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PrEP-Pod-IVR (TDF-FTC/Placebo IVR 28 Day Crossover Study) (PrEP-Pod-IVR)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03255915
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 21, 2017
Last Update Posted : April 1, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
The Miriam Hospital
Johns Hopkins University
University of California, Los Angeles
University of California, San Diego
Vanderbilt University
The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Oak Crest Institute of Science

Brief Summary:
Participants will have a 28-day pre-ring baseline assessment period (Stage 1) followed by randomization to order with 5 participants per study arm. All participants will sequentially receive both study products for 28-days with at least a 2-week washout period between products. Arm 1 will receive the TDF-FTC pod-IVR for Stage 2 followed by the placebo pod-IVR during Stage 3. Arm 2 will receive the placebo pod-IVR for Stage 2 followed by the TDF-FTC pod-IVR during Stage 3. During Stages 2 & 3 participants will also complete brief phone surveys (<3 min), computer-assisted self-interviews (CASIs), and in-depth interviews (IDIs) regarding perceptibility and acceptability. If willing, participants' male sexual partners will be invited to complete IDIs as well.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Prevention Drug: Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate (TDF)-Emtricitabine (FTC) Other: Placebo Early Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 10 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Randomized order, placebo-controlled, double blind, crossover
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Randomized Order, Controlled, Double Blind, Crossover Early Phase 1 Pilot Study to Assess Safety and Pharmacokinetics of a Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate and Emtricitabine (TDF-FTC) Releasing IVR Over 28 Days Compared to Placebo
Actual Study Start Date : September 20, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm 1
Arm 1 will receive the Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate (TDF)-Emtricitabine (FTC) pod-IVR for Stage 2 followed by the placebo pod-IVR during Stage 3.
Drug: Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate (TDF)-Emtricitabine (FTC)
TDF-FTC pod-IVR designed to deliver TDF at a target rate of 1 mg d-1 and FTC at a target rate of 2 mg d-1.

Other: Placebo
A placebo pod-IVR containing microcrystalline cellulose pods.

Experimental: Arm 2
Arm 2 will receive the placebo pod-IVR for Stage 2 followed by the Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate (TDF)-Emtricitabine (FTC) pod-IVR during Stage 3.
Drug: Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate (TDF)-Emtricitabine (FTC)
TDF-FTC pod-IVR designed to deliver TDF at a target rate of 1 mg d-1 and FTC at a target rate of 2 mg d-1.

Other: Placebo
A placebo pod-IVR containing microcrystalline cellulose pods.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety of Vaginal IVRs releasing TDF-FTC by reports of Adverse Events [ Time Frame: From date of enrollment until the date of study completion or date of study withdrawal from any cause, whichever came first, assessed up to 6 months ]
    Adverse events Grade 2 or higher as defined by the Division of AIDS Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events, Version 2.1, March 2017, Addendum 1 Female Genital Grading Tables for Use in Microbicide Studies (November 2007), and/or Addendum 3 Rectal Grading Table for Use in Microbicide Studies (Clarification dated May 2012) to this table

  2. Characterization of pharmacokinetics of TDF-FTC released by an IVR - plasma [ Time Frame: From date of enrollment until the date of study completion or date of study withdrawal from any cause, whichever came first, assessed up to 6 months ]
    To characterize the local and systemic pharmacokinetics (PK) of TDF-FTC delivered via a pod-IVR, including drug concentration in plasma.

  3. Characterization of pharmacokinetics of TDF-FTC released by an IVR - vagina [ Time Frame: From date of enrollment until the date of study completion or date of study withdrawal from any cause, whichever came first, assessed up to 6 months ]
    To characterize the local and systemic pharmacokinetics (PK) of TDF-FTC delivered via a pod-IVR, including drug concentration in vaginal secretions and tissue.

  4. Characterization of pharmacokinetics of TDF-FTC released by an IVR - rectum [ Time Frame: From date of enrollment until the date of study completion or date of study withdrawal from any cause, whichever came first, assessed up to 6 months ]
    To characterize the local and systemic pharmacokinetics (PK) of TDF-FTC delivered via a pod-IVR, including drug concentration in rectal secretions.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Acceptability of IVR assessed via computer assisted self interviews [ Time Frame: 28 days after use of each IVR ]
    Self-reported attitudes of participants about experience and product attributes via computer assisted self interviews

  2. Acceptability of IVR assessed via in depth interviews [ Time Frame: 28 days after use of each IVR ]
    Self-reported attitudes of participants about experience and product attributes via in depth interviews

  3. Adherence [ Time Frame: From date of IVR insertion until the date of IVR removal or date of study withdrawal from any cause, whichever came first, assessed up to 6 months ]
    Measured by vaginal fluid PK drug levels, vaginal tissue PK drug and drug metabolite levels, and residual drug levels in returned, used pod-IVRs.

  4. Acceptability of IVR assessed via in depth interviews - male partners [ Time Frame: 28 days after subject use of each IVR ]
    Self-reported attitudes of participant's male sexual partner(s) about experience and product attributes via in-depth interviews.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age of 18 through 45 years at screening, verified per site SOP
  2. Female participants, born female
  3. Not pregnant or breastfeeding
  4. Availability to return for all study visits, barring unforeseen circumstances
  5. Willing and able to

    • communicate in English
    • provide written informed consent to take part in the study
    • provide adequate locator information, as defined in site SOP
    • complete all required study procedures, including phone surveys, daily vaginal swabs, and reliably store swabs in freezer
  6. Must agree

    • not to participate in other concurrent interventional and/or drug trials
    • to use study-provided condoms for vaginal or anal intercourse for the duration of the study
    • to abstain from use of any vaginal products (e.g., lubricants, feminine hygiene products, vaginally administered contraceptive products, sex toys) other than study products for the duration of the study beginning at enrollment Note: Tampons may be used during menses, but must be discontinued 72 hours prior to study visits and for 7 days after biopsy procedures. Menstrual pads will be provided to participants.
    • to abstain from receptive oral, vaginal, or anal intercourse during the first week after each pod-IVR insertion and for 2 days before and 7 days after biopsy procedures
    • to abstain from insertion of anything in the vagina (e.g., tampon, finger, sex toy, lubricants, medication, douche) during the first week after each pod-IVR insertion and for 2 days before and 7 days after biopsy procedures
  7. Understands and agrees to local STI reporting requirements
  8. HIV-1 seronegative at screening
  9. Must be in general good health in the opinion of the investigator
  10. Regular menstrual cycles of approximately 21 to 35 days apart with no untreated intermenstrual menstrual bleeding Note: This criterion is not applicable to participants using continuous combination oral contraceptive pills or progestin-only methods (such as Depo-Provera or levonorgestrel-releasing IUD), as the absence of regular menstrual cycles is an expected, normal consequence in this context.
  11. Satisfactory cervical Pap result in the 36 calendar months prior to Enrollment consistent with Grade 0 according to the Female Genital Grading Table for Use in Microbicide Studies [Addendum 1, Dated November 2007], or if Grade 1 or higher Pap result has had a satisfactory evaluation with no treatment required per American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology (ASCCP) guidelines in the 12 calendar months prior to Enrollment
  12. Using an effective method of contraception and intending to continue use of an effective method for the duration of study participation. Acceptable methods include:

    • hormonal methods (except contraceptive vaginal rings)
    • IUD
    • sterilization of participant or partner

    In addition to the criteria listed above, participants who agree to have rectal biopsies collected must meet the following criteria:

  13. Must agree to abstain from insertion of anything in the rectum (e.g., finger, sex toy, lubricants, medication, enema) during the first week after each pod-IVR insertion and for 2 days before and 7 days after biopsy procedures

Male sexual partner(s) who meet the following criteria are eligible for inclusion in the study:

  1. Age of 18 years or over
  2. Has a female sexual partner enrolled in the study
  3. Willing and able to

    • communicate in English
    • provide written informed consent to take part in the study
    • provide adequate locator information, as defined in site SOP
    • complete in-depth interview via video conference

Exclusion Criteria:

Individuals who meet any of the following criteria will be excluded from the study:

  1. Undergoing or completed gender reassignment
  2. Participant reports any of the following at Screening:

    1. Has plans to relocate away from the study site area during the period of study participation
    2. Pregnant, less than 3 months post-partum, or lactating
    3. Intends to become pregnant during the period of study participation
    4. Current or planned use of an IVR
    5. Known HIV-infected partners
    6. Non-therapeutic injection drug use in the 6 months prior to screening
    7. History of autoimmune disease
    8. History of toxic shock syndrome
    9. History of adverse reaction to TDF, FTC, silicone, or microcrystalline cellulose
    10. PrEP or Post-exposure prophylaxis for HIV exposure within 6 months prior to screening
    11. Use of systemic immunomodulatory medications within the 4 weeks prior to the Enrollment
    12. Use of vaginally or rectally administered medications or products (including condoms) containing Nonoxynol-9 (N-9) within the 4 weeks prior to the Enrollment
    13. Participating in another research study involving drugs or medical devices within the 4 weeks or 5 half-lives (if known) prior to the Enrollment
    14. Gynecologic or genital procedure (e.g., tubal ligation, dilation and curettage, piercing) within 60 days prior to Enrollment

    Note: Colposcopy and cervical biopsies for evaluation of an abnormal Pap smear as well as IUD removal are not exclusionary

  3. Per participant report at screening, anticipated use and/or unwillingness to abstain from the following medications during the period of study participation:

    1. Heparin, including Lovenox® (enoxaparin sodium)
    2. Warfarin
    3. Plavix® (clopidogrel bisulfate)
    4. Any other drugs that are associated with increased likelihood of bleeding following mucosal biopsy (e.g., daily high dose aspirin, Pradaxa®)
    5. NSAID use for 5 half-lives prior to biopsy (e.g. ibuprofen for 1 day, naproxen for 4 days).
    6. Rectally or vaginally administered medications (including over-the-counter products)
  4. History of significant gastrointestinal bleeding in the opinion of the investigator
  5. Abnormalities of the cervical, vaginal, or colorectal mucosa, or significant symptom(s), which in the opinion of the clinician represents a contraindication to protocol-required biopsies (including but not limited to presence of any unresolved injury, infectious or inflammatory condition of the local mucosa, and presence of symptomatic external hemorrhoids). Erythema is not exclusionary.

    • Includes any clinically apparent Grade 2 or higher pelvic examination finding (observed by study staff) at Screening or Enrollment, as per the Female Genital Grading Table for Use in Microbicide Studies [Addendum 1, Dated November 2007]

  6. At screening: participant-reported symptoms and/or clinical or laboratory diagnosis of active rectal or reproductive tract infection requiring treatment per current CDC guidelines or symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI). Infections requiring treatment include symptomatic bacterial vaginosis, symptomatic vaginal candidiasis, trichomoniasis, chlamydia (CT), gonorrhea (GC), syphilis, active HSV lesions, chancroid, pelvic inflammatory disease, genital sores or ulcers, cervicitis, or symptomatic genital warts requiring treatment (i.e., those that cause undue burden or discomfort to the participant).

    Note:

    • An HSV-1 or HSV-2 seropositive diagnosis with no active lesions is allowed, since treatment is not required
    • One re-screening after documented treatment will be allowed
  7. Has any of the following laboratory abnormalities at Screening:

    Note: Grade is per Version 2.1 of the DAIDS Toxicity Table

    1. Hemoglobin Grade 1 or higher
    2. Platelet count Grade 1 or higher
    3. International Normalized Ratio (INR) Grade 2 or higher
    4. White blood cell count Grade 2 or higher
    5. Calculated creatinine clearance ≤ 80 mL/minute using the Cockcroft-Gault equation
    6. Grade 2 or higher ALT and/or AST (i.e., ≥ 2.5x the site laboratory upper limit of normal [ULN])
    7. Positive for Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)
    8. Positive for Hepatitis C antibody (HCV Ab)
  8. Has any other condition that, in the opinion of the Principal Investigator or designee, would preclude informed consent, make study participation unsafe, complicate interpretation of study outcome data, or otherwise interfere with achieving study objectives

Male sexual partner(s) who meet the following criteria are not eligible for inclusion in the study:

1) Female partner did not utilize study product


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03255915


Contacts
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Contact: Kathleen L Vincent, MD 409-772-2610 klvincen@utmb.edu
Contact: Lauren Dawson, BS 409-772-2610 lndawson@utmb.edu

Locations
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United States, Texas
University of Texas Medical Branch Recruiting
Galveston, Texas, United States, 77555
Contact: Kathleen L Vincent, MD    409-772-2610    klvincen@utmb.edu   
Contact: Lauren Dawson, BS    409-772-2610    lndawson@utmb.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Oak Crest Institute of Science
The Miriam Hospital
Johns Hopkins University
University of California, Los Angeles
University of California, San Diego
Vanderbilt University
The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Kathleen L Vincent, MD University of Texas
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Oak Crest Institute of Science:

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Responsible Party: Oak Crest Institute of Science
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03255915    
Other Study ID Numbers: 17-0131
1U19AI113048-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: August 21, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 1, 2020
Last Verified: March 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Oak Crest Institute of Science:
HIV Prevention
Intravaginal Ring
Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate
Emtricitabine
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Tenofovir
Emtricitabine
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Anti-HIV Agents