, 2-hour, 3-hour and 4-hour PPG Increment (Meal Test) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in 30-minute, 1-hour, 2-hour, 3-hour and 4-hour PPG increment (meal test) was evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last in-trial value, which included the last available measurement in the in-trial period. In trial observation period was from date of randomisation and until last trial-related participant-site contact. Meal test: The subjects were given a carbohydrate-rich standardised liquid meal immediately after bolus (faster aspart or NovoRapid) infusion in the morning of the meal test. The subjects were to consume the meal as quickly as possible (within 12 minutes) and blood samples were drawn after 30 minutes, 1, 2, 3 and 4 hours from the start of the meal. PPG incremental value for each time point was derived as PPG value at that time point minus the preprandial glucose value.

  8. Change From Baseline in Mean of the 7-9-7 Point Self-measured Plasma Glucose (SMPG) Profile [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in mean of the 7-9-7 point SMPG profile was evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last in-trial value, which included the last available measurement in the in-trial period. 7-9-7 point SMPG was measured at the following mentioned time points: 1) Before breakfast, 2) 60 mins after the start of Breakfast, 3) Before lunch, 4) 60 mins after the start of lunch, 5) Before main evening meal, 6) 60 mins after the start of main evening meal, 7) At bedtime, 8) At 4 AM, 9) Before breakfast.

  9. Change From Baseline of the 7-9-7 Point SMPG Profile: PPG (Mean, Breakfast, Lunch and Main Evening Meal) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in PPG (breakfast, lunch, main evening meal and mean over all meals) of the 7-9-7 point SMPG profile was evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last in-trial value, which included the last available measurement in the in-trial period. In trial observation period was from date of randomisation and until last trial-related participant-site contact.

  10. Change From Baseline of the 7-9-7 Point SMPG Profile: PPG Increment (Mean, Breakfast, Lunch and Main Evening Meal) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in PPG increment (breakfast, lunch, main evening meal and mean over all meals) of the 7-9-7 point SMPG profile was evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last in-trial value, which included the last available measurement in the in-trial period. PPG increment based on the 7-9-7-point profiles were derived separately for PG measurements made at 1 hour after main meals (breakfast, lunch and main evening meal). PPG incremental value for each time point was derived as PPG value at that time point minus the preprandial glucose value. In trial observation period was from date of randomisation and until last trial-related participant-site contact.

  11. Change From Baseline of the 7-9-7 Point SMPG Profile: Fluctuation in 7-9-7 Point Profile [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Fluctuation in 7-point SMPG profile was the average absolute difference from the mean of the SMPG profile. Reported results are fluctuation in the 7-9-7 point SMPG profile from baseline (week 0) after 16 weeks of randomisation (i.e., week 16). The results are presented as ratio to baseline. The results are based on the last in-trial value, which included the last available measurement in the in-trial period. In trial observation period was from date of randomisation and until last trial-related participant-site contact.

  12. Change From Baseline of the 7-9-7 Point SMPG Profile: Nocturnal SMPG Measurements [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Change from baseline (week 0) in nocturnal SMPG measurements was assessed by considering the differences between PG values available at bedtime, at 4 AM and the before breakfast value the following day: (4 AM PG value minus at bedtime PG value), (before breakfast PG value minus at bedtime PG value) and (before breakfast PG value minus 4 AM PG value). Change from baseline in nocturnal increments in SMPG measurements of the 7-9-7 point SMPG profile was evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation and presented during three different time intervals as follows: 1) 04:00 to breakfast, 2) bedtime to 04:00, and 3) bedtime to breakfast. The results are based on the last in-trial value, which included the last available measurement in the in-trial period. In trial observation period was from date of randomisation and until last trial-related participant-site contact.

  13. Participants Who Achieved Overall PPG (1 Hour) <7.8 mmol/L (140 mg/dL) (Yes/No) [ Time Frame: 16 weeks after randomisation ]
    Participants reaching overall PPG (1 hour) ≤7.8 mmol/L [140 mg/dL] was evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. Participants without a postprandial glucose measurement at week 16 were considered not to have achieved HbA1c target at week 16. The results are based on the last in-trial value, which included the last available measurement in the in-trial period. In trial observation period was from date of randomisation and until last trial-related participant-site contact.

  14. Participants Who Achieved Overall PPG <7.8 mmol/L (140 mg/dL) Without Severe Hypoglycaemia Episodes (Yes/No) [ Time Frame: 16 weeks after randomisation ]
    Participants reaching overall PPG (1 hour) ≤7.8 mmol/L [140 mg/dL] without severe hypoglycaemia episodes was evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. Participants without a postprandial glucose measurement at week 16 were considered not to have achieved HbA1c target at week 16. The results are based on the last in-trial value, which included the last available measurement in the in-trial period. In trial observation period was from date of randomisation and until last trial-related participant-site contact.

  15. Total Bolus Insulin Dose: in Units/Day [ Time Frame: 16 weeks from randomisation ]
    Total bolus insulin dose (Units/day) was evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  16. Total Bolus Insulin Dose: in Units/kg/Day [ Time Frame: 16 weeks from randomisation ]
    Total bolus insulin dose (Units/kg/day) was evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  17. Total Basal Insulin Dose: in Units/Day [ Time Frame: 16 weeks from randomisation ]
    Total basal insulin dose (Units/day) was evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  18. Total Basal Insulin Dose: in Units/kg/Day [ Time Frame: 16 weeks from randomisation ]
    Total basal insulin dose (Units/kg/day) was evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  19. Individual Meal Insulin Dose: in Units [ Time Frame: 16 weeks from randomisation ]
    Individual meal time bolus insulin dose (Units) for breakast, lunch and main evening meal was evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  20. Individual Meal Insulin Dose: in Units/kg [ Time Frame: 16 weeks from randomisation ]
    Individual meal time bolus insulin dose (Units/kg) for breakast, lunch and main evening meal was evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  21. Change From Baseline in Lipids-lipoproteins Profile (Total Cholesterol, High Density Lipoproteins, Low Density Lipoproteins) - Ratio to Baseline [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Reported results are lipids-lipoproteins (total cholesterol, high density lipoproteins, low density lipoproteins) values are given as ratio to baseline (week 0) after 16 weeks. The results are based on the last in-trial value, which included the last available measurement in the in-trial period. In trial observation period was from date of randomisation and until last trial-related participant-site contact.

  22. Number of Treatment Emergent Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Weeks 0-16 ]
    Number of treatment emergent adverse events were recorded from week 0 to week 16. The results are based on the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  23. Number of Treatment Emergent Injection Site Reactions [ Time Frame: Weeks 0-16 ]
    Number of treatment emergent injection site reactions were recorded from week 0 to week 16. The results are based on the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  24. Number of Treatment Emergent Hypoglycaemic Episodes (Hypos) According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and Novo Nordisk (NN) Definition: Overall [ Time Frame: Weeks 0-16 ]

    ADA classification of hypos:

    1. Severe: Requiring assistance of another person to actively administer carbohydrate/glucagon/take other corrective actions. PG levels may not be available during an event, but neurological recovery following return of PG to normal is considered sufficient evidence that event was induced by a low PG level.
    2. Documented symptomatic: PG ≤3.9 mmol/L with symptoms.
    3. Asymptomatic: PG ≤3.9 mmol/L without symptoms.
    4. Probable symptomatic: No measurement with symptoms.
    5. Pseudo: PG >3.9 mmol/L with symptoms.
    6. Unclassifiable.

    NN classification of hypos:

    1. BG confirmed: PG <3.1 mmol/L with/without symptoms.
    2. Severe or BG confirmed symptomatic: Severe as per ADA and BG confirmed by PG <3.1 mmol/L with symptoms.
    3. Severe or BG confirmed: Severe as per ADA and BG confirmed by PG <3.1 mmol/L with/without symptoms.
    4. Unclassifiable. Not able to self treat-unclassifiable: Not able to self treat but not classifiable as severe hypoglycaemia.

  25. Number of Treatment Emergent Hypoglycaemic Episodes According to the American Diabetes Association and Novo Nordisk Definition: Daytime Hypoglycaemic Episodes (06:00-00:00 - Inclusive) [ Time Frame: Weeks 0-16 ]
    Number of treatment emergent day time hypoglycaemic episodes according to the ADA and NN definitions were evaluated between 06:00 and 00:00 (both included). The results are based on the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  26. Number of Treatment Emergent Hypoglycaemic Episodes According to the American Diabetes Association and Novo Nordisk Definition: Nocturnal Hypoglycaemic Episodes (00:01-05:59 - Inclusive) [ Time Frame: Weeks 0-16 ]
    Number of treatment emergent nocturnal hypoglycaemic episodes according to the ADA and NN definitions were evaluated between 00:01 and 05:59 (both included). The results are based on the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  27. Number of Treatment Emergent Hypoglycaemic Episodes According to the American Diabetes Association and Novo Nordisk Definition: Hypoglycaemic Episodes During First 1 Hour After Start of the Meal [ Time Frame: Weeks 0-16 ]
    Number of treatment emergent hypoglycaemic episodes according to the ADA and NN definitions were evaluated during the first 1 hour after start of the meal. The results are based on the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  28. Number of Treatment Emergent Hypoglycaemic Episodes According to the American Diabetes Association and Novo Nordisk Definition: Hypoglycaemic Episodes During First 2 Hours After Start of the Meal [ Time Frame: Weeks 0-16 ]
    Number of treatment emergent hypoglycaemic episodes according to the ADA and NN definitions were evaluated during the first 2 hours after start of the meal. The results are based on the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  29. Number of Treatment Emergent Hypoglycaemic Episodes According to the American Diabetes Association and Novo Nordisk Definition: Hypoglycaemic Episodes During First 4 Hours After Start of the Meal [ Time Frame: Weeks 0-16 ]
    Number of treatment emergent hypoglycaemic episodes according to the ADA and NN definitions were evaluated during the first 4 hours after start of the meal. The results are based on the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  30. Number of Treatment Emergent Hypoglycaemic Episodes According to the American Diabetes Association and NN Definition: Hypoglycaemic Episodes Occurring Between 2 to 4 Hours After Start of the Meal [ Time Frame: Weeks 0-16 ]
    Number of treatment emergent hypoglycaemic episodes according to the ADA and NN definitions were evaluated between 2 to 4 hours after start of the meal. The results are based on the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  31. Change From Baseline in Physical Examination [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Participants with physical examination findings, normal, abnormal NCS (non- clinically significant) and abnormal CS (clinically significant) at baseline (week 0) and week 16 presented. Results are based on the data from the on-treatment observation period, which was the time period from when a participant was randomised until the final scheduled visit, including any period after initiation of rescue medication and/or premature discontinuation of trial product. Results are presented for the following examinations: 1) Cardiovascular system 2) Central & Peripheral nervous system 3) Gastrointestinal system incl. mouth 4) Head, ears, eyes, nose, throat and neck 5) Musculoskeletal system 6) Respiratory system 7) Skin

  32. Change From Baseline in Vital Signs: Systolic and Diastolic Blood Presure [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Change in vital signs - systolic and diastolic blood pressure from baseline (week 0) was evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  33. Change From Baseline in Vital Signs: Pulse [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Change in vital signs - pulse from baseline (week 0) was evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  34. Change From Baseline in Electrocardiogram (ECG) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Changes in electrocardiogram (ECG) from baseline (week 0) were evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  35. Change From Baseline in Fundoscopy/Fundus Photography [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Changes in fundoscopy/fundus photography from baseline (week 0) were evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  36. Change From Baseline in Haematology - Haematocrit [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Changes in haematology - haematocrit from baseline (week 0) were evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  37. Change From Baseline in Haematology - Haemoglobin [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Changes in haematology - haemoglobin from baseline (week 0) were evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  38. Change From Baseline in Haematology - Leukocytes [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Changes in haematology - leukocytes from baseline (week 0) were evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  39. Change From Baseline in Haematology - Thrombocytes [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Changes in haematology - thrombocytes from baseline (week 0) were evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  40. Change From Baseline in Haematology - Erythrocytes [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Changes in haematology - erythrocytes from baseline (week 0) were evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  41. Change From Baseline in Biochemistry - Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Changes in biochemistry - alanine aminotransferase from baseline (week 0) were evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  42. Change From Baseline in Biochemistry - Alkaline Phosphatase [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Changes in biochemistry - alkaline phosphatase from baseline (week 0) were evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  43. Change From Baseline in Biochemistry - Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Changes in biochemistry - aspratate aminotransferase from baseline (week 0) were evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  44. Change From Baseline in Biochemistry - Albumin [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Changes in biochemistry - albumin from baseline (week 0) were evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  45. Change From Baseline in Biochemistry - Creatinine [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Changes in biochemistry - creatinine from baseline (week 0) were evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  46. Change From Baseline in Biochemistry - Potassium [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Changes in biochemistry - potassium from baseline (week 0) were evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  47. Change From Baseline in Biochemistry - Sodium [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Changes in biochemistry - sodium from baseline (week 0) were evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  48. Change From Baseline in Biochemistry - Total Bilirubin [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Changes in biochemistry - total bilirubin from baseline (week 0) were evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  49. Change From Baseline in Biochemistry - Total Protein [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Changes in biochemistry - total protein from baseline (week 0) were evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  50. Change From Baseline in Body Weight [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Changes in body weight from baseline (week 0) were evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.

  51. Change From Baseline in Body Mass Index (BMI) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 16 ]
    Change in the body mass index (BMI) from baseline (week 0) were evaluated after 16 weeks of randomisation. The results are based on the last on-treatment value, which included the last available measurement in the on-treatment period. On-treatment period started from date of first dose of randomised NovoRapid/faster aspart and to 7 days after day of last dose or day before initiation of ancillary treatment.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
Inclusion Criteria: - Male or female, age equal to or above 18 years at the time of signing informed consent. - Diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus for 10 years or longer prior to screening (Visit 1). - Treated with a basal-bolus insulin regimen for 1 year or longer prior to the day of screening (Visit 1). A basal-bolus insulin regimen is defined as basal insulin once or twice daily and bolus insulin analogue taken with meals at least 3 times daily. Treatment with premixed insulin or soluble insulin combination is not considered a basal-bolus regimen. - Treated with or without oral antidiabetic drugs including extended release formulations. - HbA1c 7.0-10.0% (both inclusive) as assessed by central laboratory at screening (Visit 1). Exclusion Criteria: - Any of the following: myocardial infarction, stroke, hospitalization for unstable angina or transient ischaemic attack within the past 180 days prior to the day of screening (Visit 1). - Subjects presently classified as being in New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class IV. - Planned coronary, carotid or peripheral artery revascularisation known on the day of screening (Visit 1). - Treatment with injectable GLP-1 receptor agonists in a period of 90 days prior to screening (Visit 1). - Anticipated initiation or change in concomitant medications (for more than 14 consecutive days) known to affect weight or glucose metabolism (e.g. treatment with orlistat, thyroid hormones, or corticosteroids).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03268005


Locations
Show Show 167 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novo Nordisk A/S
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Novo Nordisk A/S:
Study Protocol  [PDF] June 20, 2019
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] June 20, 2019

Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Novo Nordisk A/S
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03268005    
Other Study ID Numbers: NN1218-4113
U1111-1180-0636 ( Other Identifier: World Health Organization (WHO) )
2016-000878-38 ( Registry Identifier: European Medicines Agency (EudraCT) )
First Posted: August 31, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 5, 2020
Last Update Posted: April 8, 2020
Last Verified: March 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: According to the Novo Nordisk disclosure commitment on novonordisk-trials.com

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Insulin
Insulin, Globin Zinc
Metformin
Insulin Aspart
Insulin, Long-Acting
Insulin degludec, insulin aspart drug combination
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs