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Pembrolizumab With or Without Anetumab Ravtansine in Treating Patients With Mesothelin-Positive Pleural Mesothelioma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03126630
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 24, 2017
Last Update Posted : January 12, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase I/II trial studies the side effects and how well pembrolizumab with or without anetumab ravtansine works in treating patients with mesothelin-positive pleural mesothelioma. Monoclonal antibodies, such as anetumab ravtansine, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pleural Malignant Mesothelioma Biological: Anetumab Ravtansine Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Biological: Pembrolizumab Other: Pharmacological Study Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the dose of anetumab ravtansine that is safe in combination with pembrolizumab to be used in the randomized phase 2 study. (Phase I safety lead-in) II. Determine if the overall response rate of the combination of anetumab ravtansine and pembrolizumab is superior to pembrolizumab alone. (Phase II)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the progression free survival of anetumab ravtansine and pembrolizumab compared to MK-3475 (pembrolizumab) alone.

II. To evaluate the pharmacodynamic effects of anetumab ravtansine and pembrolizumab on soluble megakaryocyte potentiating factor (MPF).

III. To evaluate the pharmacokinetics of anetumab ravtansine and pembrolizumab. IV. To evaluate mononuclear phagocyte system (MPS) function, FcgammaRs, hormone and chemokine mediators as methods to evaluate factors affecting the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of these agents.

V. To determine the incidence of antibodies directed against anetumab ravtansine.

CORRELATIVE STUDY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine whether elevations in Bim in TTR predict responses to treatment and whether its detection is dynamic with treatment.

II. To determine whether soluble PD-L1 predicts responses to treatment and whether its detection is dynamic with treatment.

III. To evaluate PD-L1 expression in archival tissue as a predictive marker of response to pembrolizumab-based therapy.

IV. To explore the symptomatic adverse events (AE) for tolerability of each treatment group using patient reported outcomes (PRO)-Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE).

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 groups.

GROUP I: Patients receive pembrolizumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on day 1. Cycles repeat every 21 days for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Upon radiologic documentation of disease progression, patients may cross over to Group II.

GROUP II: Patients receive anetumab ravtansine IV over 1 hour and pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Cycles repeat every 21 days for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 12 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 134 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 1 Safety Run-In and Phase 2 Randomized Clinical Trial of Anetumab Ravtansine and Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Compared to Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Alone for Mesothelin-Positive Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma
Actual Study Start Date : February 8, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 2, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 2, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Mesothelioma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Group I (pembrolizumab)
Patients receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Cycles repeat every 21 days for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Upon radiologic documentation of disease progression, patients may cross over to Group II.
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Biological: Pembrolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Keytruda
  • Lambrolizumab
  • MK-3475
  • SCH 900475

Other: Pharmacological Study
Correlative studies

Experimental: Group II (anetumab ravtansine, pembrolizumab)
Patients receive anetumab ravtansine IV over 1 hour and pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Cycles repeat every 21 days for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: Anetumab Ravtansine
Given IV
Other Name: BAY 94-9343

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Biological: Pembrolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Keytruda
  • Lambrolizumab
  • MK-3475
  • SCH 900475

Other: Pharmacological Study
Correlative studies




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Recommended phase 2 dose of anetumab ravtansine with combination of pembrolizumab [ Time Frame: Up to 21 days ]
    An early safety analysis will be performed after the first 6 patients have been accrued to the safety lead-in portion of the study at dose level 1 and observed for one cycle. If 2 or more of the first 6 patients experience a dose limiting toxicities, then the starting dose level will be adjusted and additional cohorts may be evaluated. All patients that have received any amount of the combination anetumab ravtansine and pembrolizumab will be evaluable for toxicity.

  2. Confirmed tumor response rate (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Will be assessed using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 criteria. The proportion of successes will be estimated in each group by the number of successes divided by the total number of evaluable patients. Confidence intervals for the true success proportion will be calculated in each arm. Comparison of confirmed response rates between the two treatment groups will be performed using a one-sided z-test with pooled variance at significance level 0.10.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Duration of response [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Will be defined as evaluable patients who achieved noted to be a partial response or complete response based Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 criteria. Will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier. The comparison of duration of response between two treatment arms will be based on the log-rank test. This calculation will start with the date of start of treatment.

  2. Overall survival [ Time Frame: From the start of treatment to death due to any cause, assessed up to 2 years ]
    Will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier. The comparison of overall survival between two treatment arms will be based on the log-rank test.

  3. Progression free survival [ Time Frame: From the start of treatment to the earliest date of documentation of disease progression or death due to any cause, assessed up to 2 years ]
    Will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier. The comparison of progression-free survival between two treatment arms will be based on the log-rank test.

  4. Incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after last dose of study drug ]
    Will be assessed by National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0. The maximum grade for each type of adverse event will be recorded for each patient, and frequency tables will be reviewed for each arm to determine patterns. Additionally, the relationship of the adverse event(s) to the study treatment will be taken into consideration. The overall adverse event rates for grade 3 or higher hematologic and non-hematologic adverse events at least possibly related to treatment will be compared between the two treatment groups using the Chi-square test (or Fisher's exact test if the data in the contingency table is sparse).

  5. Pharmacokinetics of anetumab ravtansine [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 3 of courses 1 and 8 ]
    Will be largely descriptive. Changes over time will be plotted and assessed for each patient.

  6. Change in megakaryocyte potentiating factor levels assessed in tumor [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 2 years ]
    Relative changes in biomarker levels will be compared by best overall response groups using the non-parametric Wilcoxon rank-sum test. Also, the associations between changes in megakaryocyte potentiating factor levels and ordered response categories (i.e. complete response-partial response-stable disease-progressive disease) will be assessed with the Jonckheere-Terpstra test for trend.

  7. Mononuclear phagocyte system -FcgammaRs and chemokine mediators of mononuclear phagocyte system [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    The mean equivalent soluble fluorophore and antibody bound to cell (ABC) will be determined for each specimen. Linear regression will be used to explore the linear relationship between the continuous values of these mononuclear phagocyte system-FcgammaRs probes and anetumab ravtansine levels. The concentrations of CCL2 and CCL5 will be determined for each specimen. Linear regression will be used to explore the linear relationship between the continuous values of these chemokines and anetumab ravtansine levels.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Measurements of Bim in TTR [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Measurements of Bim in TTR as a predictor of responses to treatment. Is anticipated that a non-parametric test such as the Mann-Whitney test should be used to compare Bim in TTR between subjects that do and do not respond to therapy.

  2. Measurements of soluble PD-L1 [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Measurements of soluble PD-L1 as a predictor of responses to treatment. Is anticipated that a non-parametric test such as the Mann-Whitney test should be used to compare soluble PD-L1 between subjects that do and do not respond to therapy.

  3. PD-L1 expression in archival tissue [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    PD-L1 expression in archival tissue as a predictive marker of response to pembrolizumab-based therapy. Will compare whether there is a difference in the number of responders with 50% or greater PD-L1 tumor cell expression and those without with the Chi-square test (or Fisher's exact test if the data in the contingency table is sparse).

  4. Patient reported outcomes-Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • PRE-REGISTRATION
  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed malignant pleural mesothelioma
  • Patient is willing to submit a tissue sample to test for expression of mesothelin

    • Note: Tissue sample for mesothelin assay may have been collected prior to, during or after receipt of the frontline chemotherapy; patients will not be required to submit another tissue sample after receipt of the chemotherapy
  • Patients must have received platinum based chemotherapy
  • REGISTRATION
  • For phase 2 only:
  • Patient has measurable disease per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1

    • Note: For pleural disease, this is defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured perpendicular to the chest wall or mediastinum that is >= 10 mm (>= 1 cm); for extra pleural disease, measurable disease is defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for non-nodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions) as >= 10 mm (>= 1 cm) for non-nodal lesions and >= 15 mm (>= 1.5 cm) for nodal lesions with spiral computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or calipers by clinical exam as per RECIST 1.1
  • Tissue submitted for testing at pre-registration shows moderate or stronger mesothelin expression in >= 30% of the tumor cells
  • For phase 1 and 2:
  • Patients must have received platinum-based therapy with or without bevacizumab
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status < 2 (Karnofsky >= 70%)
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
  • Total bilirubin within normal institutional limits
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Creatinine within normal institutional limits OR creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  • International normalized ratio (INR) or prothrombin time (PT) =< 1.5 x ULN AND partial thromboplastin time (PTT) or activated PTT (aPTT) =< 1.5 x ULN, unless patient is on stable dose of anti-coagulation therapy in which case patients will be allowed to participate if they have no signs of bleeding or clotting and the INR/PT and PTT/aPTT results are compatible with an acceptable risk-benefit ratio as per the investigator's discretion
  • Negative serum pregnancy test for females of child bearing potential

    • Note: Females are considered to not be of child bearing potential if any of the following apply:
    • Postmenopausal (defined as at least 12 months with no menses without an alternative medical cause; in women < 45 years of age, a high follicle stimulating hormone [FSH] level in the postmenopausal range may be used to confirm a postmenopausal state in women not using hormonal contraception or hormonal replacement therapy; in the absence of 12 months of amenorrhea, a single FSH measurement is insufficient);
    • Have had a hysterectomy and/or bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral salpingectomy or bilateral tubal ligation/occlusion, at least 6 weeks prior to screening;
    • Has a congenital or acquired condition that prevents childbearing
  • Patient agrees to use one of the following acceptable methods of contraception prior to study entry, during study participation, and for at least six months after receiving the last dose of study treatment:

    • Acceptable methods of contraception are:

      • Single method (1 of the following is acceptable):

        • Abstinence, if consistently employed as the patient's preferred and usual lifestyle and if considered acceptable by local regulatory agencies and Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)
        • Intrauterine device (IUD)
        • Vasectomy of a female patient's male partner
        • Contraceptive rod implanted into the skin
      • Combination method (requires use of 2 of the following):

        • Diaphragm with spermicide (cannot be used in conjunction with cervical cap/spermicide)
        • Cervical cap with spermicide (nulliparous women only)
        • Contraceptive sponge (nulliparous women only)
        • Male condom or female condom (cannot be used together)
        • Hormonal contraceptive: oral contraceptive pill (estrogen/progestin pill or progestin-only pill), contraceptive skin patch, vaginal contraceptive ring, or subcutaneous contraceptive injection
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document, unless patient is of impaired decision making capacity in which case patient may be eligible if they have a legal authorized representative or caretaker available

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have received any monoclonal antibody therapy within 4 weeks prior to entering the study
  • Patients who have not recovered from adverse events due to prior anti-cancer therapy (i.e., have residual toxicities > grade 1)

    • Note: Patients with =< grade 2 neuropathy or =< grade 2 alopecia are an exception to this criterion and may qualify for the study
    • Note: If patients received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting therapy
  • Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents
  • Patients with known brain metastases with progressive neurologic dysfunction, requirement of steroids and lack of improvement on head imaging obtained prior to consent to this clinical trial should be excluded because of their poor prognosis and because they would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events

    • Note: Patients with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging using the identical imaging modality for each assessment, either magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] or computed tomography [CT] scan, for at least 4 weeks prior to the first dose of trial treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using steroids for at least 7 days prior to trial treatment
    • Note: Patients with carcinomatosis meningitis should also be excluded
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to anetumab ravtansine or pembrolizumab
  • Patients receiving any medications or substances that are strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A4, including herbal preparation containing CYP3A4 inducers (e.g., St. John's Wort), grapefruit and grapefruit juice (CYP3A4 inhibitor), within 2 weeks before the start of study treatment
  • Patients are prohibited from receiving the following therapies during the screening and treatment phases (including retreatment for post-complete response relapse) of this trial:

    • Antineoplastic systemic chemotherapy or biological therapy
    • Immunotherapy not specified in this protocol
    • Chemotherapy not specified in this protocol
    • Investigational agents other than anetumab ravtansine and pembrolizumab
    • Radiation therapy (Note: Radiation therapy to a symptomatic solitary lesion or to the brain may be considered on an exceptional case by case basis after consultation with Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program (CTEP); the patient must have clear measurable disease outside the radiated field; administration of palliative radiation therapy will be considered clinical progression for the purposes of determining progression free survival [PFS])
    • Live vaccines within 30 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment and while participating in the trial; examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, yellow fever, rabies, Bacillus Chalmette-Guerin (BCG), and typhoid (oral) vaccine; seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-Mist) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed
    • Systemic glucocorticoids for any purpose other than to modulate symptoms from an event of suspected immunologic etiology; the use of physiologic doses of corticosteroids may be approved after consultation with the study principal investigator (PI) and CTEP
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.

    • Note: Pregnant women are excluded from this study because anetumab ravtansine and pembrolizumab are agents with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects; because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with anetumab ravtansine and pembrolizumab, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with anetumab ravtansine or pembrolizumab
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients who do not meet all of the following and/or are on HIV medications considered to be strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A4:

    • Undetectable HIV viral load by standard clinical assay
    • Willing to adhere to antiretroviral therapy that has minimal overlapping toxicity or pharmacokinetic interactions with protocol therapy
    • CD4+ T cell counts of 200/mm^3 or greater
    • No acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining events other within the past 12 months
    • Near normal life expectancy if not for the presence of the cancer
  • Has a known history of hepatitis B (defined as hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or known active hepatitis C virus (defined as HCV ribonucleic acid [RNA] [qualitative] is detected) infection

    • Note: No testing for hepatitis B and hepatitis C is required unless mandated by local health authority
  • Patients who are known to have a history of or a finding of corneal epitheliopathy at pre-study are excluded because anetumab ravtansine may worsen this condition and reduce vision
  • Known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment; exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy, or in situ cervical cancer
  • Receipt of transfusion of blood products (including platelets or red blood cells) or administration of colony stimulating factors (including granulocyte colony-stimulating factor [G-CSF], granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor [GM-CSF], or recombinant erythropoietin) within 4 weeks prior to study treatment
  • Patient with active interstitial lung disease (ILD)/pneumonitis or a prior history of ILD/pneumonitis requiring treatment with steroids
  • Patient has received prior treatment with PD-1, PD-L1 or PD-L2 inhibitor

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03126630


Locations
Show Show 27 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Aaron S Mansfield Mayo Clinic Cancer Center LAO
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03126630    
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2017-00633
NCI-2017-00633 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
MC1721
10107 ( Other Identifier: Dana-Farber - Harvard Cancer Center LAO )
10107 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
UM1CA186686 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
UM1CA186709 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: April 24, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 12, 2021
Last Verified: November 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Mesothelioma
Adenoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Mesothelial
Pembrolizumab
Maytansine
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action