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A Study to Test the Safety and Feasibility of Nivolumab With Drug Eluting Bead Transarterial Chemoembolization in Patients With Liver Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03143270
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 8, 2017
Last Update Posted : May 19, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
The purpose of the study is to find out the effects of using nivolumab with Drug Eluting Bead Transarterial Chemoembolization (deb-TACE) in the treatment of liver cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Liver Cancer Drug: Drug Eluting Bead Transarterial Chemoembolization Drug: Nivolumab Early Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 14 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter Pilot Study of Nivolumab With Drug Eluting Bead Transarterial Chemoembolization in Patients With Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Actual Study Start Date : April 28, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Liver Cancer
Drug Information available for: Nivolumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort 1, deb-TACE + Nivolumab
3 eligible participants will undergo deb-TACE on Day 0 (+/- 5 days). Two weeks after deb-TACE, participants will begin nivolumab every two weeks for up to one year. If no participants experience a dose limiting toxicity (DLT), or 1 of 6 participants experiences a DLT, a new group of participants will be enrolled into Cohort 2.
Drug: Drug Eluting Bead Transarterial Chemoembolization
Hepatic embolization will occur on Day 0 of the study for all cohorts. On the day of the procedure, baseline angiography including celiac and superior mesenteric angiography will be performed to delineate arterial anatomy and blood supply to the tumor. After the entire dose has been used, the embolized vessels will be re-catheterized and embolized to stasis with Bead Block beginning with 100-300 micron spheres and using a maximum of 10 cc of any given size per vessel before moving to the next size microsphere.
Other Name: deb-TACE

Drug: Nivolumab
All participants will receive at a flat dose of 240 mg IV q 12 weeks for up to one year. In cohort 1, participants will begin nivolumab two weeks (+/- 5 days) after deb-TACE every two weeks. In cohort 2, participants will begin nivolumab every 2 weeks for 1 year and undergo deb-TACE 4 weeks after the initiation of nivolumab (+/- 5 day). Nivolumab will not be dosed on the day of embolization in this cohort. In cohort 3, nivolumab will be dosed every two weeks starting 4 weeks (+/- 5 days) prior to deb-TACE and continue every 2 weeks for up to one year. Nivolumab will be dosed on the day of embolization in this cohort. It will be administered before the deb-TACE procedure.

Experimental: Cohort 2, deb-TACE + Nivolumab
3 eligible participants will undergo deb-TACE on Day 0 (+/- 5 days). Participants will receive nivolumab every two weeks for up to one year, starting 4 weeks prior to deb-TACE (week -4). Participants in this cohort will not receive nivolumab on the day of deb-TACE. If no participants experience a DLT in the initial group of 3 participants or if 1 of 6 participants experiences a DLT, a new group of participants will be enrolled into Cohort 3.
Drug: Drug Eluting Bead Transarterial Chemoembolization
Hepatic embolization will occur on Day 0 of the study for all cohorts. On the day of the procedure, baseline angiography including celiac and superior mesenteric angiography will be performed to delineate arterial anatomy and blood supply to the tumor. After the entire dose has been used, the embolized vessels will be re-catheterized and embolized to stasis with Bead Block beginning with 100-300 micron spheres and using a maximum of 10 cc of any given size per vessel before moving to the next size microsphere.
Other Name: deb-TACE

Drug: Nivolumab
All participants will receive at a flat dose of 240 mg IV q 12 weeks for up to one year. In cohort 1, participants will begin nivolumab two weeks (+/- 5 days) after deb-TACE every two weeks. In cohort 2, participants will begin nivolumab every 2 weeks for 1 year and undergo deb-TACE 4 weeks after the initiation of nivolumab (+/- 5 day). Nivolumab will not be dosed on the day of embolization in this cohort. In cohort 3, nivolumab will be dosed every two weeks starting 4 weeks (+/- 5 days) prior to deb-TACE and continue every 2 weeks for up to one year. Nivolumab will be dosed on the day of embolization in this cohort. It will be administered before the deb-TACE procedure.

Experimental: Cohort 3, deb-TACE + Nivolumab
3 eligible participants will undergo deb-TACE on Day 0 (+/- 5 days). Nivolumab will be dosed every two weeks starting 4 weeks prior to deb-TACE (Week 4) and continue every 2 weeks for up to one year. If no participants experience a DLT in the initial group of 3 participants, an additional 3 participants will be added to confirm safety. If less than or equal to 1 of 6 participants experiences a DLT, this will be considered the optimal schedule.
Drug: Drug Eluting Bead Transarterial Chemoembolization
Hepatic embolization will occur on Day 0 of the study for all cohorts. On the day of the procedure, baseline angiography including celiac and superior mesenteric angiography will be performed to delineate arterial anatomy and blood supply to the tumor. After the entire dose has been used, the embolized vessels will be re-catheterized and embolized to stasis with Bead Block beginning with 100-300 micron spheres and using a maximum of 10 cc of any given size per vessel before moving to the next size microsphere.
Other Name: deb-TACE

Drug: Nivolumab
All participants will receive at a flat dose of 240 mg IV q 12 weeks for up to one year. In cohort 1, participants will begin nivolumab two weeks (+/- 5 days) after deb-TACE every two weeks. In cohort 2, participants will begin nivolumab every 2 weeks for 1 year and undergo deb-TACE 4 weeks after the initiation of nivolumab (+/- 5 day). Nivolumab will not be dosed on the day of embolization in this cohort. In cohort 3, nivolumab will be dosed every two weeks starting 4 weeks (+/- 5 days) prior to deb-TACE and continue every 2 weeks for up to one year. Nivolumab will be dosed on the day of embolization in this cohort. It will be administered before the deb-TACE procedure.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v4.0 [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    The percentage of subjects who experience toxicity at each schedule will be calculated. Frequencies of toxicities will be tabulated according to the NCI CTCAE scale (version 4.03).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 18 and over at the time of consent
  • Histology and/or cytology confirmed HCC per the enrolling institution
  • Measurable disease per RECIST v1.1
  • Disease not amenable to curative or transplant surgery (BCLC Stage B); disease must be reviewed by members of disease management team at the local enrolling institution and be amenable to deb-TACE to treat all sites of disease in one session
  • ECOG Performance status 0 or 1
  • Child-Pugh Class A
  • Child-Pugh Scoring Note: PI INR <1.7 is not required for patients on anticoagulation agents. Patients who are being therapeutically anticoagulated with an agent such as Coumadin or heparin will be allowed to participate provided that no prior evidence of underlying abnormality in these parameters exists
  • Adequate bone marrow, hepatic, and renal function defined as:

    • Platelet count ≥ 75,000/mm3
    • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,000/mm3
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
    • Total bilirubin < 3.0 × ULN (upper limit of normal)
    • Aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤ 5 × ULN
    • Albumin ≥ 2.8 g/dL
    • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dL or calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 40 mL/min as determined by the Cockcroft-Gault equation
  • Suppression of HBV (≤ 100 IU/mL by HBV PCR) with antivirals per the local standard of care if prior or current HBV exposure or infection.
  • Active HCV infection without treatment is permitted. Concomitant treatment of HCV is not permitted on this study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Vascular invasion or extrahepatic spread
  • History of liver allograft; prior hepatic resection is allowed.
  • Prior embolization and/or ablation is allowed as long as the patient has progressed with a new RECIST measurable lesion
  • Contraindication to angiography/embolization procedure based on judgment of the treating investigator.
  • Prior treatment with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CTLA-4 antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell costimulation or immune checkpoint pathways
  • Known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
  • A history of a severe contrast allergy (.i.e. anaphylaxis) not controlled with premedication
  • Patients should be excluded if they have a condition requiring chronic systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease. Patients with contrast allergies who can tolerate contrast with corticosteroid premedication are not excluded.
  • An active, known or suspected autoimmune disease. Subjects are permitted to enroll if they have vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger.
  • Subjects with history of another primary cancer, with the exception of: a) curatively resected non-melanoma skin cancer; b) curatively treated cervical carcinoma in situ; or c) other primary solid tumor with no known active disease present that in the opinion of the investigator will not affect patient outcome in the setting of current HCC diagnosis.
  • Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with evaluation of the investigational product or interpretation of subject safety or study results
  • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) or sexually active men must use appropriate method(s) of contraception.

    • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must use appropriate method(s) of contraception while on study treatment. WOCBP should use an adequate method to avoid pregnancy during study treatment and for 5 months (30 days plus the time required for nivolumab to undergo five half-lives) after the last dose of investigational drug
    • Men who are sexually active with WOCBP must use any contraceptive method with a failure rate of less than 1% per year Men receiving nivolumab and who are sexually active with WOCBP will be instructed to adhere to contraception during study treatment and for a period of 7 months after the last dose of investigational product
    • Women who are not of childbearing potential (ie, who are postmenopausal or surgically sterile, as well as azoospermic men do not require contraception
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 24 hours prior to the start of nivolumab. Elevated HCG for other explained and documented reasons is allowed.
  • Lactating woman

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03143270


Contacts
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Contact: James Harding, MD 646-888-4314 HardinJ1@mskcc.org
Contact: Ghassan Abou-Alfa, MD 646-888-4184 abou-alg@mskcc.org

Locations
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United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic Cancer Center Not yet recruiting
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Contact: Kabir Mody, MD    904-953-2000      
United States, Missouri
Washington University School of Medicine Recruiting
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
Contact: Benjamin Tan, MD    314-747-7222      
Principal Investigator: Benjamin Tan, MD         
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Recruiting
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Contact: James Harding, MD    646-888-4314    HardinJ1@mskcc.org   
United States, Pennsylvania
Abramson Cancer Center at University of Pennsylvania Medical Center Recruiting
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104-4283
Contact: Kim Reiss Binder, MD    800-789-7366      
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: James Harding, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03143270    
Other Study ID Numbers: 17-087
First Posted: May 8, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 19, 2020
Last Verified: May 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
nivolumab
deb-TACE
17-087
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Liver Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Nivolumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents