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The Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) is Translated From English to Turkish and Assess the Validity and Reliability in Athletic Population Who Have Foot and Ankle Disorders.

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03259750
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 24, 2017
Last Update Posted : August 24, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Serkan Usgu, Hasan Kalyoncu University

Brief Summary:
Sport activity induces a relevant risk for lower extremities especially ankle and foot structures. Athletes who participate in basketball, volleyball and soccer are predisposed. Self-reported outcome instruments have been used by clinicians to assess the treatment interventions effectiveness directed at patients with pathologies and identify impairments, disabilities and quality of life. The assessment of musculoskeletal injuries can be problem without clinical, radiological examination and on scores from patient-based questionnaires. The information from these questionnaires provides us good evidence if there is not interpretation of obtained scores. The Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) is a self-reported outcome instrument for patients with foot and ankle disorders available in English, German, and French. The FAAM has a sports subscale and activity of daily living (ADL) subscale that can assess the activities that requires higher level. The aim of this study is to translate the FAAM into Turkish language, perform a cross-cultural adaptation, and investigate the reliability, validity of the translated version in athletic population

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Ankle; Injury, Superficial, Multiple (With Foot) Other: Foot and Ankle Ability Measure Turkish version (FAAM-T) questionnaire

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 51 participants
Observational Model: Case-Crossover
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Validity and Reliability of the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure Turkish Version for Athletes
Actual Study Start Date : August 20, 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 20, 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : July 12, 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Foot Health

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
professional athletes
athlete who volunteered in this study that should be a member of a professional sport team, All athletes must complete self reported outcome instrument (FAAM-T)
Other: Foot and Ankle Ability Measure Turkish version (FAAM-T) questionnaire
Self reported outcome instrument

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. FAAM-T questionnaire [ Time Frame: 3 days ]
    The FAAM-T is comprised of separately scored 21-item Activity of Daily Living (ADL) and 8-item Sports subscales. Each item is scored on a five-point Likert scale from 4 to 0, item score totals can be varied from 0 to 84 for the ADL and from 0 to 32 for the sports subscale. The percentage scores calculated with the total score of each subscale is divided by the highest potential score and multiplied by 100.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Visual Analogue Scale [ Time Frame: 3 days ]
    Visual analogue scale (VAS) is used to represent pain and also functional limitation in sport. The VAS includes numbers, words, figures, to recognize the patients rate the pain or functional limitation level. Responses were converted to numerical scores by measuring the distance from the zero point to the vertical mark. This distance was recorded to the nearest millimeter.

  2. 6 meters shuttle run [ Time Frame: 3 days ]
    Participants sprinted up and back twice along a 6 meters course. Participants were required to start with one leg forward on the start line. Time started from the initial forward movement of the athlete and stopped when the athlete crossed the line. Each participants was timed with a hand-held stopwatch and recorded in second.

  3. Triple forward hop [ Time Frame: 3 days ]
    Participants were asked to face parallel down the test "runway," and, when signaled, participant hopped as far as possible in the forward direction with 3 consecutive hops on the same leg. The distance between the starting line and the place where participant lands on the third hop measured at the heel was recorded in centimeters

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 40 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
The professional Turkish-speaking athletes who foot and ankle disorders participate in this study.

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Participants should be professional athletes
  2. Age ranges must be 18-40 years old
  3. Clinical diagnosis of ankle and foot injury

    1. Acute condition
    2. Chronic condition
  4. Injuries must to happened in sport activities.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. If athletes had injuries to hip, knee, lower leg within the previous 6 months before the study.
  2. The history of surgery to the above-mentioned areas.
  3. Coexisting musculoskeletal injuries in other body parts, or chronic conditions.

    1. Systematic diseases
    2. Neurological or vascular conditions.
    3. Alcohol abuse
    4. Psychiatric disorders

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03259750

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Hasan Kalyoncu University
Gaziantep, Şahinbey, Turkey, 27410
Sponsors and Collaborators
Serkan Usgu
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Principal Investigator: Serkan Usgu, PhD Hasan Kalyoncu University
Study Chair: Yavuz Yakut, Prof Hasan Kalyoncu University
Study Director: Sıdıka Fatma Uygur, Prof Cyprus International University
Principal Investigator: Gunseli Usgu, PhD Hasan Kalyoncu University
Publications of Results:

Other Publications:
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Responsible Party: Serkan Usgu, Assistant Professor of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Hasan Kalyoncu University Identifier: NCT03259750    
Other Study ID Numbers: HEK09/103
First Posted: August 24, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 24, 2017
Last Verified: August 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: All collected individual participant data
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Analytic Code
Time Frame: 6 months after publication

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Serkan Usgu, Hasan Kalyoncu University:
Self-reported outcome instrument
Ankle and foot
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Ankle Injuries
Leg Injuries
Wounds and Injuries