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Novel PET/CT and Treatment Strategies to Reduce PTS Following DVT

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03195777
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 22, 2017
Last Update Posted : January 1, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ahmed Tawakol, Massachusetts General Hospital

Brief Summary:

The goal of this study is to develop strategies that will improve outcomes for patients with deep vein thrombosis (DVT), using in vivo FDG-PET inflammation imaging to better predict the development of the post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS). New approaches are needed to improve the outcomes of patients with DVT, a disease that affects up to 600,000 patients per year in the US alone. DVT acutely places patients at risk of death from pulmonary embolism and causes 50,000 deaths annually in the US. Moreover, up to 30-50% of patients will develop PTS, an illness characterized by inflammation-driven fibrotic vein wall injury, and persistent thrombus obstruction. PTS occurs despite anticoagulant therapy, and produces chronic disability from leg pain, heaviness, edema, skin pigmentation, and ulcers; some patients may even require amputation. PTS impairs quality of life to the same extent as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or diabetes. Therefore new diagnostic insights into PTS are urgently needed.

There are several major challenges to improve outcomes in PTS: A) Limited in vivo knowledge regarding inflammation and the development of PTS; B) L Lack of predictive approaches to identify patients at high risk for PTS that will preferentially benefit from novel therapies. Recently, our laboratories have harnessed FDG-PET molecular imaging to illuminate DVT inflammation in vivo, and to provide a new strategy to diagnose recurrent DVT, a vexing clinical problem (Hara et al. Circulation 2014). We now propose to further develop FDG-PET to improve outcomes in DVT and PTS.

The objective of this application is to develop FDG-PET as an inflammation imaging approach to assess DVT inflammation and predict risk of developing PTS in human subjects;

Hypothesis 1A: Inflammatory activity in DVT (quantified acutely, using FDG-PET imaging within 0-7 days after DVT) will predict PTS incidence (primary) and severity (secondary) within a 24 month follow-up period.

Hypothesis 1B: Inflammatory activity in DVTs (quantified sub-acutely, using FDG-PET imaging within 21-28 days after DVT), will predict PTS incidence and severity.

Eighty patients with DVT will be imaged using FDG-PET/CT acutely (0-7 days of DVT diagnosis), and sub-acutely (21-28 days after diagnosis). Subjects will be evaluated repeatedly for up to 2 years to detect clinical evidence of PTS (Villalta score), ultrasound findings for structural venous injury, and soluble biomarkers of systemic inflammation. Subsequently, we will evaluate the relationship between FDG DVT activity and the development of PTS.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Deep Venous Thrombosis Post-thrombotic Syndrome Device: PET/CT Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

This study is a one-center observational study examining DVT with PET/CT. 80 individuals with recent deep venous thrombosis (DVT) will be recruited from MGH. Imaging and clinical evaluation will be performed to look for predictors of a major complication of DVT: the post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS)

There are 5 visits to attend. The imaging visits will last 2-3 hours. The clinical evaluation visits will last 1-2 hours.

  1. Screening - This visit will take place after initial DVT (deep venous thrombosis) diagnosis. It will involve clinical assessments and blood labs, to determine subject eligibility. If an ultrasound was not performed at the time of DVT diagnosis, an ultrasound should be performed.
  2. Visit 1 (0-7 days after DVT diagnosis) - Imaging Visit 1 - At this visit, patients will receive a positron-emission tomography/ computed tomography (PET/CT) scan, and contrast-enhanced CT of the lower extremity (CTA) and will have blood labs drawn.
  3. Visit 2 (21-28 days after DVT diagnosis) - Imaging Visit 2 - At this visit, patients will receive a PET/CT scan and will have blood labs drawn.
  4. Visit 3 (6 months after DVT diagnosis) - Clinical Evaluation - At this visit, patients will meet to evaluate symptoms of DVT and PTS. Blood labs will be drawn. An ultrasound will be performed as well.
  5. Visit 4 (24 months after DVT diagnosis OR time of PTS diagnosis) - Clinical Evaluation - At this visit, patients will meet to evaluate symptoms of DVT and PTS. Blood labs will be drawn. An ultrasound will be performed as well.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 80 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: This study is a one-center observational study examining DVT with FDG- PET/CT. 80 individuals with DVT will be imaged with PET/CT and followed for development of PTS
Masking: None (Open Label)
Masking Description: Investigators who are analyzing images will be blinded to all clinical data, including clinical follow-up data to determine PTS
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Novel PET/CT and Treatment Strategies to Reduce PTS Following DVT
Actual Study Start Date : December 20, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 31, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 30, 2022

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Single Arm: Observation after Imaging
This is a single-arm study, where subjects will be monitored for development of PTS after baseline non-invasive imaging with FDG PET/CT. The experimental interventIon is the PET/CT imaging.
Device: PET/CT
PET/CT imaging will be performed (with fluorodeoxyglucose, [FDG] as a tracer). Thereafter, subjects will be monitored for development of PTS. We will then assess the ability of PET/CT top predict the subsequent development of PTS.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. PTS incidence [ Time Frame: 24 month follow-up period ]
    Incidence of PTS (by Villalta score of ≥5) at any time during 24 months of observation after diagnosis of first proximal DVT

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. PTS severity [ Time Frame: 24 month follow-up period ]
    Maximal severity of PTS (by Villalta score) during 24 month observation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   30 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age above 30
  • Patient presents with a first symptomatic, proximal DVT (with or without concurrent distal DVT or pulmonary embolism).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient has May-Thurner syndrome
  • Patient has an expected life span of < 6 months
  • Patient can't receive anticoagulation therapy
  • Patient received thrombolytic therapy for the initial treatment of acute DVT
  • Patient has DVT signs of symptoms that occur more than 1 week prior to presentation, as assessed by clinical history
  • Renal dysfunction (Serum creatinine > 1.5 mg/ml or estimated creatinine clearance < 60 ml/min)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03195777

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Contact: Ahmed Tawakol, MD 617-726-0791

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United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Contact: Ahmed A Tawakol, MD    617-726-0791   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Massachusetts General Hospital

Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Ahmed Tawakol, Interim Director, Nuclear Cardiology, Massachusetts General Hospital Identifier: NCT03195777     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2017P000808
First Posted: June 22, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 1, 2019
Last Verified: December 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Device Product Not Approved or Cleared by U.S. FDA: No
Pediatric Postmarket Surveillance of a Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Venous Thrombosis
Postthrombotic Syndrome
Postphlebitic Syndrome
Embolism and Thrombosis
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Venous Insufficiency
Peripheral Vascular Diseases