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Eye-Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing in the ED and Post-Traumatic Syndrome (EMDR-ED)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03194386
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 21, 2017
Last Update Posted : January 11, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Hospital, Bordeaux

Brief Summary:
Millions people, all over the world, are admitted in the Emergency Department after a trauma or simply to receive medical cares. In France, it represents 10 million patients. Probably because of stress associated with the event, 20% will suffer a combination of non-specifics symptoms which persist for many months and with daily life quality impairment. The investigators hypothesize that an early intervention, such as Eye-Movement, Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) could be performed in the ED and could prevent the occurrence of these symptoms

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Other: Reassurance Other: Eye-Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Emergency department are a privileged service for patients suffering from trauma and stressful medical conditions. In France every year 10 million people come or are taken to the emergency room (ER). Many studies have shown that 10-20% of these trauma patients develop a non-specific set of symptoms that can persist for several months after ED assessment. These includes, for example, headache, memory and/or concentration impairment, stress intolerance, irritability... These symptoms lead to an alteration in the quality of social, family and professional life, and therefore affect one to two millions people in France alone.

The association between these symptoms and mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) has already been demonstrated. It was defined as post-concussion syndrome (PCS) according to the DSM-IV-TR. However, several recent studies have shown that these symptoms are not specific to MTBI but may appear for any type of trauma and event for stressful medical conditions. PCS seems to appear for events occurring in a stressful environment or in people with psychological weaknesses. These symptoms will therefore be referred here to PCS-like syndrome (PCSLS). Moreover, PCS-LS symptoms appear to be very similar to those of the numbing and hyperarousal dimension of the Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).

A recent study, carried out by our team in the ED of Bordeaux University Hospital, showed that PCS-LS was associated with a high level of stress at ED discharge, whatever that stress level at entry.

The Eye-Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a recognized psychotherapeutic approach in the treatment of PTSD and several single-session versions of the protocol have been proposed (R-TEP EMDR).The investigators hypothesize that the introduction of an early R-TEP EMDR intervention in emergencies can reduce the level of stress and thus the occurrence of the PCSLS and PTSD symptoms among a subset of patients screened for their high risk of PCS-LS.

The study is a single-site open-label three-group randomized controlled trial designed to assess the feasibility of an early R-TEP EMDR intervention performed in the ED and to compare PCS-LS and PTSD symptoms at 3 months between the three randomization groups: (i) TEP-EMDR; (ii) 15' reassurance session; (iii) care as usual.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 110 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Investigator)
Masking Description: Investigator / Outcomes Assessor
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Feasibility and Interest of Early Eye-Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Provided in the Emergency Department for Patients With High Risk of Post Traumatic Syndrome
Actual Study Start Date : October 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2017

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: Control
usual care
Active Comparator: Reassurance
15 minutes psychologist visit
Other: Reassurance
At the end of cares, before ED discharge, a trained psychologist will conduct a session in order to reassure patients about their future after ED visit.

Experimental: R-TEP EMDR
Recent Traumatic Episode Protocol Eye-Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (R-TEP EMDR) At the end of cares, before ED discharge, a trained psychologist will conduct a single R-TEP EMDR session. Each session may last about 60 minutes
Other: Eye-Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)
At the end of cares, before ED discharge, a trained psychologist will conduct a single EMDR session. Each session may last about 60 minutes

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. EMDR protocol completion [ Time Frame: 12 hours after ED admission ]
    Eye-Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, performed in a population with high risk of PTS at the Emergency Department thanks to questionnaires

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Recovery rate [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    3 months after ED admission

  2. Post-concussion Syndrome [ Time Frame: 3 months after ED admission ]
    Post-Concussion Syndrome (PCS) was assessed using the various definitions of PCS (ICD-10, DSM IV and Rivermaid) were selected: headache, feelings of dizziness, nausea or vomiting, noise sensitivity, sleeping disorders, fatigue, irritability, feeling depressed, anxiety, intolerance to stress, feeling frustrated or impatient, forgetfulness or poor memory, poor concentration, taking longer to think, blurred vision, double vision, light sensitivity, restlessness, personality change. In line with PCS definition in the context of mild head injury, we defined patients with PCS as those who reported at least 3 of these symptoms.

  3. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder [ Time Frame: 3 months after ED admission ]
    Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder was defined using the PTSD Check-List Scale. The presence of the 17 symptoms of the DSM-IV-R definition for PTSD were also assessed for the 3-month phone The diagnosis of PTSD requires that one or more symptoms from each of those categories be present for at least a month and that those symptoms interfere seriously with leading a normal life.

  4. Chronic Pain at 3 months [ Time Frame: 3 months after ED admission ]
    Self reported by phone

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients admitted in department for a medical or traumatic event, and at risk of developing a PTS.
  • Score resulting from the screening tool> 3 :

Female gender: +1 Taking at least one anxiolytic treatment: + 1 Perceived health status prior to admission: Excellent, very good: 0 ; Good: +1 Poor: +2 ; Bad: +3

  • Affiliated to Social Security

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Refusal to participate in the study
  • Admission and / or exit questionnaire not completed
  • Inability to answer questionnaire: any cognitive impairement, language barrier, consciousness disorder...
  • Impossibility of recontacting the patient at a distance from the trauma (no telephone contact ...)
  • Patient already included in the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03194386

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Emergency department, Bordeaux University Hospital
Bordeaux, France, 33076
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital, Bordeaux
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Study Director: Emmanuel Lagarde, PhD University Hospital Bordeaux, France
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University Hospital, Bordeaux Identifier: NCT03194386    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2017/01
First Posted: June 21, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 11, 2018
Last Verified: June 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by University Hospital, Bordeaux:
Post-Traumatic Syndrome
Eye-Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Stress Disorders, Traumatic
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders
Mental Disorders