Intracranial Pressure vs Percentage Body Fat
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03144297|
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified May 2017 by Benjamin Wakerley, Gloucestershire Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust.
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
First Posted : May 8, 2017
Last Update Posted : May 8, 2017
Background: It has already been established that there is a weak positive relationship between increased intracranial pressure (ICP), as measured by lumbar puncture manometry, and increased Body Mass Index (BMI). This is also observed clinically in some patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension, who typically have raised BMI. The relationship between BMI and percentage body fat is non-linear, especially at BMI > 40. The Bod Pod device enables non-invasive body composition profiling, including accurate calculation of percentage body fat, without the use of radiation.
Aim: To examine the relationship between intracranial pressure as measured by lumbar puncture manometry and percentage body fat as measured by air-displacement plethysmography (Bod Pod)
Methods: 100 patients undergoing routine diagnostic and therapeutic lumbar punctures for a variety of non-emergency neurological conditions will be recruited. Cerebrospinal fluid opening pressure will be measured using standard manometry techniques. Blood pressure, height, weight, collar size, waist size and hip size will be measured. Body composition profiling will be carried out using the Bod Pod.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Intracranial Pressure||Other: Lumbar puncture Other: BOD POD (air-displacement plethysmography)|
Patients due to attend the elective lumbar puncture clinic will be contacted by letter beforehand (at least a week) and provided with an information sheet about the this study. Neurology patients are referred to the lumbar puncture clinic as part of their diagnostic work-up. The clinic takes place every Friday on the neurology ward and is run by the MS nurse consultant who does the procedure.
Patients agreeing to take part in the study will have a lumbar puncture as normal. Before removing a small volume of spinal fluid (cerebrospinal fluid or CSF), the investigators routinely measure spinal fluid pressure using a manometer (pressure gauge). This is important because it indirectly tells us what the pressure is within the brain (intracranial pressure or ICP). Samples of CSF and blood may be needed as part of NHS patient care, but no additional samples will be needed for this study. The investigators will, however, take some additional measurements during the visit, which won't take more than an extra 5 minutes. These will include: weight and height; measures of neck, waist and hip circumference, using a standard measuring tape; and blood pressure before and after the lumbar puncture. The whole visit will be 45-60 minutes.
Patients agreeing to have body composition assessment in the Bod Pod device will be scheduled for assessment at the School of Sport Sciences at the University of Gloucestershire (Oxstalls campus) in the two weeks following lumbar puncture. The investigators will also contact patients prior to the appointment to confirm this. The university is a five minute drive from the hospital and can easily be accessed by public transport. Temporary parking permits for use in the university car park will be provided where necessary. At the university body composition will be assessed in the Bod Pod device by one of the trained technicians. The device consists of a small enclosed chamber, in which the patient sits. Changes in air volume allow calculation of body density and percentage body fat. For the test, patients will need to bring some form of tight-fitting swimwear (Speedos or underpants for men; swimming costumes for women, no bikinis). They will also be required to wear a swimming hat (which will be provided). No metal objects should be worn while in the Bod Pod. Prior to the test we may need to measure lung volume by asking the patient to blow into a spirometer. This helps to calculate body density but is not always necessary. The patient will then sit inside the Bod Pod (which is confined but non-invasive and has a large window in the front hatch and a panic button if they want to alert the technician) for about 3 minutes. During this time air displacement measurements are made and some people may experience slight pressure in their ears, although this is not dangerous. Male and female changing facilities are available and Bod Pod testing will be in a private, screened-off area with only the technician present. Patients can also ask for a chaperone or male/female technician if they prefer. This test will take about 15 minutes to complete and patients will be given computer readout of their body composition.
A power calculation for the study indicates that approximately 100 patients will need to be recruited. The investigators aim to recruit between 1 and 3 patients from the lumbar puncture clinic per week and therefore predict that the study will be completed within 2 years.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||100 participants|
|Official Title:||Correlation Between Intracranial Pressure as Measured by Lumbar Puncture Manometry and Percentage Body Fat as Measured by Air-displacement Plethysmography|
|Study Start Date :||March 2015|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||March 2018|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||March 2018|
- Other: Lumbar puncture
diagnostic lumbar puncture
- Other: BOD POD (air-displacement plethysmography)
Assessment of body fat
- Intracranial pressure vs % body fat using BodPOD [ Time Frame: 3 years ]Correlation between intracranial pressure as measured by lumbar puncture manometry and percentage body fat as measured by air-displacement plethysmography.
- intracranial pressure vs body mass index [ Time Frame: 3 years ]Correlation between intracranial pressure as measured by lumbar puncture manometry and body mass index.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03144297
|Gloucester, Gloucestershire, United Kingdom, GL13NN|
|Contact: Benjamin R Wakerley, MRCP, PhD firstname.lastname@example.org|