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Evaluation of a New Model of Metallic Bar and Stabilizer for Use in MIRPE

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03087734
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified March 2017 by Miguel L. Tedde, University of Sao Paulo.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : March 22, 2017
Last Update Posted : March 27, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Miguel L. Tedde, University of Sao Paulo

Brief Summary:
Pectus excavatum (PE) is the most common deformity of the chest wall, occurring in approximately 1/1000 people. Currently, surgical treatment by minimally invasive technique is consolidating as preferred technique for the treatment of this condition. In this technique a metal bar is inserted in retrosternal position, pushing the sternum without the necessity of resecting the condral cartilages. Despite the advantages obtained with this technique, it is not without complications and the displacement of the bar is one of the most important. In order to minimize this problem we developed a new model of stabilizers, as well as all necessary instruments for performing minimally invasive surgery. The aim of this study is to compare two surgical groups, one making use of the new oblique stabilizer compared to the conventional perpendicular stabilizer to determine which one has less displacement. Furthermore, this study also aims to assess the full range of instruments developed by a national company, to carry out this type of surgery, which has cost compatible with our economic reality, and that can be accessible to our Public Health patients.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Funnel Chest Device: Implantation of new model of bar with oblique stabilizers Device: Implantation of regular bar with perpendicular stabilizers Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Introduction Pectus excavatum (PE) is presented as a sunken sternum in the midline and these chest deformities are not uncommon, occurring in approximately 1/1000.

It is commonly accepted that the abnormal growth of condral cartilage results in displacement of the sternum. Most patients and their parents seek medical advice for psychosocial concerns, particularly related to the cosmetic aspects and the consequent aversion to sports or public exposure. Physiological tests are often normal, but both the cardiac index and pulmonary function may be affected.

Surgical treatment of pectus excavatum Nuss broke the paradigm in PE surgery with the publication of their results using a technique called minimally invasive. This technique involves lateral incisions in the chest and the placement of one or two temporary steel bars, which are shaped during surgery, specifically for each patient. These bars are placed in retrosternal position and the sternum is elevated without the need of cartilage resection.

This surgical technique, in addition to the bars and stabilizers, needs a set of instruments that are used in the customization of the bar for each patient and, after three years, the withdrawal of the bar at the end of the treatment.

Another problem refers to the displacement of the metallic bars that are positioned under the sternum and that are held in position by placing stabilizers, one at each lateral end of the bar. These stabilizers, which are perpendicular to the bar, has the function to expand its area of contact with the chest wall in order to prevent it from moving from its position.

In order to increase the stability of the bar, preventing their movement, various modifications have been proposed. The investigators believe that further modification can be introduced. If the stabilizer metal bar has an oblique position relative to the bar (rather than perpendicular as it is currently) it will be perpendicular to the ribs, thus increasing its area of contact with the chest wall, which might bring more stability.

The investigators are also proposing that the new metal bar that is being developed is completely smooth, not having the usual slots that the current model has at the extremities of the bars. The reason for this is to try to prevent bleeding during bars withdrawal after 3 years of use.

Another proposed amendment is a pressure screw incorporated into the stabilizer itself.

Search object The object of research is the development of a new model of metallic bar and stabilizers, as well as dedicated surgical instruments whose purpose is to perform minimally invasive repairs of PE.

Social relevance One of the reasons why the Public Health in Brazil gives no coverage for this type of surgical treatment for patients with PE is the high cost of surgical equipment that is imported. The development of this material in the country, as is being proposed in this project, has high social relevance that may represent savings by avoiding the purchase of imported material and the possibility of making available this type of surgical treatment for patients served by our public health.

Site of the search The research will be performed in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Heart Institute (InCor) of the Hospital das Clinicas, Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Evaluation of a New Model of Metallic Bar and Stabilizer for Use in the Minimally Invasive Repair of Pectus Excavatum
Estimated Study Start Date : March 27, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Perpendicular stabilizer
Implantation of regular bar with perpendicular stabilizers
Device: Implantation of regular bar with perpendicular stabilizers
Implantation of regular bar with perpendicular stabilizers

Experimental: Oblique stabilizer
Implantation of new model of bar with oblique stabilizers
Device: Implantation of new model of bar with oblique stabilizers
Implantation of new model of bar with oblique stabilizers




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Grade of metallic bar dislodgment measured through Rx images [ Time Frame: One year ]
    The grade of metallic bar dislodgment will be measured through the comparison of the Rx taken in patient follow up in terms of: a) bar flipping; b) lateral sliding and c) hinge-point disruption



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Ages Eligible for Study:   10 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pectus excavatum patients

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Presence of complex congenital anomalies;
  • Retardation neurodevelopment;
  • Congenital heart disease;
  • Chronic Immunosuppression.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03087734


Locations
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Brazil
Heart Institute (InCor) Hospital das Clinicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Sao Paulo Recruiting
Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
Contact: Miguel L Tedde, MD, PhD    26615000 ext 5708    tedde@usp.br   
Principal Investigator: Miguel L Tedde, MD, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Sao Paulo
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo
Investigators
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Study Chair: Paulo M Pego-Fernandes Heart Institute (InCor), Hospital das Clinicas, University of Sao Paulo
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Responsible Party: Miguel L. Tedde, Principal Investigator, University of Sao Paulo
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03087734    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2014/15290-7
First Posted: March 22, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 27, 2017
Last Verified: March 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Miguel L. Tedde, University of Sao Paulo:
Prostheses and Implants
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Funnel Chest
Bone Diseases, Developmental
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Musculoskeletal Abnormalities
Congenital Abnormalities