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Use of T-allo10 in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) for Blood Disorders (T-allo10)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03198234
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 26, 2017
Last Update Posted : August 28, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Maria Grazia Roncarolo, Stanford University

Brief Summary:

A significant number of patients with hematologic malignancies need a hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) to be cured. Only about 50% of these patients have a fully matched donor, the remaining patients will require an HSCT from a mismatched related or unrelated donor. Almost 60% of these mismatched donor HSCTs will result in graft-versus-host disease (GvHD), which can cause significant morbidity and increased non-relapse mortality. GvHD is caused by the donor effector T cells present in the HSC graft that recognize and react against the mismatched patient's tissues.

Researchers and physicians at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford are working to prevent GvHD after HSCT with a new clinical trial. The objective of this clinical program is to develop a cell therapy to prevent GvHD and induce graft tolerance in patients receiving mismatched unmanipulated donor HSCT. The cell therapy consists of a cell preparation from the same donor of the HSCT (T-allo10) containing T regulatory type 1 (Tr1) cells able to suppress allogenic (host-specific) responses, thus decreasing the incidence of GvHD.

This is the first trial of its kind in pediatric patients and is only available at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford.

The purpose of this phase 1 study is to determine the safety and tolerability of a cell therapy, T-allo10, to prevent GvHD in patients receiving mismatched related or mismatched unrelated unmanipulated donor HSCT for hematologic malignancies.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
AML - Acute Myeloid Leukemia MDS (Myelodysplastic Syndrome) Mixed Phenotype Acute Leukemia NHL - Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Hodgkin's Lymphoma ALL Biological: T-allo10 Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Patients ages 3-30 years, with hematologic malignancies undergoing mismatched related or unrelated donor transplant will receive conditioning chemotherapy with Total body radiation and cyclophosphamide, according to the standard procedure.

The investigators plan to infuse the donor T-allo10 product one day before HSCT so that the Tr1 cells contained within the T-allo10 product will be able to prevent anti-host alloreactivity of the T cells present within the unmanipulated HSC graft. Indeed, Tr1 cells best exert their suppressive activity at the time of effector T cell activation, occurring when the T cells present in the HSC graft will be transferred to the patient ; therefore, the investigators expect that the early infusion of T-allo10 cells will optimally modulate anti-host alloreactivity of the donor T cells and prevent GvHD.

Immunosuppression will also be administered at the time of HSCT.

Up to 27 eligible patients will be given the T-allo10 product sequentially in 3 escalating dose cohorts to determine the maximum tolerated dose (or the highest dose tested if no maximum tolerated dose is reached). Each cohort will begin by evaluating 3 patients. The patients in each cohort will be staggered by 28 days and each succeeding patient will be enrolled no sooner than the 29 day after the preceding patient's infusion of T-allo10.

  • If no patient in a cohort develops a dose limiting toxicity (DLT) following infusion of the investigational cellular product, the investigators will start enrolling patients at the next higher cell dose after completing the 28-day safety evaluation of the 3rd patient in the dose cohort.
  • If one out of 3 patients in a cohort has a DLT, 3 additional patients will be evaluated at the same dose level.
  • If one out of 6 patients experiences a DLT, dose escalation will occur.
  • If 2 out of ≤ 6 patients experience a DLT, dose escalation will cease and that dose will be designated the maximally administered dose.
  • Up to three (3) additional patients will be entered at the next lowest dose level if only 3 patients were treated previously at that dose

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Use of T-allo10 Cell Infusions Combined With Mismatched Related or Mismatched Unrelated Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) for Hematologic Malignancies
Actual Study Start Date : August 30, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2022


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort 1
Participants will receive 1 X 10^6/kg (± 10%) T-allo10 cells infused intravenously on Day -1 (day before transplant)
Biological: T-allo10
The T-allo10 drug product consists of donor derived, host (patient) alloantigen hyporesponsive (anergic) CD4+ (cluster of differentiation 4) cells containing Type 1 regulatory T (Tr1) cells induced in vitro in the presence of IL-10 (interleukin-10), which are also defined as IL-10 anergized T cells. T-allo10 cell infusion is being developed to prevent acute Graft-versus-Host Disease (GvHD) and induce graft tolerance in patients with hematologic malignancies receiving mismatched related and unrelated unmanipulated hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT).

Experimental: Cohort 2
Participants will receive 3 X 10^6/kg (± 10%) T-allo10 cells infused intravenously on Day -1 (day before transplant)
Biological: T-allo10
The T-allo10 drug product consists of donor derived, host (patient) alloantigen hyporesponsive (anergic) CD4+ (cluster of differentiation 4) cells containing Type 1 regulatory T (Tr1) cells induced in vitro in the presence of IL-10 (interleukin-10), which are also defined as IL-10 anergized T cells. T-allo10 cell infusion is being developed to prevent acute Graft-versus-Host Disease (GvHD) and induce graft tolerance in patients with hematologic malignancies receiving mismatched related and unrelated unmanipulated hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT).

Experimental: Cohort 3
Participants will receive 9 X 10^6/kg (± 10%) T-allo10 cells infused intravenously on Day -1 (day before transplant)
Biological: T-allo10
The T-allo10 drug product consists of donor derived, host (patient) alloantigen hyporesponsive (anergic) CD4+ (cluster of differentiation 4) cells containing Type 1 regulatory T (Tr1) cells induced in vitro in the presence of IL-10 (interleukin-10), which are also defined as IL-10 anergized T cells. T-allo10 cell infusion is being developed to prevent acute Graft-versus-Host Disease (GvHD) and induce graft tolerance in patients with hematologic malignancies receiving mismatched related and unrelated unmanipulated hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT).




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of treatment emergent adverse events (TEAE) [ Time Frame: Time of T-allo10 cell infusion until 28 days following the infusion. ]
    Assessments of TEAE will include laboratory abnormalities, changes in vital signs, and changes in physical examination following infusion of T-allo10 cells in order to assess the tolerability of T-allo10.

  2. Severity of treatment emergent adverse events (TEAE) [ Time Frame: Time of T-allo10 cell infusion until 28 days following the infusion. ]
    Assessments of TEAE will include laboratory abnormalities, changes in vital signs, and changes in physical examination following infusion of T-allo10 cells in order to assess the safety of T-allo10.

  3. Safety of T-allo10 will be measured by the time to stem cell engraftment after Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant. [ Time Frame: 42 days ]
    Stem cell engraftment is evaluated by clinical laboratory studies including absolute neutrophil count, hematopoiesis, chimerism analysis, and minimal residual disease (MRD) assay.

  4. Feasibility defined by the successful manufacture of the T-allo10 product [ Time Frame: By Day -9 ]
    Feasibility defined by the rate of successful manufacture of the T-allo10 product to satisfy the targeted dose level and meet the required release specifications.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence and severity of grade III and IV acute GvHD [ Time Frame: Study visits through Day +100 ]
    The incidence of grade III and IV acute GvHD at Day +100 following infusion of Tallo10 cells, assessed using the Modified Keystone scale administered by an independent evaluator on study visits through Day +100


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Incidence and severity of chronic GvHD [ Time Frame: After Day +100 through Day +365, ]
    The incidence and severity of chronic GvHD will be assessed by an independent evaluator.

  2. Time to immune reconstitution [ Time Frame: Up to Day 365 ]
    Immune reconstitution will be evaluated by clinical laboratory studies of CD3+ T cells, assessed by the time to reach >200/microliter CD3+ T cells.

  3. Disease Free Survival [ Time Frame: At Day +365 ]

    Disease free survival is defined as the absence of minimal residual disease in the bone marrow.

    The investigators will use bone marrow aspirate examination, minimal residual disease (MRD) assay, and donor chimerism by STR analysis to evaluate disease free survival.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years to 45 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Eligible diseases include:

    A. Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (B- or T-ALL)

    1. Complete Response (CR)1-ultra high risk features

      • Unfavorable cytogenetics
      • Hypodiploidy
      • Induction failure
      • Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) positive after consolidation
    2. CR-2:

      • Any of the high risk features listed in CR1
      • B-ALL: any relapse considered eligible for transplant
      • T- ALL
    3. CR-3-any

    B. Acute Myeloid Leukemia

    1. MRD >5% at day 22 induction 1
    2. MRD >0.1% after induction 2
    3. FLT/ITD with allelic ratio > 0.4 and MRD >0.1% at day 22 or 29 induction 1
    4. Translocation (6:9), (8:6), (16:21), monosomy 7, monosomy 5, 5q
    5. M7 with KMT2A rearrangements, inv(16)(p13.3q24.3) [CBFA2T3-GLIS2] or t(11;12)(p15;p13) [NUP98-KDM5A]
    6. AML in 2nd or subsequent CR
    7. Therapy related or Secondary AML
    8. Refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB)2

    C. Myelodysplastic syndrome D. Mixed Phenotype Acute Leukemia MRD>1% after consolidation E. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) or Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) beyond first remission

  2. Age ≥3 to ≤45 years old. Subjects 1 and 2 (in Cohort 1) will be ≥ 12 years old
  3. Available mismatched related donor (mMRD) or mismatched unrelated donor (mMUD), Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matched 8/10 or 9/10
  4. Lansky (age <16) or Karnofsky (age ≥16) performance status ≥80%
  5. Able and willing to provide written, signed informed consent (assent as appropriate)
  6. Have adequate organ function defined as the following:

    • Serum Creatinine <1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) or 24-hour creatinine clearance >50 ml/min
    • Serum bilirubin ≤ 2 x ULN
    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST)

      ≤10 x ULN

    • Diffusion Capacity of the Lungs (DLCO) >60% predicted (in children, O2 saturation >92% on room air)
    • Left ventricular ejection fraction >45% (in children, shortening fraction >26%)
  7. Male and female subjects of child bearing potential must agree to use an effective method of birth control to avoid pregnancy throughout the transplant procedure, while on immunosuppression, and if the subject experiences any chronic GvHD.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Prior bone marrow or peripheral blood HSCT within the last 6 (six) months
  2. HLA-matched related or unrelated donor available
  3. Any active, uncontrolled infection at the time of enrollment
  4. Pregnant or lactating females
  5. Any severe concurrent disease which, in the judgement of the investigator, would place the patient at increased risk during participation in the study
  6. Any subject with a history of significant renal, hepatic, pulmonary, or cardiac dysfunction or on treatment to support cardiac dysfunction
  7. HIV positive
  8. Non-cooperative behavior or non-compliance of the patient and/or of his/her family
  9. Received another investigational agent within 30 days of enrollment
  10. Patients with Down's syndrome

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03198234


Locations
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United States, California
Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Recruiting
Palo Alto, California, United States, 94304
Contact: Gopin Saini, MBBS, CCRC    650-725-9032    sainig@stanford.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Stanford University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Rajni Agarwal, MD Stanford University

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Responsible Party: Maria Grazia Roncarolo, Division Chief, Pediatric Stem Cell Transplantation and Regenerative Medicine, Stanford University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03198234     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SU-IRB-38734
First Posted: June 26, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 28, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: There is no plan to share the individual participant data.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Maria Grazia Roncarolo, Stanford University:
Pediatric
GvHD
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Stem Cells
Transplant
BMT - bone marrow transplant
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lymphoma
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Leukemia, Myeloid
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Allopurinol
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Enzyme Inhibitors
Gout Suppressants
Antirheumatic Agents
Free Radical Scavengers
Antioxidants
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs