Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older People
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03201731|
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified June 2017 by University College, London.
Recruitment status was: Not yet recruiting
First Posted : June 28, 2017
Last Update Posted : July 5, 2017
Although psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia usually present in late adolescence or early adulthood, research suggests that a substantial subset of people are diagnosed for the first time after the age of 60. This condition is referred to as 'very late-onset schizophrenia-like psychosis' (VLOSLP). People with VLOSLP are thought to experience high levels of social isolation, yet there has been little research systematically examining this. Additionally, little is known about how lonely people with VLOSLP feel, or how this group relate to and perceive other people.
This study aims to examine levels of social isolation and loneliness in patients with VLOSLP. The investigators also aim to explore aspects of social cognition in relation to VLOSLP.
A case-control study design will be used to examine the relationship between VLOSLP, loneliness, social isolation and social cognition. The case group will be people diagnosed with a non-organic psychotic disorder after age 60. The comparison group will be those aged 60 and above in contact with mental health services for a mental health difficulty, except from a psychotic disorder or dementia.
|Condition or disease|
|Very Late Onset Schizophrenia|
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||66 participants|
|Official Title:||Social Isolation and Loneliness in Very Late-onset Schizophrenia-like Psychosis: A Case-control Study|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||October 2017|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||October 2019|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||October 2019|
Those diagnosed with a non-organic, non-affective psychotic disorder for the first time after age 60, recruited from a Community Mental Health Team.
Those aged 60 and above in contact with the same Community Mental Health Team for another mental health problem aside from a psychotic disorder or dementia.
- UCLA loneliness Scale (version 3) (Russel, 1996) [ Time Frame: Total assessment time: two hours ]The UCLA loneliness scale is a 20-item measure of subjective feelings of loneliness. The scale has been validated for use in the elderly. Each item is scored from 1 (never) to 4 (often). Items include 'I lack companionship' and 'People are around me but not with me'. The scale yields an overall loneliness score between 0-80.
- Lubben Social Network Scale - 6 (LSNS-6) (Lubben et al., 2006) [ Time Frame: Total assessment time: two hours ]The LSNS-6 is a six-item self-report scale to assess social isolation in older adults by measuring perceived social support received from family and friends. The scale assesses the size, closeness and frequency of contacts within a respondent's social network, with a subscale for friends and another for family. Higher scores indicate larger social networks and lower scores indicate higher levels of social isolation. Questions include 'How many relatives do you see or hear from at least once a month?' and 'How many friends do you feel at ease with that you can talk about private matters?'.
- Ambiguous Intentions Attribution Questionnaire (Combs, Penn, Wicher & Waldheter, 2007) [ Time Frame: Total assessment time: two hours ]This questionnaire is designed to examine attribution bias with a particular focus on hostile social-cognitive bias. The researcher will read participants each vignette and ask them to imagine that the scenario is happening to them. Participants rate whether the action was performed on purpose, with ratings from 1 (definitely no) to 6 (definitely yes), how angry it would make them feel from 1 (not at all angry) to 5 (very angry) and how much they would blame the other person from 1 (not at all) to 5 (very much). These are totaled to create an overall score. Responses to each item are averaged across scenarios and summed, with higher scores indicating greater blame.
- The Faux Pas test (Stone, Baron-Cohen & Knight, 1998) [ Time Frame: Total assessment time: two hours ]The Faux Pas test is designed to measure theory of mind, or the ability to make inferences about the thoughts, beliefs and intentions of others and to understand the possible motivations underlying others' actions. In this test, theory of mind is measured using short vignettes followed by a series of questions. We shall use a short version of the test developed by Negrão et al., (2016). This test uses 5/10 faux pas stories and 5/10 control stories from the original Faux Pas Test. After each story is read, participants will be asked five questions for: detecting a faux pas, understanding the faux pas, understanding the mental state of the faux pas recipient, understanding the mental state of the person delivering the faux pas and understanding the details but without making inferences about the mental states of the characters in the story.