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Trial record 96 of 7054 for:    Oral Cancer | ( Map: United States )

Carboplatin, Nab-Paclitaxel, Durvalumab Before Surgery and Adjuvant Therapy in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03174275
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 2, 2017
Last Update Posted : June 18, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
AstraZeneca
Celgene
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

Participants in this study have a type of cancer called squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). Their SCCHN has spread around the area where the cancer first started. This is called locally-advanced SCCHN. These participants are eligible for surgery.

Previous research with a similar therapy regimen resulted in high rates of cancer shrinkage, high rates of avoiding radiation and its side effects, high cure rate and good quality of life. Radiation can be very toxic. The purpose on this study is to try to avoid radiation. If the participants are not on this study they would be receiving radiation as it is standard treatment of their cancer. In the last study with a similar regimen, about a third of cancers had a pathologic complete response with the first part of the study. This means that the chemotherapy had killed the cancer. The investigators are trying to improve the regimen further with a goal of increasing this rate of complete response to the first part of therapy. The investigators also hope that by improving results in the first part, that more people will be cured and that long term quality of life (especially speech and swallowing) will be improved, both compared to standard therapies and to the last study. Doctors do not know how this therapy will effect the participants. There is no guarantee that this study will benefit the participants.

The prior study used a combination of chemotherapy consisting of carboplatin, paclitaxel and a third targeted anti-cancer drug. In this study the investigators are testing the combination of carboplatin, nano-albumin bound paclitaxel and durvalumab. Nano-albumin bound paclitaxel has been shown to be more active against other types of squamous cancers than regular paclitaxel. It is FDA approved for squamous lung cancer, but experimental for head and neck cancer. Durvalumab is an experimental drug that uses the body's own immune system to fight the cancer. Doctors hope that combining Durvalumab with 2 chemotherapy drugs will be effective in treating SCCHN. Durvalumab on its own has been studied in patients with SCCHN and initial results have shown that some subjects' cancer has responded to it.

The purpose of this study is to test a combination of chemotherapy to hopefully both increase the number of subjects that respond to therapy while also decreasing the number of side effects that subjects experience.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell Oral Cancer Oropharynx Cancer Larynx Cancer Lip Cancer Esophageal Cancer Drug: Durvalumab Drug: Carboplatin Drug: Nab-paclitaxel Drug: Cisplatin Procedure: Surgical resection Radiation: IMRT Phase 2

Detailed Description:

STUDY OBJECTIVES

Primary Objective:

Estimate the pathologic complete response rate (pCRR) after induction chemotherapy with carboplatin, nab-paclitaxel, and durvalumab in previously untreated stage III and IV SCCHN amenable to surgical resection

Secondary Objectives:

  • Report the clinical complete response rate (cCRR) and clinical response rate (cRR) following induction chemotherapy
  • Estimate the percent of patients who have a change in estimated risk level. Prior to induction, this will be assessed clinically (by imagining and physical exam). Post induction, this will be assessed by surgical pathology report
  • Estimate the overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) associated with 3 part therapy consisting of induction chemotherapy, surgery and risk-adapted use of chemoradiation
  • Characterize the toxicity profile associated with both induction therapy and total 3 part therapy consisting of induction chemotherapy, surgery and risk-adapted use of chemoradiation

Translational/Exploratory Objectives:

  • Correlative studies will evaluate cellular correlates of response and changes in the tumor microenvironment across therapy
  • Explore correlation between measures of clinical response to induction chemotherapy and long term outcomes (PFS and OS) and compare them to pathologic measures of response (pCRR)

PROCEDURES This is a single-arm, nonrandomized phase II trial consisting of 3 parts. After informed consent and screening, pre-induction, risk levels will be assessed clinically, by a combination of physical exam and imaging.

Part 1: All patients will then receive 6 weeks of induction chemotherapy in Part 1 comprised of weekly cycles of carboplatin and nab-paclitaxel for 6 cycles in combination with durvalumab administered once every two weeks for 5 cycles (Day 1 of the weeks 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9).

Part 2: Within a 1-4 the week window post induction, tumor imaging will be followed by surgical resection.

Part 3: After surgery, patients will be stratified into one of 3 risk categories based on their disease pathology, assigned a treatment group based on their risk. Low risk patients with receive durvalumab once every two weeks for 3 cycles, while medium risk or high risks groups will receive concurrent chemoradiation therapy followed by durvalumab once every two weeks for 3 cycles.

Follow up After completion of study therapy (which will vary by study arm) patients will be evaluated every three months during follow up for progression over a period of 18 months. Each follow up visit will include physical examination, CT or MRI imaging of the neck. Chest imaging will be obtained (or not) as indicated by standard of care. After the first 18 months, patients will be followed-up per standard of care, with documentation in the case report form (CRF) limited to progression and survival noted at their standard of care visits. If a patient should move away or otherwise be lost to in-person follow up but is amenable to telephone follow up, this will be permitted during the standard of care follow up period.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 39 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Multimodality Therapy With Induction Carboplatin/Nab-Paclitaxel/Durvalumab Followed by Surgical Resection and Risk-adapted Adjuvant Therapy for the Treatment of Locally-Advanced and Surgically Resectable Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck
Actual Study Start Date : December 19, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 1, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 1, 2026


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Low Risk

Part 1- Patients receive 6 weeks of induction chemotherapy comprised of weekly cycles of carboplatin dosed to an Area Under the Curve (AUC2) and nab-paclitaxel 100 mg/m2 X 6 cycles in combination with durvalumab 750 mg administered once every two weeks for 5 cycles (D1 of weeks 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9).

Part 2- Within a 2-6 week window post induction, tumor imaging will be followed by surgical resection.

Part 3- patients receive adjuvant durvalumab (750 mg) once every two weeks x 3 cycles

Drug: Durvalumab
Subjects will receive durvalumab, 750 mg every 2 weeks by IV infusion over approximately 1 hour (± 5 minutes).
Other Name: MEDI4736

Drug: Carboplatin
Carboplatin is commercially available and approved by the US FDA for use in patients with ovarian cancer.
Other Name: Paraplatin

Drug: Nab-paclitaxel
Nab-paclitaxel is commercially available and approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in patients with metastatic breast cancer, metastatic pancreatic cancer, and for the treatment of locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC.
Other Name: Abraxane

Procedure: Surgical resection
Surgical therapy will be at the discretion of the treating surgeon per standard of care.

Experimental: Medium Risk

Part 1- Patients receive 6 weeks of induction chemotherapy comprised of weekly cycles of carboplatin dosed to an Area Under the Curve (AUC2) and nab-paclitaxel 100 mg/m2 X 6 cycles in combination with durvalumab 750 mg administered once every two weeks for 5 cycles (D1 of weeks 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9).

Part 2- Within a 2-6 week window post induction, tumor imaging will be followed by surgical resection.

Part 3- patients receive ipsilateral involved field radiation concurrent with weekly cisplatin 30mg/m2. Once chemoradiotherapy is complete these patients will receive durvalumab 750 mg every two weeks for 3 cycles.

Drug: Durvalumab
Subjects will receive durvalumab, 750 mg every 2 weeks by IV infusion over approximately 1 hour (± 5 minutes).
Other Name: MEDI4736

Drug: Carboplatin
Carboplatin is commercially available and approved by the US FDA for use in patients with ovarian cancer.
Other Name: Paraplatin

Drug: Nab-paclitaxel
Nab-paclitaxel is commercially available and approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in patients with metastatic breast cancer, metastatic pancreatic cancer, and for the treatment of locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC.
Other Name: Abraxane

Drug: Cisplatin
Cisplatin is commercially available and approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of advanced bladder, ovarian and testicular cancer. It has been widely studied in a variety of solid tumor types.

Procedure: Surgical resection
Surgical therapy will be at the discretion of the treating surgeon per standard of care.

Radiation: IMRT
"involved field radiation" will refer to areas demonstrated to harbor disease on pathology, and not elective areas
Other Name: Intensity-modulated radiation therapy

Experimental: High Risk

Part 1- Patients receive 6 weeks of induction chemotherapy comprised of weekly cycles of carboplatin dosed to an Area Under the Curve (AUC2) and nab-paclitaxel 100 mg/m2 X 6 cycles in combination with durvalumab 750 mg administered once every two weeks for 5 cycles (D1 of weeks 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9).

Part 2- Within a 2-6 week window post induction, tumor imaging will be followed by surgical resection.

Part 3- All patients will be treated with intensity modulation radiation therapy (IMRT) concurrent with weekly cisplatin 30mg/m2 or other standard of care chemoradiotherapy regimen.Once chemoradiotherapy is complete these patients will receive durvalumab 750 mg every two weeks for 3 cycles.

Drug: Durvalumab
Subjects will receive durvalumab, 750 mg every 2 weeks by IV infusion over approximately 1 hour (± 5 minutes).
Other Name: MEDI4736

Drug: Carboplatin
Carboplatin is commercially available and approved by the US FDA for use in patients with ovarian cancer.
Other Name: Paraplatin

Drug: Nab-paclitaxel
Nab-paclitaxel is commercially available and approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in patients with metastatic breast cancer, metastatic pancreatic cancer, and for the treatment of locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC.
Other Name: Abraxane

Drug: Cisplatin
Cisplatin is commercially available and approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of advanced bladder, ovarian and testicular cancer. It has been widely studied in a variety of solid tumor types.

Procedure: Surgical resection
Surgical therapy will be at the discretion of the treating surgeon per standard of care.

Radiation: IMRT
"involved field radiation" will refer to areas demonstrated to harbor disease on pathology, and not elective areas
Other Name: Intensity-modulated radiation therapy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pathologic complete response rate (pCRR) after induction chemotherapy with carboplatin, nab-paclitaxel, and durvalumab in previously untreated stage III and IV SCCHN amenable to surgical resection [ Time Frame: After surgery (approximately 8-12 weeks after start of study treatment) ]
    The pCRR will be assessed via surgical pathology report. Pathologic complete response will require no viable cancer cells on the surgical pathology report after neoadjuvant treatment with carboplatin, nab-paclitaxel and durvalumab.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical complete response rate and (cCRR) and clinical response rate (cRR) following induction chemotherapy [ Time Frame: 1-4 weeks post induction chemotherapy ]
    Clinical complete response rate and clinical response rate (CR + PR) associated with induction chemotherapy will be estimated using RECIST 1.1.

  2. Percent of patients who have a change in estimated risk level [ Time Frame: After surgery (approximately 8-12 weeks after start of study treatment) ]
    Risk level pre-induction will be based on physical examination and imaging and will be defined and documented in electronic Case Report Forms (eCRF) prior to the initiation of induction therapy. Post-induction risk level will be determined based on pathologic evaluation of surgical specimen.

  3. Progression free survival (PFS) associated with 3 part therapy consisting of induction chemotherapy, surgery and risk-adapted use of chemoradiation [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    PFS will be defined as the time from day 1 of study treatment until progression per RECIST 1.1

  4. Overall survival (OS) associated with 3 part therapy consisting of induction chemotherapy, surgery and risk-adapted use of chemoradiation [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Overall survival will be defined as the time from day 1 of study treatment until death from any cause

  5. Toxicity profile associated with both induction therapy and total 3 part therapy consisting of induction chemotherapy, surgery and risk-adapted use of chemoradiation [ Time Frame: 90 days after the last dose of study treatment ]
    Safety associated with both induction alone and with 3 part therapy consisting of induction chemotherapy, surgery and risk-adapted use of chemoradiation will be assessed via the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE v4.03)


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Cellular correlates of response and changes in the tumor microenvironment across therapy [ Time Frame: 8-12 weeks after the last dose of study treatment ]
    Pre-treatment specimens will be studied for predictive markers of treatment response. Paired pre- and post-treatment specimens will be compared to assess for changes in the tumor micro-environment.

  2. Correlation between measures of clinical response to induction chemotherapy and long term outcomes (PFS and OS) and compare them to pathologic measures of response (pCRR). [ Time Frame: 8-12 weeks after the last dose of study treatment ]
    Pre-treatment specimens will be studied for predictive markers of treatment response. Paired pre- and post-treatment specimens will be compared to assess for changes in the tumor micro-environment.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Previously untreated, histologically proven, surgically resectable primary squamous cell carinoma of the head and neck, stage III or IV (HPV positive or negative non-metastatic disease). SCCHN of unknown primary is excluded. SCCHN of the oral cavity is allowed*. Unambiguously squamous Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-negative nasopharynx cancer will be excluded nor will unambiguously squamous cancers of the skull base that are clearly surgically resectable and clearly squamous. Squamous skin cancer occurring in the head/neck region will not be eligible nor will EBV+positive nasopharynx cancer. (*Note: Induction chemotherapy is not considered standard therapy for SCCHN of the oral cavity and participation on this trial will lead to a delay in time to definitive, potentially curative therapy i.e., surgery).
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-1
  • Measurable disease as per RECIST 1.1
  • Age greater than or equal to 18 at time of study entry
  • Adequate bone marrow function as demonstrated by:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,500 cells/mm3
    • Hgb > 10 g/dL (use of transfusion to reach this threshold prior to study initiation is acceptable)
    • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm3
  • Adequate hepatic and renal function as demonstrated by:

    • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN);
    • Total serum bilirubin ≤1.5 x ULN
    • Creatinine clearance (CrCL) > 40 mL/min as measured via Cockcroft-Gault

      • Males: Creatinine CL (mL/min) = (Weight (kg) x (140 - Age))/(72 x serum creatinine (mg/dL))
      • Females: Creatinine CL (mL/min) = (Weight (kg) x (140 - Age))/(72 x serum creatinine (mg/dL)) x 0.85
  • Negative serum β human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) pregnancy test within 72 hours of day 1 of induction chemotherapy in women of child-bearing potential.
  • All males and females of childbearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception during the study. Adequate contraception is defined as any medically recommended method (or combination of methods) as per standard of care. Females of non-childbearing potential are those who are postmenopausal greater than 1 year or who have had a bilateral tubal ligation or hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy. See section 4.13 for list of acceptable methods of contraception.
  • Signed an institutional review board (IRB)-approved informed consent and HIPAA authorization.
  • Subject is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations including follow up.
  • Subjects must agree to allow use of any pre-treatment tissue remaining after definitive diagnosis is made (ie, archival and or fresh tissue) for research purposes. In addition, subjects must consent to allow use of their residual post-operative tissue for research purposes.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Involvement in the planning and/or conduct of the study (applies to staff at the study site) or previous enrollment in the present study.
  • Any metastatic disease.
  • Known history of previous clinical diagnosis of tuberculosis.
  • History and/or confirmed pneumonitis.
  • Low-risk HPV+ disease of the oropharynx, defined as meeting all of the following criteria:

    • Patients with known HPV+ by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and/or p16
    • Smoking history ≤ 10 pack years
    • Stage T1-2N0-2b, T3N0
  • Not considered eligible for any of the chemotherapy agents included in the induction regimen.
  • Current active hepatic or biliary disease (with exception of patients with Gilbert's syndrome, asymptomatic gallstones, or stable chronic liver disease per investigator assessment).
  • Major surgery within 28 days prior to day 1 of study treatment from which the patient has not completely recovered.
  • Receiving any investigational agent currently or within 28 days or 5 half-lives of Day 1 of treatment on this study, whichever is shorter.
  • Active, serious infection, medical, or psychiatric condition that would represent an inappropriate risk to the patient or would likely compromise achievement of the primary study objective, including unstable angina, serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, uncontrolled infection, or myocardial infarction ≤ 6 months prior to study entry.
  • Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders (including inflammatory bowel disease [eg, colitis, Crohn's disease], diverticulitis with the exception of a prior episode that has resolved or diverticulosis, celiac disease, irritable bowel disease, or other serious gastrointestinal chronic conditions associated with diarrhea; systemic lupus erythematosus; Wegener's syndrome [granulomatosis with polyangiitis]; myasthenia gravis;; rheumatoid arthritis; hypophysitis, uveitis; etc) within the past 2 years prior to the start of treatment. [Note: Subjects with vitiligo, Grave's disease, or psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment (within the past 2 years) are not excluded]
  • Known mean QT interval corrected for heart rate (QTc) ≥470 ms calculated from 3 electrocardiograms (ECGs) using Frediricia's Correction. (Note that ECG is not required for study entry and is not part of study procedures).
  • Other prior or concomitant malignancies with the exception of:

    • Non-melanoma skin cancer
    • In-situ malignancy
    • Low-risk prostate cancer after curative therapy
    • Other cancer for which the patient has been disease free for ≥ 5 years before the first dose of study drug and of low potential risk for recurrence.
  • Any concurrent chemotherapy, investigational product, biologic or hormonal therapy for cancer treatment. Concurrent use of hormonal therapy for non-cancer-related conditions (e.g. hormone replacement therapy) is acceptable.
  • Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 14 days prior to the first dose of durvalumab. The following are exceptions to this criterion: intranasal, inhaled, topical or local steroid injections (eg. intra-articular injection); steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions; systemic corticosteroid at physiologic doses not to exceed 10mg/day of prednisone or equivalent.[Note: If systemic corticosteroids are part of the treatment regimen for the indication under study, the systemic corticosteroid is permitted].
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) or evidence of active hepatitis B virus (HBV).
  • History of hypersensitivity to durvalumab or any excipient.
  • Receipt of live attenuated vaccination within 30 days prior the first dose of durvalumab [Note: If a vaccine is part of the treatment regimen for the indication under study, the vaccine is permitted].
  • Female subjects who are pregnant, breast-feeding or female patients of reproductive potential who are not employing an effective method of birth control from starting dose of study medications (Cycle 1 Day 1), including dosing interruptions through 90 days after receipt of the last dose of durvalumab. Refrain from egg cell donation while taking durvalumab and for at least 90 days after the last dose of durvalumab.
  • Male subjects who are not employing an effective method of birth control from starting dose of study medications (Cycle 1 Day 1), including dosing interruptions through 6 months after receipt of study treatment. Male subjects should agree to refrain from sperm donation while taking study treatment and for at least 6 months after the last dose of nab-paclitaxel and at least 90 days after the last dose of durvalumab. Should a female partner of a male patient become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in the study, he should inform his treating physician and the female partner should call her physician immediately.
  • Any previous treatment with a programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) or programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor, including durvalumab.
  • History of primary immunodeficiency.
  • History of organ transplant.
  • Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with evaluation of study treatment or interpretation of patient safety or study results (eg, uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, active peptic ulcer disease or gastritis, active bleeding diatheses or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements or compromise the ability of the subject to give written informed consent).
  • Patients with known contraindications to radiotherapy including inherited syndromes associated with hypersensitivity to ionizing radiation (e.g., Ataxia Telangiectasia, Nijmegen Breakage Syndrome).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03174275


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Chris Hilliard (919) 843-6752 chris_hilliard@med.unc.edu
Contact: Dan Goldin 919-445-6241 dan_goldin@med.unc.edu

Locations
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United States, North Carolina
Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center at University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Recruiting
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599
Contact: Jared Weiss, MD    919-843-7718    jared_weiss@med.unc.edu   
Principal Investigator: Jared Weiss, MD         
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt University Medical Center Recruiting
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
Contact    800-811-8480    cip@vumc.org   
Principal Investigator: Michael Gibson, MD, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
AstraZeneca
Celgene
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Jared Weiss, MD University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03174275     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: LCCC 1621
First Posted: June 2, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 18, 2019
Last Verified: June 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center:
squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN)
durvalumab
neoadjuvant induction
post-operative treatment

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Esophageal Neoplasms
Mouth Neoplasms
Oropharyngeal Neoplasms
Laryngeal Neoplasms
Lip Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Mouth Diseases
Pharyngeal Neoplasms
Otorhinolaryngologic Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
Digestive System Diseases
Esophageal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Pharyngeal Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Laryngeal Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lip Diseases
Paclitaxel