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Intervention Program to Improve Body Image and Self-Esteem Among Female Athletes.

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03211468
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 7, 2017
Last Update Posted : July 9, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Tel Hai College

Brief Summary:
A controlled, randomized clinical intervention study which includes the development and activation of an intervention program designed to prevent eating disorders among adolescent female aesthetic athletes. Our hypothesis is that the intervention program will yield improvement in the participants' eating behaviors, drive for thinness, and body image as compared with the age matched control group. Results will be measured using the study questionnaire, to be filled out by the participants before, after, and three months after the completion of the program. The Questionnaire will include validated questionnaires with good psychometric qualities.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Feeding and Eating Disorders Behavioral: Clinical intervention program to prevent eating disorders Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Eating disorders can cause a decrease in athletic performance and affect the overall health of athletes. Athletes are exposed to an increased risk of developing pathological eating behaviors and dissatisfaction with their bodies. A number of studies have found higher rates of eating pathologies in aesthetic sports such as dance, ice skating, and gymnastics. Other studies have found that intervention programs designed to prevent eating disorders in athletes have yielded promising results. The current study will examine the effects of a controlled clinical intervention program designed to prevent eating disorders and improve the body image of female adolescent figure skaters and dancers. The program will consist of ten 45-minute interactive sessions led by the researcher. Each session will include a brief theoretical background, experiential activities (artistic or cognitive / emotional) and group discussions. The control group shall include age matched athletes who will not participate in the intervention program. The impact of the intervention shall be assessed with a nonrandomized, controlled experimental group design. To assess the impact and outcome of the intervention, all participants in the research and control groups will be asked to complete the study questionnaire at pre, post, and 3-month (after post) follow-up assessments. Process evaluation, which assesses program dissemination, attendance and relapse rates, as well as assessment of participants' satisfaction, will be performed at the end of the program. The study questionnaire includes: Personal and Demographic Information, EDI-2 (Eating Disorders Inventory), Body Esteem Scale-Mendelson, SATAQ-4 (Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-4), EDE-Q 8 (Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire- 8), BAS (Body Appreciation Scale). All questionnaires have good psychometric properties. The study hypothesis is that the intervention program will result in improvement in the intervention group in terms of: disturbed eating behaviors, pursuit of thinness, body-dissatisfaction and external influences on body image compared with an age-matched control group that did not participate in the program.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 95 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Effectiveness of an Intervention Program to Improve Body Image and Self-Esteem Among Female Adolescent Aesthetic Athletes.
Actual Study Start Date : May 1, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 1, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : June 1, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Eating Disorders

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Intervention Program
Clinical intervention designed to prevent eating disorders and promote healthy eating habits and body image among female adolescent athletes. The intervention program will include 10 45-min interactive sessions led by the researcher. Each session will include a brief theoretical background, experiential activities (artistic or cognitive / emotional) and group discussions.
Behavioral: Clinical intervention program to prevent eating disorders
See previous

No Intervention: Control Group
No participation in intervention program.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in results of study questionnaire. [ Time Frame: Each participant shall be assessed for a total duration of 6 months. ]
    Questionnaire shall be answered by study participants by hand or using Qualtrics online software. 3 points of assessment for each participant: baseline, post-intervention, and 3 months follow-up.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   10 Years to 16 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Female
  • Age 10-16
  • Athletes in aesthetic sports: figure skaters, dancers and gymnasts.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Males
  • Females under age 10 or over 16
  • Athletes from non-aesthetic sports
  • Non-athletes.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03211468


Locations
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Israel
Academic College of Tel Hai
Kiryat Shmona, North Of Israel, Israel, 1220800
Sponsors and Collaborators
Tel Hai College
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Responsible Party: Tel Hai College
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03211468    
Other Study ID Numbers: Tel Hai College
First Posted: July 7, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 9, 2018
Last Verified: July 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Feeding and Eating Disorders
Mental Disorders