Small Media Interventions to Increase Colorectal Cancer Screening Among Chinese Americans (SMILES)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03174444|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 2, 2017
Last Update Posted : February 11, 2020
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Colorectal Cancer Cancer Screening||Behavioral: Small Media||Not Applicable|
Chinese Americans are the largest group of Asian Americans, the fastest growing racial population in the U.S. Colorectal cancer is the second most common cancer among Chinese Americans. Screening reduces colorectal cancer mortality and is cost-effective but remains underutilized. Asian Americans and Chinese Americans are less likely than non-Hispanic whites to be screened for colorectal cancer. Factors associated with lack of screening among Asian Americans include recent immigration, lower education, lower English fluency, lack of knowledge, patient-physician language discordance, and lack of physician recommendation.
Although small media and client-reminders are effective in increasing colorectal cancer screening in the general population, no randomized controlled trial has assessed the effect of such interventions on Chinese Americans, particularly those who are limited English proficient. Building on an established community-based participatory research network and strong preliminary studies, the team propose to develop a culturally and linguistically appropriate booklet (small print media) and an audio-visual application accessible through mobile devices and a website (small electronic media) to promote screening. Through an innovative approach that links community organizations that have cultural and linguistic expertise to healthcare systems that have many Chinese American patients, the investigators will test the effect of combining these small media materials and a mailed patient reminder on the rate of screening for colorectal cancer screening among Chinese Americans in this Small Media Interventions for Limited English Speakers (SMILES). The investigators have developed English and Chinese (Cantonese and Mandarin) small print and electronic media materials to promote colorectal cancer screening among Chinese Americans. This RCT will compare the efficacy of a combination of mailed patient reminder and small print and electronic media versus usual care among Chinese American patients who are not up-to-date for colorectal cancer screening recruited from 3 healthcare systems in a randomized controlled trial.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||1707 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||Individual randomized controlled trial with two arms.|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Primary Purpose:||Health Services Research|
|Official Title:||Small Media Interventions to Increase Colorectal Cancer Screening Among Chinese Americans|
|Actual Study Start Date :||August 15, 2017|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||October 30, 2018|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||September 30, 2019|
Experimental: Small Media
Participants receive bilingual brochures and access to bilingual website about colorectal cancer screening.
Behavioral: Small Media
Bilingual brochures and access to bilingual website
No Intervention: Control
Participants receive no information about colorectal cancer screening from the study during the intervention period, but may receive usual care from health care provider.
- Colorectal Cancer Screening [ Time Frame: 9 months ]Up-to-date receipt of any colorectal cancer screening
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03174444
|United States, California|
|University of California San Francisco|
|San Francisco, California, United States, 94143|
|Principal Investigator:||Tung Nguyen, MD||University of California, San Francisco|