Hats on Head Start: A A Survey of Sun Protection Behaviors in Head Start and Other Early Childhood Education Programs
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03199573|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 27, 2017
Last Update Posted : August 22, 2017
The proposed study will assess the current sun safety policies and practices in programs for young children and to determine the willingness of stakeholders to incorporate more protective measures.
The primary hypothesis is that children in Head Start programs, daycare programs, elementary schools, or summer camps are exposed to significant UV radiation throughout the day, and are not adequately protected with sunscreen, hats, or sun-protective clothing. The secondary hypothesis is that these programs value sun safety as an important health behavior, but probably do not have the funding avilable to make it a priority.
|Condition or disease|
The study aims are:
- To assess current exposure to sun and UV in programs of children participating in an early childhood educational program.
- To assess current policies regarding sun protection and sunscreen use in programs for early childhood education.
- To assess the current attitudes towards sun safety among caregivers and teachers in programs for early childhood education.
- To explore association of sun protective behaviors with risk factors such as socioeconomic status, per student classroom budget, program setting (i.e. urban, suburban, or rural), race/ethnicity, size of school program, school budget for supplies, and ages of children enrolled in program.
The sample of stakeholders, who will be surveyed, is consistent with samples used in our prior research. A sample size of 250 phone interviews will be adequate to show trends in sun safety policies among early education programs. Power analysis is based on the use of sun protection, our primary outcome. Our preliminary data show that 15% of schools almost always or always schedule outdoor activities to avoid times when the sun was at peak intensity. The sample size required to sensitively detect a 20% difference in using sun protection between those that comply with recommendations and those that do not is 250 respondents assuming an alpha < 0.05 and power >= 0.8 in a two-tailed test on a two-group sample. This sample size will adequately power the study for detecting 30% difference in sun protection use between the two groups.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||202 participants|
|Official Title:||Hats on Head Start: A Survey of Sun Protection Behaviors in Head Start and Other Early Childhood Education Programs|
|Actual Study Start Date :||July 1, 2017|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||July 28, 2017|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||July 28, 2017|
- Total daily sun exposure and sunburn of children [ Time Frame: 10 minutes ]Total sun exposure per day and number of sunburns sustained at Head Start program, daycare, camp, or school
- Sun safety policies [ Time Frame: 10 minutes ]presence of policies in place to protect children from UV exposure e.g. designated time to don sun protective clothing, encouraging parents to apply sunscreen before school, send children with sun hats.
- Demographics [ Time Frame: 10 minutes ]Demographics of programs contacted e.g. racial breakdown, socioeconomic status of families served, ages of children in program, setting.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03199573
|United States, Illinois|
|Northwestern Memorial Hospital|
|Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611|
|Principal Investigator:||June Robinson, MD||Northwestern University|