Curcumin on NFE2L2 Gene Expression, Antioxidant Capacity and Renal Function According to rs35652124 in Diabetic Nephropathy (CURCUNRF2)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03262363|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : August 25, 2017
Last Update Posted : May 30, 2018
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Chronic Kidney Diseases Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Polymorphism||Combination Product: Curcumin/NFE2L2 A>G Combination Product: Placebo/NFE2L2 A>G||Phase 2 Phase 3|
Aim: To evaluate the interaction between rs35652124 polymorphism and curcumin supplementation on the levels of NFE2L2 gene expression, antioxidant capacity and renal function in patients with early diabetic nephropathy (EDN).
Subjects and Methods. Parallel clinical trial with randomized and triple blind. From a database of diabetic patients newly diagnosed with CKD, those with EDN will be identified and located by telephone to complete a total of 275 subjects over 18 years of age. Subsequently, they will be cited in the office of Biomedical Unit 02, will verify that they meet the selection criteria, will be informed about the objectives of the study and invited to participate. Those who agree to participate will be given an informed consent letter, they will be asked to read it carefully and if they have any doubts, they will be clarified at the moment. Once they have signed the written consent they will be cited for the first blood sample collecting (5 mL) to be used for genomic DNA extraction and genotyping for the rs35652124 polymorphism. All patients entering the study will undergo a physical and dietary examination and will record the data on a clinical record card. They will be prescribed a meal plan according to ADA recommendations and K/DOQI guidelines two weeks prior (week <2) at the start of the clinical trial, which will be maintained throughout the follow-up. They will then be scheduled monthly for medical and nutritional assessment. At the visits of weeks 2, 0 (start of supplementation), 12, and 24, three peripheral blood tubes (5 mL each) will be drawn. The first, to extract total mRNA and expression analysis of the NFE2L2 gene, the second, to determine the levels of NRF2, SOD, GPx and HO1 and the third, to perform renal function tests and control of possible confounding variables (creatinine, glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, lipid profile and uric acid). In addition, they will be asked to collect a sample of the first morning urine to quantify albuminuria/creatinuria on the same day that blood samples were taken. The time of the study since the first evaluation is 26 weeks and the total number of medical and nutrition visits will be six, one monthly. Genotyping will be performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) coupled to four pairs of oligonucleotide primers specific for the alleles of interest. The gene expression assay will be performed by real-time PCR, while the determination of the concentrations of NRF2, SOD, GPx and HO1 will be carried out by the ELISA method with kits designed for this purpose. The analysis of the data includes descriptive statistics expressed in averages and standard or median deviations according to the parametric or non-parametric distribution, the nominal variables will be presented as numbers or percentages and the comparison between these will be by Chi square or Fisher exact. Inferential statistics included U-Mann Whitney or Student t tests for independent and paired samples as appropriate to evaluate the NRF2, SOD, GPx and HO1 concentrations with the different interventions and the individuals in the control group. A covariance analysis will be performed taking into consideration the factor supplementation, genetic factor and the interaction of both with the concentrations of NRF2. A value of p<0.05 and 95% CI will be considered significant.
Resources and infrastructure. The CIBO and the Medical Research Unit in Renal Diseases have the human resources to coordinate and develop the present research. Also, they have the necessary infrastructure and equipment to carry out the procedures contemplated in this project. The project will be submitted to calls for funding to obtain the necessary resources for its development.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||176 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||
The study starts from the classification of patients according to the genotype for the rs35652124 polymorphism (-653G>A) of the NFE2L2 gene. Two Experimental groups and two Control groups will be formed according to the following:
Experimental group 1: Diabetic patients with early CKD homozygous for the -653G (G/G) allele of the NFE2L2 gene that will receive curcumin.
Experimental group 2: Diabetic patients with early CKD carrying the allele -653A (G/A or A/A) of the NFE2L2 gene that will receive curcumin.
Control group 1: Diabetic patients with early CKD homozygous for the -653G (G/G) allele of the NFE2L2 gene receiving placebo.
Control group 2: Diabetic patients with early CKD carrying the allele -653A (G/A or A/A) of the NFE2L2 gene who will receive placebo.
|Masking:||Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)|
Patient Blinding: Patients with EDN will be blinded to the intervention they will receive Evaluator Blinding: The principal investigator will be blinded to the intervention that patients will receive (curcumin or placebo), but will know the genotype distribution in both Experimental and Placebo groups. The external investigator will be blinded to the knowledge of the patients genotype, but will know the intervention group to which each patient was assigned according to a registry (but will not know the identity of the patients). The Doctorate Program Student will be blinded to the distribution of patients genotype and the type of intervention patients will receive.
Statistical Blinding: An associated researcher will be blinded to the distribution of patients genotype and the type of intervention patients will receive, but not to the knowledge of the database.
|Official Title:||Interaction of Polymorphism rs35652124 With Curcumin Supplementation on NFE2L2 Gene Expression, Antioxidant Capacity and Renal Function in Patients With Early Diabetic Nephropathy|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||August 1, 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||February 28, 2019|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||April 30, 2019|
Experimental: Curcumin/NFE2L2 A>G
Patients in Experimental group 1 and 2 will receive 800 mg/day of curcumin (for which a bioavailability of about 90% has been demonstrated and greater than other curcuminoids, administered in two doses of 400 mg each (the presentation will be in capsules containing 400 mg of THC).
Combination Product: Curcumin/NFE2L2 A>G
The administration will be orally and the patient will be instructed to take two capsules per day for one week, one in the morning 15 minutes before breakfast and another at night 15 minutes before dinner, accompanied by a cup of 240 mL of pure water. It will be indicated to continue with their usual medical treatment.
Other Name: Curcumin group
Placebo Comparator: Placebo/NFE2L2 A>G
Patients in control group 1 and 2, the placebo intervention will consist of administering sucralose capsules (a substance lacking pharmacological action, with no active principle and a lower intake of glucose compared to sucrose). Patients will receive 300 mg/day of sucralose distributed in two doses of 150 mg each.
Combination Product: Placebo/NFE2L2 A>G
The administration will be orally and the patient will be instructed to take two capsules for 24 weeks, one in the morning 15 minutes before breakfast and another in the evening 15 minutes before dinner, accompanied by a 240 mL cup of pure water. They will be advised to continue their usual medical treatment.
Other Name: Placebo group
- Change from Baseline expression Gen NFE2L2 at 3 months [ Time Frame: Baseline at 3 months ]mRNA and active protein NRF2
- Change from Baseline expression Gen NFE2L2 at 6 months [ Time Frame: Baseline at 6 months ]mRNA and active protein NRF2
- Change from Antioxidant capacity at 3 months [ Time Frame: Baseline at 3 months ]Superoxide dismutase, hemoxygenase 1, Glutathion peroxidase using the ELISA technique
- Change from Antioxidant capacity at 6 months [ Time Frame: Baseline at 6 months ]Superoxide dismutase, hemoxygenase 1, Glutathion peroxidase using the ELISA technique
- Change from Renal Function at 3 months [ Time Frame: Baseline at 3 months ]Glomerular Filtration Rate (Serum creatinine) and Albuminuria (Albumin/Creatinine Ratio)
- Change from Renal Function at 6 months [ Time Frame: Baseline at 6 months ]Glomerular Filtration Rate (Serum creatinine) and Albuminuria (Albumin/Creatinine Ratio)
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03262363
|Contact: LAURA CORTES-SANABRIA, PhD||(55)3339522038 ext firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: ERIKA FABIOLA GOMEZ-GARCIA, MsC||(55)3339522038 ext email@example.com|
|Umae Hospital de Especialidades||Recruiting|
|Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico, 44340|
|Contact: LAURA CORTES-SANABRIA, PhD 33 3660 3000 ext 32204 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: ERIKA FABIOLA GOMEZ-GARCIA, MsC 33 3660 3000 ext 32204 email@example.com|