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A Study to Assess the Efficacy of Risankizumab Compared to FUMADERM® in Subjects With Moderate to Severe Plaque Psoriasis Who Are Naïve to and Candidates for Systemic Therapy

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03255382
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 21, 2017
Results First Posted : September 13, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 13, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AbbVie

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy and safety of subcutaneous (SC) risankizumab and oral FUMADERM provided as study medication in participants with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis who are naïve to and candidates for systemic therapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Psoriasis Drug: Fumaderm Drug: risankizumab Phase 3

Detailed Description:
The efficacy analysis was performed in the Intent to Treat (ITT) set which included all participants who were randomized. The safety analysis was performed in the safety set which included all participants who received at least one dose of study drug. No participants were excluded from the efficacy analysis. Three participants in the FUMADERM® group discontinued after randomization prior to receiving any study drug and were thus not included in the safety set.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 120 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Controlled, Multicenter, Open Label Study With Blinded Assessment of the Efficacy of the Humanized Anti-IL-23p19 Risankizumab Compared to FUMADERM® in Subjects With Moderate to Severe Plaque Psoriasis Who Are Naïve to and Candidates for Systemic Therapy
Actual Study Start Date : August 22, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 6, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : July 6, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Psoriasis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Risankizumab
Participants randomized to receive open-label risankizumab 150 mg by subcutaneous injection at Weeks 0, 4, and 16.
Drug: risankizumab
Risankizumab administered by subcutaneous (SC) injection
Other Names:
  • ABBV-066
  • BI 655066
  • SKYRIZI

Active Comparator: Fumaderm
Participants randomized to receive open-label Fumaderm 30 mg administered as a tablet orally once daily from Week 0 to Week 2 and then up to 240 mg, 3 times daily from Week 3 to Week 24 if 90% Improvement in Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI90) is not achieved and if tolerability allows.
Drug: Fumaderm
Fumaderm tablet administered orally




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants Achieving 90% Improvement in Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI90) at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    The Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. PASI90 is defined as at least a 90% reduction in PASI score compared with the Baseline PASI score. The percent reduction in score is calculated as (PASI score at Baseline - score at follow-up visit) / PASI score at Baseline * 100. Non-responder imputation (NRI) was used for missing data.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants Achieving 50% Improvement in PASI Score (PASI50) at Week 4 [ Time Frame: Week 4 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. PASI50 is defined as at least a 50% reduction in PASI score compared with the Baseline PASI score. The percent reduction in score is calculated as (PASI score at Baseline - score at follow-up visit) / PASI score at Baseline * 100. NRI was used for missing data.

  2. Percentage of Participants Achieving 50% Improvement in PASI Score (PASI50) at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. PASI50 is defined as at least a 50% reduction in PASI score compared with the Baseline PASI score. The percent reduction in score is calculated as (PASI score at Baseline - score at follow-up visit) / PASI score at Baseline * 100. NRI was used for missing data.

  3. Percentage of Participants Achieving 50% Improvement in PASI Score (PASI50) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. PASI50 is defined as at least a 50% reduction in PASI score compared with the Baseline PASI score. The percent reduction in score is calculated as (PASI score at Baseline - score at follow-up visit) / PASI score at Baseline * 100. NRI was used for missing data.

  4. Percentage of Participants Achieving 50% Improvement in PASI Score (PASI50) at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Week 16 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. PASI50 is defined as at least a 50% reduction in PASI score compared with the Baseline PASI score. The percent reduction in score is calculated as (PASI score at Baseline - score at follow-up visit) / PASI score at Baseline * 100. NRI was used for missing data.

  5. Percentage of Participants Achieving 50% Improvement in PASI Score (PASI50) at Week 20 [ Time Frame: Week 20 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. PASI50 is defined as at least a 50% reduction in PASI score compared with the Baseline PASI score. The percent reduction in score is calculated as (PASI score at Baseline - score at follow-up visit) / PASI score at Baseline * 100. NRI was used for missing data.

  6. Percentage of Participants Achieving 50% Improvement in PASI Score (PASI50) at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. PASI50 is defined as at least a 50% reduction in PASI score compared with the Baseline PASI score. The percent reduction in score is calculated as (PASI score at Baseline - score at follow-up visit) / PASI score at Baseline * 100. NRI was used for missing data.

  7. Percentage of Participants Achieving 75% Improvement in PASI Score (PASI75) at Week 4 [ Time Frame: Week 4 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. PASI75 is defined as at least a 75% reduction in PASI score compared with the Baseline PASI score. The percent reduction in score is calculated as (PASI score at Baseline - score at follow-up visit) / PASI score at Baseline * 100. NRI was used for missing data.

  8. Percentage of Participants Achieving 75% Improvement in PASI Score (PASI75) at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. PASI75 is defined as at least a 75% reduction in PASI score compared with the Baseline PASI score. The percent reduction in score is calculated as (PASI score at Baseline - score at follow-up visit) / PASI score at Baseline * 100. NRI was used for missing data.

  9. Percentage of Participants Achieving 75% Improvement in PASI Score (PASI75) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. PASI75 is defined as at least a 75% reduction in PASI score compared with the Baseline PASI score. The percent reduction in score is calculated as (PASI score at Baseline - score at follow-up visit) / PASI score at Baseline * 100. NRI was used for missing data.

  10. Percentage of Participants Achieving 75% Improvement in PASI Score (PASI75) at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Week 16 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. PASI75 is defined as at least a 75% reduction in PASI score compared with the Baseline PASI score. The percent reduction in score is calculated as (PASI score at Baseline - score at follow-up visit) / PASI score at Baseline * 100. NRI was used for missing data.

  11. Percentage of Participants Achieving 75% Improvement in PASI Score (PASI75) at Week 20 [ Time Frame: Week 20 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. PASI75 is defined as at least a 75% reduction in PASI score compared with the Baseline PASI score. The percent reduction in score is calculated as (PASI score at Baseline - score at follow-up visit) / PASI score at Baseline * 100. NRI was used for missing data.

  12. Percentage of Participants Achieving 75% Improvement in PASI Score (PASI75) at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. PASI75 is defined as at least a 75% reduction in PASI score compared with the Baseline PASI score. The percent reduction in score is calculated as (PASI score at Baseline - score at follow-up visit) / PASI score at Baseline * 100. NRI was used for missing data.

  13. Percentage of Participants Achieving 90% Improvement in PASI Score (PASI90) at Week 4 [ Time Frame: Week 4 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. PASI90 is defined as at least a 90% reduction in PASI score compared with the Baseline PASI score. The percent reduction in score is calculated as (PASI score at Baseline - score at follow-up visit) / PASI score at Baseline * 100. NRI was used for missing data.

  14. Percentage of Participants Achieving 90% Improvement in PASI Score (PASI90) at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. PASI90 is defined as at least a 90% reduction in PASI score compared with the Baseline PASI score. The percent reduction in score is calculated as (PASI score at Baseline - score at follow-up visit) / PASI score at Baseline * 100. NRI was used for missing data.

  15. Percentage of Participants Achieving 90% Improvement in PASI Score (PASI90) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. PASI90 is defined as at least a 90% reduction in PASI score compared with the Baseline PASI score. The percent reduction in score is calculated as (PASI score at Baseline - score at follow-up visit) / PASI score at Baseline * 100. NRI was used for missing data.

  16. Percentage of Participants Achieving 90% Improvement in PASI Score (PASI90) at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Week 16 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. PASI90 is defined as at least a 90% reduction in PASI score compared with the Baseline PASI score. The percent reduction in score is calculated as (PASI score at Baseline - score at follow-up visit) / PASI score at Baseline * 100. NRI was used for missing data.

  17. Percentage of Participants Achieving 90% Improvement in PASI Score (PASI90) at Week 20 [ Time Frame: Week 20 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. PASI90 is defined as at least a 90% reduction in PASI score compared with the Baseline PASI score. The percent reduction in score is calculated as (PASI score at Baseline - score at follow-up visit) / PASI score at Baseline * 100. NRI was used for missing data.

  18. Percentage of Participants Achieving 100% Improvement in PASI (PASI100) at Week 4 [ Time Frame: Week 4 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. PASI100 is defined as 100% reduction in PASI score compared with the Baseline PASI score. The percent reduction in score is calculated as (PASI score at Baseline - score at follow-up visit) / PASI score at Baseline * 100. NRI was used for missing data.

  19. Percentage of Participants Achieving 100% Improvement in PASI (PASI100) at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. PASI100 is defined as 100% reduction in PASI score compared with the Baseline PASI score. The percent reduction in score is calculated as (PASI score at Baseline - score at follow-up visit) / PASI score at Baseline * 100. NRI was used for missing data.

  20. Percentage of Participants Achieving 100% Improvement in PASI (PASI100) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. PASI100 is defined as 100% reduction in PASI score compared with the Baseline PASI score. The percent reduction in score is calculated as (PASI score at Baseline - score at follow-up visit) / PASI score at Baseline * 100. NRI was used for missing data.

  21. Percentage of Participants Achieving 100% Improvement in PASI (PASI100) at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Week 16 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. PASI100 is defined as 100% reduction in PASI score compared with the Baseline PASI score. The percent reduction in score is calculated as (PASI score at Baseline - score at follow-up visit) / PASI score at Baseline * 100. NRI was used for missing data.

  22. Percentage of Participants Achieving 100% Improvement in PASI (PASI100) at Week 20 [ Time Frame: Week 20 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. PASI100 is defined as 100% reduction in PASI score compared with the Baseline PASI score. The percent reduction in score is calculated as (PASI score at Baseline - score at follow-up visit) / PASI score at Baseline * 100. NRI was used for missing data.

  23. Percentage of Participants Achieving 100% Improvement in PASI (PASI100) at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. PASI100 is defined as 100% reduction in PASI score compared with the Baseline PASI score. The percent reduction in score is calculated as (PASI score at Baseline - score at follow-up visit) / PASI score at Baseline * 100. NRI was used for missing data.

  24. Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI): Change From Baseline to Week 4 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 4 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. Last observation carried forward (LOCF) imputation was used for missing data.

  25. PASI: Change From Baseline to Week 8 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 8 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  26. PASI: Change From Baseline to Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  27. PASI: Change From Baseline to Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 16 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  28. PASI: Change From Baseline to Week 20 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 20 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  29. PASI: Change From Baseline to Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    PASI is a composite score based on the degree of effect on body surface area of psoriasis and the extension of erythema (reddening), induration (thickness), desquamation (scaling) of the lesions and area affected as observed on the day of examination. The severity of each sign was assessed using a 5-point scale, where 0=no symptoms, 1=slight, 2=moderate, 3=marked, 4=very marked. The PASI score ranges from 0 to 72, where 0 indicates no psoriasis and 72 indicates very severe psoriasis. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  30. Percentage of Participants Achieving Static Physician Global Assessment (sPGA) Score of Clear or Almost Clear at Week 4 [ Time Frame: Week 4 ]
    The sPGA is an assessment by the investigator of the overall disease severity at the time of evaluation. Erythema (E), induration (I), and desquamation (D) are scored on a 5-point scale ranging from 0 (none) to 4 (severe). The sPGA ranges from 0 to 4, and is calculated as Clear (0) = 0 for all three; Almost clear (1) = mean >0, <1.5; Mild (2) = mean ≥1.5, <2.5; Moderate (3) = mean ≥2.5, <3.5; and Severe (4) = mean ≥3.5. NRI was used for missing data.

  31. Percentage of Participants Achieving sPGA Score of Clear or Almost Clear at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]
    The sPGA is an assessment by the investigator of the overall disease severity at the time of evaluation. Erythema (E), induration (I), and desquamation (D) are scored on a 5-point scale ranging from 0 (none) to 4 (severe). The sPGA ranges from 0 to 4, and is calculated as Clear (0) = 0 for all three; Almost clear (1) = mean >0, <1.5; Mild (2) = mean ≥1.5, <2.5; Moderate (3) = mean ≥2.5, <3.5; and Severe (4) = mean ≥3.5. NRI was used for missing data.

  32. Percentage of Participants Achieving sPGA Score of Clear or Almost Clear at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]
    The sPGA is an assessment by the investigator of the overall disease severity at the time of evaluation. Erythema (E), induration (I), and desquamation (D) are scored on a 5-point scale ranging from 0 (none) to 4 (severe). The sPGA ranges from 0 to 4, and is calculated as Clear (0) = 0 for all three; Almost clear (1) = mean >0, <1.5; Mild (2) = mean ≥1.5, <2.5; Moderate (3) = mean ≥2.5, <3.5; and Severe (4) = mean ≥3.5. NRI was used for missing data.

  33. Percentage of Participants Achieving sPGA Score of Clear or Almost Clear at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Week 16 ]
    The sPGA is an assessment by the investigator of the overall disease severity at the time of evaluation. Erythema (E), induration (I), and desquamation (D) are scored on a 5-point scale ranging from 0 (none) to 4 (severe). The sPGA ranges from 0 to 4, and is calculated as Clear (0) = 0 for all three; Almost clear (1) = mean >0, <1.5; Mild (2) = mean ≥1.5, <2.5; Moderate (3) = mean ≥2.5, <3.5; and Severe (4) = mean ≥3.5. NRI was used for missing data.

  34. Percentage of Participants Achieving sPGA Score of Clear or Almost Clear at Week 20 [ Time Frame: Week 20 ]
    The sPGA is an assessment by the investigator of the overall disease severity at the time of evaluation. Erythema (E), induration (I), and desquamation (D) are scored on a 5-point scale ranging from 0 (none) to 4 (severe). The sPGA ranges from 0 to 4, and is calculated as Clear (0) = 0 for all three; Almost clear (1) = mean >0, <1.5; Mild (2) = mean ≥1.5, <2.5; Moderate (3) = mean ≥2.5, <3.5; and Severe (4) = mean ≥3.5. NRI was used for missing data.

  35. Percentage of Participants Achieving sPGA Score of Clear or Almost Clear at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    The sPGA is an assessment by the investigator of the overall disease severity at the time of evaluation. Erythema (E), induration (I), and desquamation (D) are scored on a 5-point scale ranging from 0 (none) to 4 (severe). The sPGA ranges from 0 to 4, and is calculated as Clear (0) = 0 for all three; Almost clear (1) = mean >0, <1.5; Mild (2) = mean ≥1.5, <2.5; Moderate (3) = mean ≥2.5, <3.5; and Severe (4) = mean ≥3.5. NRI was used for missing data.

  36. Percentage of Participants Achieving sPGA Score of Clear at Week 4 [ Time Frame: Week 4 ]
    The sPGA is an assessment by the investigator of the overall disease severity at the time of evaluation. Erythema (E), induration (I), and desquamation (D) are scored on a 5-point scale ranging from 0 (none) to 4 (severe). The sPGA ranges from 0 to 4, and is calculated as Clear (0) = 0 for all three; Almost clear (1) = mean >0, <1.5; Mild (2) = mean ≥1.5, <2.5; Moderate (3) = mean ≥2.5, <3.5; and Severe (4) = mean ≥3.5. NRI was used for missing data.

  37. Percentage of Participants Achieving sPGA Score of Clear at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]
    The sPGA is an assessment by the investigator of the overall disease severity at the time of evaluation. Erythema (E), induration (I), and desquamation (D) are scored on a 5-point scale ranging from 0 (none) to 4 (severe). The sPGA ranges from 0 to 4, and is calculated as Clear (0) = 0 for all three; Almost clear (1) = mean >0, <1.5; Mild (2) = mean ≥1.5, <2.5; Moderate (3) = mean ≥2.5, <3.5; and Severe (4) = mean ≥3.5. NRI was used for missing data.

  38. Percentage of Participants Achieving sPGA Score of Clear at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]
    The sPGA is an assessment by the investigator of the overall disease severity at the time of evaluation. Erythema (E), induration (I), and desquamation (D) are scored on a 5-point scale ranging from 0 (none) to 4 (severe). The sPGA ranges from 0 to 4, and is calculated as Clear (0) = 0 for all three; Almost clear (1) = mean >0, <1.5; Mild (2) = mean ≥1.5, <2.5; Moderate (3) = mean ≥2.5, <3.5; and Severe (4) = mean ≥3.5. NRI was used for missing data.

  39. Percentage of Participants Achieving sPGA Score of Clear at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Week 16 ]
    The sPGA is an assessment by the investigator of the overall disease severity at the time of evaluation. Erythema (E), induration (I), and desquamation (D) are scored on a 5-point scale ranging from 0 (none) to 4 (severe). The sPGA ranges from 0 to 4, and is calculated as Clear (0) = 0 for all three; Almost clear (1) = mean >0, <1.5; Mild (2) = mean ≥1.5, <2.5; Moderate (3) = mean ≥2.5, <3.5; and Severe (4) = mean ≥3.5. NRI was used for missing data.

  40. Percentage of Participants Achieving sPGA Score of Clear at Week 20 [ Time Frame: Week 20 ]
    The sPGA is an assessment by the investigator of the overall disease severity at the time of evaluation. Erythema (E), induration (I), and desquamation (D) are scored on a 5-point scale ranging from 0 (none) to 4 (severe). The sPGA ranges from 0 to 4, and is calculated as Clear (0) = 0 for all three; Almost clear (1) = mean >0, <1.5; Mild (2) = mean ≥1.5, <2.5; Moderate (3) = mean ≥2.5, <3.5; and Severe (4) = mean ≥3.5. NRI was used for missing data.

  41. Percentage of Participants Achieving sPGA Score of Clear at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    The sPGA is an assessment by the investigator of the overall disease severity at the time of evaluation. Erythema (E), induration (I), and desquamation (D) are scored on a 5-point scale ranging from 0 (none) to 4 (severe). The sPGA ranges from 0 to 4, and is calculated as Clear (0) = 0 for all three; Almost clear (1) = mean >0, <1.5; Mild (2) = mean ≥1.5, <2.5; Moderate (3) = mean ≥2.5, <3.5; and Severe (4) = mean ≥3.5. NRI was used for missing data.

  42. Percentage of Participants With Psoriasis Symptoms Scale (PSS) Score of 0 at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Week 16 ]
    The PSS asks the participant to rate the severity of symptoms of psoriasis in the last 24 hours (pain, redness, itching, and burning) using a 5-point Likert -type scale ranging from 0 (none) to 4 (very severe). The PSS is calculated by summing the scores of the questions and ranges from 0 to 16, where the higher the score, the greater the severity of psoriasis symptoms. NRI was used for missing data.

  43. Percentage of Participants With PSS Score of 0 at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    The PSS asks the participant to rate the severity of symptoms of psoriasis in the last 24 hours (pain, redness, itching, and burning) using a 5-point Likert -type scale ranging from 0 (none) to 4 (very severe). The PSS is calculated by summing the scores of the questions and ranges from 0 to 16, where the higher the score, the greater the severity of psoriasis symptoms. NRI was used for missing data.

  44. PSS Total Score: Change From Baseline to Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 16 ]
    The PSS asks the participant to rate the severity of symptoms of psoriasis in the last 24 hours (pain, redness, itching, and burning) using a 5-point Likert -type scale ranging from 0 (none) to 4 (very severe). The PSS is calculated by summing the scores of the questions and ranges from 0 to 16, where the higher the score, the greater the severity of psoriasis symptoms. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  45. PSS Total Score: Change From Baseline to Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    The PSS asks the participant to rate the severity of symptoms of psoriasis in the last 24 hours (pain, redness, itching, and burning) using a 5-point Likert -type scale ranging from 0 (none) to 4 (very severe). The PSS is calculated by summing the scores of the questions and ranges from 0 to 16, where the higher the score, the greater the severity of psoriasis symptoms. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  46. Summary of Patient Benefit Index (PBI) at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 16 ]
    The PBI is a patient-reported outcome instrument that assesses the benefit of psoriasis treatment.The PBI assessment consists of 2 steps: before treatment, every participant defines his/her treatment needs according to a standardized list (Patient Needs Questionnaire [PNQ]). After treatment, the participant rates the degree of benefits achieved (Patient Benefits Questionnaire [PBQ]). 25 items are rated on a 5-point scale with values from 0 (not at all) to 4 (very), allowing for "did not apply to me" (5) and missing. For each treatment goal the PNQ importance is derived by dividing the respective PNQ item by the sum of all PNQ items. The weighted sum of each PBQ item with its respective PNQ importance yields the PBI score. An increase in PBI indicates improvement. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  47. Summary of PBI at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline Week 24 ]
    The PBI is a patient-reported outcome instrument that assesses the benefit of psoriasis treatment. The PBI is a patient-reported outcome instrument that assesses the benefit of psoriasis treatment.The PBI assessment consists of 2 steps: before treatment, every participant defines his/her treatment needs according to a standardized list (PNQ). After treatment, the participant rates the degree of benefits achieved (PBQ). 25 items are rated on a 5-point scale with values from 0 (not at all) to 4 (very), allowing for "did not apply to me" (5) and missing. For each treatment goal the PNQ importance is derived by dividing the respective PNQ item by the sum of all PNQ items. The weighted sum of each PBQ item with its respective PNQ importance yields the PBI score. An increase in PBI indicates improvement. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  48. Clinical Severity of Nail Psoriasis (NAPPA-CLIN) Total Score: Change From Baseline to Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 16 ]
    The NAPPA-CLIN is an investigator assessment used to assess the severity of nail matrix psoriasis (leukonychia, red spots, dots, nail plate crumbling) and psoriasis of the nail bed (oil drop, splinter haemorrhage, subungual hyperkeratosis, onycholysis). NAPPA-CLIN has been developed from the Nail Psoriasis Severity Index (NAPSI) score, a nail psoriasis-specific score, which in its original version comprises the assessment of matrix and nail bed involvement in every finger and toe by 2 criteria for each nail. The NAPPA-CLIN is a simplified version of the NAPSI which only assesses the least and the worst involved nail of both hands or both feet respectively. Thus, the NAPPA-CLIN scores for hands or feet range from 0 to 16. A higher score indicates a worse involvement. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  49. NAPPA-CLIN Total Score: Change From Baseline to Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    The NAPPA-CLIN is an investigator assessment used to assess the severity of nail matrix psoriasis (leukonychia, red spots, dots, nail plate crumbling) and psoriasis of the nail bed (oil drop, splinter haemorrhage, subungual hyperkeratosis, onycholysis). NAPPA-CLIN has been developed from the NAPSI score, a nail psoriasis-specific score, which in its original version comprises the assessment of matrix and nail bed involvement in every finger and toe by 2 criteria for each nail. The NAPPA-CLIN is a simplified version of the NAPSI which only assesses the least and the worst involved nail of both hands or both feet respectively. Thus, the NAPPA-CLIN scores for hands or feet range from 0 to 16. A higher score indicates a worse involvement. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  50. Palmoplantar Psoriasis Severity Index (PPASI): Change From Baseline to Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 16 ]
    The PPASI is an assessment by the investigator that provides a numeric scoring for psoriasis affecting the hands and feet with scores ranging from 0 to 72. It is a linear combination of percent of surface area of palms and soles that are affected and the severity of erythema, induration, and desquamation. The higher the score, the greater the severity of psoriasis symptoms. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  51. PPASI: Change From Baseline to Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    The PPASI is an assessment by the investigator that provides a numeric scoring for psoriasis affecting the hands and feet with scores ranging from 0 to 72. It is a linear combination of percent of surface area of palms and soles that are affected and the severity of erythema, induration, and desquamation. The higher the score, the greater the severity of psoriasis symptoms. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  52. Body Surface Area (BSA) Affected by Psoriasis: Change From Baseline to Week 4 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 4 ]
    BSA affected by psoriasis was measured by the physician selecting the participant's right or left hand as the measuring device. For purposes of clinical estimation, the total surface of the palm plus 5 digits was to be assumed to be approximately equivalent to 1% BSA. Measurement of the total area of involvement by the physician was aided by imagining if scattered plaques were moved so that they were next to each other and then estimated the total area involved. A decrease in BSA affected by psoriasis indicates improvement. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  53. BSA Affected by Psoriasis: Change From Baseline to Week 8 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 8 ]
    BSA affected by psoriasis was measured by the physician selecting the participant's right or left hand as the measuring device. For purposes of clinical estimation, the total surface of the palm plus 5 digits was to be assumed to be approximately equivalent to 1% BSA. Measurement of the total area of involvement by the physician was aided by imagining if scattered plaques were moved so that they were next to each other and then estimated the total area involved. A decrease in BSA affected by psoriasis indicates improvement. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  54. BSA Affected by Psoriasis: Change From Baseline to Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    BSA affected by psoriasis was measured by the physician selecting the participant's right or left hand as the measuring device. For purposes of clinical estimation, the total surface of the palm plus 5 digits was to be assumed to be approximately equivalent to 1% BSA. Measurement of the total area of involvement by the physician was aided by imagining if scattered plaques were moved so that they were next to each other and then estimated the total area involved. A decrease in BSA affected by psoriasis indicates improvement. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  55. BSA Affected by Psoriasis: Change From Baseline to Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 16 ]
    BSA affected by psoriasis was measured by the physician selecting the participant's right or left hand as the measuring device. For purposes of clinical estimation, the total surface of the palm plus 5 digits was to be assumed to be approximately equivalent to 1% BSA. Measurement of the total area of involvement by the physician was aided by imagining if scattered plaques were moved so that they were next to each other and then estimated the total area involved. A decrease in BSA affected by psoriasis indicates improvement. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  56. BSA Affected by Psoriasis: Change From Baseline to Week 20 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 20 ]
    BSA affected by psoriasis was measured by the physician selecting the participant's right or left hand as the measuring device. For purposes of clinical estimation, the total surface of the palm plus 5 digits was to be assumed to be approximately equivalent to 1% BSA. Measurement of the total area of involvement by the physician was aided by imagining if scattered plaques were moved so that they were next to each other and then estimated the total area involved. A decrease in BSA affected by psoriasis indicates improvement. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  57. BSA Affected by Psoriasis: Change From Baseline to Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    BSA affected by psoriasis was measured by the physician selecting the participant's right or left hand as the measuring device. For purposes of clinical estimation, the total surface of the palm plus 5 digits was to be assumed to be approximately equivalent to 1% BSA. Measurement of the total area of involvement by the physician was aided by imagining if scattered plaques were moved so that they were next to each other and then estimated the total area involved. A decrease in BSA affected by psoriasis indicates improvement. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  58. Short Form Health Survey 36, Version 2 (SF-36 V2) Physical Component Summary (PCS) Score: Change From Baseline to Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 16 ]
    The SF-36 V2 Health determined participants' overall quality of life by assessing 1) limitations in physical functioning due to health problems; 2) limitations in usual role because of physical health problems; 3) bodily pain; 4) general health perceptions; 5) vitality; 6) limitations in social functioning because of physical or emotional problems; 7) limitations in usual role due to emotional problems; and 8) general mental health. Items 1-4 comprise the physical component of the SF-36. Scores on each item were summed and averaged (PCS Score; range = 0-100); a positive change from Baseline indicates improvement. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  59. SF-36 V2 PCS Score: Change From Baseline to Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    The SF-36 V2 Health determined participants' overall quality of life by assessing 1) limitations in physical functioning due to health problems; 2) limitations in usual role because of physical health problems; 3) bodily pain; 4) general health perceptions; 5) vitality; 6) limitations in social functioning because of physical or emotional problems; 7) limitations in usual role due to emotional problems; and 8) general mental health. Items 1-4 comprise the physical component of the SF-36. Scores on each item were summed and averaged (PCS Score; range = 0-100); a positive change from Baseline indicates improvement. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  60. SF-36 V2 Mental Component Summary (MCS) Score: Change From Baseline: to Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 16 ]
    The SF-36 determined participants' overall quality of life by assessing 1) limitations in physical functioning due to health problems; 2) limitations in usual role because of physical health problems; 3) bodily pain; 4) general health perceptions; 5) vitality; 6) limitations in social functioning because of physical or emotional problems; 7) limitations in usual role due to emotional problems; and 8) general mental health. Items 5-8 comprise the mental component of the SF-36. Scores on each item were summed and averaged (MCS Score; range = 0-100); a positive change from Baseline indicates improvement. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  61. SF-36 V2 MCS Score: Change From Baseline to Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    The SF-36 determined participants' overall quality of life by assessing 1) limitations in physical functioning due to health problems; 2) limitations in usual role because of physical health problems; 3) bodily pain; 4) general health perceptions; 5) vitality; 6) limitations in social functioning because of physical or emotional problems; 7) limitations in usual role due to emotional problems; and 8) general mental health. Items 5-8 comprise the mental component of the SF-36. Scores on each item were summed and averaged (MCS Score; range = 0-100); a positive change from Baseline indicates improvement. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  62. Patient's Global Assessment (PtGA): Change From Baseline to Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 16 ]
    The PtGA is a patient-reported outcome instrument to assess the patient's assessment of disease severity. This self-reported measure is used to assess disease activity using a 4-point scale where a higher score indicates a higher level of disease activity. Disease activity is assessed from 0 ("complete disease control") to 3 ("uncontrolled disease"). LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  63. PtGA: Change From Baseline to Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    The PtGA is a patient-reported outcome instrument to assess the patient's assessment of disease severity. This self-reported measure is used to assess disease activity using a 4-point scale where a higher score indicates a higher level of disease activity. Disease activity is assessed from 0 ("complete disease control") to 3 ("uncontrolled disease"). LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  64. Hospital Anxiety & Depression Scale (HADS) Total Score-Anxiety: Change From Baseline to Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 16 ]
    The HADS was a patient-reported questionnaire used to assess the level of anxiety and depression in the setting of a hospital medical outpatient clinic. The anxiety and depression subscales each have a range from 0-21, higher scores indicated higher levels of anxiety and depression, respectively. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  65. HADS Total Score-Anxiety: Change From Baseline to Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    The HADS was a patient-reported questionnaire used to assess the level of anxiety and depression in the setting of a hospital medical outpatient clinic. The anxiety and depression subscales each have a range from 0-21, higher scores indicated higher levels of anxiety and depression, respectively. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  66. HADS Total Score-Depression: Change From Baseline to Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 16 ]
    The HADS was a patient-reported questionnaire used to assess the level of anxiety and depression in the setting of a hospital medical outpatient clinic. The anxiety and depression subscales each have a range from 0-21, higher scores indicated higher levels of anxiety and depression, respectively. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  67. HADS Total Score-Depression: Change From Baseline to Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    The HADS was a patient-reported questionnaire used to assess the level of anxiety and depression in the setting of a hospital medical outpatient clinic. The anxiety and depression subscales each have a range from 0-21, higher scores indicated higher levels of anxiety and depression, respectively. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  68. Percentage of Participants Achieving Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) Score of 0 or 1 at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Week 16 ]
    The DLQI is a 10-question questionnaire that asks the participant to evaluate the degree that psoriasis has affected their quality of life in the last week and includes 6 domains (symptoms and feelings, daily activities, leisure, work and school, personal relationships, and treatment). Responses to each domain are not relevant (0), not at all (0), a little (1), a lot (2), and very much (3). The DLQI is calculated by summing the scores of the questions and ranges from 1 to 30, where 0-1 = no effect on patient's life, 2-5 = small effect, 6-10 = moderate effect, 11-20 = very large effect, and 21-30 = extremely large effect on patient's life. The higher the score, the more the quality of life is impaired. A 5-point change from baseline is considered a clinically important difference. NRI was used for missing data.

  69. Percentage of Participants Achieving DLQI Score of 0 or 1 at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    The DLQI is a 10-question questionnaire that asks the participant to evaluate the degree that psoriasis has affected their quality of life in the last week and includes 6 domains (symptoms and feelings, daily activities, leisure, work and school, personal relationships, and treatment). Responses to each domain are not relevant (0), not at all (0), a little (1), a lot (2), and very much (3). The DLQI is calculated by summing the scores of the questions and ranges from 1 to 30, where 0-1 = no effect on patient's life, 2-5 = small effect, 6-10 = moderate effect, 11-20 = very large effect, and 21-30 = extremely large effect on patient's life. The higher the score, the more the quality of life is impaired. A 5-point change from baseline is considered a clinically important difference. NRI was used for missing data.

  70. DLQI Total Score: Change From Baseline to Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 16 ]
    The DLQI is a 10-question questionnaire that asks the participant to evaluate the degree that psoriasis has affected their quality of life in the last week and includes 6 domains (symptoms and feelings, daily activities, leisure, work and school, personal relationships, and treatment). Responses to each domain are not relevant (0), not at all (0), a little (1), a lot (2), and very much (3). The DLQI is calculated by summing the scores of the questions and ranges from 1 to 30, where 0-1 = no effect on patient's life, 2-5 = small effect, 6-10 = moderate effect, 11-20 = very large effect, and 21-30 = extremely large effect on patient's life. The higher the score, the more the quality of life is impaired. A 5-point change from baseline is considered a clinically important difference. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  71. DLQI: Change From Baseline to Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    The DLQI is a 10-question questionnaire that asks the participant to evaluate the degree that psoriasis has affected their quality of life in the last week and includes 6 domains (symptoms and feelings, daily activities, leisure, work and school, personal relationships, and treatment). Responses to each domain are not relevant (0), not at all (0), a little (1), a lot (2), and very much (3). The DLQI is calculated by summing the scores of the questions and ranges from 1 to 30, where 0-1 = no effect on patient's life, 2-5 = small effect, 6-10 = moderate effect, 11-20 = very large effect, and 21-30 = extremely large effect on patient's life. The higher the score, the more the quality of life is impaired. A 5-point change from baseline is considered a clinically important difference. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  72. Psoriasis Scalp Severity Index (PSSI): Change From Baseline at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 16 ]
    The physician assessed the severity of scalp psoriasis using the PSSI, which consists of an assessment of erythema, induration, and desquamation on a scale from 0 (none) to 4 (very severe) and the percentage of scalp involved on a scale from 0 (0% of scalp involved) to 6 (90-100% of scalp involved). The composite score is calculated as the sum of symptom scores multiplied by the score for the area of scalp involved. The PSSI ranges from 0 (best) to 72 (worst). A negative change from Baseline indicates improvement. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  73. PSSI: Change From Baseline at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    The physician assessed the severity of scalp psoriasis using the PSSI, which consists of an assessment of erythema, induration, and desquamation on a scale from 0 (none) to 4 (very severe) and the percentage of scalp involved on a scale from 0 (0% of scalp involved) to 6 (90-100% of scalp involved). The composite score is calculated as the sum of symptom scores multiplied by the score for the area of scalp involved. The PSSI ranges from 0 (best) to 72 (worst). A negative change from Baseline indicates improvement. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  74. European Quality of Life 5 Dimensions (EQ-5D-5L) Total Score: Change From Baseline to Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 16 ]
    The EQ-5D-5L is a standardized non-disease specific instrument for describing and valuing health-related quality of life. The EQ-5D-5L descriptive system comprises 5 dimensions of health (mobility, self -care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression) to describe the subject's current health state. Each dimension comprises 5 levels with corresponding numeric scores, where 1 indicates no problems, and 5 indicates extreme problems. A unique EQ-5D-5L health state is defined by combining the numeric level scores for each of the 5 dimensions and the total score is normalized from -0.594 to 1.000, with higher scores representing a better health state. An increase in the EQ-5D-5L total score indicates improvement. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  75. EQ-5D-5L Total Score: Change From Baseline to Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    The EQ-5D-5L is a standardized non-disease specific instrument for describing and valuing health-related quality of life. The EQ-5D-5L descriptive system comprises 5 dimensions of health (mobility, self -care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression) to describe the subject's current health state. Each dimension comprises 5 levels with corresponding numeric scores, where 1 indicates no problems, and 5 indicates extreme problems. A unique EQ-5D-5L health state is defined by combining the numeric level scores for each of the 5 dimensions and the total score is normalized from -0.594 to 1.000, with higher scores representing a better health state. An increase in the EQ-5D-5L total score indicates improvement. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  76. EQ-5D-5L Visual Analog Scale (VAS): Change From Baseline to Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 16 ]
    The EQ-5D-5L is a standardized non-disease specific instrument for describing and valuing health-related quality of life. The EQ-5D-5L VAS records the participant's self-rated health on a vertical visual analogue scale numbered from 100 (best health imagined) to 0 (worst health imagined). The VAS score from the scale is then entered as a number by the participant. This can be used as a quantitative measure of health outcome that reflects the participant's own judgement. An increase in the EQ-5D-5L VAS score indicates improvement. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  77. EQ-5D-5L VAS: Change From Baseline to Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    The EQ-5D-5L is a standardized non-disease specific instrument for describing and valuing health-related quality of life. The EQ-5D-5L VAS records the participant's self-rated health on a vertical visual analogue scale numbered from 100 (best health imagined) to 0 (worst health imagined). The VAS score from the scale is then entered as a number by the participant. This can be used as a quantitative measure of health outcome that reflects the participant's own judgement. An increase in the EQ-5D-5L VAS score indicates improvement. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  78. Nail Psoriasis Severity Index (NAPSI): Change From Baseline to Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 16 ]
    The NAPSI score is calculated by summing the scores of all the nails which for each nail are the sum of the nail matrix score and nail bed score. Each of these is scored as 0=none, 1=present in 1/4 nail, 2=present in 2/4 nail, 3=present in 3/4 nail, 4=present in 4/4 nail. Each nail has a matrix score (0-4) and a nail bed score (0-4). The total nail score is the sum of those 2 (nail matrix and nail bed) individual scores (0-8). The sum of the total score of all involved fingernails is then the total NAPSI score. The NAPSI score is calculated only if all questions in the case report form are completed. A negative change from Baseline indicates improvement. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  79. NAPSI: Change From Baseline to Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    The NAPSI score is calculated by summing the scores of all the nails which for each nail are the sum of the nail matrix score and nail bed score. Each of these is scored as 0=none, 1=present in 1/4 nail, 2=present in 2/4 nail, 3=present in 3/4 nail, 4=present in 4/4 nail. Each nail has a matrix score (0-4) and a nail bed score (0-4). The total nail score is the sum of those 2 (nail matrix and nail bed) individual scores (0-8). The sum of the total score of all involved fingernails is then the total NAPSI score. The NAPSI score is calculated only if all questions in the case report form are completed. A negative change from Baseline indicates improvement. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  80. Participants With Baseline NAPSI ˃0: Change From Baseline to Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 16 ]
    The NAPSI score is calculated by summing the scores of all the nails which for each nail are the sum of the nail matrix score and nail bed score. Each of these is scored as 0=none, 1=present in 1/4 nail, 2=present in 2/4 nail, 3=present in 3/4 nail, 4=present in 4/4 nail. Each nail has a matrix score (0-4) and a nail bed score (0-4). The total nail score is the sum of those 2 (nail matrix and nail bed) individual scores (0-8). The sum of the total score of all involved fingernails is then the total NAPSI score. The NAPSI score is calculated only if all questions in the case report form are completed. A negative change from Baseline indicates improvement. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.

  81. Participants With Baseline NAPSI ˃0: Change From Baseline to Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    The NAPSI score is calculated by summing the scores of all the nails which for each nail are the sum of the nail matrix score and nail bed score. Each of these is scored as 0=none, 1=present in 1/4 nail, 2=present in 2/4 nail, 3=present in 3/4 nail, 4=present in 4/4 nail. Each nail has a matrix score (0-4) and a nail bed score (0-4). The total nail score is the sum of those 2 (nail matrix and nail bed) individual scores (0-8). The sum of the total score of all involved fingernails is then the total NAPSI score. The NAPSI score is calculated only if all questions in the case report form are completed. A negative change from Baseline indicates improvement. LOCF imputation was used for missing data.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 79 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Have a diagnosis of chronic plaque psoriasis for at least 6 months before the first administration of study drug. Duration since diagnosis may be reported by the participant
  • Participant has stable moderate to severe plaque psoriasis (body surface area [BSA] >10, Psoriasis Area and Severity Index [PASI] >10, and Dermatology Quality of Life Index [DLQI] >10) with or without psoriatic arthritis at Baseline
  • Must be naïve to and candidate for systemic therapy, as assessed by the investigator
  • Participant has an inadequate response, intolerance or contraindication to topical psoriasis treatment

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants with non-plaque forms of psoriasis
  • Participant has previously received systemic therapy for psoriasis, whether biologic or non-biologic or photochemotherapy
  • Active systemic infection during the last 2 weeks (exception: common cold) prior to screening.
  • Any documented active or suspected malignancy or history of malignancy within 5 years prior to screening, except appropriately treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or in situ carcinoma of uterine cervix
  • Participant has any condition or contraindication to Fumaderm that would preclude the patient's participation in the present study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03255382


Locations
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Germany
Universitaetsklinik Heidelberg /ID# 161014
Heidelberg, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany, 69120
Universitaetsklinikum Erlangen /ID# 161035
Erlangen, Bayern, Germany, 91054
Universitatsklinikum Frankfurt /ID# 161036
Frankfurt, Hessen, Germany, 60590
Universitatsklinikum Munster /ID# 165739
Munster, Niedersachsen, Germany, 48149
Johannes Wesling Klin Minden /ID# 161015
Minden, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany, 32429
CMS3 Company for Medical Study /ID# 161103
Selters (Westerwald), Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany, 56242
Univ Hosp Schleswig-Holstein /ID# 160995
Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, 24105
Medizinisches Versorgungszentrum DermaKiel GmbH /ID# 161102
Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, 24148
Charité Universitätsmedizin Campus Mitte /ID# 165621
Berlin, Germany, 10117
ISA GmbH /ID# 165619
Berlin, Germany, 10789
Gemeinschaftspraxis /ID# 161037
Blankenfeld-mahlow, Germany, 15831
Hautzentrum Niesmann Othlingha /ID# 161034
Bochum, Germany, 44803
Universitaetsklinikum Bonn /ID# 165618
Bonn, Germany, 53113
Hautklinik Klinikum Darmstadt /ID# 164940
Darmstadt, Germany, 64297
Universitaetklinikum Dresden /ID# 160983
Dresden, Germany, 01307
Univ Klinik Eppendorf Hamburg /ID# 161038
Hamburg, Germany, 20246
Tfs /Id# 160994
Hamburg, Germany, 20354
Klinik fur Dermatologie /ID# 161101
Leipzig, Germany, 4103
Univ Johannes Gutenberg /ID# 161104
Mainz, Germany, 55131
TU Uniklinik Munchen /ID# 160996
Munich, Germany, 80802
Universitatsklinikum Tubingen /ID# 165620
Tuebingen, Germany, 72076
Hoffmann, Witten, DE /ID# 165622
Witten, Germany, 58453
Centroderm Wuppertal /ID# 165615
Wuppertal, Germany, 42287
Sponsors and Collaborators
AbbVie
Investigators
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Study Director: AbbVie Inc. AbbVie
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by AbbVie:
Study Protocol  [PDF] November 28, 2017
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] January 11, 2018


Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: AbbVie
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03255382     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: M16-178
2016-003718-28 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: August 21, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 13, 2019
Last Update Posted: September 13, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: AbbVie is committed to responsible data sharing regarding the clinical trials we sponsor. This includes access to anonymized, individual and trial-level data (analysis data sets), as well as other information (e.g., protocols and clinical study reports), as long as the trials are not part of an ongoing or planned regulatory submission. This includes requests for clinical trial data for unlicensed products and indications.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Analytic Code
Time Frame: Data requests can be submitted at any time and the data will be accessible for 12 months, with possible extensions considered.
Access Criteria: Access to this clinical trial data can be requested by any qualified researchers who engage in rigorous, independent scientific research, and will be provided following review and approval of a research proposal and Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP) and execution of a Data Sharing Agreement (DSA). For more information on the process, or to submit a request, visit the following link.
URL: https://www.abbvie.com/our-science/clinical-trials/clinical-trials-data-and-information-sharing/data-and-information-sharing-with-qualified-researchers.html

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by AbbVie:
ABBV-0066
BI 655066
risankizumab
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Psoriasis
Skin Diseases, Papulosquamous
Skin Diseases
Dimethyl Fumarate
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Dermatologic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents