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Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine (LAIV) Versus Trivalent Inactivated Influenza Vaccine in Healthy Adults 18-49 Years

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03101462
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 5, 2017
Results First Posted : March 6, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 6, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
MedImmune LLC
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Daniel Hoft, MD, PhD, St. Louis University

Brief Summary:
This randomized, open-label, single-site study at Saint Louis University will enroll approximately 40 subjects who are healthy, 18 to 49 years old. Subjects will be randomized in a 1:1 fashion to receive either licensed trivalent FluMist containing (2010-2011 season appropriate), or licensed inactivated trivalent influenza vaccine (2010-2011 season appropriate) so that approximately 20 subjects will be randomized to receive LAIV, and 20 will receive IIV.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Influenza Biological: Inactivated Influenza Vaccine Biological: Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine Phase 4

Detailed Description:
This Phase IV, randomized, open-label, single-site study at Saint Louis University will enroll approximately 40 subjects who are healthy, 18 to 49 years old. Subjects will be randomized in a 1:1 fashion to receive either licensed inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) (2010-2011 season appropriate) or licensed live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) (2010-2011 season appropriate) so that approximately 20 subjects will be randomized to receive IIV, and 20 will receive LAIV. Subjects will receive 1 dose of IIV or LAIV in the Center for Vaccine Development on Day 0 and will return to the site on days 7 and 45 to assess immunogenicity. Subjects will be asked to report any serious adverse events. Blood samples and nasal washes for assessment of immune responses will be obtained at three time points: on Day 0 prior to dosing with IIV or LAIV, and at visits conducted 7 and 45-51 days post vaccination. The study will be conducted just prior to and during the influenza season. Subjects will receive a single dose of IIV or LAIV administered as instructed per package insert. Two contacts will be made with subjects, either telephone calls or e-mail, to collect serious adverse events only, one at Days 28-35, and one at approximately Days 180-190 to conclude the subject's participation. The duration of each subject's participation is approximately 6 months. The primary immune studies conducted with collected samples will include serum hemagglutinin inhibition (HAI) antibody titers, nasal wash influenza-specific secretory immunoglobulin A (IgA) responses, peripheral blood interferon gamma (IFN-γ) ELISPOT assays and peripheral blood carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester (CFSE) dilution/intracellular cytokine staining flow cytometric assays. In addition, frozen serum and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) samples will be used in exploratory assays to determine the kinetics and nature of innate responses and the detailed molecular signatures of memory T cells induced by IIV and LAIV vaccinations. Investigators will be performing genome-wide expression studies, but will not perform DNA sequencing and will not send anything other than coded samples outside of Saint Louis University.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 38 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Subjects will be randomized to one of two different groups to receive either licensed inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) or licensed live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) from the 2010-2011 season.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Randomized, Open-Label, Study to Evaluate the Immunogenicity of One Dose of Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine (LAIV) Compared to One Dose of Trivalent Inactivated Influenza Vaccine (IIV) in Adults 18-49 Years of Age
Actual Study Start Date : February 24, 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 13, 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : November 9, 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Flu Flu Shot

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Group 1
One dose of 0.5 mL Licensed Inactivated Influenza Vaccine (IIV) on Day 0
Biological: Inactivated Influenza Vaccine
Other Name: IIV

Active Comparator: Group 2
One dose of 0.5 mL Licensed Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine (LAIV) on Day 0
Biological: Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine
Other Name: LAIV




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Serum Antibody Responses [ Time Frame: Day 0, Day 7, and Day 45 ]
    Geometric mean hemagglutination inhibition titers to three different influenza viruses

  2. T-cell Responses [ Time Frame: Day 0, Day 7, and Day 45 ]
    Number of Interferon gamma ELISPOT spot forming cells (SFC) per million Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMCs) were calculated.

  3. Cluster of Differentiation 4 (CD4+) T Cells That Proliferate and Produce Interferon (IFN)-Gamma After Antigen Activation [ Time Frame: Day 0, Day 7, and Day 45 ]
    Mean absolute numbers of CD4(+), Carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester [CFSE(low)] IFN-gamma(+), and T cells after activation with a specific antigen measured by flow cytometry

  4. Secretory Immunoglobulin A (IgA) Responses [ Time Frame: Day 0 and Day 45 ]
    Influenza virus strain-specific nasal wash secretory immunoglobulin A (IgA) titers by ELISA was measured

  5. Hemagglutinin Immunoglobulin A (IgA) Responses [ Time Frame: Day 7 ]
    Hemagglutinin (HA) specific nasal wash secretory immunoglobulin A (IgA) of serum reactivity with HA bound to ELISA plates.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 49 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female age 18 to 49 years, inclusive, on the day of randomization (reached his or her 18th year birthday but not yet reached his or her 50th year birthday) at the time of the dose of study product
  • Written informed consent and a locally required authorization (eg, HIPAA in the USA, ) obtained from the subject prior to performing any protocol-related procedures.
  • Females of child-bearing potential, (ie, unless surgically sterile [eg, bilateral tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy, or hysterectomy], has sterile male partner, is at least 1 year post-menopausal, or practices abstinence) must use an effective method of avoiding pregnancy (including oral, transdermal, or implanted contraceptives, intrauterine device, female condom with spermicide, diaphragm with spermicide, cervical cap, or use of a condom with spermicide by the sexual partner) for 30 days prior to the first dose of study product, and must agree to continue using such precautions for 60 days after the dose of vaccine due to a potential dose of live vaccine product. In addition, the subject must also have a negative urine or blood pregnancy test at screening and, if screening and Day 0 do not occur on the same day, a negative urine pregnancy test on the day of vaccination prior to randomization. Investigator judgment is required to assess a female subject's capability of pregnancy.
  • Are in good health, as determined by vital signs, medical history to ensure any existing medical diagnoses or conditions are stable and not considered clinically significant by physician investigator, and targeted physical examination based on medical history.
  • Able to complete follow-up period of 180 days post dose of vaccine as required by the protocol
  • Subject available by telephone
  • Able to understand and comply with the requirements of the protocol, as judged by the investigator

Exclusion Criteria:

Any of the following would exclude the subject from participation in the study:

  • Have an acute illness, including an oral temperature ≥ 100.4°F, within 3 days prior to vaccination.
  • Participated in an investigational influenza vaccine study or had a known infection with "flu" since 2007 (confirmed by laboratory culture, including subtype of the influenza A virus (H1N1) investigational vaccines or illness).
  • Previous vaccination against influenza in 2007, 2008, 2009 or 2010 with seasonal trivalent live or inactivated influenza vaccine (including H1N1 vaccines).
  • Current or expected receipt of immunosuppressive medications (inhaled and topical corticosteroids are permitted) including corticosteroids (≥ 20 mg/day of prednisone equivalent given daily or on alternate days for ≥ 14 days) within a 30 day window around dose of study vaccine product Note: topical corticosteroids for uncomplicated dermatitis may be used throughout the study according to the judgment of the investigator; topical calcineurin inhibitors may be used in accordance with their package insert at entry and during study participation.
  • Receipt of immunoglobulin or blood products within 90 days before randomization into the study or expected receipt during study participation
  • Received an experimental agent within 1 month prior to vaccination in this study or expect to receive an experimental agent during the active study period (prior to Day 60 after vaccination (Experimental agent includes: vaccine, biologic, device, or medication).
  • Have received any live licensed vaccines within 4 weeks or inactivated licensed vaccines within 2 weeks prior to vaccination in this study or plan receipt of such vaccines within 60 days following the vaccination.
  • Any known immunosuppressive condition or immune deficiency disease including known cancer illness or organ transplant
  • Have known active HIV, Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C infection.
  • Have a known allergy to eggs or other components of the vaccine (including gelatin, formaldehyde, octoxinol, thimerosal, gentamycin and chicken protein) or severe reactions to previous influenza vaccinations.
  • History of Guillain-Barré syndrome
  • Use of antiviral agents with activity against influenza virus (including amantadine, rimantadine, oseltamivir and zanamivir) within 30 days prior to dose of study vaccine products or anticipated use within 30 days after vaccination
  • Breastfeeding woman
  • History of alcohol or drug abuse that, in the opinion of the investigator, would affect the subject's safety or compliance with study
  • Previous medical history, evidence of an intercurrent illness or any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with evaluation of the study vaccine products or interpretation of subject safety or that may compromise the safety of the subject in the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03101462


Sponsors and Collaborators
St. Louis University
MedImmune LLC
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Daniel F Hoft, MD, PhD St. Louis University
Publications:
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Responsible Party: Daniel Hoft, MD, PhD, Director, Division of Infectious Diseases, Allergy & Immunology, St. Louis University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03101462    
Other Study ID Numbers: 16354
First Posted: April 5, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 6, 2019
Last Update Posted: March 6, 2019
Last Verified: November 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Influenza, Human
Orthomyxoviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs