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A Study Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of Guselkumab Administered Subcutaneously in Participants With Active Psoriatic Arthritis Including Those Previously Treated With Biologic Anti -Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) Alpha Agent(s) (Discover-1)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03162796
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 22, 2017
Results First Posted : October 14, 2020
Last Update Posted : October 14, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen Research & Development, LLC

Brief Summary:
The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of guselkumab treatment in participants with active Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) by assessing the reduction in signs and symptoms of PsA.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Arthritis, Psoriatic Drug: Guselkumab Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Detailed Description:
This is a study of guselkumab in participants with active Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) who had inadequate response to standard therapies. It will evaluate the clinical efficacy of guselkumab in the reduction of signs and symptoms and the safety profile of guselkumab in the treatment of PsA. The study will consists of 4 phases: a screening phase of up to 6 weeks, a blinded treatment phase of approximately 1 year (that is, 52 weeks), including a placebo controlled period from Week 0 to Week 24 and double-blind active treatment period from Week 24 to Week 52, and a safety follow-up phase of 8 weeks after Week 52 (Week 52 to 60) and will be 12 weeks from the last administration of study agent (at Week 48) to the final safety follow-up visit. Efficacy, safety, pharmacokinetic, immunogenicity, and biomarker evaluations will be performed in the study at defined schedule.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 383 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of Guselkumab Administered Subcutaneously in Subjects With Active Psoriatic Arthritis Including Those Previously Treated With Biologic Anti-TNF Alpha Agents
Actual Study Start Date : August 24, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 14, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : November 18, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Guselkumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group 1: Guselkumab
Participants will receive subcutaneous (SC) guselkumab 100 milligram (mg) once every 4 weeks (q4w) from Week 0 through Week 48.
Drug: Guselkumab
Participants will receive 100mg of guselkumab as a sterile liquid for SC injection.
Other Name: CNTO 1959

Experimental: Group 2: Guselkumab and Placebo
Participants will receive SC guselkumab 100 mg at Weeks 0 and 4, then once every 8 weeks (q8w) (Weeks 12, 20, 28, 36, and 44) and placebo injections at other visits (Weeks 8, 16, 24, 32, 40, 48) to maintain the blind.
Drug: Guselkumab
Participants will receive 100mg of guselkumab as a sterile liquid for SC injection.
Other Name: CNTO 1959

Drug: Placebo
Participants will receive matching placebo as SC injection.

Experimental: Group 3: Placebo Followed by Guselkumab
Participants will receive SC placebo q4w from Week 0 to Week 20, and will crossover at Week 24 to receive guselkumab 100 mg q4w from Week 24 through Week 48.
Drug: Guselkumab
Participants will receive 100mg of guselkumab as a sterile liquid for SC injection.
Other Name: CNTO 1959

Drug: Placebo
Participants will receive matching placebo as SC injection.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved an American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 20 Response at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    ACR 20 response: >=20% improvement from baseline in both swollen joint count (66 joints) and tender joint count (68 joints), and >=20% improvement from baseline in 3 of 5 assessments: patient's assessment of pain using visual analog scale (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no pain and 100=worst possible pain), patient's global assessment of disease activity (arthritis, VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100= poor), physician's global assessment of disease activity (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis activity and 100=extremely active arthritis), patient's assessment of physical function measured by Disability Index of Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ-DI; 20-question instrument assessing 8 functional areas; range: 0-3, 0= no difficulty, 3= inability to perform task in that area), and CRP. Treatment Failure (TF) criteria- discontinued study drug, initiated/increased dose of non-biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) or oral corticosteroids, initiated prohibited psoriatic arthritis treatment.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI) Score at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    HAQ-DI score assess functional status of participant. It is 20 question instrument that assess degree of difficulty a person has in accomplishing tasks in 8 functional areas (dressing, arising, eating, walking, hygiene, reaching, gripping, and activities of daily living). Responses in each functional area were scored from 0=indicating no difficulty, to 3=indicating inability to perform a task in that area. Total HAQ score is average of the computed categories scores ranging from 0-3 where 0=least difficulty and 3=extreme difficulty. Lower scores are indicative of better functioning. Negative change from baseline indicates improvement of physical function.

  2. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved an American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 50 Response at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    ACR 50 response was defined as greater than or equal to (>=)50 percent (%) improvement from baseline in both swollen joint count (66 joints) and tender joint count (68 joints), and >=50% improvement from baseline in 3 of 5 assessments: patient's assessment of pain using visual analog scale (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no pain and 100=worst possible pain), patient's global assessment of disease activity (arthritis, VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100= poor), physician's global assessment of disease activity (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis activity and 100=extremely active arthritis), patient's assessment of physical function measured by Disability Index of the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ-DI; a 20-question instrument assessing 8 functional areas; range: 0-3, 0=no difficulty, 3=inability to perform a task in that area), and C-Reactive Protein (CRP).

  3. Percentage of Participants With Psoriasis Response of IGA (Score: 0[Cleared] or 1[Minimal] and >=2 Grade Reduction From Baseline) at Week 24 Among Participants With >=3% Body Surface Area (BSA) Psoriatic Involvement and IGA Score of >=2 (Mild) at Baseline [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    A psoriasis Investigator's Global Assessment (IGA) response was defined as an IGA score of 0 (cleared) or 1 (minimal) and >=2 grade reduction from baseline in the IGA psoriasis score. The IGA documents the investigator's assessment of the patient's psoriasis and lesions are graded for induration, erythema and scaling, each using a 5 point scale: 0 (no evidence), 1 (minimal), 2 (mild), 3 (moderate), and 4 (severe). The IGA score of psoriasis was based upon the average of induration, erythema and scaling scores. The participant's psoriasis was assessed as cleared (0), minimal (1), mild (2), moderate (3), or severe (4).

  4. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved an American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 20 Response at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Week 16 ]
    ACR 20 response: >=20% improvement from baseline in both swollen joint count (66 joints) and tender joint count (68 joints), and >=20% improvement from baseline in 3 of 5 assessments: patient's assessment of pain using visual analog scale (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no pain and 100=worst possible pain), patient's global assessment of disease activity (arthritis, VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100= poor), physician's global assessment of disease activity (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis activity and 100=extremely active arthritis), patient's assessment of physical function measured by Disability Index of Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ-DI; 20-question instrument assessing 8 functional areas; range: 0-3, 0=indicating no difficulty, 3=indicating inability to perform task in that area), and C-reactive protein (CRP).

  5. Change From Baseline in Disease Activity Score (DAS28) (C-reactive Protein [CRP]) Score at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    The Disease Activity Index Score (DAS28) based on C-Reactive Protein (CRP) is an index combining tender joints (28 joints), swollen joints (28 joints), CRP and patient's global assessment of disease activity. The set of 28 joint count is based on evaluation of the shoulder, elbow, wrist, metacarpophalangeal (MCP) MCP1 to MCP5, proximal interphalangeal (PIP) PIP1 to PIP5 joints of both the upper right extremity and the upper left extremity as well as the knee joints of lower right and lower left extremities. The values are 0=best to 10=worst. Negative changes from baseline indicate improvement of arthritis.

  6. Percentage of Participants Who Achieve an American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 70 Response at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    ACR 70 response was defined as >= 70% improvement from baseline in both swollen joint count (66 joints) and tender joint count (68 joints), and >=70% improvement from baseline in 3 of 5 assessments: patient's assessment of pain using visual analog scale (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no pain and 100=worst possible pain), patient's global assessment of disease activity (arthritis, VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100= poor), physician's global assessment of disease activity (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis activity and 100=extremely active arthritis), patient's assessment of physical function measured by Disability Index of the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ-DI; a 20-question instrument assessing 8 functional areas; range: 0-3, 0=no difficulty, 3=inability to perform a task in that area), and CRP.

  7. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved an American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 50 Response at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Week 16 ]
    ACR 50 response was defined as >=50% improvement from baseline in both swollen joint count (66 joints) and tender joint count (68 joints), and >=50% improvement from baseline in 3 of 5 assessments: patient's assessment of pain using visual analog scale (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no pain and 100=worst possible pain), patient's global assessment of disease activity (arthritis, VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100= poor), physician's global assessment of disease activity (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis activity and 100=extremely active arthritis), patient's assessment of physical function measured by Disability Index of the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ-DI; a 20-question instrument assessing 8 functional areas; range: 0-3, 0=no difficulty, 3=inability to perform a task in that area), and CRP.

  8. Change From Baseline in 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) Physical Component Summary (PCS) Score at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    SF-36 is a multi-domain instrument with 36 items to evaluate the health status and quality of life. It included 8 subscales (physical functioning, physical role functioning, bodily pain, general health perception, vitality, social functioning, emotional role functioning, and mental health), which yielded a Physical Component Summary (PCS) with score range 0-100 (higher score-better quality of life) and a Mental Component Summary (MCS) with score range 0-100 (higher score-better quality of life) in addition to subscale scores. The PCS scores are normalized to a mean of 50 and standard deviations of 10, based upon general US population norms. A positive change indicates improvement while a negative change indicates worsening of health status and quality of life.

  9. Percentage of Participants With Resolution of Enthesitis at Week 24 Among the Participants With Enthesitis at Baseline [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    Enthesitis was assessed using the Leeds Enthesitis Index (LEI), a tool developed to assess enthesitis in participants with PsA and evaluates the presence (score of 1) or absence (score of 0) of pain by applying local pressure to the following entheses: left and right lateral epicondyle humerus, left and right medial femoral condyle, and left and right achilles tendon insertion. The enthesitis index score is a total score of the 6 evaluated sites from 0 (0 sites with tenderness) to 6 (worst possible score; 6 sites with tenderness). A LEI score of 0 at a post baseline visit indicates resolution of enthesitis when baseline LEI greater than (>) 0.

  10. Change From Baseline in Enthesitis Score (Based on LEI) at Week 24 Among the Participants With Enthesitis at Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    Enthesitis was assessed using the LEI, a tool developed to assess enthesitis in participants with PsA and evaluates the presence (score of 1) or absence (score of 0) of pain by applying local pressure to the following entheses: left and right lateral epicondyle humerus, left and right medial femoral condyle, and left and right achilles tendon insertion. The enthesitis index score is a total score of the 6 evaluated sites from 0 (0 sites with tenderness) to 6 (worst possible score; 6 sites with tenderness). Negative changes from baseline indicates improvement of enthesitis.

  11. Change From Baseline in 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) Mental Component Summary (MCS) Score at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    SF-36 is a multi-domain instrument with 36 items to evaluate the health status and quality of life. It included 8 subscales (physical functioning, physical role functioning, bodily pain, general health perception, vitality, social functioning, emotional role functioning, and mental health), which yielded a Physical Component Summary (PCS) with score range 0-100 (higher score-better quality of life) and a Mental Component Summary (MCS) with score range 0-100 (higher score-better quality of life) in addition to subscale scores. The MCS scores are normalized to a mean of 50 and standard deviations of 10, based upon general US population norms. A positive change indicates improvement while a negative change indicates worsening of health status and quality of life.

  12. Percentage of Participants With Resolution of Dactylitis at Week 24 Among the Participants With Dactylitis at Baseline [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    The presence and severity of dactylitis was assessed in both hands and feet using a scoring system from 0 to 3 (0-no dactylitis, 1-mild dactylitis, 2-moderate dactylitis, and 3-severe dactylitis) for each digit. The results were summed to produce a final score ranging from 0 to 60. Higher score indicates more severe dactylitis. Resolution of dactylitis was defined as a dactylitis score of 0 with the baseline dactylitis score >0.

  13. Change From Baseline in Dactylitis Scores at Week 24 Among the Participants With Dactylitis at Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    The presence and severity of dactylitis was assessed in both hands and feet using a scoring system from 0 to 3 (0-no dactylitis, 1-mild dactylitis, 2-moderate dactylitis, and 3-severe dactylitis) for each digit. The results were summed to produce a final score ranging from 0 to 60. A higher score indicates more severe dactylitis. Negative change from baseline indicates improvement in dactylitis.

  14. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved ACR 20 Response by Visit Over Time Through Week 24 [ Time Frame: Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 ]
    ACR 20 response was defined as >=20% improvement from baseline in both swollen joint count (66 joints) and tender joint count (68 joints), and >=20% improvement from baseline in 3 of the 5 assessments: patient's assessment of pain using VAS (0-100 mm, 0=no pain and 100=worst possible pain), patient's global assessment of disease activity (arthritis, VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100= poor), physician's global assessment of disease activity (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis activity and 100=extremely active arthritis), patient's assessment of physical function measured by HAQ-DI (defined as a 20-question instrument assessing 8 functional areas; range: 0-3, 0=indicating no difficulty, 3=indicating inability to perform a task in that area), and CRP.

  15. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved ACR 50 Response by Visit Over Time Through Week 24 [ Time Frame: Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 ]
    ACR 50 response was defined as >=50% improvement from baseline in both swollen joint count (66 joints) and tender joint count (68 joints), and >=50% improvement from baseline in 3 of the 5 assessments: patient's assessment of pain using VAS (0-100 mm, 0=no pain and 100=worst possible pain), patient's global assessment of disease activity (arthritis, VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100= poor), physician's global assessment of disease activity (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis activity and 100=extremely active arthritis), patient's assessment of physical function measured by HAQ-DI (defined as a 20-question instrument assessing 8 functional areas; range: 0-3, 0=indicating no difficulty, 3=indicating inability to perform a task in that area), and CRP.

  16. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved ACR 70 Response by Visit Over Time Through Week 24 [ Time Frame: Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 ]
    ACR 70 response was defined as >=70% improvement from baseline in both swollen joint count (66 joints) and tender joint count (68 joints), and >=70% improvement from baseline in 3 of the 5 assessments: patient's assessment of pain using VAS (0-100 millimeters [mm], 0=no pain and 100=worst possible pain), patient's global assessment of disease activity (arthritis, VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100= poor), physician's global assessment of disease activity (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis activity and 100=extremely active arthritis), patient's assessment of physical function measured by HAQ-DI (defined as a 20-question instrument assessing 8 functional areas; range: 0-3, 0=indicating no difficulty, 3=indicating inability to perform a task in that area), and CRP.

  17. ACR Components- Swollen Joint Count and Tender Joint Count Through Week 24 [ Time Frame: Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 ]
    ACR components including swollen joint count (66 joints) and tender joint count (68 joints) were measured.

  18. ACR Components- Patient's Assessment of Pain, Patient's Global Assessment of Disease Activity, Physician's Global Assessment of Disease Activity Through Week 24 [ Time Frame: Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 ]
    ACR components included patient's assessment of pain using visual analog scale (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no pain and 100=worst possible pain), patient's global assessment (PtGA) of disease activity (arthritis, VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100= poor), physician's global assessment (PGA) of disease activity (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis activity and 100=extremely active arthritis).

  19. ACR Component- C-reactive Protein (CRP) Through Week 24 [ Time Frame: Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 ]
    ACR component including CRP was measured.

  20. ACR Component- Patient's Assessment of Physical Function as Assessed by HAQ-DI Scale Score at Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 [ Time Frame: Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 ]
    Patient's assessment of physical function was measured by Disability Index of the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ-DI). HAQ-DI score assess functional status of participant. It is 20 question instrument that assess degree of difficulty a person has in accomplishing tasks in 8 functional areas (dressing, arising, eating, walking, hygiene, reaching, gripping, and activities of daily living). Responses in each functional area were scored from 0=indicating no difficulty, to 3=indicating inability to perform a task in that area. Total HAQ score is average of the computed categories scores ranging from 0-3 where 0=least difficulty and 3=extreme difficulty. Lower scores are indicative of better functioning. Negative change from baseline indicates improvement of physical function.

  21. Percent Change From Baseline in ACR Components at Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 ]
    ACR components include swollen joint count (66 joints), tender joint count (68 joints), patient's assessment of pain using visual analog scale (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no pain and 100=worst possible pain), patient's global assessment of disease activity (arthritis, VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100= poor), physician's global assessment of disease activity (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis activity and 100=extremely active arthritis), patient's assessment of physical function measured by Disability Index of the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ-DI; a 20-question instrument assessing 8 functional areas; range: 0-3, 0=no difficulty, 3=inability to perform a task in that area), and CRP.

  22. Change From Baseline in HAQ-DI Score at Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 ]
    HAQ-DI score assess functional status of participant. It is 20 question instrument that assess degree of difficulty a person has in accomplishing tasks in 8 functional areas (dressing, arising, eating, walking, hygiene, reaching, gripping, and activities of daily living). Responses in each functional area were scored from 0=indicating no difficulty, to 3=indicating inability to perform a task in that area. Total HAQ score is average of the computed categories scores ranging from 0-3 where 0=least difficulty and 3=extreme difficulty. Lower scores are indicative of better functioning. Negative change from baseline indicates improvement of physical function.

  23. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved a Clinically Meaningful Improvement (>=0.35 Improvement From Baseline) in HAQ-DI Score by Visit Over Time Through Week 24 Among Participants With HAQ-DI Score >=0.35 at Baseline [ Time Frame: Week 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 ]
    HAQ-DI score assess functional status of participant. It is 20 question instrument that assess degree of difficulty a person has in accomplishing tasks in 8 functional areas (dressing, arising, eating, walking, hygiene, reaching, gripping, and activities of daily living). Responses in each functional area were scored from 0=indicating no difficulty, to 3=indicating inability to perform a task in that area. Total HAQ score is average of the computed categories scores ranging from 0-3, where 0=least difficulty and 3=extreme difficulty. Lower scores are indicative of better functioning. Negative change from baseline indicates improvement of physical function and a decrease of 0.35 from baseline in HAQ-DI score indicates a meaningful improvement.

  24. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved a DAS28 (CRP) Response by Visit Over Time Through Week 24 [ Time Frame: Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 ]
    DAS28 based on CRP is an index combining tender joints (28 joints), swollen joints (28 joints), CRP and patient's global assessment of disease activity. The set of 28 joint count is based on evaluation of the shoulder, elbow, wrist, metacarpophalangeal (MCP) MCP1 to MCP5, proximal interphalangeal (PIP) PIP1 to PIP5 joints of both the upper right extremity and the upper left extremity as well as the knee joints of lower right and lower left extremities. DAS28 (CRP) response criteria was defined as follows: Good response: less than or equal to (<=) 3.2 at visit and >1.2 improvement; Moderate response: >3.2 at visit and >1.2 improvement or <=5.1 at visit and >0.6-1.2 improvement; No response: <=0.6 improvement, or >5.1 at visit and <=1.2 improvement. The values are 0=best to 10=worst. A DAS28 (CRP) responder was defined as achieving a good or moderate DAS28 response at a specific visit.

  25. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved a DAS28 (CRP) Remission by Visit Over Time Through Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 ]
    DAS28 based on CRP is an index combining tender joints (28 joints), swollen joints (28 joints), CRP and patient's global assessment of disease activity. The set of 28 joint count is based on evaluation of the shoulder, elbow, wrist, metacarpophalangeal (MCP) MCP1 to MCP5, proximal interphalangeal (PIP) PIP1 to PIP5 joints of both the upper right extremity and the upper left extremity as well as the knee joints of lower right and lower left extremities. The values are 0=best to 10=worst. DAS 28 (CRP) remission was defined as DAS 28 (CRP) value <2.6 at the analysis visit.

  26. Change From Baseline in DAS28 (CRP) Score at Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 ]
    DAS28 based on CRP is an index combining tender joints (28 joints), swollen joints (28 joints), CRP and patient's global assessment of disease activity. The set of 28 joint count is based on evaluation of the shoulder, elbow, wrist, metacarpophalangeal (MCP) MCP1 to MCP5, proximal interphalangeal (PIP) PIP1 to PIP5 joints of both the upper right extremity and the upper left extremity as well as the knee joints of lower right and lower left extremities. The values are 0=best to 10=worst. Negative change from baseline indicates improvement of arthritis.

  27. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved a Response Based on Modified Psoriatic Arthritis Responder Criteria (PsARC) by Visit Over Time Through Week 24 [ Time Frame: Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 ]
    The modified PsARC response was defined as improvement in at least 2 of the four criteria: >=30% decrease in swollen joint count, >=30% decrease in tender joint count, >=20% improvement in patient's Global Assessment of Disease Activity (arthritis) using VAS (0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100= poor), >=20% improvement in physician's Global Assessment of Disease Activity using VAS (VAS: 0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis activity and 100=extremely active arthritis), and at least one of the 2 joint criteria with no deterioration in the other criteria.

  28. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved Resolution of Enthesitis at Weeks 4, 8, 16, and 24 Among the Participants With Enthesitis at Baseline [ Time Frame: Weeks 4, 8, 16, and 24 ]
    Enthesitis was assessed using the LEI, a tool developed to assess enthesitis in participants with PsA and evaluates the presence (score of 1) or absence (score of 0) of pain by applying local pressure to the following entheses: left and right lateral epicondyle humerus, left and right medial femoral condyle, and left and right achilles tendon insertion. The enthesitis index score is a total score of the 6 evaluated sites from 0 (0 sites with tenderness) to 6 (worst possible score; 6 sites with tenderness). A LEI score of 0 at a post baseline visit indicates resolution of enthesitis when baseline LEI>0.

  29. Change From Baseline in Enthesitis Score at Weeks 4, 8, 16 and 24 Among the Participants With Enthesitis at Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 4, 8, 16 and 24 ]
    Enthesitis was assessed using the LEI, a tool developed to assess enthesitis in participants with PsA and evaluates the presence (score of 1) or absence (score of 0) of pain by applying local pressure to the following entheses: left and right lateral epicondyle humerus, left and right medial femoral condyle, and left and right achilles tendon insertion. The enthesitis index score is a total score of the 6 evaluated sites from 0 (0 sites with tenderness) to 6 (worst possible score; 6 sites with tenderness). Negative changes from baseline indicate improvement of enthesitis.

  30. Percentage of Participants With Resolution of Dactylitis by Visit Over Time Through Week 24 Among the Participants With Dactylitis at Baseline [ Time Frame: Weeks 4, 8, 16 and 24 ]
    The presence and severity of dactylitis was assessed in both hands and feet using a scoring system from 0 to 3 (0-no dactylitis, 1-mild dactylitis, 2-moderate dactylitis, and 3-severe dactylitis) for each digit. The results were summed to produce a final score ranging from 0 to 60. Higher score indicates more severe dactylitis. Resolution of dactylitis was defined as a dactylitis score of 0 with the baseline dactylitis score >0.

  31. Change From Baseline in Dactylitis Score at Weeks 4, 8, 16 and 24 Among the Participants With Dactylitis at Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 4, 8, 16 and 24 ]
    The presence and severity of dactylitis was assessed in both hands and feet using a scoring system from 0 to 3 (0-no dactylitis, 1-mild dactylitis, 2-moderate dactylitis, and 3-severe dactylitis) for each digit. The results were summed to produce a final score ranging from 0 to 60. A higher score indicates more severe dactylitis. Negative changes from baseline indicate improvement in dactylitis.

  32. Change From Baseline in the Psoriatic Arthritis Disease Activity (PASDAS) Score at Weeks 8, 16 and 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 8, 16 and 24 ]
    PASDAS (score range of 0 to 10, where higher score indicated more severe disease) is a compositive score of overall disease activity combining Patient's Global Assessment of Disease Activity (arthritis and psoriasis, using VAS [0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100= poor), Physician's Global Assessment of Disease Activity (using VAS [0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis activity and 100=extremely active arthritis]), swollen joint count (0-66 joints), tender joint count (0-68 joints), CRP (mg/L), enthesitis based on LEI (0-6), tender dactylitis count (scoring each digit from 0-3 and recoding to 0-1, where any score > 0 equaled 1), and the PCS score of the SF-36 health survey. The cutoffs for disease activity were 3.2 (low) to 5.4 (high). Negative changes from baseline indicate improvement of overall disease activity.

  33. Change From Baseline in Group of Research and Assessment of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis Composite (GRACE) Score at Weeks 16 and 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 16 and 24 ]
    GRACE index is a composite PsA disease activity score converted from Arithmetic Mean of Desirability Function (AMDF), derived from TJC (0-68) and SJC (0-66), HAQ-DI (0-3), patient's global assessment of disease activity on arthritis and psoriasis (0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100=poor), patient's assessment of skin disease activity (0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100=poor), patient's global assessment of disease activity on arthritis (0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100=poor), PASI (0-72), and PsA Quality of Life Index (derived as PsAQOL=25.355 + [2.367*HAQ-DI]-[0.234*SF-PCS]-[0.244*SF-MCS]), where HAQ-DI: HAQ-DI score (0-3, 0=least difficulty and 3=extreme difficulty), SF-PCS (Score ranges from 0-100, higher scores= better quality of life) and SF-MCS (score ranges from 0-100, higher scores= better quality of life). Total score is from 0-10, lower score=better response. Higher score indicates more active disease activity. Negative change from baseline indicates improvement of PsA disease activity.

  34. Change From Baseline in the Disease Activity Index for Psoriatic Arthritis (DAPSA) Score at Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 ]
    DAPSA assessed the joint domain of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and was derived from the sum of the following components: tender joint count (0-68), swollen joint count (0-66), CRP level (mg/dL, value <lower limit of quantification [LLOQ] is considered equal to half of the value of LLOQ for numerical calculations), patient assessment of pain (0-10 centimeter [cm] VAS, 0=no pain, 10=worst possible pain), and patient's global assessment of disease activity on arthritis (0 to 10 cm VAS, 0=excellent and 10=poor). A higher score indicates more active disease activity. Negative changes from baseline indicate improvement of PsA disease activity. The assessment does not have a score range with an upper or lower bound.

  35. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved Minimal Disease Activity (MDA) at Weeks 16 and 24 [ Time Frame: Weeks 16 and Week 24 ]
    MDA was considered achieved if at least 5 of the following 7 criteria were met at the analysis visit: tender joint count <=1; swollen joint count <=1; psoriasis activity and severity index <=1; patient's assessment of pain VAS score of <=15; patient's global assessment of disease activity VAS (arthritis and psoriasis) score of <=20; HAQ-DI <=0.5; and tender entheseal points <=1.

  36. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved >= 20%, >=50%, >=70%, and >=90% Improvement From Baseline in BASDAI Score Through Week 24 Among the Participants With Spondylitis and Peripheral Arthritis and BASDAI Score >0 at Baseline [ Time Frame: Weeks 8, 16 and 24 ]
    Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) is a self-assessment tool that consists of 6 questions relating to the 5 major symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis: fatigue, spinal pain, joint pain, enthesitis, qualitative morning stiffness and quantitative morning stiffness. The first 5 items were scored on a 10 centimeter (cm) VAS ranging from 0=none to 10=very severe. Quantitative morning stiffness was scored on a 10cm VAS ranging from 0=0 hours to 10=2 or more hours. The 2 scores for qualitative and quantitative morning stiffness were averaged, and the total BASDAI score was the average of the 5 scores of each symptom, ranging from 0 (none) to 10 (very severe). Higher scores indicate greater disease severity and an improvement of 50% from baseline is considered clinically meaningful. Only participants with spondylitis with peripheral arthritis as their primary arthritic presentation of PsA completed the BASDAI indicate the degree of their symptoms over the past week.

  37. Change From Baseline in BASDAI Score at Week 8, 16, and Week 24 Among Participants With Spondylitis and Peripheral Arthritis at Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 8, 16, and 24 ]
    Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) is a self-assessment tool that consists of 6 questions relating to the 5 major symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis: fatigue, spinal pain, joint pain, enthesitis, qualitative morning stiffness and quantitative morning stiffness. The first 5 items were scored on a 10 centimeter (cm) VAS ranging from 0=none to 10=very severe. Quantitative morning stiffness was scored on a 10cm VAS ranging from 0=0 hours to 10=2 or more hours. The 2 scores for qualitative and quantitative morning stiffness were averaged, and the total BASDAI score was the average of the 5 scores of each symptom, ranging from 0 (none) to 10 (very severe). Higher scores indicate greater disease severity and an improvement of 50% from baseline is considered clinically meaningful. Only participants with spondylitis with peripheral arthritis as their primary arthritic presentation of PsA completed the BASDAI indicate the degree of their symptoms over the past week.

  38. Percentage of Participants With Low or Very Low Disease Activity Based on Psoriatic Arthritis Disease Activity Score (PASDAS) by Visit Over Time Through Week 24 [ Time Frame: Weeks 8, 16 and 24 ]
    PASDAS (score range of 0 to 10, where higher score indicated more severe disease) is a compositive score of overall disease activity combining Patient's Global Assessment of Disease Activity (arthritis and psoriasis, using VAS [0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100= poor), Physician's Global Assessment of Disease Activity (using VAS [0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis activity and 100=extremely active arthritis]), swollen joint count (0-66 joints), tender joint count (0-68 joints), CRP (mg/L), enthesitis based on LEI (0-6), tender dactylitis count (scoring each digit from 0-3 and recoding to 0-1, where any score > 0 equaled 1), and the PCS score of the SF-36 health survey. The cutoffs for disease activity were 3.2 (low) to 5.4 (high).

  39. Percentage of Participants With Low Disease Activity Based on Group of Research and Assessment of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis Composite (GRACE) Score Index by Visit Over Time Through Week 24 [ Time Frame: Weeks 16 and 24 ]
    GRACE index is a composite PsA disease activity score converted from Arithmetic Mean of the Desirability Function (AMDF), which was derived from TJC (0-68) and SJC (0-66), HAQ-DI (0-3), patient's global assessment of disease activity on arthritis and psoriasis (0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100= poor), patient's assessment of skin disease activity (0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100=poor), patient's global assessment of disease activity on arthritis (0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100=poor), PASI (0-72), and PsA Quality of Life Index (derived as PsAQOL =25.355 + [2.367*HAQ-DI] - [0.234*SF-PCS] - [0.244*SF-MCS]), where HAQ-DI: HAQ-DI score (0-3, 0=least difficulty and 3=extreme difficulty), SF-PCS (Score ranges from 0 to 100, higher scores= better quality of life) and SF-MCS (score ranges from 0 to 100, higher scores= better quality of life). The total score is from 0-10, where lower score indicates better response. Higher score indicates more active disease activity.

  40. Percentage of Participants With Low Disease Activity or Remission Based on Disease Activity Index for Psoriatic Arthritis (DAPSA) by Visit Over Time Through Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 ]
    DAPSA assessed the joint domain of PsA and was derived from the sum of the following components: tender joint count (0-68), swollen joint count (0-66), CRP level (mg/dL), patient assessment of pain (0-10 cm VAS, 0=no pain, 10=worst possible pain), and patient's global assessment of disease activity on arthritis (0 to 10 cm VAS, 0=excellent and 10=poor). A higher score indicates more active disease activity. The assessment does not have a score range with an upper or lower bound.

  41. Percentage of Participants With Very Low Disease Activity (VLDA) by Visit Over Time Through Week 24 [ Time Frame: Weeks 16 and 24 ]
    A measurement that defines a satisfactory state of disease activity that includes the 5 domains of PsA (joint symptoms, skin psoriasis, patient's perspective of pain and disease activity, physical function, and enthesitis). A participant was considered as having achieved VLDA at a visit if the participant fulfilled all 7 criteria (tender joint count <=1; swollen joint count <=1; PASI <=1; patient pain VAS score of <=15; patient global disease activity VAS [arthritis and psoriasis] score of <=20; Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) score <=0.5; and tender entheseal points <=1) at that visit.

  42. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved PASI 75 Response at Weeks 16 and 24 Among Participants With >=3% BSA Psoriatic Involvement and an IGA Score of >=2 at Baseline [ Time Frame: Weeks 16 and 24 ]
    PASI is a tool to assess and grade severity of psoriasis and response to therapy. In PASI, body is divided into 4 areas: head, trunk, upper extremities, lower extremities. Each area was assessed separately for percentage of area involved and translated to numeric score ranging from 0 (no involvement) to 6 (90 to 100% involvement), and for erythema, induration, and scaling, each rated on scale of 0 to 4 that is none to maximum severtiy. PASI numeric score range from 0 (no psoriasis) to 72. Higher scores indicate more severe disease. A PASI 75 response: >=75% improvement in PASI score from baseline.

  43. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved PASI 90 Response at Weeks 16 and 24 Among Participants With >=3% BSA Psoriatic Involvement and an IGA Score of >=2 at Baseline [ Time Frame: Weeks 16 and 24 ]
    PASI is a tool to assess and grade severity of psoriasis and response to therapy. In PASI, body is divided into 4 areas: head, trunk, upper extremities, lower extremities. Each area was assessed separately for percentage of area involved and translated to numeric score ranging from 0 (no involvement) to 6 (90 to 100% involvement), and for erythema, induration, and scaling, each rated on scale of 0 to 4 that is none to maximum severtiy. PASI numeric score range from 0 (no psoriasis) to 72. Higher scores indicate more severe disease. A PASI 90 response: >=90% improvement in PASI score from baseline.

  44. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved PASI 100 Response by Visit Over Time Through Week 24 Among Participants With >=3% BSA Psoriatic Involvement and an IGA Score of >=2 at Baseline [ Time Frame: Weeks 16 and 24 ]
    PASI is a tool to assess and grade severity of psoriasis and response to therapy. In PASI, body is divided into 4 areas: head, trunk, upper extremities, lower extremities. Each area was assessed separately for percentage of area involved and translated to numeric score ranging from 0 (no involvement) to 6 (90 to 100% involvement), and for erythema, induration, and scaling, each rated on scale of 0 to 4 that is none to maximum severtiy. PASI numeric score range from 0 (no psoriasis) to 72. Higher scores indicate more severe disease. A PASI 100 response: 100% improvement in PASI score from baseline.

  45. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved Both PASI 75 and ACR 20 Responses at Weeks 16 and 24 Among the Participants With >=3% BSA Psoriatic Involvement and an IGA Score of >=2 (Mild) at Baseline [ Time Frame: Weeks 16 and 24 ]
    In PASI, each area (head, trunk, upper and lower extremities) was assessed for % of area involved and translated to numeric score from 0 (no involvement) to 6 (90-100% involvement) and for erythema, induration, and scaling, each rated on scale of 0 to 4 that is none to maximum severtiy. PASI produces numeric score from 0 to 72. Higher scores=more severe disease. PASI 75: >=75% improvement in PASI score from baseline. ACR 20: >=20% improvement in swollen joint count (SJC) (66 joints) + tender joint count (TJC) (68 joints) and >=20% improvement in 3 of 5: patient's assessment of pain (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no pain to 100=worst possible pain), PtGA of disease activity (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=excellent to 100=poor), PGA of disease activity (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis to 100=extremely active arthritis), patient's assessment of physical function (HAQ-DI -20-question instrument; range- 0=no difficulty to 3=inability to perform task) and CRP.

  46. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved Both PASI 75 and Modified PsARC Response by Visit Over Time Through Week 24 Among Participants With >=3% BSA Psoriatic Involvement and an IGA Score of >=2 (Mild) at Baseline [ Time Frame: Weeks 16 and 24 ]
    In PASI, each area (head, trunk, upper and lower extremities) was assessed separately for % of area involved and translated to numeric score ranging from 0 (no involvement) to 6 (90-100% involvement), and for erythema, induration, and scaling, each rated on scale of 0 to 4 that is none to maximum severtiy. PASI produces numeric score range from 0 to 72. Higher scores=more severe disease. PASI 75 response: >=75% improvement in PASI score from baseline. Modified PsARC response: improvement in at least 2 of 4 criteria: >=30% decrease in SJC and TJC, >=20% improvement in PtGA of Disease Activity (arthritis) on VAS (0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100=poor), >=20% improvement in PGA of Disease Activity on VAS (VAS: 0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis and 100=extremely active arthritis), and at least 1 of 2 joint criteria with no deterioration in other criteria.

  47. Percentage of Participants With an IGA Score of 0 (Cleared) at Weeks 16 and 24 Among the Participants With >=3% BSA Psoriatic Involvement and an IGA Score of >=2 (Mild) at Baseline [ Time Frame: Weeks 16 and 24 ]
    The IGA documents the investigator's assessment of the patient's psoriasis and lesions are graded for induration, erythema and scaling, each using a 5 point scale: 0 (no evidence), 1 (minimal), 2 (mild), 3 (moderate), and 4 (severe). The IGA score of psoriasis was based upon the average of induration, erythema and scaling scores. The participant's psoriasis was assessed as cleared (0), minimal (1), mild (2), moderate (3), or severe (4). Participants who achieved IGA Score of 0 (cleared) at a specific timepoint and did not meet any TF criteria before, were considered as responders at that time point. Participants who met 1 or more TF criteria before or with missing data at that time point were considered as non-responders.

  48. Change From Baseline in PASI Score at Weeks 16 and 24 Among the Participants With >=3% BSA Psoriatic Involvement and an IGA Score of >=2 (Mild) at Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 16 and 24 ]
    PASI is a tool to assess and grade severity of psoriasis and response to therapy. In PASI, body is divided into 4 areas: head, trunk, upper extremities, lower extremities. Each area was assessed separately for percentage of area involved and translated to numeric score ranging from 0 (no involvement) to 6 (90 to 100% involvement), and for erythema, induration, and scaling, each rated on scale of 0 to 4 that is none to maximum severtiy. PASI numeric score range from 0 (no psoriasis) to 72. Higher scores indicate more severe disease. Negative change from baseline indicates improvement of psoriasis.

  49. Change From Baseline in 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) Physical Component Summary (PCS) at Weeks 8, 16 and 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 8, 16 and 24 ]
    SF-36 is a multi-domain instrument with 36 items to evaluate the health status and quality of life. It included 8 subscales (physical functioning, physical role functioning, bodily pain, general health perception, vitality, social functioning, emotional role functioning, and mental health), which yielded a Physical Component Summary (PCS) with score range 0-100 (higher score-better quality of life) and a Mental Component Summary (MCS) with score range 0-100 (higher score-better quality of life) in addition to subscale scores. The PCS scores are normalized to a mean of 50 and standard deviations of 10, based upon general US population norms. A positive change indicates improvement while a negative change indicates worsening of health status and quality of life.

  50. Change From Baseline in 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) Mental Component Summary (MCS) at Weeks 8, 16 and 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 8, 16 and 24 ]
    SF-36 is a multi-domain instrument with 36 items to evaluate the health status and quality of life. It included 8 subscales (physical functioning, physical role functioning, bodily pain, general health perception, vitality, social functioning, emotional role functioning, and mental health), which yielded a Physical Component Summary (PCS) with score range 0-100 (higher score-better quality of life) and a Mental Component Summary (MCS) with score range 0-100 (higher score-better quality of life) in addition to subscale scores. The MCS scores are normalized to a mean of 50 and standard deviations of 10, based upon general US population norms. A positive change indicates improvement while a negative change indicates worsening of health status and quality of life.

  51. Change From Baseline in Norm Based Scores of SF-36 Scales at Weeks 8, 16 and 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 8, 16 and 24 ]
    SF-36 is a multi-domain instrument with 36 items to evaluate the health status and quality of life. It included 8 subscales: physical functioning, physical role functioning, bodily pain, general health perception, vitality, social functioning, emotional role functioning, and mental health. The scores 0-100 (where higher scores indicated a better quality of life) from each subscale of SF-36 were normalized to a mean of 50 and standard deviations of 10, based upon general US population norms. Higher score indicates better health status. A positive change indicates improvement while a negative change indicates worsening of health status and quality of life.

  52. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved >=5-point Improvement From Baseline in SF-36 MCS Score by Visit Over Time Through Week 24 [ Time Frame: Weeks 8, 16 and 24 ]
    SF-36 is a multi-domain instrument with 36 items to evaluate the health status and quality of life. It included 8 subscales (physical functioning, physical role functioning, bodily pain, general health perception, vitality, social functioning, emotional role functioning, and mental health), which yielded a Physical Component Summary (PCS) with score range 0-100 (higher score-better quality of life) and a Mental Component Summary (MCS) with score range 0-100 (higher score-better quality of life) in addition to subscale scores. The MCS scores are normalized to a mean of 50 and standard deviations of 10, based upon general US population norms. Higher score indicates better outcome, with an increase of 5 points considered to be clinically meaningful.

  53. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved >=5 Point Improvement From Baseline in SF-36 PCS Score Through Week 24 [ Time Frame: Weeks 8, 16 and 24 ]
    SF-36 is a multi-domain instrument with 36 items to evaluate the health status and quality of life. It included 8 subscales (physical functioning, physical role functioning, bodily pain, general health perception, vitality, social functioning, emotional role functioning, and mental health), which yielded a Physical Component Summary (PCS) with score range 0-100 (higher score-better quality of life) and a Mental Component Summary (MCS) with score range 0-100 (higher score-better quality of life) in addition to subscale scores. The PCS scores are normalized to a mean of 50 and standard deviations of 10, based upon general US population norms. Higher score indicates better outcome, with an increase of 5 points considered to be clinically meaningful.

  54. Change From Baseline in Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT)-Fatigue Score at Weeks 8, 16, and 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 8, 16 and 24 ]
    The FACIT-Fatigue is a questionnaire that assesses self-reported tiredness, weakness, and difficulty conducting usual activities due to fatigue. The subscale consists 13-item instrument to measure fatigue. Each of the 13 items has a set of five response categories: Not at all (=0), A little bit (=1), Somewhat (=2), Quite a bit (=3) and Very much (=4). A total FACIT-Fatigue subscale score was calculated as the sum of the 13 item scores (reserved scores [4 - score]) and ranges from 0 to 52, with a higher score indicating less fatigue. Positive changes from baseline indicate improvement of fatigue. Items were reverse scored when appropriate to provide a scale in which higher scores represent better functioning or less fatigue.

  55. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved >=4-point Improvement From Baseline in FACIT-Fatigue Score at Weeks 8, 16, and 24 [ Time Frame: Weeks 8, 16, and 24 ]
    The FACIT-Fatigue is a questionnaire that assesses self-reported tiredness, weakness, and difficulty conducting usual activities due to fatigue. The subscale consists 13-item instrument to measure fatigue. Each of the 13 items has a set of five response categories: Not at all (=0), A little bit (=1), Somewhat (=2), Quite a bit (=3) and Very much (=4). A total FACIT-Fatigue subscale score was calculated as the sum of the 13 item scores (reserved scores [4 - score]) and ranges from 0 to 52, with a higher score indicating less fatigue. Items were reverse scored when appropriate to provide a scale in which higher scores represent better functioning or less fatigue.

  56. Change From Baseline in Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS)-29 Scores at Weeks 8, 16 and 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 8, 16 and 24 ]
    PROMIS-29 contains 4 items for each of seven PROMIS domains (Anxiety, Depression, Fatigue, Pain Interference, Physical Function, Sleep Disturbance, and Satisfaction-Social Role and Activity. PROMIS-29 also includes an additional pain intensity 0-10 numeric rating scale (NRS). The raw score of each domain is converted into a standardized score with a mean of 50 and a standard deviation (SD) of 10 for the general population in the US (T-Score).

  57. Change From Baseline in FACIT-Fatigue Score at Week 24 by ACR 20 Response at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    The FACIT-Fatigue is a questionnaire that assesses self-reported tiredness, weakness, and difficulty conducting usual activities due to fatigue. The subscale consists 13-item instrument to measure fatigue. Each of the 13 items has a set of five response categories: Not at all (=0), A little bit (=1), Somewhat (=2), Quite a bit (=3) and Very much (=4). A total FACIT-Fatigue subscale score was calculated as the sum of the 13 item scores (reserved scores [4 - score]) and ranges from 0 to 52, with a higher score indicating less fatigue. Positive changes from baseline indicate improvement of fatigue. Items were reverse scored when appropriate to provide a scale in which higher scores represent better functioning or less fatigue.

  58. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved >=4-point Improvement From Baseline in FACIT-Fatigue Score at Week 24 by ACR 20 Response at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    The FACIT-Fatigue is a questionnaire that assesses self-reported tiredness, weakness, and difficulty conducting usual activities due to fatigue. The subscale consists 13-item instrument to measure fatigue. Each of the 13 items has a set of five response categories: Not at all (=0), A little bit (=1), Somewhat (=2), Quite a bit (=3) and Very much (=4). A total FACIT-Fatigue subscale score was calculated as the sum of the 13 item scores (reserved scores [4 - score]) and ranges from 0 to 52, with a higher score indicating less fatigue. Items were reverse scored when appropriate to provide a scale in which higher scores represent better functioning or less fatigue.

  59. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved an Improvement of >=3 Points From Baseline in PROMIS-29 Domain Scores at Weeks 8, 16, and 24 [ Time Frame: Weeks 8, 16, and 24 ]
    PROMIS-29 contains 4 items for each of seven PROMIS domains (Anxiety, Depression, Fatigue, Pain Interference, Physical Function, Sleep Disturbance, and Satisfaction-Social Role and Activity. PROMIS-29 also includes an additional pain intensity 0-10 NRS. The raw score of each domain is converted into a standardized score with a mean of 50 and a SD of 10 for the general population in the US (T-Score).

  60. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved an Improvement of >=5 Points From Baseline in PROMIS-29 Domain Scores at Weeks 8, 16, and 24 [ Time Frame: Weeks 8, 16, and 24 ]
    PROMIS-29 contains 4 items for each of seven PROMIS domains (Anxiety, Depression, Fatigue, Pain Interference, Physical Function, Sleep Disturbance, and Satisfaction-Social Role and Activity. PROMIS-29 also includes an additional pain intensity 0-10 NRS. The raw score of each domain is converted into a standardized score with a mean of 50 and a SD of 10 for the general population in the US (T-Score).

  61. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved ACR 20 Response at Weeks 24, 28, 36, 44 and 52 [ Time Frame: Weeks 24, 28, 36, 44 and 52 ]
    ACR 20 response was defined as >=20% improvement from baseline in both swollen joint count (66 joints) and tender joint count (68 joints), and >=20% improvement from baseline in 3 of the 5 assessments: patient's assessment of pain using VAS (0-100 mm, 0=no pain and 100=worst possible pain), patient's global assessment of disease activity (arthritis, VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100= poor), physician's global assessment of disease activity (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis activity and 100=extremely active arthritis), patient's assessment of physical function measured by HAQ-DI (defined as a 20-question instrument assessing 8 functional areas; range: 0-3, 0=indicating no difficulty, 3=indicating inability to perform a task in that area), and CRP.

  62. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved ACR 50 Response at Weeks 24, 28, 36, 44 and 52 [ Time Frame: Weeks 24, 28, 36, 44 and 52 ]
    ACR 50 response was defined as >=50% improvement from baseline in both swollen joint count (66 joints) and tender joint count (68 joints), and >=50% improvement from baseline in 3 of the 5 assessments: patient's assessment of pain using VAS (0-100 mm, 0=no pain and 100=worst possible pain), patient's global assessment of disease activity (arthritis, VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100= poor), physician's global assessment of disease activity (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis activity and 100=extremely active arthritis), patient's assessment of physical function measured by HAQ-DI (defined as a 20-question instrument assessing 8 functional areas; range: 0-3, 0=indicating no difficulty, 3=indicating inability to perform a task in that area), and CRP.

  63. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved ACR 70 Response at Weeks 24, 28, 36, 44 and 52 [ Time Frame: Weeks 24, 28, 36, 44 and 52 ]
    ACR 70 response was defined as >=70% improvement from baseline in both swollen joint count (66 joints) and tender joint count (68 joints), and >=70% improvement from baseline in 3 of the 5 assessments: patient's assessment of pain using VAS (0-100 mm, 0=no pain and 100=worst possible pain), patient's global assessment of disease activity (arthritis, VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100= poor), physician's global assessment of disease activity (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis activity and 100=extremely active arthritis), patient's assessment of physical function measured by HAQ-DI (defined as a 20-question instrument assessing 8 functional areas; range: 0-3, 0=indicating no difficulty, 3=indicating inability to perform a task in that area), and CRP.

  64. Percent Change From Baseline in ACR Components at Weeks 24, 28, 36, 44 and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 24, 28, 36, 44 and 52 ]
    ACR components include swollen joint count (66 joints), tender joint count (68 joints), patient's assessment of pain using visual analog scale (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no pain and 100=worst possible pain), patient's global assessment of disease activity (arthritis, VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100= poor), physician's global assessment of disease activity (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis activity and 100=extremely active arthritis), patient's assessment of physical function measured by Disability Index of the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ-DI; a 20-question instrument assessing 8 functional areas; range: 0-3, 0=no difficulty, 3=inability to perform a task in that area), and CRP.

  65. Change From Baseline in HAQ-DI Score at Weeks 24, 28, 36, 44 and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 24, 28, 36, 44 and 52 ]
    HAQ-DI score assess functional status of participant. It is 20 question instrument that assess degree of difficulty a person has in accomplishing tasks in 8 functional areas (dressing, arising, eating, walking, hygiene, reaching, gripping, and activities of daily living). Responses in each functional area were scored from 0=indicating no difficulty, to 3=indicating inability to perform a task in that area. Total HAQ score is average of the computed categories scores ranging from 0-3 where 0=least difficulty and 3=extreme difficulty. Lower scores are indicative of better functioning. Negative change from baseline indicates improvement of physical function.

  66. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved a Clinically Meaningful Improvement (>=0.35 Improvement From Baseline) in HAQ-DI Score at Weeks 24, 28, 36, 44 and 52 Among Participants With HAQ-DI Score >=0.35 at Baseline [ Time Frame: Weeks 24, 28, 36, 44 and 52 ]
    HAQ-DI score assess functional status of participant. It is 20 question instrument that assess degree of difficulty a person has in accomplishing tasks in 8 functional areas (dressing, arising, eating, walking, hygiene, reaching, gripping, and activities of daily living). Responses in each functional area were scored from 0=indicating no difficulty, to 3=indicating inability to perform a task in that area. Total HAQ score is average of the computed categories scores ranging from 0-3 where 0=least difficulty and 3=extreme difficulty. Lower scores are indicative of better functioning and a decrease of 0.35 from baseline in HAQ-DI score indicates a meaningful improvement.

  67. Change From Baseline in DAS28 (CRP) Score at Weeks 24, 28, 36, 44 and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 24, 28, 36, 44 and 52 ]
    DAS28 based on CRP is an index combining tender joints (28 joints), swollen joints (28 joints), CRP and patient's global assessment of disease activity. The set of 28 joint count is based on evaluation of the shoulder, elbow, wrist, metacarpophalangeal (MCP) MCP1 to MCP5, proximal interphalangeal (PIP) PIP1 to PIP5 joints of both the upper right extremity and the upper left extremity as well as the knee joints of lower right and lower left extremities. The values are 0=best to 10=worst. Negative changes from baseline indicate improvement of arthritis.

  68. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved a DAS28 (CRP) Response at Weeks 24, 28, 36, 44 and 52 [ Time Frame: Weeks 24, 28, 36, 44 and 52 ]
    DAS28 based on CRP is an index combining tender joints (28 joints), swollen joints (28 joints), CRP and patient's global assessment of disease activity. The set of 28 joint count is based on evaluation of the shoulder, elbow, wrist, metacarpophalangeal (MCP) MCP1 to MCP5, proximal interphalangeal (PIP) PIP1 to PIP5 joints of both the upper right extremity and the upper left extremity as well as the knee joints of lower right and lower left extremities. DAS28 (CRP) response criteria was defined as follows: Good response: <=3.2 at visit and >1.2 improvement; Moderate response: >3.2 at visit and >1.2 improvement or <=5.1 at visit and >0.6-1.2 improvement; No response: <=0.6 improvement, or >5.1 at visit and <=1.2 improvement. The values are 0=best to 10=worst. A DAS28 (CRP) responder was defined as achieving a good or moderate DAS28 response at a specific visit.

  69. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved a DAS28 (CRP) Remission at Weeks 24, 28, 36, 44 and 52 [ Time Frame: Weeks 24, 28, 36, 44 and 52 ]
    DAS28 based on CRP is an index combining tender joints (28 joints), swollen joints (28 joints), CRP and patient's global assessment of disease activity. The set of 28 joint count is based on evaluation of the shoulder, elbow, wrist, metacarpophalangeal (MCP) MCP1 to MCP5, proximal interphalangeal (PIP) PIP1 to PIP5 joints of both the upper right extremity and the upper left extremity as well as the knee joints of lower right and lower left extremities. The values are 0=best to 10=worst. DAS28 (CRP) remission was defined as DAS28 (CRP) value <2.6 at the analysis visit.

  70. Percentage of Participants Who Maintained a HAQ-DI Response (>=0.35 Improvement From Baseline in HAQ-DI Score) at Week 52 Among Participants Who Achieved a HAQ-DI Response at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 52 ]
    HAQ-DI score assess functional status of participant. It is 20 question instrument that assess degree of difficulty a person has in accomplishing tasks in 8 functional areas (dressing, arising, eating, walking, hygiene, reaching, gripping, and activities of daily living). Responses in each functional area were scored from 0=indicating no difficulty, to 3=indicating inability to perform a task in that area. Total HAQ score is average of the computed categories scores ranging from 0-3 where 0=least difficulty and 3=extreme difficulty. Lower scores are indicative of better functioning and a decrease of 0.35 from baseline in HAQ-DI score indicates a meaningful improvement.

  71. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved a Response Based on Modified Psoriatic Arthritis Responder Criteria (PsARC) at Weeks 24, 28, 36, 44 and 52 [ Time Frame: Weeks 24, 28, 36, 44 and 52 ]
    The modified PsARC response was defined as improvement in at least 2 of the four criteria: >=30% decrease in swollen joint count, >=30% decrease in tender joint count, >=20% improvement in patient's Global Assessment of Disease Activity (arthritis) on a VAS (0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100= poor), >=20% improvement in physician's Global Assessment of Disease Activity using VAS (VAS: 0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis activity and 100=extremely active arthritis), and at least one of the 2 joint criteria with no deterioration in the other criteria.

  72. Change From Baseline in the Disease Activity Index for Psoriatic Arthritis (DAPSA) Score at Weeks 24, 28, 36, 44 and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 24, 28, 36, 44 and 52 ]
    DAPSA assessed the joint domain of PsA and was derived from the sum of the following components: tender joint count (0-68), swollen joint count (0-66), CRP level (mg/dL), patient assessment of pain (0-10cm VAS, 0=no pain, 10=worst possible pain), and patient's global assessment of disease activity on arthritis (0 to 10cm VAS, 0=excellent and 10=poor). A higher score indicates more active disease activity. Negative changes from baseline indicate improvement of PsA disease activity. The assessment does not have a score range with an upper or lower bound.

  73. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved Both PASI 75 and Modified PsARC Response at Weeks 24 and 52 Among Participants With >=3% BSA Psoriatic Involvement and an IGA Score of >=2 at Baseline [ Time Frame: Weeks 24 and 52 ]
    In PASI, each area (head, trunk, upper and lower extremities) was assessed separately for % of area involved and translated to numeric score ranging from 0 (no involvement) to 6 (90-100% involvement), and for erythema, induration, and scaling, each rated on scale of 0 to 4. PASI produces numeric score range from 0 to 72. Higher scores=more severe disease. PASI75 response: >=75% improvement in PASI score from baseline. Modified PsARC response: improvement in at least 2 of 4 criteria: >=30% decrease in SJC and TJC, >=20% improvement in PtGA of Disease Activity (arthritis) on VAS (0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100=poor), >=20% improvement in PGA of Disease Activity on VAS (VAS: 0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis and 100=extremely active arthritis), and at least 1 of 2 joint criteria with no deterioration in other criteria.

  74. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved Both PASI 75 and ACR 20 Responses at Weeks 24 and 52 Among Participants With >=3% BSA Psoriatic Involvement and an IGA Score of >=2 at Baseline [ Time Frame: Weeks 24 and 52 ]
    In PASI, each area (head, trunk, upper and lower extremities) was assessed for % of area involved and translated to numeric score from 0 (no involvement) to 6 (90-100% involvement) and for erythema, induration, and scaling, each rated on scale of 0 to 4. PASI produces numeric score from 0 to 72. Higher scores=more severe disease. PASI 75: >=75% improvement in PASI score from baseline. ACR 20: >=20% improvement in SJC (66 joints)+TJC (68 joints) and >=20% improvement in 3 of 5: patient's assessment of pain (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no pain to 100=worst possible pain), PtGA of disease activity (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=excellent to 100=poor), PGA of disease activity (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis to 100=extremely active arthritis), patient's assessment of physical function (HAQ-DI -20-question instrument; range- 0=no difficulty to 3=inability to perform task) and CRP.

  75. Change From Baseline in PASI Score at Weeks 24 and 52 Among Participants With >=3% BSA Psoriatic Involvement and an IGA Score of >=2 at Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 24 and 52 ]
    PASI is a tool to assess and grade severity of psoriasis and response to therapy. In PASI, body is divided into 4 areas: head, trunk, upper extremities, lower extremities. Each area was assessed separately for percentage of area involved and translated to numeric score ranging from 0 (no involvement) to 6 (90 to 100% involvement), and for erythema, induration, and scaling, each rated on scale of 0 to 4 that is none to maximum severity. PASI numeric score range from 0 (no psoriasis) to 72. Higher scores indicate more severe disease. Negative changes from baseline indicate improvement of psoriasis.

  76. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved PASI 75 Response at Weeks 24 and 52 Among Participants With >=3% BSA Psoriatic Involvement and an IGA Score of >=2 at Baseline [ Time Frame: Weeks 24 and 52 ]
    PASI is a tool to assess and grade severity of psoriasis and response to therapy. In PASI, body is divided into 4 areas: head, trunk, upper extremities, lower extremities. Each area was assessed separately for percentage of area involved and translated to numeric score ranging from 0 (no involvement) to 6 (90 to 100% involvement), and for erythema, induration, and scaling, each rated on scale of 0 to 4 that is none to maximum severity. PASI numeric score range from 0 (no psoriasis) to 72. Higher scores indicate more severe disease. PASI 75 response: >=75% improvement in PASI score from baseline.

  77. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved PASI 90 Response at Weeks 24 and 52 Among Participants With >=3% BSA Psoriatic Involvement and an IGA Score of >=2 at Baseline [ Time Frame: Weeks 24 and 52 ]
    PASI is a tool to assess and grade severity of psoriasis and response to therapy. In PASI, body is divided into 4 areas: head, trunk, upper extremities, lower extremities. Each area was assessed separately for percentage of area involved and translated to numeric score ranging from 0 (no involvement) to 6 (90 to 100% involvement), and for erythema, induration, and scaling, each rated on scale of 0 to 4 that is none to maximum severity. PASI numeric score range from 0 (no psoriasis) to 72. Higher scores indicate more severe disease. PASI 90 response: >=90% improvement in PASI score from baseline.

  78. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved PASI 100 Response at Weeks 24 and 52 Among Participants With >=3% BSA Psoriatic Involvement and an IGA Score of >=2 at Baseline [ Time Frame: Weeks 24 and 52 ]
    PASI is a tool to assess and grade severity of psoriasis and response to therapy. In PASI, body is divided into 4 areas: head, trunk, upper extremities, lower extremities. Each area was assessed separately for percentage of area involved and translated to numeric score ranging from 0 (no involvement) to 6 (90 to 100% involvement), and for erythema, induration, and scaling, each rated on scale of 0 to 4 that is none to maximum severity. PASI numeric score range from 0 (no psoriasis) to 72. Higher scores indicate more severe disease. PASI 100 response: 100% improvement in PASI score from baseline.

  79. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved >=5 Point Improvement From Baseline in SF-36 PCS Score at Weeks 24, 36 and 52 [ Time Frame: Weeks 24, 36 and 52 ]
    SF-36 is a multi-domain instrument with 36 items to evaluate the health status and quality of life. It included 8 subscales (physical functioning, physical role functioning, bodily pain, general health perception, vitality, social functioning, emotional role functioning, and mental health), which yielded a Physical Component Summary (PCS) with score range 0-100 (higher score-better quality of life) and a Mental Component Summary (MCS) with score range 0-100 (higher score-better quality of life) in addition to subscale scores. The PCS scores are normalized to a mean of 50 and standard deviations of 10, based upon general US population norms. Higher score indicates better outcome, with an increase of 5 points considered to be clinically meaningful.

  80. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved >=5 Point Improvement From Baseline in SF-36 MCS Score at Weeks 24, 36 and 52 [ Time Frame: Weeks 24, 36 and 52 ]
    SF-36 is a multi-domain instrument with 36 items to evaluate the health status and quality of life. It included 8 subscales (physical functioning, physical role functioning, bodily pain, general health perception, vitality, social functioning, emotional role functioning, and mental health), which yielded a Physical Component Summary (PCS) with score range 0-100 (higher score-better quality of life) and a Mental Component Summary (MCS) with score range 0-100 (higher score-better quality of life) in addition to subscale scores. The MCS scores are normalized to a mean of 50 and standard deviations of 10, based upon general US population norms. Higher score indicates better outcome, with an increase of 5 points considered to be clinically meaningful.

  81. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved Minimal Disease Activity (MDA) at Weeks 24 and 52 [ Time Frame: Weeks 24 and 52 ]
    MDA is a measure that defines a satisfactory state of disease activity that includes the 5 domains of PsA (joint symptoms, skin psoriasis, patient's perspective of pain and disease activity, physical function, and enthesitis). A participant was considered as having achieved the PsA MDA at a visit if the participant has fulfilled at least 5 of the following 7 criteria at that visit: Tender joint count (68 joints)<=1, Swollen joint count (66 joints) <=1, Psoriasis activity and severity index <=1, Patient's Assessment of Pain <=15 on a 100-unit VAS, Patient's Global Assessment of Disease Activity (arthritis and psoriasis) <=20 on a 100-unit VAS, HAQ-DI score <=0.5, and Tender entheseal points <= 1 (LEI index score <= 1).

  82. Change From Baseline in Group of Research and Assessment of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis Composite (GRACE) Score Index at Weeks 24 and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 24 and 52 ]
    GRACE index is a composite PsA disease activity score converted from AMDF, which was derived from TJC (0-68) and SJC (0-66), HAQ-DI (0-3), patient's global assessment of disease activity on arthritis and psoriasis (0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100= poor), patient's assessment of skin disease activity (0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100=poor), patient's global assessment of disease activity on arthritis (0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100=poor), PASI (0-72), and PsA Quality of Life Index (derived as PsAQOL =25.355 + [2.367*HAQ-DI] - [0.234*SF-PCS] - [0.244*SF-MCS]), where HAQ-DI: HAQ-DI score (0-3, 0=least difficulty and 3=extreme difficulty), SF-PCS (Score ranges from 0 to 100, higher scores= better quality of life) and SF-MCS (score ranges from 0 to 100, higher scores= better quality of life). The total score is from 0-10, where lower score indicates better response. Higher score indicates more active disease activity. Negative change from baseline indicates improvement of PsA disease activity.

  83. Change From Baseline in Psoriatic Arthritis Disease Activity (PASDAS) Score at Weeks 24 and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 24 and 52 ]
    PASDAS (score range of 0 to 10, where higher score indicated more severe disease) is a compositive score of overall disease activity combining Patient's Global Assessment of Disease Activity (arthritis and psoriasis, using VAS [0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100= poor), Physician's Global Assessment of Disease Activity (using VAS [0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis activity and 100=extremely active arthritis]), swollen joint count (0-66 joints), tender joint count (0-68 joints), CRP (mg/L), enthesitis based on LEI (0-6), tender dactylitis count (scoring each digit from 0-3 and recoding to 0-1, where any score > 0 equaled 1), and the PCS score of the SF-36 health survey. The cutoffs for disease activity were 3.2 (low) to 5.4 (high). Negative changes from baseline indicate improvement of overall disease activity.

  84. Percentage of Participants Who Maintained an ACR 20 Response at Week 52 Among Participants Who Achieved an ACR 20 Response at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 52 ]
    ACR 20 response was defined as >=20% improvement from baseline in both swollen joint count (66 joints) and tender joint count (68 joints), and >=20% improvement from baseline in 3 of the 5 assessments: patient's assessment of pain using VAS (0-100 mm, 0=no pain and 100=worst possible pain), patient's global assessment of disease activity (arthritis, VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100= poor), physician's global assessment of disease activity (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis activity and 100=extremely active arthritis), patient's assessment of physical function measured by HAQ-DI (defined as a 20-question instrument assessing 8 functional areas; range: 0-3, 0=indicating no difficulty, 3=indicating inability to perform a task in that area), and CRP.

  85. Percentage of Participants Who Maintained an ACR 50 Response at Week 52 Among Participants Who Achieved an ACR 50 Response at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 52 ]
    ACR 50 response was defined as >=50% improvement from baseline in both swollen joint count (66 joints) and tender joint count (68 joints), and >=50% improvement from baseline in 3 of the 5 assessments: patient's assessment of pain using VAS (0-100 mm, 0=no pain and 100=worst possible pain), patient's global assessment of disease activity (arthritis, VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100= poor), physician's global assessment of disease activity (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis activity and 100=extremely active arthritis), patient's assessment of physical function measured by HAQ-DI (defined as a 20-question instrument assessing 8 functional areas; range: 0-3, 0=indicating no difficulty, 3=indicating inability to perform a task in that area), and CRP.

  86. Percentage of Participants Who Maintained an ACR 70 Response at Week 52 Among Participants Who Achieved an ACR 70 Response at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 52 ]
    ACR 70 response was defined as >=70% improvement from baseline in both swollen joint count (66 joints) and tender joint count (68 joints), and >=70% improvement from baseline in 3 of the 5 assessments: patient's assessment of pain using VAS (0-100 millimeters [mm], 0=no pain and 100=worst possible pain), patient's global assessment of disease activity (arthritis, VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=excellent and 100= poor), physician's global assessment of disease activity (VAS; 0-100 mm, 0=no arthritis activity and 100=extremely active arthritis), patient's assessment of physical function measured by HAQ-DI (defined as a 20-question instrument assessing 8 functional areas; range: 0-3, 0=indicating no difficulty, 3=indicating inability to perform a task in that area), and CRP.

  87. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved >= 20%, >=50%, >=70%, and >=90% Improvement From Baseline in BASDAI Score at Weeks 24 and 52 Among Participants With Spondylitis and Peripheral Arthritis as Their Primary Arthritic Presentation of PsA [ Time Frame: Weeks 24 and 52 ]
    Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) is a self-assessment tool that consists of 6 questions relating to the 5 major symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis: fatigue, spinal pain, joint pain, enthesitis, qualitative morning stiffness and quantitative morning stiffness. The first 5 items were scored on a 10 centimeter (cm) VAS ranging from 0=none to 10=very severe. Quantitative morning stiffness was scored on a 10cm VAS ranging from 0=0 hours to 10=2 or more hours. The 2 scores for qualitative and quantitative morning stiffness were averaged, and the total BASDAI score was the average of the 5 scores of each symptom, ranging from 0 (none) to 10 (very severe). Higher scores indicate greater disease severity and an improvement of 50% from baseline is considered clinically meaningful. Only participants with spondylitis with peripheral arthritis as their primary arthritic presentation of PsA completed the BASDAI indicate the degree of their symptoms over the past week.

  88. Percentage of Participants With Resolution of Enthesitis at Weeks 24, 36, 44 and 52 Among the Participants With Enthesitis at Baseline [ Time Frame: Weeks 24, 36, 44 and 52 ]
    Enthesitis was assessed using the LEI, a tool developed to assess enthesitis in participants with PsA and evaluates the presence (score of 1) or absence (score of 0) of pain by applying local pressure to the following entheses: left and right lateral epicondyle humerus, left and right medial femoral condyle, and left and right achilles tendon insertion. The enthesitis index score is a total score of the 6 evaluated sites from 0 (0 sites with tenderness) to 6 (worst possible score; 6 sites with tenderness). A LEI score of 0 at a post baseline visit indicates resolution of enthesitis when baseline LEI>0.

  89. Percentage of Participants With Resolution of Dactylitis at Weeks 24, 36, 44 and 52 Among Participants With Dactylitis at Baseline [ Time Frame: Weeks 24, 36, 44 and 52 ]
    The presence and severity of dactylitis was assessed in both hands and feet using a scoring system from 0 to 3 (0-no dactylitis, 1-mild dactylitis, 2-moderate dactylitis, and 3-severe dactylitis) for each digit. The results were summed to produce a final score ranging from 0 to 60. Higher score indicates more severe dactylitis. Resolution of dactylitis was defined as a dactylitis score of 0 with the baseline dactylitis score >0.

  90. Change From Baseline in Enthesitis Score (Based on SPARCC) at Weeks 24, 36, 44 and 52 Among the Participants With Enthesitis at Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 24, 36, 44 and 52 ]
    Enthesitis was assessed using the Spondyloarthritis Research Consortium of Canada (SPARCC). The SPARCC developed a measure for enthesitis in general spondyloarthritis which evaluates the presence or absence of pain by applying local pressure to the following entheses: supraspinatus insertion (left and right), medial epicondyle humerus (left and right), lateral epicondyle humerus (left and right), greater trochanter (left and right), quadriceps-to-patella (left and right), patellar-tibia (left and right), achilles tendon insertion (left and right), plantar fascia (left and right). Tenderness on examination was recorded as either present (1) or absent (0) for each of the 16 sites for an overall score range of 0-16. Higher scores indicate more severe enthesitis. Negative changes from baseline indicate improvement of enthesitis.

  91. Change From Baseline in Enthesitis Score (Based on LEI) at Weeks 24, 36, 44 and 52 Among the Participants With Enthesitis at Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 24, 36, 44 and 52 ]
    Enthesitis was assessed using the LEI, a tool developed to assess enthesitis in participants with PsA and evaluates the presence (score of 1) or absence (score of 0) of pain by applying local pressure to the following entheses: left and right lateral epicondyle humerus, left and right medial femoral condyle, and left and right achilles tendon insertion. The enthesitis index score is a total score of the 6 evaluated sites from 0 (0 sites with tenderness) to 6 (worst possible score; 6 sites with tenderness). Negative changes from baseline indicate improvement of enthesitis.

  92. Change From Baseline in Dactylitis Score at Weeks 24, 36, 44 and 52 Among the Participants With Dactylitis at Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 24, 36, 44 and 52 ]
    The presence and severity of dactylitis was assessed in both hands and feet using a scoring system from 0 to 3 (0-no dactylitis, 1-mild dactylitis, 2-moderate dactylitis, and 3-severe dactylitis) for each digit. The results were summed to produce a final score ranging from 0 to 60. A higher score indicates more severe dactylitis. Negative changes from baseline indicate improvement in dactylitis.

  93. Percentage of Participants With an IGA Score of 0 (Cleared) or 1 (Cleared) at Weeks 24 and 52 Among Participants With >=3% BSA Psoriatic Involvement and an IGA Score of >=2 at Baseline [ Time Frame: Weeks 24 and 52 ]
    A psoriasis IGA response was defined as an IGA score of 0 (cleared) or 1 (minimal) and >= 2 grade reduction from baseline in the IGA psoriasis score. The IGA documents the investigator's assessment of the patient's psoriasis and lesions are graded for induration, erythema and scaling, each using a 5 point scale: 0 (no evidence), 1 (minimal), 2 (mild), 3 (moderate), and 4 (severe). The IGA score of psoriasis was based upon the average of induration, erythema and scaling scores. The participant's psoriasis was assessed as cleared (0), minimal (1), mild (2), moderate (3), or severe (4).

  94. Change From Baseline in SF-36 Physical Component Summary (PCS) Score at Weeks 24, 36 and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 24, 36 and 52 ]
    SF-36 is a multi-domain instrument with 36 items to evaluate the health status and quality of life. It included 8 subscales (physical functioning, physical role functioning, bodily pain, general health perception, vitality, social functioning, emotional role functioning, and mental health), which yielded a Physical Component Summary (PCS) with score range 0-100 (higher score-better quality of life) and a Mental Component Summary (MCS) with score range 0-100 (higher score-better quality of life) in addition to subscale scores. The PCS scores are normalized to a mean of 50 and standard deviations of 10, based upon general US population norms. A positive change indicates improvement while a negative change indicates worsening of health status and quality of life.

  95. Change From Baseline in SF-36 Mental Component Summary (MCS) Score at Weeks 24, 36 and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 24, 36 and 52 ]
    SF-36 is a multi-domain instrument with 36 items to evaluate the health status and quality of life. It included 8 subscales (physical functioning, physical role functioning, bodily pain, general health perception, vitality, social functioning, emotional role functioning, and mental health), which yielded a Physical Component Summary (PCS) with score range 0-100 (higher score-better quality of life) and a Mental Component Summary (MCS) with score range 0-100 (higher score-better quality of life) in addition to subscale scores. The MCS scores are normalized to a mean of 50 and standard deviations of 10, based upon general US population norms. A positive change indicates improvement while a negative change indicates worsening of health status and quality of life.

  96. Change From Baseline in Norm Based Scores of SF-36 Scales at Week 24, 36 and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 24, 36 and 52 ]
    SF-36 is a multi-domain instrument with 36 items to evaluate the health status and quality of life. It included 8 subscales: physical functioning, physical role functioning, bodily pain, general health perception, vitality, social functioning, emotional role functioning, and mental health. The scores 0-100 (where higher scores indicated a better quality of life) from each subscale of SF-36 were normalized to a mean of 50 and standard deviations of 10, based upon general US population norms. Higher score indicates better health status. A positive change indicates improvement while a negative change indicates worsening of health status and quality of life.

  97. Change From Baseline in Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT)-Fatigue Score at Weeks 24, 36 and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 24, 36 and 52 ]
    The FACIT-Fatigue is a questionnaire that assesses self-reported tiredness, weakness, and difficulty conducting usual activities due to fatigue. The subscale consists 13-item instrument to measure fatigue. Each of the 13 items has a set of five response categories: Not at all (=0), A little bit (=1), Somewhat (=2), Quite a bit (=3) and Very much (=4). A total FACIT-Fatigue subscale score was calculated as the sum of the 13 item scores (reserved scores [4 - score]) and ranges from 0 to 52, with a higher score indicating less fatigue. Positive changes from baseline indicate improvement of fatigue. Items were reverse scored when appropriate to provide a scale in which higher scores represent better functioning or less fatigue.

  98. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved >=4-point Improvement From Baseline in FACIT-Fatigue Score at Weeks 24, 36 and 52 [ Time Frame: Weeks 24, 36 and 52 ]
    The FACIT-Fatigue is a questionnaire that assesses self-reported tiredness, weakness, and difficulty conducting usual activities due to fatigue. The subscale consists 13-item instrument to measure fatigue. Each of the 13 items has a set of five response categories: Not at all (=0), A little bit (=1), Somewhat (=2), Quite a bit (=3) and Very much (=4). A total FACIT-Fatigue subscale score was calculated as the sum of the 13 item scores (reserved scores [4 - score]) and ranges from 0 to 52, with a higher score indicating less fatigue. Positive changes from baseline indicate improvement of fatigue. Items were reverse scored when appropriate to provide a scale in which higher scores represent better functioning or less fatigue.

  99. Change From Baseline in Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS)-29 Scores at Weeks 24, 36 and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 24, 36 and 52 ]
    PROMIS-29 contains 4 items for each of seven PROMIS domains (Anxiety, Depression, Fatigue, Pain Interference, Physical Function, Sleep Disturbance, and Satisfaction-Social Role and Activity. PROMIS-29 also includes an additional pain intensity 0-10 NRS. The raw score of each domain is converted into a standardized score with a mean of 50 and a SD of 10 for the general population in the US (T-Score).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Have a diagnosis of Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) for at least 6 months before the first administration of study agent and meet Classification criteria for Psoriatic Arthritis (CASPAR) at screening
  • Have active PsA as defined by: at least 3 swollen joints and at least 3 tender joints at screening and at baseline; and C-reactive protein (CRP) greater than or equal to (>=) 0.3 milligram per deciLitre (mg/dL) at screening from the central laboratory
  • Have at least 1 of the PsA subsets: distal interphalangeal joint involvement, polyarticular arthritis with absence of rheumatoid nodules, arthritis mutilans, asymmetric peripheral arthritis, or spondylitis with peripheral arthritis
  • Have active plaque psoriasis, with at least one psoriatic plaque of >= 2 centimeter (cm) diameter or nail changes consistent with psoriasis or documented history of plaque psoriasis
  • Have active PsA despite previous non-biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD), apremilast, and/or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) therapy : Non-biologic DMARD therapy is defined as taking a non-biologic DMARD for at least 3 months or evidence of intolerance; Apremilast therapy is defined as taking apremilast at the marketed dose approved in the country where the study is being conducted for at least 4 months or evidence of intolerance; NSAID therapy is defined as taking an NSAID for at least 4 weeks or evidence of intolerance
  • Participants may have been previously treated with up to 2 anti-TNF (tumor necrosis factor) alpha agents (approximately 30 percent [%] of the overall study population), and must document the reason for discontinuation

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Has other inflammatory diseases that might confound the evaluations of benefit of guselkumab therapy, including but not limited to rheumatoid arthritis (RA), axial spondyloarthritis (this does not include a primary diagnosis of PsA with spondylitis), systemic lupus erythematosus, or Lyme disease
  • Has ever received more than 2 anti-TNFalpha agents
  • Has previously received any biologic treatment (other than anti-TNF alpha agents), including, but not limited to ustekinumab, abatacept, secukinumab, tildrakizumab, ixekizumab, brodalumab, risankizumab, or other investigative biologic treatment
  • Has previously received any systemic immunosuppressants (for example, azathioprine, cyclosporine, 6 thioguanine, mercaptopurine, mycophenolate mofetil, hydroxyurea, tacrolimus) within 4 weeks of the first administration of study agent
  • Has received apremilast within 4 weeks prior to the first administration of study agent
  • Has previously received tofacitinib, baricitinib, filgotinib, peficitinib (ASP015K), decernotinib (VX-509), or any other Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03162796


Locations
Show Show 95 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Investigators
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Study Director: Janssen Research & Development, LLC Clinical Trial Janssen Research & Development, LLC
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Janssen Research & Development, LLC:
Study Protocol  [PDF] January 25, 2018
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] March 21, 2019

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Janssen Research & Development, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03162796    
Other Study ID Numbers: CR108218
2016-001163-37 ( EudraCT Number )
CNTO1959PSA3001 ( Other Identifier: Janssen Research & Development, LLC )
First Posted: May 22, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 14, 2020
Last Update Posted: October 14, 2020
Last Verified: September 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Arthritis
Arthritis, Psoriatic
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Spondylarthropathies
Spondylarthritis
Spondylitis
Spinal Diseases
Bone Diseases
Psoriasis
Skin Diseases, Papulosquamous
Skin Diseases