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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    NCT03206203
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Carboplatin With or Without Atezolizumab in Treating Patients With Stage IV Triple Negative Breast Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03206203
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 2, 2017
Last Update Posted : October 9, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Genentech, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Vandana Abramson, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This randomized phase II trial studies how well carboplatin with or without atezolizumab works in treating patients with stage IV triple negative breast cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Monoclonal antibodies, such as atezolizumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving carboplatin with atezolizumab may work better in treating patients with stage IV triple negative breast cancer

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Triple Negative Breast Cancer Stage IV Breast Cancer HER2 Negative Invasive Breast Cancer Drug: Atezolizumab Drug: Carboplatin Other: Laboratory Biomarker Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Primary objective:

To evaluate the efficacy, as measured by progression free survival (PFS) of carboplatin + atezolizumab (using irRECIST) versus carboplatin alone (using RECIST) in patients with triple negative metastatic breast cancer

Secondary objectives:

  • To determine overall response rate.
  • To evaluate the efficacy, as measured by clinical benefit rate, of carboplatin + atezolizumab (using irRECIST) versus carboplatin (using RECIST) alone in patients with triple negative metastatic breast cancer. Clinical benefit rate is defined as complete response plus partial response plus stable disease for 6 months.
  • To determine the duration of response for patients achieving a partial or complete response.
  • To evaluate the overall survival (OS) of carboplatin + atezolizumab versus carboplatin alone in patients with triple negative metastatic breast cancer.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

  • To perform the following correlative studies from biopsies taken at baseline:

    1. Tumor infiltrating lymphocyte frequency and phenotype (TILs) at baseline
    2. PD-L1 expression from the baseline pre-treatment tissue and at progression lesion, performed by IHC (SP142 clone)
    3. HER2 (IHC, FISH) and ER/PR levels (IHC) from a metastatic site
    4. Perform RNA-seq to determine non-synonymous mutation burden in expressed genes and gene expression to assign a triple negative subtype at baseline for correlations with clinic outcome
    5. Immune phenotyping (IHC) for markers of T cell subsets and activation (CD4, CD8, FoxP3, CD25, Glut1) and exhaustion (PD1, CTLA4) and test feasibility of flow cytometric analyses to include additional markers
  • To assess the effect of BRCA mutations on response to the study drugs
  • To evaluate the effect of steroids on the efficacy of atezolizumab To assess the prognostic effects of TILs on PFS and CBR in patients receiving atezolizumab

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 185 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of Atezolizumab (Anti-PDL1) With Carboplatin in Patients With Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : July 27, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm 1 (atezolizumab, carboplatin)
Patients receive atezolizumab IV over 30-60 minutes and carboplatin IV on day 1. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Atezolizumab
Given by vein

Drug: Carboplatin
Given by vein

Other: Laboratory Biomarker
Correlative study

Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Ancillary studies

Experimental: Arm 2 (atezolizumab, carboplatin)
Patients receive carboplatin as in Arm 1. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients may cross-over to Arm 1 upon disease progression.
Drug: Atezolizumab
Given by vein

Drug: Carboplatin
Given by vein

Other: Laboratory Biomarker
Correlative study

Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Ancillary studies




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years. ]
    The overall PFS data will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method with 95% confidence intervals. Descriptive statistics, including means, standard deviations, and ranges for continuous parameters, as well as percents and frequencies for categorical parameters, will be presented. Investigation for outliers and assumptions for statistical analysis, e.g., normality and homoscedasticity, will be made.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Will calculate the ORR and corresponding 95% confidence intervals. Descriptive statistics, including means, standard deviations, and ranges for continuous parameters, as well as percents and frequencies for categorical parameters, will be presented. Investigation for outliers and assumptions for statistical analysis, e.g., normality and homoscedasticity, will be made.

  2. Clinical benefit rate (CBR) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Will calculate the CBR and corresponding 95% confidence intervals. Descriptive statistics, including means, standard deviations, and ranges for continuous parameters, as well as percents and frequencies for categorical parameters, will be presented. Investigation for outliers and assumptions for statistical analysis, e.g., normality and homoscedasticity, will be made.

  3. Duration of response (DOR) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Will calculate the DOR and corresponding 95% confidence intervals. Descriptive statistics, including means, standard deviations, and ranges for continuous parameters, as well as percents and frequencies for categorical parameters, will be presented. Investigation for outliers and assumptions for statistical analysis, e.g., normality and homoscedasticity, will be made.

  4. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years. ]
    Will calculate the OS and corresponding 95% confidence intervals. Descriptive statistics, including means, standard deviations, and ranges for continuous parameters, as well as percents and frequencies for categorical parameters, will be presented. Investigation for outliers and assumptions for statistical analysis, e.g., normality and homoscedasticity, will be made.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Changes in gene expression in tumor tissue as assessed by ribonucleic acid-sequencing (RNA-seq) [ Time Frame: Baseline and upon disease progression, assessed for up to 3 years ]
    Statistics will be primarily descriptive.

  2. Assignment of a triple negative subtype in tumor tissue as assessed by ribonucleic acid-sequencing (RNA-seq) [ Time Frame: Baseline and upon disease progression, assessed for up to 3 years ]
    Statistics will be primarily descriptive.

  3. Define mutations present in the tumors as assessed by ribonucleic acid-sequencing (RNA-seq) [ Time Frame: Baseline and upon disease progression, assessed for up to 3 years ]
    Statistics will be primarily descriptive.

  4. Somatic single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and structural variants in tumor tissue and blood as assessed by whole exome sequencing (WES) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Statistics will be primarily descriptive.

  5. Status of p53, BRCA1/2, PIK3CA, PTEN, INPP4B and other mutations [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years. ]
    Statistics will be primarily descriptive.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must provide informed written consent
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1
  • Clinical stage IV ER, PR, HER2 negative invasive mammary carcinoma, previously documented by histological analysis and that meets the following criteria:

    • HER2 negativity is defined as any of the following by local laboratory assessment: In-situ hybridization (ISH) non-amplified (ratio of HER2 to CEP17 < 2.0 or single probe average HER2 gene copy number < 4 signals/cell), or IHC 0 or IHC 1+ (if more than one test result is available and not all results meet the inclusion criterion definition, all results should be discussed with the protocol chair to establish eligibility of the patient)
    • ER and PR negativity are defined as =< 5% of cells expressing hormonal receptors via IHC analysis
  • Willing to undergo biopsy of a metastatic lesion (in patients with reasonably accessible metastatic lesions such as chest wall, skin, subcutaneous tissue, lymph nodes, bones, peripheral lung, and liver metastases)
  • Measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension by RECIST criteria version (v)1.1
  • Zero or one prior chemotherapy regimens for metastatic disease
  • No prior treatment with carboplatin
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3 (without granulocyte colony-stimulating factor [G-CSF] support within 2 weeks prior to cycle 1, day 1)
  • Lymphocyte count >= 500/uL
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (without transfusion within 2 weeks prior to cycle 1, day 1)
  • Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL

    * Patients may be transfused or receive erythropoietic treatment to meet this criterion

  • Calculated creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min using the Calvert Formula
  • Bilirubin =< 2.5 x upper limits of normal if no liver metastases present; serum total bilirubin must be =< 3 x upper limits of normal for patients with Gilbert disease; total bilirubin =< 5 x upper limits of normal if liver metastases present
  • Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT), serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) =< 2.5 x upper limits of normal if no liver metastases present; SGOT, SGPT =< 5 x upper limits of normal if liver metastases present
  • Alkaline phosphatase =< 2.5 x upper limits of normal if no liver metastases present; alkaline phosphatase =< 5 x upper limits of normal if liver metastases present
  • For patients who are not postmenopausal (women) or surgically sterile (absence of ovaries and/or uterus or vasectomy), agreement to remain abstinent or to use two adequate methods of contraception (e.g., condoms, diaphragm, vasectomy/vasectomized partner, tubal ligation), during the treatment period and for at least 30 days after the last dose of study treatment; hormone based oral contraceptives are not allowed on study; postmenopausal is defined as:

    • Age >= 60 years
    • Age =< 60 years and amenorrheic for 12 months in the absence of chemotherapy, tamoxifen, toremifene, or ovarian suppression; or follicle stimulating hormone and estradiol in the postmenopausal range
  • Subjects must complete all baseline screening assessments

Exclusion Criteria:

  • CANCER-SPECIFIC EXCLUSION CRITERIA
  • Spinal cord compression not definitively treated with surgery and/or radiation, or previously diagnosed and treated spinal cord compression without evidence that disease has been clinically stable for > 2 weeks prior to randomization
  • Known central nervous system (CNS) disease, except for treated asymptomatic CNS metastases, provided all of the following criteria are met: measurable disease outside the CNS, only supratentorial metastases allowed (i.e., no metastases to midbrain, pons, medulla, or spinal cord), no evidence of progression or hemorrhage after completion of CNS-directed therapy, no ongoing requirement for dexamethasone as therapy for CNS disease (anticonvulsants at a stable dose are allowed), no stereotactic radiation within 7 days or whole-brain radiation within 14 days prior to randomization
  • Leptomeningeal disease
  • Uncontrolled tumor-related pain: patients requiring narcotic pain medication must be on a stable regimen at registration; symptomatic lesions (e.g., bone metastases or metastases causing nerve impingement) amenable to palliative radiotherapy should be treated prior to randomization; patients should be recovered from the effects of radiation; there is no required minimum recovery period; asymptomatic metastatic lesions whose further growth would likely cause functional deficits or intractable pain (e.g., epidural metastasis that is not presently associated with spinal cord compression) should be considered for loco-regional therapy if appropriate prior to randomization
  • Uncontrolled hypercalcemia (> 1.5 mmol/L ionized calcium or calcium > 12 mg/dL or corrected serum calcium > upper limit of normal [ULN]) or symptomatic hypercalcemia requiring continued use of bisphosphonate therapy; patients who are receiving denosumab must discontinue denosumab use and replace it with a bisphosphonate instead while on study; patients receiving a bisphosphonate for skeletal metastases are not excluded and can continue treatment
  • Malignancies other than triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) within 5 years prior to randomization, with the exception of those with a negligible risk of metastasis or death and treated with expected curative outcome (such as adequately treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix or basal or squamous cell skin cancer)
  • Concurrent anti-cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, immunotherapy, hormonal therapy, biological therapy) other than the ones specified in the protocol; any other investigational drugs should be discontinued 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study medication
  • GENERAL MEDICAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA
  • Women only: pregnancy or lactation
  • Evidence of significant uncontrolled concomitant disease that in the opinion of the investigator could affect compliance with the protocol or interpretation of results, including significant liver disease (such as cirrhosis, uncontrolled major seizure disorder, or superior vena cava syndrome)
  • Significant cardiovascular disease, such as New York Heart Association (NYHA) cardiac disease (class II or greater), myocardial infarction within 3 months prior to randomization, unstable arrhythmias, or unstable angina; patients with a known left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 40% will be excluded; patients with known coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure not meeting the above criteria, or LVEF < 50% must be on a stable medical regimen that is optimized in the opinion of the treating physician, in consultation with a cardiologist if appropriate
  • Severe infection requiring systemic treatment within 4 weeks prior to randomization, including but not limited to hospitalization for complications of infection, bacteremia, or severe pneumonia
  • Major surgical procedure within 4 weeks prior to randomization or anticipation of the need for a major surgical procedure during the course of the study other than for diagnosis; placement of central venous access catheter(s) (e.g., port or similar) is not considered a major surgical procedure and is therefore permitted
  • History of severe reactions (e.g. allergic, anaphylactic, or other hypersensitivity) to chimeric or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins
  • Known hypersensitivity or allergy to biopharmaceuticals produced in Chinese hamster ovary cells or any component of the atezolizumab formulation
  • History of autoimmune disease, including but not limited to myasthenia gravis, myositis, autoimmune hepatitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, vascular thrombosis associated with antiphospholipid syndrome, Wegener's granulomatosis, Sjogren's syndrome, Guillain-Barre syndrome, multiple sclerosis, vasculitis, or glomerulonephritis; patients with a history of autoimmune-related hypothyroidism on a stable dose of thyroid replacement hormone are eligible for this study; patients with controlled type 1 diabetes mellitus on a stable insulin regimen are eligible for this study
  • Prior allogeneic stem cell or solid organ transplantation
  • History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (including pneumonitis), drug-induced pneumonitis, organizing pneumonia (i.e., bronchiolitis obliterans, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia), or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest computed tomography (CT) scan; history of radiation pneumonitis in the radiation field (fibrosis) is permitted
  • Positive test for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (testing required prior to registration)
  • Active hepatitis B (defined as having a positive hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] test at screening) or hepatitis C
  • Patients with past hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection or resolved HBV infection (defined as having a negative hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] test and a positive antibody to hepatitis B core antigen [anti-HBc] antibody test) are eligible
  • Patients positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is negative for HCV RNA
  • Active tuberculosis
  • Receipt of a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study drug (cycle 1, day 1 [C1D1]) or anticipation that such a live, attenuated vaccine will be required during the study
  • Prior treatment with CD137 agonists, anti−PD-1, or anti−PD-L1 therapeutic antibody or pathway-targeting agents
  • Treatment with systemic immunostimulatory agents (including but not limited to interferons or IL-2) within 4 weeks or five half-lives of the drug (whichever is shorter) prior to randomization
  • Treatment with systemic corticosteroids or other systemic immunosuppressant medications (including but not limited to prednisone, dexamethasone, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, thalidomide, and anti−tumor necrosis factor [TNF] agents) within 2 weeks prior to cycle 1, day 1, or anticipated requirement for systemic immunosuppressive medications during the trial; patients who have received acute, low-dose, systemic immunosuppressant medications (e.g., a one-time dose of dexamethasone for nausea) may be enrolled in the study; patients with a history of allergic reaction to IV contrast requiring steroid pre-treatment should have baseline and subsequent tumor assessments performed using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); the use of inhaled corticosteroids for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, mineralocorticoids (e.g., fludrocortisone) for patients with orthostatic hypotension, and low-dose supplemental corticosteroids for adrenocortical insufficiency are allowed
  • Psychiatric illness/social situations that would compromise patient safety or limit compliance with study requirements

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03206203


Contacts
Contact: Clinical Trials Information Program 800-811-8480 cip@vanderbilt.edu

Locations
United States, District of Columbia
Georgetown University Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center Recruiting
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20057
Contact: Julie Castle, RN, BSN    202-687-2209      
Principal Investigator: Paula Pohlmann, MD         
United States, Indiana
Indiana University Health Melvin Bren Simon Cancer Center Recruiting
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202
Principal Investigator: Tarah Ballinger, MD         
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins University Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center Recruiting
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21231
Principal Investigator: Roisin Connolly, MD         
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Not yet recruiting
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Principal Investigator: Ayca Gucalp, MD         
United States, North Carolina
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Not yet recruiting
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599
Principal Investigator: E. Claire Dees, MD         
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania Recruiting
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Contact: Catherine Rudloff    215-615-5329    catherine.rudloff@uphs.upenn.edu   
Principal Investigator: Payal Shah, MD         
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center Recruiting
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
Contact: Clinical Trials Information Program    800-811-8480      
Principal Investigator: Vandana Abramson, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Genentech, Inc.

Responsible Party: Vandana Abramson, Principal Investigator, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03206203     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: VICC BRE 15136
NCI-2017-01150 ( Registry Identifier: NCI, Clinical Trials Reporting Program )
First Posted: July 2, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 9, 2018
Last Verified: October 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Atezolizumab
Carboplatin
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs