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Trial record 20 of 143 for:    NIFEDIPINE

Drug Interaction With Proton Pump Inhibitors for Nifedipine ER Tablets

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03100838
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 4, 2017
Results First Posted : July 22, 2019
Last Update Posted : August 16, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
BioPharma Services, Inc
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to measure the amount of study drug present in blood after being administered a generic version of nifedipine extended-release tablets, 60 mg (Valeant Pharmaceuticals, LLC) and brand-name version PROCARDIA XL extended-release tablets, 60 mg (Pfizer Inc.) individually and in presence of stomach acid reducing drug (antacid), omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate capsules, 40 mg/1100 mg (generic) on separate occasions, on an empty stomach. This study also involves administrations of an FDA-cleared capsule, SmartPill™, which will measure stomach acid, prior to each study arm.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Healthy Volunteers Drug: Nifedipine 60 MG Extended Release Oral Tablet Drug: omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate Device: SmartPill (TM) Phase 1

Detailed Description:

A question that arises with generic oral extended-release (ER) products is related to pH-dependent dissolution kinetics in comparison with that of their reference listed drug (RLD). For example, poorly water-soluble drugs with the presence of pKa in the gastrointestinal (GI) pH range have pH-dependent solubility and dissolution behaviors during in vivo drug release. In this case, the generic product which utilizes a different release mechanism could amplify or reduce such a pH dependence (e.g. osmotic pump RLD vs. matrix generic counterparts). This may render these generic ER products more or less dependent on gastric pH modification, commonly occurred in patients taking concomitant over-the-counter (OTC) proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) for the treatment of gastric acid-related disorders. It has been noted that PPIs (e.g. lansoprazole, omeprazole, esomeprazole) and PPIs with antacids (e.g. omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate) can drastically elevate the gastric pH, thus potentially changing the equilibrium solubility of co-administered drug substances or altering their release profiles.

For instance, nifedipine is a calcium channel blocker, indicated for the long-term treatment of hypertension and angina. The drug substance is a weak acid (pKa 3.9) and practically insoluble in water. Currently, there is one RLD of oral ER nifedipine tablets based on an osmotic pump design (Procardia XL) and a generic counterpart of ER nifedipine tablets employing a matrix formulation design which is different from this RLD product. Due to complicated release mechanisms, quality attribute profiles, and in vivo pharmacokinetics (PK) behaviors of ER products, FDA is assessing the need of a drug-drug interaction study between PPIs/antacids (e.g. omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate) and generic nifedipine ER products based on a formulation design which is different from that of its RLD.

To this end, the objective of this proposal is to investigate the dependence of in vivo PK on the formulation design of generic oral extended-release products in comparison with that of their RLD when co-administered with PPIs/antacids. The outcome of this study will help the Agency advance further understanding about product PK performance in potential patient population with abnormal gastric pH and improve review standards for equivalence of this category of oral ER products if necessary. The study results will help the Agency gain a better understanding of drug-drug interaction between oral modified-release products and PPIs/antacids and establish regulatory standards of bioequivalence approaches for this category of generic oral ER products.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 64 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Intervention Model Description: A single-dose, randomized, open-label, drug-drug interaction (DDI), 4-way crossover, four-treatment, four-sequence, bioequivalence study
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: A Single-Dose, Open-label, Randomized, Crossover, Drug-Drug Interaction Study of Nifedipine Extended-release Tablets With or Without Multiple-dose Administration of Proton-Pump Inhibitor Omeprazole/Sodium Bicarbonate in Healthy Volunteers
Actual Study Start Date : March 20, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 23, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : April 6, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Drug Reactions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Nifedipine (Generic)
1 x 60 mg Nifedipine extended-release tablet
Drug: Nifedipine 60 MG Extended Release Oral Tablet
Test Drug (Generic)

Device: SmartPill (TM)
Gastric pH measurement using SmartPill (TM) Technology

Active Comparator: Nifedipine (Brand)
1 x 60 mg PROCARDIA XL (nifedipine) extended-release tablet
Drug: Nifedipine 60 MG Extended Release Oral Tablet
Reference Drug (Brand)
Other Name: Procardia XL

Device: SmartPill (TM)
Gastric pH measurement using SmartPill (TM) Technology

Active Comparator: Nifedipine (Generic) + PPI
1 x 40 mg/1100 mg omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate capsule daily over a period of 7 days + 1 x 60 mg Nifedipine extended-release tablet on day 7
Drug: Nifedipine 60 MG Extended Release Oral Tablet
Test Drug (Generic)

Drug: omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate
Proton Pump Inhibitor/Antacid for drug-drug interaction

Device: SmartPill (TM)
Gastric pH measurement using SmartPill (TM) Technology

Active Comparator: Nifedipine (brand) + PPI
1 x 40 mg/1100 mg omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate capsule daily over a period of 7 days + 1 x 60 mg PROCARDIA XL (nifedipine) extended-release tablet on day 7
Drug: Nifedipine 60 MG Extended Release Oral Tablet
Reference Drug (Brand)
Other Name: Procardia XL

Drug: omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate
Proton Pump Inhibitor/Antacid for drug-drug interaction

Device: SmartPill (TM)
Gastric pH measurement using SmartPill (TM) Technology




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) [ Time Frame: 48 hours ]
    Measurement of plasma nifedipine prior to dosing and at times 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 16, 20, 24, 36 and 48 hr after nifedipine administration.

  2. Time at Maximum Plasma Concentration (Tmax) [ Time Frame: 48 hours ]
    Measurement of plasma nifedipine prior to dosing and at times 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 16, 20, 24, 36 and 48 hr after nifedipine administration.

  3. Area Under the Concentration (AUC 0-t) [ Time Frame: 48 hours ]
    Time curve from time zero to last measurable concentration. Measurement of plasma nifedipine prior to dosing and at times 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 16, 20, 24, 36 and 48 hr after nifedipine administration.

  4. Half-life [ Time Frame: 48 hours ]
    The apparent terminal exponential half-life. Measurement of plasma nifedipine prior to dosing and at times 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 16, 20, 24, 36 and 48 hr after nifedipine administration.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 66 days ]
    Reported from the start of the first session to the follow-up visit.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Healthy, males and non-pregnant female volunteers, 18 to 55 years of age, inclusive.
  2. Smoking status: Only non-tobacco/nicotine users (for at least 6 months prior to the clinical study) will be eligible to participate in this study.
  3. BMI that is within 18.5-35.0 kg/m², inclusive.
  4. Healthy, according to the medical history, ECG, vital signs, laboratory results and physical examination as determined by the PI/Sub-Investigator.
  5. Ability to comprehend and be informed of the nature of the study, as assessed by BPSI staff. Capable of giving written informed consent prior to receiving any study procedure. Must be able to communicate effectively with clinic staff.
  6. Ability to fast for at least 14 hours.
  7. Availability to volunteer for the entire study duration and willing to adhere to all protocol requirements.
  8. Female subjects must fulfill at least one of the following:

    • Be surgically sterile for a minimum of 6 months;
    • Post-menopausal for a minimum of 1 year;
    • Agree to avoid pregnancy and use medically acceptable method of contraception from at least 30 days prior to the study until 30 days after the study has ended (last study procedure).

Medically acceptable methods of contraception include non-hormonal contraceptives, intrauterine device, or double barrier method (condom with foam or vaginal spermicidal suppository, diaphragm with spermicide). Complete abstinence alone can be used as a method of contraception.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Known history or presence of any clinically significant hepatic, renal/genitourinary, gastrointestinal (e.g., gastrointestinal obstruction, gastrointestinal ulcers), cardiovascular (e.g., severe obstructive coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, angina, heart failure), cerebrovascular, pulmonary, endocrine, immunological, musculoskeletal, neurological, psychiatric, dermatological or hematological disease or condition unless determined as not clinically significant by the PI/Sub-Investigator.
  2. Clinically significant history or presence of any clinically significant gastrointestinal pathology (e.g. chronic diarrhea, inflammatory bowel disease), unresolved gastrointestinal symptoms (e.g. diarrhea, vomiting, swallowing disorder), or other conditions known to interfere with the absorption, distribution, metabolism or excretion of the drug experienced within 7 days prior to first dosing, as determined by the PI/Sub-Investigator.
  3. QTc interval > 430 milliseconds for males and > 450 milliseconds for females, unless deemed otherwise by the PI/Sub-Investigator.
  4. Abnormal clinical laboratory values, unless values are deemed by the PI/Sub-Investigator as "Not Clinically Significant".
  5. Hemoglobin values less than 11.5 g/dl.
  6. Abnormal vital signs (blood pressure [BP], heart rate [HR], respiratory rate [RR] and temperature) measurements, unless deemed otherwise by the PI/Sub-Investigator.
  7. Presence of any clinically significant illness within 30 days prior to first dosing, as determined by the PI/Sub-Investigator.
  8. Presence of any significant physical or organ abnormality as determined by the PI/Sub-Investigator.
  9. Individuals who have implanted or portable electro-mechanical medical device such as a cardiac pacemaker, defibrillator or infusion pump.
  10. A positive test result for any of the following: HIV, Hepatitis B surface antigen, Hepatitis C, drugs of abuse (marijuana, amphetamines, barbiturates, cocaine, opiates, phencyclidine and benzodiazepines), alcohol test and cotinine. Positive pregnancy test for female subjects.
  11. Known history or presence of:

    • Alcohol abuse or dependence within one year prior to first study period;
    • Drug abuse or dependence;
    • Hypersensitivity or idiosyncratic reaction to nifedipine, omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate, its excipients, and/or related substances;
    • Hypotension;
    • Bartter's syndrome;
    • Gastric bezoar;
    • Crohn's disease or diverticulitis;
    • severe dysphagia to food or pills;
    • Food allergies and/or presence of any dietary restrictions;
    • Severe allergic reactions (e.g. anaphylactic reactions, angioedema).
  12. History of intolerance to and/or difficulty with blood sampling through venipuncture.
  13. Abnormal diet patterns (for any reason) during the four weeks preceding the study, including fasting, high protein diets, vegan, etc.
  14. Individuals who have donated, in the days prior to first study period:

    • 50-499 mL of blood in the previous 30 days;
    • 500 mL or more in the previous 56 days.
  15. Donation of plasma by plasmapheresis within 7 days prior to first study period.
  16. Individuals who have participated in another clinical trial or who received an investigational drug within 30 days prior to first study period.
  17. Use of any enzyme-modifying drugs and/or other products, including strong inhibitors of cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes (e.g. cimetidine, fluoxetine, quinidine, fluconazole, ketoconazole, voriconazole, itraconazole, clarithromycin, erythromycin, nefazodone, atazanavir, saquinavir, indinavir, and nelfinavir) and strong inducers of CYP enzymes (e.g. barbiturates, carbamazepine, glucocorticoids, phenytoin, St. John´s Wort and rifampin) in the previous 30 days before first study period.
  18. Use of drugs such as, proton pump inhibitors, clopidogrel, tacrolimus, digoxin, cyclosporine, disulfiram, benzodiazepines, diazepam, warfarin, methotrexate, iron salts, erlotinib, and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in the previous 30 days before first study period, or individuals with vitamin B-12 deficiency (as long-term dosing (more than 3 years) of omeprazole/sodium bicarbonateZegerid may lead to vitamin B-12 deficiency)
  19. Individuals having undergone gastrointestinal (GI) surgery within 3 months prior to first study period, unless deemed otherwise by PI/Sub-Investigator.
  20. Use of any prescription medication within 14 days prior to first study period (except for contraceptives).
  21. Use of any over-the-counter medications (including oral multivitamins, herbal and/or dietary supplements and/or teas) within 14 days prior to first study period (except for spermicidal/barrier contraceptive products).
  22. Consumption of food or beverages containing grapefruit and grapefruit juice and/or pomelo within 10 days prior to first study period.
  23. Consumption of food or beverages containing caffeine/methylxanthines, poppy seeds and/or alcohol within 48 hours before dosing.
  24. Use of diuretics (drugs or food, see Appendix D) within 24 hours before dosing of SmartPillTM.
  25. Individuals having undergone any major surgery within 6 months prior to the start of the study, unless deemed otherwise by PI/Sub-Investigator.
  26. Difficulty with swallowing whole tablets or large capsules.
  27. Have had a tattoo or body piercing within 30 days prior to first study period and during the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03100838


Locations
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United States, Missouri
BioPharma Services Inc.
Columbia, Missouri, United States, 65201
Sponsors and Collaborators
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
BioPharma Services, Inc
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Kathleen Doisy BioPharma Inc.
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Food and Drug Administration (FDA):

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Responsible Party: Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03100838     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RIHSC 16-070D
First Posted: April 4, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 22, 2019
Last Update Posted: August 16, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Plan Description: We do not have the plans to share the de-identified IPD at this time.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Food and Drug Administration (FDA):
Proton Pump Inhibitor
Bioequivalence
Drug-Drug Interaction
Modified Release
Nifedipine
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Nifedipine
Omeprazole
Proton Pump Inhibitors
Anti-Ulcer Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Calcium Channel Blockers
Membrane Transport Modulators
Calcium-Regulating Hormones and Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Vasodilator Agents
Tocolytic Agents
Reproductive Control Agents