Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Phase 2 Trial of Ipilimumab and Nivolumab in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03097939
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 31, 2017
Last Update Posted : May 3, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National University, Singapore
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Centre, Singapore

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis that a combined Immuno-Oncology (IO) strategy would see efficacy in a virally driven cancer like Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (NPC). Hence, this is a combination study of nivolumab and ipilimumab in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) driven nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Drug: Ipilimumab Drug: Nivolumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is endemic in Southern China and South-east Asia. Due to the peculiar chemosensitive nature of this disease and the low investment in drug development in Asia, there has been a paucity of new therapies for this disease. While response rates to repeated lines of chemotherapy average around 30%, the duration of disease control remains dismal and hence there is an unmet need to develop new therapies for this disease. These response rates are fairly similar to current monotherapy use of anti-PD1 agents in this group. Of specific interest, combined IO strategies have appear to add significantly to response rates in selected tumors such as melanoma, small cell lung cancer, and now Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) mutant lung cancers. It is hypothesized that a combined IO strategy would have similar if not better responses in a virally driven cancer like NPC. Hence this is a single arm study exploring the activity of a combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab in EBV driven nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The primary endpoint is best overall response rate. Secondary endpoints will examine clinical benefit rate at 18 weeks, toxicities of the combination, and immunological correlates.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial Of Ipilimumab In Combination With Nivolumab In Patients With Advanced Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
Actual Study Start Date : March 31, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Nivolumab and Ipilimumab Drug: Ipilimumab
1 mg/kg of IV Ipilimumab is admistered over 90 minutes every 6 weeks
Other Name: Yervoy

Drug: Nivolumab
3 mg/kg of IV Nivolumab is administered over 30 minutes every 2 weeks
Other Names:
  • Opdivo
  • BMS-936558




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Best Overall Response Rate (BOR) by RECIST [ Time Frame: From the start of treatment until disease progression/recurrence, up to 2 years ]
    The proportion of patients who experienced a BOR of Complete Response (CR) or Partial Response (PR).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: Time from first dose with IO agents until objective tumour progression, or death from any cause, whichever occurs first, up to 2 years ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed NPC with Epstein-Barr Encoded RNA (EBER) positive tumour cells and/or elevated serum EBV DNA viral titres.
  • Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for non-nodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions) as >20 mm with conventional techniques or as >10 mm with spiral CT scan, MRI, or calipers by clinical exam.
  • No more than 1 line of previous chemotherapy and/or targeted therapy or patients who do not tolerate chemotherapy. Pts who progress within 1 year of chemoradiation for locally advanced disease are allowed on study.
  • Age > 21
  • Life expectancy > 3 months
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0-1
  • Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • White Blood Cells (WBC) ≥ 2000/μL
    • Neutrophils ≥ 1500/μL
    • Platelets ≥ 100 x103/μL
    • Hemoglobin > 9.0 g/dL
    • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x Upper Limit of Normal (ULN) or creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥ 40 mL/min (if using the Cockcroft-Gault formula below):

      • Female CrCl = [(140 - age in years) x weight in kg x 0.85] ÷ (72 x serum creatinine in mg/dL)
      • Male CrCl = [(140 - age in years) x weight in kg x 1.00] ÷ (72 x serum creatinine in mg/dL)
    • Aspartate Transaminase/Alanine Transaminase (AST/ALT) ≤ 3 x ULN
    • Total Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN (except subjects with Gilbert Syndrome, who can have total bilirubin < 3.0 mg/dL)
    • Measurable levels of circulating EBV DNA
  • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must use appropriate method(s) of contraception. WOCBP should use an adequate method to avoid pregnancy for 23 weeks (30 days plus the time required for nivolumab/ipilimumab to undergo five half-lives) after the last dose of investigational drug
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 24 hours prior to the start of nivolumab/ipilimumab
  • Women must not be breastfeeding
  • Men who are sexually active with WOCBP must use any contraceptive method with a failure rate of less than 1% per year. Men receiving nivolumab/ipilimumab and who are sexually active with WOCBP will be instructed to adhere to contraception for a period of 31 weeks after the last dose of investigational product. Women who are not of childbearing potential (ie, who are postmenopausal or surgically sterile as well as azoospermic men do not require contraception
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
  • Any surgery must be more than 28 days before start of study drug and any surgical wounds must be completely healed

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier.
  • Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents.
  • Patients are excluded if they have active brain metastases or leptomeningeal metastases. Subjects with brain metastases are eligible if metastases have been treated and there is no magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evidence of progression for [lowest minimum is 4 weeks or more] after treatment is complete and within 28 days prior to the first dose of IO administration. There must also be no requirement for immunosuppressive doses of systemic corticosteroids (> 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents) for at least 2 weeks prior to study drug administration.
  • Patients should be excluded if they are positive test for hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBV sAg) or hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV antibody) indicating acute or chronic infection.
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to nivolumab or ipilimumab.
  • Prior use of anti-PD1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CD137, or anti-CTLA-4 antibody, or any drug specifically targeted T-cell costimulatory checkpoint pathways
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because ipilimumab has the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with nivolumab or ipilimumab, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with nivolumab or ipilimumab.
  • Patients should be excluded if they have known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
  • Patients should be excluded if they have an active, known or suspected autoimmune disease. Subjects are permitted to enroll if they have vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger
  • Patients should be excluded if they have a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease.
  • As there is potential for hepatic toxicity with nivolumab or nivolumab/ipilimumab combinations, drugs with predisposition to hepatoxicity should be used with caution in patients treated with nivolumab-containing regimen.
  • Patient should be excluded if they have history or active interstitial lung disease (pneumonitis).
  • Prior organ allograft or allogeneic bone marrow transplantation
  • Allergies and Adverse Drug Reaction

    • History of allergy to study drug components
    • History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any monoclonal antibody
  • Prisoners or subjects who are involuntarily incarcerated
  • Subjects who are compulsorily detained for treatment of either a psychiatric or physical (eg, infectious disease) illness
  • Inability to comply with restrictions and prohibited activities/treatments in this study
  • Subjects with concomitant second malignancies (except adequately treated non-melanomatous skin cancers, in situ cervical cancers, localized prostate cancer or in situ breast cancer) are excluded unless a complete remission was achieved at least 3 years prior to study entry and no additional therapy is required or anticipated to be required

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03097939


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Darren, Wan-Teck Lim, MD +65 6436 8000 darren.lim.w.t@singhealth.com.sg
Contact: Stella Chan +65 6436 8000 stella.chan.l.l@nccs.com.sg

Locations
Layout table for location information
Singapore
National Cancer Center Singapore Recruiting
Singapore, Singapore, 169610
Principal Investigator: Wan-Teck Lim, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Centre, Singapore
National University, Singapore
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Darren, Wan-Teck Lim, MD National Cancer Centre, Singapore

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: National Cancer Centre, Singapore
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03097939     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CA209-796
First Posted: March 31, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 3, 2019
Last Verified: May 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms
Pharyngeal Neoplasms
Otorhinolaryngologic Neoplasms
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Nasopharyngeal Diseases
Carcinoma
Pharyngeal Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Nivolumab
Ipilimumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents