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Dimensional Accuracy of Complete Denture With Rapid Prototyping and Conventional Method

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03119753
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : April 19, 2017
Last Update Posted : April 19, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Tarek Salah Hashim Ali, Cairo University

Brief Summary:

In this study we are going to compare dimensional accuracy of maxillary complete denture base fabricated by using rapid prototyping method and conventional method.

We hypothesize that both techniques do not significantly differ from each other


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Stability Device: Rapid Prototyping method of fabrication of complete denture Device: Conventional method of fabrication of complete denture Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
The study will be carried out in the department of prosthodontics, Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine, Cairo University. Fourteen patients will be selected from the out-patient clinic according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, the participants will be divided randomly into two equal groups. The clinical procedures on denture fabrication for both groups will be carried out by TS. The laboratory steps will be carried out by one well trained dental technician (MA). The set of dentures will be fabricated according to the conventional method (Group C) as follow: First appointment: preliminary impression will be obtained by using irreversible hydrocolloid (alginate, cavex, normal set) in stainless steel stock trays. Trays will be augmented with warm utility wax strips (cavex) and shaped by tongue movements and manipulation of labial and buccal tissues. A special tray will be prepared with self-cured acrylic resin (Acrostone-Egypt) over the study cast poured from preliminary impression. Second appointment: A secondary impression will be made with putty rubber base as a border molding material and the final impression will be made with medium rubber base impression material. The final impressions will be poured with type 4 Hydrocal dental stone (Hydrocal Dental stone, Moldano, Bayer Leverkusen, and Germany) to obtain the master cast which will be used for constructing self-cured acrylic resin trial denture bases that will carry a wax occlusion rim. Third appointment: A face bow record will be made to transfer the relation of the maxilla to the temporomandibular joint. Maxilla-mandibular relationship will be recorded using maxillary and mandibular occlusion rims formed over the master cast. Fourth appointment: Setting of artificial teeth will be performed and trial dentures will be tried in inside patients' mouth. Fifth appointment: The finished and polished dentures will be delivered immediately after the necessary adjustments and instructions regarding hygiene and maintenance. The other set of dentures (Group R) will be fabricated according to the rapid prototyping Stereo lithography (SLA) method. The detailed procedures are the same as described for the conventional method (Group C) except for that master casts will be scanned to fabricate the denture bases. The obtained master casts will be used to attach three stainless steel pins before fabrication of the denture bases to assess the linear dimensional changes at the following positions; A: pin at the incisive papilla B: pin at the right second molar area C: pin at the left second molar area Digital caliper will be used to measure distance between the points (AB, BC and CA) and each measurement will be repeated five times. The mean of five readings will be taken as a single reading to decrease the percentage of error. For Conventional Methods: Self-cured acrylic resin trial denture bases will be constructed on the obtained master casts, then processing of the final denture bases by conventional clamping method cured by long curing cycle (74º C for 8 hours) using heat-cured poly-methyl methacrylate (PMMA) resin material. The position of the pins will be recorded into the denture bases so that the linear changes could be measured. For Rapid Prototyping Method: the master casts will be scanned using DENTAL WINGS eco-scan 3, using laser technology for scanning, after spraying the stainless steel pins with scanning spray to be recorded into the denture base. Virtual model will be obtained for fabrication of denture bases. Denture base will be designed and modified on the virtual model, then it will be printed using ZENITH-3D Printer using Urethane acrylate oligomer based photo-polymerized resin. After finishing and polishing of the conventional denture bases and printing of rapid prototyped denture bases, evaluation of linear dimensional changes will be carried out through recording five reading for each of the three dimensions and a mean value will be calculated using digital caliper. This value will be calculated for the master model. The same procedure will be repeated for the two experimental groups (A&B). The dimensional changes will be determined based on the difference between the two values for each method and all records will be tabulated and analysis will be done for the differences between records.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 14 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: Dimensional Accuracy of Maxillary Complete Denture Base Fabricated by Rapid Prototyping Method Compared With the Conventional Method: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Estimated Study Start Date : June 10, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 10, 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 10, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Dentures

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group R
Rapid Prototyping method of fabrication of complete denture: the master casts will be scanned using DENTAL WINGS eco-scan 3, using laser technology for scanning, after spraying the stainless steel pins with scanning spray to be recorded into the denture base. Virtual model will be obtained for fabrication of denture bases. Denture base will be designed and modified on the virtual model, then it will be printed using ZENITH-3D Printer using Urethane acrylate oligomer based photo-polymerized resin.
Device: Rapid Prototyping method of fabrication of complete denture
For Rapid Prototyping Method of fabrication of complete denture : the master casts will be scanned using DENTAL WINGS eco-scan 3, using laser technology for scanning, after spraying the stainless steel pins with scanning spray to be recorded into the denture base. Virtual model will be obtained for fabrication of denture bases. Denture base will be designed and modified on the virtual model, then it will be printed using ZENITH-3D Printer using Urethane acrylate oligomer based photo-polymerized resin.

Active Comparator: Group C
Conventional method of fabrication of complete denture: Self-cured acrylic resin trial denture bases will be constructed on the obtained master casts, then processing of the final denture bases by conventional clamping method cured by long curing cycle (74º C for 8 hours) using heat-cured poly-methyl methacrylate (PMMA) resin material. The position of the pins will be recorded into the denture bases so that the linear changes could be measured.
Device: Conventional method of fabrication of complete denture
For Conventional Method of fabrication of complete denture: Self-cured acrylic resin trial denture bases will be constructed on the obtained master casts, then processing of the final denture bases by conventional clamping method cured by long curing cycle (74º C for 8 hours) using heat-cured poly-methyl methacrylate (PMMA) resin material. The position of the pins will be recorded into the denture bases so that the linear changes could be measured.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. dimensional accuracy of complete denture [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    dimensional accuracy of complete denture will be measured using digital caliper



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Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ranging from 40-70 years.
  • Class I Angle's ridge relationship.
  • Literate patients are able to understand and respond to a written questionnaire in Arabic.
  • Cooperative patients with no history psychological diseases.
  • A period of at least six months should elapse from the last extraction.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pathological changes of residual ridges.
  • Patients with debilitating systemic diseases.
  • Patients with xerostomia.
  • Patients with temporo-mandibular joint disorders or systemic or neuromuscular disorder that might affect chewing efficiency of masticatory muscles.
  • Patients with macroglossia or microstomia
  • Patients with flabby and flat ridges.
  • Patients with allergy to acrylic resin

Responsible Party: Tarek Salah Hashim Ali, principle investigator, Cairo University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03119753     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 8790
First Posted: April 19, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 19, 2017
Last Verified: April 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Tarek Salah Hashim Ali, Cairo University:
Rapid Prototyping technique
complete denture