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PET/MR in Assessing Response to Neoadjuvant Radiation Therapy in the Tx of High Grade Sarcomas

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03076333
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 10, 2017
Last Update Posted : November 12, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

Purpose: To assess the utility of PET/MR in assessing response to neoadjuvant radiation therapy in the treatment of high grade sarcomas.

Participants: Adult patients with potentially curable high grade sarcomas that are being treated at UNC with neoadjuvant radiation therapy followed by potentially curative surgical resection.

Procedures (methods): Patients who are being treated for potentially curable high grade sarcomas with neoadjuvant radiation therapy followed by surgical resection undergo pre-treatment, mid-treatment, and post-treatment PET/MR and the response to treatment is assessed by evaluating change in size and FDG avidity. Patients then undergo curative intent resection and are followed. Their pathology is reviewed for treatment affect as is assessed by percent necrosis, size, and resection margins. Patients are followed and assessed for recurrence.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sarcoma Diagnostic Test: PET/MR Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Investigators propose that a PET/MR study at the midpoint of radiation treatment will accurately predict which patients will respond to neoadjuvant radiation therapy. The study will enroll patients with high-grade sarcomas as identified by preoperative biopsy that will be treated with neoadjuvant radiation into the study. The standard of care for these patients is to receive MRI scans at pre-treatment and post-treatment time points. Patients in this study will receive their standard pre- and post-treatment imaging in the form of PET/MR, with PET conducted simultaneously with MRI, and within the context of the study they will also receive one additional PET/MR at the end of the second week of therapy. These patients will then receive curative intent surgery and be followed in the usual fashion and assessed for local and/or distant recurrent disease. The pathology will be assessed for completeness of resection and percent of necrosis. On the basis of pathology, patients will be classified as responsive or non-responsive to therapy. Quantitative measures from PET and MRI will be computed: the change in PET tumor-mean standardized uptake value (SUV) and tumor size as assessed by MRI, from pre- to post-treatment, and from pre- to mid-treatment. The image-based quantitative measures will be correlated with the pathology outcomes to evaluate predictability of the image measures for treatment response. Patients will be followed with the intent of further correlating image measures with clinical outcomes.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Utility of PET/MR in Assessing Response to Neoadjuvant Radiation Therapy in the Treatment of High Grade Sarcomas
Actual Study Start Date : April 1, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Single Arm: PET/MR
Each patient will undergo three combined PET/MR scans. The pre-treatment PET, mid-treatment PET and MR, and post-treatment PET are for research purposes and not part of the patient's standard of care (pre-treatment MR and post-treatment MR).
Diagnostic Test: PET/MR
Patient will be scheduled for a pre-treatment PET/MR and proceed to neoadjuvant radiation therapy per the direction of the radiation oncologist. At the end of the second week of radiation therapy the patient will undergo a mid-treatment PET/MR. The patient will the complete their radiation therapy. Four weeks after radiation therapy the patient will undergo a post-treatment PET/MR, and proceed for curative intent surgery at 6-8 weeks post radiation if they are still surgical candidates.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. PET activity estimates at midpoint of treatment as compared to baseline [ Time Frame: At the end of the second week of radiation therapy, a mid-treatment PET/MR is obtained. ]
    Primary endpoint is the determination of differences among response groups in PET activity estimates from PET/MR imaging at the midpoint of treatment as compared to baseline. Treatment response will be determined on final pathological evaluation of the resected specimens in patients who undergo curative intent surgery after neoadjuvant radiation in high grade sarcomas. This will be measured by a single sarcoma specialized pathologist and will be categorized as to the percentage of necrosis, with >90% necrosis considered to be complete response.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. PET activity estimates at endpoint of treatment as compared to baseline [ Time Frame: A post-treatment PET/MR is obtained at 4 weeks post radiation. ]
    A secondary endpoint is the determination of differences among response groups in PET activity estimates from PET/MR imaging at the endpoint of treatment as compared to baseline. Secondary endpoints also include the determination of differences among response groups in MRI tumor size fractional change from baseline-to-mid-treatment and from baseline-to-post-treatment.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥ 18 years of age (no upper age limit)
  • Signed, IRB-approved written informed consent
  • Must have a biopsy-proven high-grade retroperitoneal or soft tissue extremity sarcoma confirmed by independent evaluation of a UNC sarcoma specialized pathologist.
  • Must have surgically curable disease as evaluated by initial imaging by our UNC surgeons.
  • Must be in acceptable health to undergo radiation therapy and curative intent surgery as assessed by UNC surgeons and radiation oncologist.
  • Must be able to understand and comply with study procedures for the entire length of the study.
  • Must receive their neoadjuvant radiation therapy and curative intent surgery at UNC Hospitals - Chapel Hill location.
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test performed within 7 days prior to each PET/MRI

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Inability to tolerate MRI (e.g., inability to lie flat for >1 hour)
  • Presence of pacemaker, intracranial aneurysm clip, bladder stimulator, cochlear implant or metal near eyes or near pelvis that would create excessive imaging artifact
  • Poorly controlled diabetes mellitus
  • Creatinine > 1.8 mg/dL OR GFR < 30mL/min
  • Body Mass Index (BMI) > 35
  • Active vaginal bleeding requiring packing and emergent radiation therapy
  • Pregnancy or lactating female
  • History of a prior malignancy within past 5 years are excluded unless they have been disease free for 3 or more years
  • Substance abuse, medical, psychological, or social conditions that may interfere with the patient's participation in the study
  • Evidence of distant disease on physical exam or initial imaging
  • Medical conditions precluding radiation therapy or curative intent surgery
  • Previous radiation exposure precluding radiation therapy
  • Had serious reaction to contrast agent
  • Incarcerated or otherwise institutionalized at time of enrollment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03076333


Contacts
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Contact: Soma Prum, MS 919-843-9245 soma_prum@med.unc.edu
Contact: Kristine Baluyot, BS 919-843-5420 kristine_baluyot@med.unc.edu

Locations
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United States, North Carolina
UNC-Chapel Hill Recruiting
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599
Contact: Kristine Baluyot         
Sponsors and Collaborators
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: David Lalush, PhD UNC Biomedical Engineering

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03076333     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: LCCC 1615
First Posted: March 10, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 12, 2018
Last Verified: November 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Sarcoma
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms