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A Phase 1 Study of Acalabrutinib in Japanese Adult Patients With Advanced B-cell Malignancies

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03198650
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 26, 2017
Last Update Posted : September 4, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AstraZeneca

Brief Summary:
This is a multicenter, open-label Phase 1 study of acalabrutinib, a selective and irreversible Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitor, in Japanese adult patients with advanced B-cell malignancies. This study is divided into 3 parts: Part 1 (dose-confirmation phase), Part 2 (dose-expansion phase) and Part 3 (dose-confirmation phase for combination therapy).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Part1: Advanced B-cell Malignancies Part2: r/rCLL and r/rMCL Part3: Untreated CLL Drug: Acalabrutinib Drug: Obinutuzumab Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 34 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1 Study to Assess the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics and Anti-tumour Activity of Acalabrutinib, a Selective and Irreversible Bruton's Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor, in Japanese Adult Patients With Advanced B-cell Malignancies
Actual Study Start Date : June 27, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 31, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 31, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Part 1 / Part 2
Acalabrutinib
Drug: Acalabrutinib
Acalabrutinib

Experimental: Part 3
Acalabrutinib in combination with Obinutuzumab
Drug: Acalabrutinib
Acalabrutinib

Drug: Obinutuzumab
Obinutuzumab




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Adverse Events (AEs), Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) and dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) as a measure of safety and tolerability. [ Time Frame: From the first dose of study treatment to data cut-off date defined as 2 years after last subject enrolled. In Part 1, DLT will be evaluated in Cycle 1 (28 days). In Part 3, DLT will be evaluated in Cycle 2 (28 days). ]
    Acalabrutinib is considered as safe and tolerable if ≦1 of 6 patients experiences a DLT.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) [ Time Frame: From the date of first dose to Cycle 3 Day 28. ]
    Pharmacokinetics (PK) parameters will be derived using standard non-compartmental methods.

  2. Free Bruton's Tyrosine Kinase (BTK) not occupied by acalabrutinib [ Time Frame: From the date of first dose to end of treatment visit, up to 80 months ]
    Free BTK not occupied by acalabrutinib is measured and BTK occupancy at each timepoint is calculated relative to the predose timepoint. The signal of the predose sample represents 100% free BTK (0% occupied BTK), while each sample incubated with 1 μM exogenous acalabrutinib represents 0% free BTK (100% occupied BTK).

  3. Overall response rate [ Time Frame: From the start of acalabrutinib therapy to earlier of the first documentation of objective disease progression or death from any cause, whichever came first up to 80 months ]
    Defined as the proportion of subjects who achieve a response.

  4. Duration of Response [ Time Frame: From the start of acalabrutinib therapy to earlier of the first documentation of objective disease progression or death from any cause, whichever came first up to 80 months ]
    Defined as the interval from the first documentation of response to the earlier of the first documentation of definitive disease progression or death from any cause.

  5. Progression free survival [ Time Frame: From the start of acalabrutinib therapy to earlier of the first documentation of objective disease progression or death from any cause, whichever came first up to 80 months ]
    Defined as the interval from the start of acalabrutinib therapy to the earlier of the first documentation of objective disease progression or death from any cause.

  6. Area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) [ Time Frame: From the date of first dose to Cycle 3 Day 28 ]
    PK parameters will be derived using standard non-compartmental methods.

  7. Time to Cmax (tmax) [ Time Frame: From the date of first dose to Cycle 3 Day 28 ]
    PK parameters will be derived using standard non-compartmental methods.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 120 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • Provision of signed and dated, written informed consent prior to any study specific procedures, sampling and analyses
  • Japanese subjects at least 20 years of age at the time of study entry.
  • Presence of radiographically measurable lymphadenopathy or extranodal lymphoid malignancy (defined as the presence of a ≥ 2.0 cm lesion as measured in the longest dimension by computerised tomography [CT] scan). Note: Not applicable to subjects with Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM)
  • Eastern Co-operative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status (PS) of ≤ 2
  • Adequate organ function defined as follows: aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2 × institutional upper limit of normal (ULN), total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 × ULN except in the case of subjects with documented Gilbert's disease, ≤ 2.5 × ULN
  • Serum amylase ≤1.5 × ULN or serum lipase ≤1.5 × ULN <Part2>
  • Relapsed or refractory CLL/SLL: Confirmed diagnosis of CLL/SLL, which has relapsed after, or been refractory to ≥ 1 prior therapy for CLL/SLL, and has active disease meeting IWCLL 2008 criteria (Hallek 2008).
  • Relapse or refractory MCL: Confirmed diagnosis of MCL, which has relapsed after,or been refractory to ≥ 1 prior therapy for MCL, and documented failure to achieve at least PR with, or documented disease progression after, the most recent treatment regimen.

<Part3>

  • Japanese subjects:

    1. ≥ 65 years of age OR
    2. ≥ 20 and < 65 years of age, provided that they meet at least one of the following criteria:

    i. Creatinine clearance 30 to 69 mL/min using the Cockcroft-Gault equation. ii. A score higher that 6 on the Cumulative Illness Rating Scale-Geriatric

  • Diagnosis of CD20+ CLL that meets published diagnostic criteria (Hallek 2008):

    1. Monoclonal B cells (either kappa or lambda light chain restricted) that are clonally co-expressing ≥ 1 B-cell marker (CD19, CD20, or CD23) and CD5.
    2. Prolymphocytes may comprise ≤ 55% of blood lymphocytes.
    3. Presence of ≥ 5000 μL B lymphocytes in the peripheral blood (at any point since diagnosis)

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of other invasive malignancy within 2 years except for cervical carcinoma in situ (CIS), non-melanomatous carcinoma of the skin or ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) of the breast that have been surgically cured.
  • A life-threatening illness, medical condition or organ system dysfunction which, in the investigator's opinion, could compromise the subject's safety, interfere with the absorption or metabolism of acalabrutinib, or put the study outcomes at undue risk
  • Significant cardiovascular disease such as uncontrolled or symptomatic arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, or myocardial infarction within 6 months of screening, or any Class 3 or 4 cardiac disease as defined by the New York Heart Association Functional Classification (New York Heart Association Functional Classification 1994).
  • Malabsorption syndrome, disease significantly affecting GI function, resection of the stomach, extensive small bowel resection that is likely to affect absorption, symptomatic inflammatory bowel disease, partial or complete bowel obstruction, or gastric restrictions and bariatric surgery such as gastric bypass.
  • Known CNS involvement by lymphoma/leukemia
  • Known prolymphocytic leukemia or history of, or currently suspected, Richter's syndrome (for CLL/SLL)
  • Receipt of any biological or immunological based therapies (including experimental therapies) for leukaemia or lymphoma or myeloma (including, but not limited to, MAb therapy such as rituximab, or cancer vaccine therapies) within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of acalabrutinib.
  • Any prior therapy with BCR inhibitors (eg, BTK, PI3Kδ, or SYK inhibitors) or BCL-2 inhibitors (eg, venetoclax/ABT-199)
  • Known history of HIV, serologic status reflecting active hepatitis B or C infection,or any uncontrolled active systemic infection.
  • History of stroke or intracranial haemorrhage within 6 months prior to first dose of study drug.
  • Ongoing, drug-induced liver injury, alcoholic liver disease, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, primary biliary cirrhosis, ongoing extrahepatic obstruction caused by cholelithiasis, cirrhosis of the liver, or portal hypertension.
  • History of or ongoing drug-induced pneumonitis
  • Estimated creatinine clearance of < 30 mL/min, calculated using the formula of Cockcroft and Gault [(140-Age) • Mass (kg)/(72 • creatinine mg/dL); multiply by 0.85 if female]
  • Significant screening electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities including left bundle-branch block, 2nd degree AV block type II, 3rd-degree AV block, Grade ≥ 2 bradycardia, and the average QT interval corrected for heart rate (QTc) from the three screening ECGs must be > 480 msec (calculated using Fridericia's formula: QT/RR0.33)
  • Concurrent participation in another therapeutic clinical trial.
  • History of bleeding diathesis (eg, hemophilia or von Willebrand disease)
  • Requires or receiving anticoagulation with warfarin or equivalent vitamin K antagonists (eg, phenprocoumon) within 7 days before first dose of study drug.
  • Requires treatment with proton pump inhibitors (eg, omeprazole, esomeprazole, lansoprazole or rabeprazole). Subjects receiving proton pump inhibitors who switch to H2-receptor antagonists or antacids are eligible for enrollment to this study.
  • Presence of a GI ulcer diagnosed by endoscopy within 3 months before screening.
  • Uncontrolled autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) or immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03198650


Contacts
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Contact: AstraZeneca Clinical Study Information Center 1-877-240-9479 information.center@astrazeneca.com

Locations
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Japan
Research Site Recruiting
Chiba-shi, Japan, 260-8717
Research Site Recruiting
Chuo-ku, Japan, 104-0045
Research Site Recruiting
Fukuoka-shi, Japan, 812-8582
Research Site Recruiting
Isehara-shi, Japan, 259-1193
Research Site Recruiting
Izumo-shi, Japan, 693-8501
Research Site Recruiting
Nagoya-shi, Japan, 460-0001
Research Site Recruiting
Nagoya-shi, Japan, 464-8681
Research Site Recruiting
Niigata-shi, Japan, 951-8520
Research Site Recruiting
Okayama-shi, Japan, 700-8558
Research Site Recruiting
Sapporo-shi, Japan, 060-8638
Research Site Recruiting
Sendai-shi, Japan, 980-8574
Research Site Recruiting
Shimotsuke-shi, Japan, 329-0498
Research Site Recruiting
Suita-shi, Japan, 565-0871
Sponsors and Collaborators
AstraZeneca

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Responsible Party: AstraZeneca
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03198650     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: D8220C00001
First Posted: June 26, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 4, 2019
Last Verified: September 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms
Obinutuzumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents